City of Lancaster

Last updated

Lancaster
City of Lancaster (2).jpg
Lancaster skyline
Coat of Arms of Lancaster City Council.svg
Motto(s): 
"Luck to Loyne"
Lancaster UK locator map.svg
Lancaster shown within Lancashire
Coordinates: 54°2′49.2″N2°48′3.6″W / 54.047000°N 2.801000°W / 54.047000; -2.801000 Coordinates: 54°2′49.2″N2°48′3.6″W / 54.047000°N 2.801000°W / 54.047000; -2.801000
Sovereign state Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom
Country Flag of England.svg  England
Region North West England
Ceremonial county FlagOfLancashire.PNG  Lancashire
City status 14 May 1937
Administrative HQ Lancaster (Town Hall)
Morecambe (Town Hall)
Government
  Type Non-metropolitan district
  Body Lancaster City Council
   Leadership Leader and cabinet
   Executive Green / Independent (council NOC)
  LeaderCaroline Jackson (Green Party)
   Mayor Mike Greenall
  Chief ExecutiveKieran Keane
Area
  Total222.5 sq mi (576.2 km2)
Area rank 78th
Population
 (mid-2019 est.)
  Total146,038
  Rank 146th
  Density600/sq mi (250/km2)
  Ethnicity
97.8% white
Time zone UTC+0 (Greenwich Mean Time)
  Summer (DST) UTC+1 (British Summer Time)
Postcode areas
LA
Dialling codes 01524 (Lancaster)
015242 (Hornby-with-Farleton)
Vehicle registration prefix P
GSS codeE07000121
NUTS 3 code UKD44
ONS code 30UH
OS grid reference SD475615
Motorways M6
A601(M)
Major railway stations Lancaster (B)
Councillors60
MPs Cat Smith (L)
David Morris (C)
Police area Lancashire
Fire service Lancashire
Ambulance service North West
Website www.lancaster.gov.uk

The City of Lancaster ( /ˈlæŋkæstər/ [1] ) is a local government district of Lancashire, England, with the status of a city and non-metropolitan district. It is named after its largest settlement, Lancaster, but covers a far larger area, which includes the towns of Morecambe, Heysham, and Carnforth, as well as outlying villages, farms, rural hinterland and (since 1 August 2016) a section of the Yorkshire Dales National Park. [2] The district has a population of 146,038 (mid-2019 est.), [3] and an area of 222.5 square miles (576.2 km2). [4]

Contents

The current city boundaries were set as part of the provisions of the Local Government Act 1972, and cover an amalgamation of five former local government districts—the municipal boroughs of Lancaster and Morecambe and Heysham, together with the Carnforth Urban District and rural districts of Lancaster and Lunesdale, all from the administrative county of Lancashire.

History

Government

Lancaster City Council
Structure
Seats60 councillors [5]
Political groups
Administration (39)
  Green (10)
  Eco-Socialist Independents (4)
  Labour (16)
  Morecambe Bay Independent (9)
Confidence and Supply (4)
  Liberal Democrat (4)
Opposition (17)
  Conservative (11)
  Independent Group (5)
  Independent (1)
Length of term
4 years
Elections
FPTP
Last election
2019
Next election
2023
Website
www.lancaster.gov.uk

The higher tier of local government is Lancashire County Council. At a lower level, there are many parish councils: [6] See this list of civil parishes in the district.

The district comprises two parliamentary constituencies: Lancaster and Fleetwood, and Morecambe and Lunesdale. [7] Since 2015, Lancaster and Fleetwood has been held by Labour, and Morecambe and Lunesdale has been held by the Conservatives since 2010.

As of December 2021, the composition of the City Council is as follows: [8] [9]

PartyCouncillors
Labour 16
Conservative 11
Green Party 10
Morecambe Bay Independents 9
Independent Group5
Eco-Socialist Independents4
Liberal Democrats 4
Independent Independent1

Elections for all council seats are held every four years. There were elections in 2007, [10] 2011, [11] 2015 [12] and 2019. The next election is scheduled for 2023.

Demography

Lancaster compared
2001 UK Census Lancaster [13] Lancashire [14] EnglandUnited Kingdom
Total population133,9141,134,97449,138,83158,789,194
White97.8%94.7%90.9%92.14%
Asian0.7%4.1%4.6%3.4%
Black0.2%0.2%2.3%2%

At the 2011 UK census, the City of Lancaster had a total population of 138,375. Of the 57,822 households in the city, 33.5% were married couples living together, 31.9% were one-person households, 7.8% were co-habiting couples and 10.0% were lone parents. [15] These figures were similar to the national averages.

