City of Preston, Lancashire

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Coordinates: 53°45′32″N2°41′56″W / 53.759°N 2.699°W / 53.759; -2.699

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City of Preston
Beacon Fell 235-35.jpg
Beacon Fell is the highest point in the district
Preston City Council - coat of arms.png
Coat of Arms of the City Council
Nickname(s): 
Proud Preston
Preston UK locator map.svg
Shown within Lancashire and England
England location map.svg
Red pog.svg
City of Preston
Shown within England
Coordinates: 53°45′N2°42′W / 53.750°N 2.700°W / 53.750; -2.700
Country United Kingdom
Country England
Region North West England
County Lancashire
Guild Merchant charter1179
City status2002
Government
  Type Non-metropolitan district
  Local Authority Preston City Council
   Leadership:Leader & Cabinet
  Executive: Labour
  Leader of the CouncilCllr Matthew Brown (Lab)
   MPs: Mark Hendrick (Lab),
Ben Wallace (Con),
Mark Menzies (Con)
Area
   City & Non-metropolitan district 54.9 sq mi (142.3 km2)
Highest elevation
873 ft (266 m)
Lowest elevation
0 ft (0 m)
Population
 (mid-2019 est.)
   City & Non-metropolitan district 143,135 (Ranked 149th)
  Density2,580/sq mi (997/km2)
   Urban
365,000 (Central Lancashire)
  Ethnicity
82.3% White British
11.6% S.Asian
2.6% White Other
1.1% White Irish
1.5% Mixed Race
1.1% Black British
1.0% E.Asian and Other
Time zone UTC+0 (Greenwich Mean Time)
Postcode
Area code(s) 01772, 01995
ISO 3166-2 GB-LAN
ONS code 30UK (ONS)
E07000123 (GSS)
OS grid reference SD535295
Demonym Prestonian
Website http://www.preston.gov.uk/

The City of Preston ( /ˈprɛstən/ ( Loudspeaker.svg listen )) is a city and non-metropolitan district in Lancashire, England. On the north bank of the River Ribble, it was granted city status in 2002, becoming England's 50th city in the 50th year of Queen Elizabeth II's reign. [1] The City of Preston district has a population of 143,135 (mid-2019 est.), [2] and lies at the centre of the Central Lancashire sub-region, with a population of 335,000. [3]

The district, formerly known as the Borough of Preston, is named after the urban settlement of Preston which lies in the south of the district, and also contains nine civil parishes.

History

In 1974, the non-metropolitan district of Preston was formed from the County Borough of Preston, Fulwood Urban District, and a major part of Preston Rural District. The district was granted city status in 2002.

Governance

Preston City Council

Entering the city centre from Fylde Road Prestoncity.jpg
Entering the city centre from Fylde Road

The City of Preston is divided into 16 district council wards represented by 48 councillors. In 2017 there are about 6,000 [4] electors per ward, expected to rise to about 6,300 [5] electors per ward by 2023. Preston City councillors serve a four-year term. Preston City Council is elected "by thirds", 16 at a time. One councillor from each ward is elected every year for three years. Every fourth year there are no Preston City Council elections, Lancashire County Council elections taking place instead. Like much of the United Kingdom, Preston has a ceremonial mayor, who holds the role of the first citizen of the city. The role dates back to 1327, and the current mayor is Councillor Javed Iqbal, who is the 963rd Mayor of Preston. [6]

Preston operates a Leader and Cabinet system. The current Leader is Councillor Matthew Brown. [7]

The local areas of Preston can be found at Districts of Preston.

Freedom of the City

Freedom of the City has been granted to:

Lancashire County Council

The City of Preston contains nine Lancashire County Council electoral divisions, with one county councillor in each district.

Parliament

The City of Preston is currently divided between three Westminster constituencies, namely Preston, Wyre and Preston North, and Fylde. The three seats are all safe seats, with all Members of Parliament holding over 50% of the vote for their respective parties.

Historically, Preston has been divided between such constituencies as Preston North, Preston South, and Fylde South, although until 1885 it comprised one constituency called Preston, which actually included most of West Lancashire.

Minster Church

Like numerous other major English towns granted city status since 1889, Preston has no Anglican cathedral (see City status in the United Kingdom). Instead, following the granting of city status in the Queen's Golden Jubilee year in 2002, Preston's parish church was elevated by the Church of England to the status of Minster Church in June 2003.

