City of Kwinana

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City of Kwinana
Western Australia
Kwinana LGA WA.png
Population
 • Density329.8/km2 (854/sq mi)
Established1954
Area118 km2 (45.6 sq mi)
MayorCarol Adams
Council seat Kwinana Town Centre
Region South Metropolitan Perth
State electorate(s) Kwinana
Federal Division(s) Brand
Logo of the City of Kwinana.svg
Website City of Kwinana
LGAs around City of Kwinana:
Cockburn Armadale
Cockburn Sound City of Kwinana Serpentine-Jarrahdale
Rockingham Serpentine-Jarrahdale

The City of Kwinana is a local government area of Western Australia. It covers an area of approximately 118 square kilometres in metropolitan Perth, and lies about 38 km south of Perth central business district, via the Kwinana Freeway. Kwinana maintains 287 km of roads and had a population of almost 39,000 as at the 2016 Census.

Contents

History

Kwinana is a Kimberley Aboriginal word meaning either "young woman" or "pretty maiden". The ship SS Kwinana was wrecked on Cockburn Sound in 1922 and blown onto Kwinana Beach. The nearby area acquired the name and it was officially adopted for a township in 1937. [3] Some of its suburbs take their names from the sailing ships that first brought immigrants to Western Australia, for example, Medina, Calista and Parmelia.

The Kwinana Road District was formed out of part of Rockingham on 15 February 1954 as a result of the passage of the Kwinana Road District Act 1953. Section 4 of the Act stated that "there shall not be a duly elected Road Board for the Kwinana Road District but the Governor may, by Order in Council, appoint a fit and proper person having a comprehensive knowledge and experience of local government matters to be Commissioner of the district." [4]

On 11 November 1960, an Order in Council was issued dividing Kwinana into five wards in preparation for an election to be held on 11 February 1961. The Town ward would elect 3 councillors while the Rural, Industrial, Naval Base and Kwinana Beach wards would each elect one councillor. [5] In order that the election could go ahead, the Kwinana Road District Act was repealed on 14 February 1961 by proclamation, with the District now subject to the same laws as any other council. [6] The first elected councillors took office on 15 February 1961.

On 1 July 1961, the district became the Shire of Kwinana following the enactment of the Local Government Act 1960. It became the Town of Kwinana on 28 May 1977 and it assumed its current name when it was proclaimed a city on 17 September 2012. [7]

Industry

Kwinana Nickel Refinery Kwinana Nickel Refinery W3.jpg
Kwinana Nickel Refinery

In 1952 a major industrial area was developed by BP (then the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company) in conjunction with the state government. The state government guaranteed that it would provide electricity, water, essential infrastructure and 2000 state homes within three years to support the establishment of the Kwinana Oil Refinery. Today there are many other associated petro-chemical companies nearby.

The city is home to the Fremantle Outer Harbour consisting of, from north to south, the Alcoa Jetty, the Kwinana Bulk Terminal, the BP Oil Refinery Jetty, the Kwinana Bulk Jetty and the CBH Grain Jetty. [8]

Of these, the Kwinana Bulk Terminal and the Kwinana Bulk Jetty are operated by the Fremantle Ports and serve for the import and export of bulk cargoes and liquids, among them iron ore, coal, cement clink, gypsum, liquefied natural gas, petroleum and fertiliser. The other three facilities are privately operated. [9]

The Outer Harbour deepwater bulk facilities in at Kwinana were first developed in 1955, to service the Kwinana industrial area, and saw rapid expansion in the 1960s and 70s. [10]

The Kwinana Industrial Area is also home to the Kwinana CBH grain loading terminal, also the facility is located in East Rockingham. A cooperative owned by 12,000 farmers, CBH Group is Western Australia's leading grain storage, handling and marketing business. Grain from the facility is also used to supply Primary Energy's proposed bio-fuel facility in Kwinana. [11]

In 2020, Spanish renewable energy leader Acciona and Hitachi Zosen Inova (HZI) received the green light to build a waste-to-energy plant in the Rockingham Industrial Zone. The 29 MW plant will have capacity to power 40,000 homes from an annual feedstock of 300,000 tonnes of municipal, industrial and commercial rubbish. [12]

Facilities

Kwinana Quit Motorplex. Kwinana Motorplex SMC.jpg
Kwinana Quit Motorplex.

There are three public beaches at Cockburn Sound looking out to Garden Island. The SS Kwinana herself is actually part of the former jetty at Kwinana Beach. The rusting hulk of the ship was cut down to low water level and the centre was filled with limestone to form a platform. There are also wetlands and bushlands in the Kwinana area. The Spectacles are the local wetlands and are so named because of their appearance from the air.

The local companies are keen to be seen preserving the environment and claim to demonstrate the best practice in production methods and environmental safeguards. The BP Kwinana Refinery [13] is apparently responsible for 'Australia's cleanest petrol' – BP Ultimate, which matches the stringent environmental specifications demanded in Europe and the United States.

Kwinana also is home to a centre of attraction for Drag Racing, Dirt Track Speedway, Burnout Competitions, Street Machine shows and Super Cross events. The Perth Motorplex [14] (formerly known as Quit Motorplex) opened in December 2000 at a cost of A$20 million with catering, licensed bars, state of the art stadium lighting and the "Snake Pit", a purpose built and dedicated burn out section. The venue holds many prestigious events including the Westernationals (drag racing), World Series Sprintcars (speedway) and Motorvation (car show).

Mayors

Suburbs

Road side sign for central Kwinana. Kwinana sign.jpg
Road side sign for central Kwinana.