The population density was 233/km2 (600/sq mi) and for every 100 females, there were 91.8 males. Of those aged 16–74 in Lancaster, 26.7% had no academic qualifications, lower than 28.9% in all of England. The city of Lancaster had a higher proportion of white people than England. [15] [16]

Population change

The table below details the population change since 1801, including the percentage change since the last available census data. Although the City of Lancaster has existed as a district since 1974, figures have been generated by combining data from the towns, villages, and civil parishes that would later be constituent parts of the city.

Population growth in City of Lancaster since 1801
YearPopulation±%
1801 23,818    
1811 24,842+4.3%
1821 28,374+14.2%
1831 30,987+9.2%
1841 32,998+6.5%
1851 33,437+1.3%
1861 37,943+13.5%
1871 42,450+11.9%
YearPopulation±%
1881 46,956+10.6%
1891 57,577+22.6%
1901 64,617+12.2%
1911 72,538+12.3%
1921 77,409+6.7%
1931 82,622+6.7%
1941 92,752+12.3%
1951 104,126+12.3%
YearPopulation±%
1961 113,083+8.6%
1971 122,820+8.6%
1981 118,599−3.4%
1991 130,022+9.6%
2001 133,914+3.0%
2011 138,375+3.3%
Source: Vision of Britain [17]

Religion

Lancaster compared
2011 UK Census City of Lancaster [15] Lancashire [18] England
Population138,3751,134,97449,138,831
Christian65.9%68.8%59.4%
Muslim1.3%4.8%5.0%
No religion24.5%19.2%24.7%

At the 2011 UK census, 65.9% of Lancaster's population reported themselves as Christian, 1.3% Muslim, 0.4% Buddhist, 0.3% Hindu, 0.1% Jewish, and 0.1% Sikh. 24.5% had no religion, 0.5% had an alternative religion and 7.1% did not state their religion. [15] The city is covered by the Roman Catholic Diocese of Lancaster, [19] and the Church of England Diocese of Blackburn. [20]

Economy

City of Lancaster compared
2001 UK Census City of Lancaster [21] Lancashire [22] England
Population of working age97,365814,43435,532,091
Full-time employment33.5%39.2%40.8%
Part-time employment12.7%12.2%11.8%
Self employed7.8%8.2%8.3%
Unemployed3.6%2.9%3.3%
Retired14.9%15.0%13.5%

At the United Kingdom Census 2001, the City of Lancaster had 97,365 residents aged 16 to 74. Of these people, 4.0% were students with jobs, 9.6% students without jobs, 5.1% looking after home or family, 6.0% permanently sick or disabled and 2.8% economically inactive for other reasons. [21]

In 2001, of the 55,906 residents of the City of Lancaster in employment, the industry of employment was 16.7% retail and wholesale, 14.2% health and social work, 11.4% education, 11.2% manufacturing, 7.8% property and business services, 6.7% construction, 6.7% hotels and restaurants, 6.5% transport and communications, 5.7% public administration and defence, 2.5% finance, 2.4% energy and water supply, 2.2% agriculture, 0.4% mining, and 5.3% other. This was roughly in line with national figures, although the proportion of jobs in agriculture which was more than the national average of 1.5% and the percentage of people working in finance was below the national average of 4.8%; the proportion of people working in property was well below the national average of 13.2%. [23]

Settlements

Civil parishes

City of Lancaster parishes map 2018.svg

Lancaster and Heysham lie within unparished areas.

Twin towns

[24]

Associate towns

[24]

Related Research Articles

Lancaster, Lancashire County town of Lancashire, England

Lancaster (,) is a city and the county town of Lancashire, England, standing on the River Lune. Its population of 52,234 compares with one of 138,375 in the wider City of Lancaster local government district. The House of Lancaster was a branch of the English royal family. The Duchy of Lancaster still holds large estates on behalf of Elizabeth II, who is also Duke of Lancaster. Its long history is marked by Lancaster Castle, Lancaster Priory Church, Lancaster Cathedral and the Ashton Memorial. It is the seat of Lancaster University and has a campus of the University of Cumbria. The Port of Lancaster played a big role in the city's growth, but for many years the outport of Glasson Dock has become the main shipping facility.

Carnforth Human settlement in England

Carnforth is a market town and civil parish in the City of Lancaster in Lancashire, England, situated at the north east end of Morecambe Bay. The parish of Carnforth had a population of 5,350 recorded in the 2001 census, and forms part of the City of Lancaster. The 2011 Census measured a population of 5,560.

