City of San Marino

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City of San Marino

Città di San Marino
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A collage of the City of San Marino.
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Flag
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Coat of arms
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San Marino's location in San Marino
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City of San Marino
San Marino's location in San Marino
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City of San Marino
City of San Marino (Europe)
Coordinates: 43°56′4.56″N12°26′50.28″E / 43.9346000°N 12.4473000°E / 43.9346000; 12.4473000
CountryFlag of San Marino.svg  San Marino
Foundation3 September 301 (traditional date)
Government
  CapitanoTomaso Rossini (since 2018)
Area
  Total7.09 km2 (2.74 sq mi)
Elevation
749 m (2,457 ft)
Population
 (August 2020)
  Total4,071 [1]
  Density582.23/km2 (1,508.0/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
RSM-47890
Climate Cfb
San Marino Historic Centre and Mount Titano
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Monte Titano.jpg
Monte Titano and three fortresses on top of it can be seen from many kilometers away
Criteria Cultural: iii
Reference 1245
Inscription2008 (32nd Session)
Area55 ha
Buffer zone167 ha

The City of San Marino (Italian : Città di San Marino), also known simply as San Marino and locally as Città, is the capital city of the Republic of San Marino, Southern Europe. The city has a population of 4,044. [1] It is on the western slopes of San Marino's highest point, Monte Titano.

Contents

Geography

Although not the capital, most of the businesses are in Borgo Maggiore. It is the third largest city in the country, after Dogana and Borgo Maggiore. It borders the San Marino municipalities Acquaviva, Borgo Maggiore, Fiorentino, and Chiesanuova and the Italian municipality San Leo.

Akademio Internacia de la Sciencoj San Marino was centered here.

History

Due to its being the capital and previously the only city in San Marino, the history of this city is almost the same as the History of San Marino. For more information on that topic, see that article.

The city was founded by Saint Marinus and several Christian refugees in the year 301. From then on the city became a center of Christian refugees who fled from Roman persecution.

The urban heart of the city was protected by three towers: the first, Guaita, constructed in the 11th century, was famous for being impenetrable, which to a great extent discouraged attacks on the city.

Due to the Crusades, it was felt necessary to construct a second tower, Cesta (13th century). But the Sanmarinense defensive system was not completed until the construction of a third tower, the Montale (14th century) - the smallest of all and constructed on the last of the summits of Monte Titano.

With the population of the city increasing, the territory of the country was extended by a few square kilometers. Since the Sanmarinese policy was not to invade or to use war to obtain new territories, it was by means of purchases and treaties that San Marino obtained the other eight castelli which make up the country.

Parishes

The City of San Marino has the following 7 parishes or wards ( curazie ): [2]

Economy

The economy of the city of San Marino has always been closely bound to that of the country. Until recently, the main economic activities of the locality were stone extraction and carving. Today, there is a more varied economy, including tourism, commerce, sale of postage stamps, and a small agricultural industry, although the latter is in decline.

Landmarks

The city is visited by more than three million people per year, and has developed progressively as a tourist centre. Of the tourists, 85% are Italian. There are also more than a thousand retail outlets, where one can find a great variety of products.

Main sights

Transport

The town is known for its long, winding cobblestoned streets, as its altitude and steep approach put it beyond the reach of the San Marino Superhighway. San Marino is also notable in that cars are prohibited in much of the town center.

Before the Second World War, a railway was built from San Marino to Rimini under the dictatorship of Benito Mussolini. Its tunnels, and the railway station 'Piazzale Lo Stradone', still exist. Proposals for the reopening of this railway have been presented to the government on several occasions, but thus far without action.

There is a regular bus service to Rimini, and a 1.5 kilometres (0.9 miles) cable car line connects the capital with Borgo Maggiore.

A series of lifts also connects the upper part of town with the lower.

Sports

The city of San Marino has two football teams: the S.S. Murata and the S.P. Tre Penne. The city had the Olympic Flame pass through San Marino during the run-up to the 2006 Winter Olympics.

Photogallery

International relations

Map of the municipality of San Marino SAN MARINO-en-xtrct.png
Map of the municipality of San Marino

Twin towns—Sister cities

The City of San Marino is twinned with:

See also

Related Research Articles

San Marino Small state enclaved by Italy

San Marino, officially the Republic of San Marino, also known as the Most Serene Republic of San Marino, is a small state in Southern Europe enclaved by Italy. Located on the northeastern side of the Apennine Mountains, San Marino covers a land area of just over 61 km2 (24 sq mi), and has a population of 33,562.