Geography

Physical geography

Topography of the City of Preston City of Preston topography.png
Topography of the City of Preston

The City of Preston district is a transitional region between coastal plain, river valley and moorland. The west of the district lies within the flat coastal plain of the Fylde. The southern border is the River Ribble which meanders through a flood plain in a wide, steep-sided valley. The northeast of the district lies within the Forest of Bowland Area of Outstanding Beauty.

The highest point is the summit of Beacon Fell at 266 m (873 ft) above sea level, an isolated fell two miles south of the main range of Bowland Fells just outside the district boundaries. The lowest point lies on the River Ribble in the southwest corner of the district. The Ribble here is tidal and therefore virtually at sea level. The course of the river west of Preston was artificially straightened in the 19th century, to ease passage of shipping to the docks.

The southern one-third of the district, most of which is covered by Preston and its suburbs, drains into Savick Brook running east-to-west and then turning south into the Ribble. The lowest section of the brook has been widened into the Ribble Link which connects the Lancaster Canal to the Ribble. The central and northern parts of the district drain into south- and west-flowing tributaries of the River Brock, itself a tributary of the Wyre whose estuary is at Fleetwood. The Brock forms part of the district boundary on the west and north sides of Beacon Fell. A small part of the district along the eastern boundary drains into the east-flowing River Loud, a tributary of the Hodder.

The lowland area in the north and east of the district, between Beacon Fell and the Fylde, is a dairy farming area, particularly noted for its cheesemaking dairies. Six of the ten Lancashire Cheese dairies listed on the British Cheese Board's website in 2011 are located in the City of Preston district (and the other four are only a few miles outside). [10] Beacon Fell Traditional Lancashire Cheese is a Protected Designation of Origin cheese named after Beacon Fell. [11]

At 53°45′N2°42′W / 53.750°N 2.700°W / 53.750; -2.700 , Preston city centre is approximately 27 miles north west of Manchester, 26 miles north east of Liverpool, and 15 miles east of the coastal town Blackpool.

Like most of inland Lancashire, Preston receives a higher than UK average total of rainfall, and is slightly colder. On 10 August 1893 Preston entered the UK Weather Records, with the Highest 5-min total rainfall of 32 mm. As of November 2008 this remains a record. [12]

Areas and estates

As with many cities, Preston has developed from a number of former towns and villages.

Civic geography

Location map United Kingdom City of Preston.svg
Red pog.svg
          Grimsargh
Red pog.svg
Lea
Places in the City of Preston district

The southern part of the district is mostly urbanised but the northern part is quite rural. The current borders came into effect on 1 April 1974, when the Local Government Act 1972 merged the existing County Borough of Preston with Fulwood Urban District and part of Preston Rural District. Preston was designated as part of the Central Lancashire new town in 1970. The former Preston Rural District part of the district is divided into a number of civil parishes:

Demography

Ethnicity

Preston is a diverse city, although the majority of the non-indigenous people are South Asians, in particular Indians. The ethnic makeup of Preston based on the 2011 census is as follows (With average for England in brackets): 75.8% White British (79.8%), 0.8% White Irish (1.0%), 3.5% Other White (4.6%). 2.3% Mixed Race (2.2%). 10.3% Indian (2.6%), 3.2% Pakistani (2.1%), 0.3% Bangladeshi (0.8%), 0.9% Other Asian (1.5%). 0.6% Black Caribbean (1.1%), 0.5% Black African (1.8%), 0.1% Other Black (0.5%). 0.9% Chinese (0.7%), 0.4% Arab (0.4%) and 0.3% other (0.6%). [13]

Child poverty

In 2008 a survey revealed that 50% of all children living in the city were living in families suffering from financial depression. An estimated 15,380 youngsters were part of the families on the breadline. The Campaign to End Child Poverty report defined children in poverty as children living in homes where occupants work less than 16 hours a week, or not at all, or where the full amount of tax credit is being claimed. The city was one of the most severely affected areas of the North West outside Liverpool and Manchester, with 21% of children in the city living in households which were completely workless and a further 29% in families struggling to get by with working tax credits. The two worst affected areas of the city were the Deepdale and St George's wards, where 75% and 77% of children respectively were said to be living in poverty. [14]

Jamea Masjid close to Preston City Centre Front View of Jamea Masjid.gif
Jamea Masjid close to Preston City Centre

Religion

The City of Preston lies in the Roman Catholic Diocese of Lancaster and the Anglican Diocese of Blackburn.