Silverdale, Lancashire Village in Lancashire, England

Silverdale is a village and civil parish within the City of Lancaster district of Lancashire, England. The village stands on Morecambe Bay, near the border with Cumbria, 4.5 miles (7 km) north west of Carnforth and 8.5 miles (14 km) of Lancaster. The parish had a population of 1,519 recorded in the 2011 census.

Morecambe and Lunesdale (UK Parliament constituency)

Morecambe and Lunesdale is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by David Morris, a Conservative.

Yealand Redmayne Human settlement in England

Yealand Redmayne is a village and civil parish in the English county of Lancashire.

Lancaster City Council elections

Lancaster City Council in Lancashire, England is elected every four years. Since the boundary changes in 2003, 60 councillors have been elected from 28 wards. Lancaster is a non-metropolitan district forming a lower-tier of local government under Lancashire County Council.

Diocese of Blackburn Diocese of the Church of England

The Diocese of Blackburn is a Church of England diocese, covering much of Lancashire, created on 12 November 1926 from part of the Diocese of Manchester. The diocese includes the towns of Blackburn, Blackpool and Burnley, the cities of Lancaster and Preston, as well as a large part of the Ribble Valley. The cathedral is Blackburn Cathedral and the current Bishop of Blackburn is Julian Henderson.

Warton, Lancaster Human settlement in England

Warton is a village, civil parish and electoral ward in the City of Lancaster in north Lancashire in the north-west of England, close to the boundary with Cumbria, with a population of around 2,000, measured at the 2011 Census to be 2,360. It is a village steeped in history; its earliest recording as a settlement is made in Domesday Book written in 1086. The nearest town to Warton is Carnforth, which was originally part of Warton parish. It has connections to the first President of the United States, George Washington: Washington's ancestor of seven generations, Lawrence Washington, is rumoured to have helped build the village church of St Oswald. The parish covers an area in excess of 11,000 acres (45 km2) and is predominantly rural. The parish of Warton had a population of 2,315 recorded in the 2001 census, and 2,360 in the 2011 census.

Morecambe and Lonsdale (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1950–1983

Morecambe and Lonsdale was a constituency of the British House of Commons which existed until 1983.

Morecambe Town in England

Morecambe is a seaside town in the City of Lancaster district in Lancashire, England, on the southern coast of Morecambe Bay.

Over Kellet Human settlement in England

Over Kellet is a village and civil parish near Carnforth in the English county of Lancashire. The parish, which is in the City of Lancaster, includes the village of Capernwray, at its northern end, and has a population of 778, decreasing slightly to 761 at the 2011 Census. The Lancaster Canal passes through the parish.

Leeds–Morecambe line Railway line in northern England

The Leeds–Morecambe line, also known as the Bentham line, is a railway line running between Leeds, Skipton, Lancaster and Morecambe in northern England. The service is operated by Northern. The route covered by the service was historically part of the Midland Railway. The line is electrified at 25 kV AC overhead between Leeds City and Skipton- this section is known as the Airedale line.

Listed buildings in Lancashire

There are a number of listed buildings in Lancashire. The term "listed building", in the United Kingdom, refers to a building or structure designated as being of special architectural, historical, or cultural significance. Details of all the listed buildings are contained in the National Heritage List for England. They are categorised in three grades: Grade I consists of buildings of outstanding architectural or historical interest, Grade II* includes significant buildings of more than local interest and Grade II consists of buildings of special architectural or historical interest. Buildings in England are listed by the Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport on recommendations provided by English Heritage, which also determines the grading.

David Morris (Conservative politician) British politician

David Thomas Morris is a British Conservative Party politician, former musician and businessman. He is Member of Parliament (MP) for Morecambe and Lunesdale in Lancashire, England.

North West Green Belt

The North West Green Belt is a green belt environmental and planning policy that regulates the rural space throughout mainly the North West region of England. It is contained within the counties of Cheshire, Derbyshire, Greater Manchester, Lancashire, and Merseyside. Essentially, the function of the belt is to prevent the cities, towns and villages in the large Greater Manchester and Merseyside conurbations from merging. It is managed by local planning authorities on guidance from central government.

Lancaster Rural District was a rural district in the county of Lancashire, England. It was created in 1894 and abolished in 1974 under the Local Government Act 1972.

Lancaster/Morecambe Built-up area

The Lancaster/Morecambe Built-up area is an urban area which comprises the city of Lancaster and the towns of Morecambe and Heysham in Lancashire, England. The urban area covers an area which has a population of 97,150. The urban area includes the suburbs of both Lancaster and Morecambe. It has three subdivisions: Heysham, Lancaster and Morecambe. The built-up area and its subdivisions are entities defined algorithmically by the Office for National Statistics, which considers built-up land separated from another settlement by 200 metres (660 ft).

References

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