Population

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1991 17,278    
1996 19,186+2.12%
2001 20,812+1.64%
2006 23,198+2.19%
2011 29,227+4.73%
2016 38,918+5.89%

Heritage-listed places

As of 2021, 84 places are heritage-listed in the City of Kwinana, [15] of which two are on the State Register of Heritage Places, the Kwinana Signal Box and Mead Homestead. [16]

See also

Related Research Articles

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Mandurah City in Western Australia

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Division of Brand Australian federal electoral division

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Kwinana Beach, Western Australia Suburb of Perth, Western Australia

Kwinana Beach is an outer southwestern suburb of Perth, Western Australia, located within the City of Kwinana. It is one of the traditional industrial suburbs in the Perth metropolitan region.

East Rockingham, Western Australia Suburb of Perth, Western Australia

East Rockingham is an industrial suburb within the Kwinana Industrial Area, part of Perth, and located within the City of Rockingham. It is home to two caravan parks.

Safety Bay, Western Australia Suburb of Perth, Western Australia

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City of Rockingham Local government area in Western Australia

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Mandurah Road

Mandurah Road is the name given to two roads in the cities of Perth and Mandurah, Western Australia, which link together at Stakehill Road, Karnup.

Rockingham Road is a major road between Fremantle and Kwinana in the southern suburbs of Perth. It is allocated National Route 1 – part of Australia's national Highway 1 – between Stock Road in Munster and its southern terminus in Kwinana.

CBH Group

The CBH Group, is a grain growers' cooperative that handles, markets and processes grain from the wheatbelt of Western Australia.

North Coogee Suburb of Perth, Western Australia

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Kwinana Oil Refinery

The Kwinana Refinery, operated by BP, is located on the shore of Cockburn Sound at Kwinana, near Fremantle, Western Australia. It was constructed by the then Anglo-Iranian Oil Company and completed in 1955. It is the largest oil refinery in Australia, with a capacity of 138,000 barrels per day (21,900 m3/d).

CBH grain receival points

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Grain storage structures in Western Australia

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Rockingham, Western Australia City in Western Australia

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SS <i>Kwinana</i>

SS Kwinana was an Australian ocean-going cargo and passenger steamship. She was built in England in 1892 as the cargo ship SS Darius. In 1912 she changed owners, was refitted as a cargo and passenger ship and renamed Kwinana.

Kwinana freight railway

The Kwinana freight railway lines are a network of railways predominantly servicing the heavy industrial areas at Kwinana Beach south of Perth and to provide for the transport of freight servicing Fremantle Harbour, Kewdale Intermodal Facility and other freight destinations Perth. While some lines were constructed in the 1900s, most of the network was constructed in the 1950s and 1960s.

Fremantle Outer Harbour

The Fremantle Outer Harbour is the part of Fremantle Harbour located in the Cockburn Sound, at the City of Kwinana, Western Australia. Fremantle Harbour consists of the Inner Harbour, which is situated on the mouth of the Swan River; and the Outer Harbour, which is 20 km to the south. It is managed by the Fremantle Port Authority.

References

  1. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Kwinana (C)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 26 November 2017. OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
  2. "3218.0 – Regional Population Growth, Australia, 2017-18". Australian Bureau of Statistics. 27 March 2019. Retrieved 31 December 2019. Estimated resident population (ERP) at 30 June 2018.
  3. Wajnryb, Ruth (2006). Australian Place Name Stories. Lothian Books. p. 114. ISBN   0-7344-0623-1.
  4. "Kwinana Road District Act 1953 (No. 26 of 1953)". 18 December 1953. Retrieved 14 December 2010.
  5. "Kwinana Road District Act, 1953 – Kwlnana Road District – Division into Wards, Determination of Membership and Provisions for an Election. Order in Council. (per L.G. 762/60)". Western Australia Government Gazette. 11 November 1960. p. 1960:3450–3452.
  6. "Kwinana Road District Act, 1953. Proclamation. (per L.G. 3103/52)". Western Australia Government Gazette. 10 February 1961. p. 1961:385.
  7. Town of Kwinana (17 September 2012). "Governor declares Kwinana a City". Archived from the original on 29 April 2013. Retrieved 26 September 2012.
  8. "Interactive Port Map". fremantleports.com.au. Fremantle Ports . Retrieved 22 April 2020.
  9. "2015 Inner Harbour and Outer Harbour Fact Sheet" (PDF). fremantleports.com.au. Fremantle Ports. 2015. Retrieved 22 April 2020.
  10. "History and Heritage". fremantleports.com.au. Fremantle Ports . Retrieved 22 April 2020.
  11. CBH Group secures ten year grain supply to Primary Energy’s Kwinana Bio-fuel Plant Archived 25 September 2009 at the Wayback Machine accessed: 12 November 2009
  12. "Second waste-to-energy plant gets green light - ARENAWIRE". Australian Renewable Energy Agency. Retrieved 7 January 2021.
  13. http://www.bp.com/sectiongenericarticle.do?categoryId=9012769&contentId=7024819
  14. http://www.motorplex.com.au/
  15. "City of Kwinana Heritage Places". inherit.stateheritage.wa.gov.au. Heritage Council of Western Australia. Retrieved 23 February 2021.
  16. "City of Kwinana State Register of Heritage Places". inherit.stateheritage.wa.gov.au. Heritage Council of Western Australia. Retrieved 23 February 2021.

Coordinates: 32°15′S115°46′E / 32.250°S 115.767°E / -32.250; 115.767