In July 2016, St Ignatius Church in Preston, which had been gifted by the Catholic Diocese of Lancaster to the Syro-Malabar Catholic community, was raised to the status of a cathedral by Pope Francis. It now serves as the seat of the Syro-Malabar Catholic Eparchy of Great Britain [15] [16]

The 2001 Census recorded 72% of the population as Christians, 10% as having no religion, and 8% as Muslims. [17] The Hindu and Sikh populations are smaller at 3% and 0.6% respectively, but in both cases this represents the highest percentage of any local authority area in the North West. 2% of the city's population were born in other EU countries.

Related Research Articles

Lancashire County of England

Lancashire is a non-metropolitan county and a ceremonial county in North West England. The county's administrative centre is Preston, while Lancaster is the county town. The borders of the county were created by the Local Government Act 1972 and enclose a population of 1,449,300 and an area of 1,189 square miles (3,080 km2).

Preston, Lancashire City in Lancashire, England

Preston is a city on the north bank of the River Ribble. The city is the administrative centre of Lancashire, England. The City of Preston local government district obtained city status in 2002, becoming England's 50th city in the 50th year of Queen Elizabeth II's reign. Preston has a population of 114,300, the City of Preston district 132,000 and the Preston Built-up Area 313,322. The Preston Travel To Work Area, in 2011, had a population of 420,661, compared with 354,000 in the previous census.

Lancashire cheese

Lancashire is an English cow's-milk cheese from the county of Lancashire. There are three distinct varieties of Lancashire cheese. Young Creamy Lancashire and mature Tasty Lancashire are produced by a traditional method, whereas Crumbly Lancashire is a more recent creation suitable for mass production.

Borough of Fylde Borough in England

The Borough of Fylde is a local government district with borough status in Lancashire, England. It covers part of the Fylde plain, after which it is named. The council's headquarters are in St Annes. Some council departments, including Planning and an office of the Registrar, were previously located in Wesham, but in 2007 these offices were transferred to the ownership of the NHS North Lancashire Primary Care Trust and have since been replaced by a new housing development. The population of the Non-metropolitan district at the 2011 census was 75,757.

Borough of Wyre Borough in England

Wyre is a local government district with borough status in Lancashire, England. The population of the non-metropolitan district at the 2011 census was 107,749. The district borders the unitary authority of Blackpool as well as the districts of Lancaster, Ribble Valley, Fylde and Preston. The council is based in Poulton-le-Fylde.

Poulton-le-Fylde Human settlement in England

Poulton-le-Fylde, commonly shortened to Poulton, is a market town in Lancashire, England, situated on the coastal plain called the Fylde. In the 2001 United Kingdom census, it had a population of 18,264. There is evidence of human habitation in the area from 12,000 years ago and several archaeological finds from Roman settlement in England have been found in the area. At the time of the Norman conquest, Poulton was a small agricultural settlement in the hundred of Amounderness. The church of St Chad was recorded in 1094 when it was endowed to Lancaster Priory. By the post-Medieval period the town had become an important commercial centre for the region with weekly and triannual markets. Goods were imported and exported through two harbours on the River Wyre. In 1837, the town was described as the "metropolis of the Fylde", but its commercial importance waned from the mid-19th century with the development of the nearby coastal towns of Fleetwood and Blackpool.

Amounderness Hundred

The Amounderness Hundred is one of the six subdivisions of the historic county of Lancashire in North West England, but the name is older than the system of hundreds first recorded in the 13th century and might best be described as the name of a Norse wapentake. In the Domesday Book, it was used for some territories north of the River Ribble included together with parts of Yorkshire. The area eventually became part of Lancashire, sitting geographically between the Rivers Lune and Ribble, in the strip of coast between the Irish Sea and Bowland Forest.

Preston (UK Parliament constituency)

Preston is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2000 by Sir Mark Hendrick, a member of the Labour Party and Co-operative Party.

Wyre and Preston North (UK Parliament constituency)

Wyre and Preston North is a county constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. Created in the most recent fifth periodic review of constituencies by the Boundary Commission for England, it elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post voting system.