Transport in San Marino

San Marino is a small European republic, with limited public transport facilities. It is an enclave in central Italy. The principal public transport links involve buses, helicopters, and an aerial tramway. There was a public electric railway network, a small part of which has been preserved and returned to service in 2012 as a tourist attraction.

Rimini City in Emilia-Romagna, Italy

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Pistoia Comune in Tuscany, Italy

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Borgo Maggiore Castello in San Marino

Borgo Maggiore is one of the 9 communes or castelli of San Marino. It lies at the foot of Monte Titano and has a population of 6,871, making it the second largest town of San Marino, after Dogana.

Coat of arms of San Marino

The coat of arms of San Marino probably originated in the fourteenth century. The official establishment took place on 6 April 1862 by a Decree of the Supreme Council; the same act introduced the crown on top of the shield.

Acquaviva (San Marino) Castello in San Marino

Acquaviva is one of the 9 communes or castelli of San Marino.

Monte Titano A mountain of the Apennines and the highest peak in San Marino

Monte Titano is a mountain of the Apennines and the highest peak in San Marino. It stands 739 m (2,425 ft) above sea level and is located immediately to the east of the capital, San Marino. It was inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2008 under the combined title "San Marino Historic Centre and Mount Titano". Inscribed under reference no. 1245 criteria iii, the two together encompass an area of 55 ha with a buffer zone of 167 ha. It encompasses Mount Titano and the other structures such as the fortification towers, walls, gates and bastions, as well as a neo-classical basilica located on it and its slopes forming a small but unique urban conglomerate.

De La Fratta

Fratta or Cesta is one of three peaks which overlook the city of San Marino, the capital of San Marino. The other two are Guaita and Montale.

Guaita

Guaita is one of three peaks which overlooks the city of San Marino, the capital of San Marino. The other two are De La Fratta and Montale.

Montale (San Marino)

Montale is one of three peaks which overlook the city of San Marino, the capital of the Republic of San Marino. The other two are De La Fratta and Guaita.

Tourism in San Marino

Tourism in San Marino, known also as the Most Serene Republic of San Marino is an integral element of the economy within the microstate. The tourism sector contributes a large part of San Marino's GDP, with approximately 2 million tourists visiting per year.

Three Towers of San Marino Group of towers located in San Marino

The Three Towers of San Marino are a group of towers located in San Marino. Located on the three peaks of Monte Titano in the capital, also called San Marino, they are depicted on both the national flag and coat of arms.

2007–08 Campionato Sammarinese di Calcio

The 2007–08 Campionato Sammarinese di Calcio season was the twenty-third since its establishment. The regular season started on September 21, 2007 and ended on April 20, 2008. The playoff competition, in which the top three clubs from each girone competed for the national title and qualification for the first qualifying round of the UEFA Champions League next season, started on May 7, 2008 and ended with the final on June 3, 2008. S.S. Murata successfully defended their title for the second time, winning their third straight national title, and winning qualification, beating out Juvenes/Dogana in the final.

The 2008–09 Campionato Sammarinese di Calcio season was the twenty-fourth since its establishment. The season began with the first regular season games on 12 September 2008 and ended with the play-off final on 29 May 2009.

Index of San Marino–related articles Wikipedia index

This page list topics related to San Marino.

Murata (San Marino) Village in San Marino, San Marino

Murata is a village (curazia) in the middle of San Marino. It belongs to the municipality of San Marino and is its most populated curazia.

Cailungo Village in Borgo Maggiore, San Marino

Cailungo is a village (curazia) in central San Marino. It belongs to the castle of Borgo Maggiore.

The 2009–10 Campionato Sammarinese di Calcio season was the twenty-fifth since its establishment. The season began in September 2009 and ended with the playoff final in May 2010. Tre Fiori were the defending league champions, having won their fifth Sammarinese championship the previous season.

The Bologna tramway network was an important part of the public transport network of Bologna, Italy. It was established in 1880 and discontinued in 1963.

References

  1. 1 2 https://www.statistica.sm/contents/instance15/files/document/14119443tav_popolazione_.pdf
  2. "Article with the list of curazie on the official Sanmarinese electoral website". Archived from the original on August 5, 2009.

Commons-logo.svg Media related to San Marino (city) at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 43°56′4.56″N12°26′50.28″E / 43.9346000°N 12.4473000°E / 43.9346000; 12.4473000