Stagecoach North West

Stagecoach North West was a major operator of bus services in North West England. It was a subsidiary of the Stagecoach Group, and had its origins in the purchase of Cumberland in 1987 and Ribble Motor Services in 1988 from the National Bus Company. The head office of Stagecoach North West was in Carlisle. Although the cities of Liverpool and Manchester are in the North West of England, Stagecoach Manchester and Stagecoach Merseyside were run as separate divisions.

Fulwood, Lancashire Human settlement in England

Fulwood is an area and unparished area in Lancashire, England, forming much of the northern half of the unparished part of the City of Preston district. It had a population of 28,535 in 2011 and is made up of five wards.

Preston was a rural district in Lancashire, England from 1894 to 1974. It surrounded Preston on the north, west and east sides.

2006 Preston City Council election

The City Council elections for the City of Preston, Lancashire were held on 4 May 2006 on the same day as other 2006 United Kingdom local elections. Nineteen electoral wards were fought. The only change was that Labour gained one seat from the Liberal Democrats, continuing to be the largest party, but the Council remained under no overall control

2007 Preston City Council election

Elections to the Preston City Council took place on 3 May 2007.

The Ribble way is a long-distance walk between the Lancashire coast and the Yorkshire Dales National Park largely following the course of the River Ribble.

Elections to Preston Borough Council were held on 6 May 1999. One third of the council was up for election and the Labour party kept overall control of the council after a Liberal Democrat councillor defected to them on the night of the counting of the votes.

Beacon Fell, Lancashire Fell in the civil parish of Goosnargh in Lancashire, England

Beacon Fell is a fell in the civil parish of Goosnargh in Lancashire, England. The high ground, which rises to 266 m (873 ft), has been a country park since 1970. It is situated within the south westerly part of the Forest of Bowland, an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty.

Transport in Preston

Preston is a city in Lancashire, around 50 kilometres (31 mi) north-west of Manchester.

References

  1. "'Proud Preston' wins city status Archived 2007-08-22 at the Wayback Machine ", BBC News, 14 March 2002. Retrieved 6 June 2006.
  2. "Population Estimates for UK, England and Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland, Mid-2019". Office for National Statistics. 6 May 2020. Retrieved 6 May 2020.
  3. Census 2001: Preston Archived 2011-06-29 at the Wayback Machine , Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 6 June 2006.
  4. https://s3-eu-west-2.amazonaws.com/lgbce/__data/assets/pdf_file/0011/36893/Preston-Summary-Reduced.pdf
  5. https://s3-eu-west-2.amazonaws.com/lgbce/__data/assets/pdf_file/0004/33844/PrestonCityCouncil-Preston-2017-06-02_Redacted.pdf [ bare URL ]
  6. "The Mayor of Preston". Archived from the original on 2021-08-03.
  7. Network, Shout. "Preston City Council Appoints New Leader | Shout Network". Preston City Council Appoints New Leader | Shout Network. Archived from the original on 2018-08-20. Retrieved 2018-08-19.
  8. "Honorary Freemen | Preston City Council". www.preston.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 2018-06-27. Retrieved 2019-02-19.
  9. m.moville. "Honorary Freemen - Preston City Council". www.preston.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 2015-01-11. Retrieved 2014-06-16.
  10. Butler's, JJ Sandhams, Greenfields, Mrs Kirkham's, Shorrocks and Carron Lodge, The Lancashire Dairies Archived 2011-07-26 at the Wayback Machine , British Cheese Board, accessed 4 August 2011
  11. EU Protected Food Names Scheme: Beacon Fell traditional Lancashire cheese Archived 2012-03-22 at the Wayback Machine , DEFRA, retrieved 4 August 2011
  12. "Extreme Weather". Met Office. Archived from the original on 2010-12-29. Retrieved 2010-07-17.
  13. UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Preston Local Authority (1946157097)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics . Retrieved 19 March 2018.
  14. "New survey reveals children's deprivation - News". lep.co.uk. 16 October 2008. Retrieved 2010-07-17.
  15. "Pope creates new eparchy in Preston for Syro-Malabar Catholics". Catholic Herald. Archived from the original on 2016-07-30. Retrieved 2016-07-30.
  16. "Pope turns ex-Preston church into Indian Catholic cathedral". BBC. Archived from the original on 2018-12-10. Retrieved 2018-06-21.
  17. Census 2001: Statistics. Archived 2011-06-29 at the Wayback Machine . Retrieved 6 June 2006.