City of Shoalhaven

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City of Shoalhaven
New South Wales
Shoalhaven LGA NSW.png
Location in NSW
Coordinates 35°07′S150°30′E / 35.117°S 150.500°E / -35.117; 150.500 Coordinates: 35°07′S150°30′E / 35.117°S 150.500°E / -35.117; 150.500
Population
 • Density21.820/km2 (56.512/sq mi)
Established1 July 1948 (1948-07-01)
Area4,567 km2 (1,763.3 sq mi)
Mayor Amanda Findley
Council seat Nowra [3]
Region Illawarra - South Coast
State electorate(s)
Federal Division(s) Gilmore
Website City of Shoalhaven
LGAs around City of Shoalhaven:
Goulburn Mulwaree Wingecarribee Kiama
Goulburn Mulwaree City of Shoalhaven Tasman Sea
Queanbeyan–Palerang Eurobodalla Tasman Sea

The City of Shoalhaven is a local government area in the south-eastern coastal region of New South Wales, Australia. The area is approximately 200 kilometres (120 mi) south of Sydney. The area is located adjacent to the Tasman Sea . The Princes Highway passes through the area and the South Coast railway line traverses the northern section of the area and terminates at Bomaderry. At the 2016 census, the population of the City of Shoalhaven was 99,650. [1]

Local government in Australia is the third tier of government in Australia administered by the states and territories, which in turn are beneath the federal tier. Local government is not mentioned in the Constitution of Australia and two referenda in the 1970s and 1980s to alter the Constitution relating to local government were unsuccessful. Every state government recognises local government in their respective constitutions. Unlike Canada or the United States, there is only one level of local government in each state, with no distinction such as cities and counties.

New South Wales State of Australia

New South Wales is a state on the east coast of Australia. It borders Queensland to the north, Victoria to the south, and South Australia to the west. Its coast borders the Tasman Sea to the east. The Australian Capital Territory is an enclave within the state. New South Wales' state capital is Sydney, which is also Australia's most populous city. In September 2018, the population of New South Wales was over 8 million, making it Australia's most populous state. Just under two-thirds of the state's population, 5.1 million, live in the Greater Sydney area. Inhabitants of New South Wales are referred to as New South Welshmen.

Australia Country in Oceania

Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands. It is the largest country in Oceania and the world's sixth-largest country by total area. The neighbouring countries are Papua New Guinea, Indonesia and East Timor to the north; the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu to the north-east; and New Zealand to the south-east. The population of 25 million is highly urbanised and heavily concentrated on the eastern seaboard. Australia's capital is Canberra, and its largest city is Sydney. The country's other major metropolitan areas are Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth and Adelaide.

Contents

The City was established on 1 July 1948 as the Shoalhaven Shire following the amalgamation of the Municipalities of Nowra, Berry, Broughton’s Vale, Ulladulla, South Shoalhaven, and the shires of Cambewarra and Clyde. [4]

The Municipality of Ulladulla was a municipality of New South Wales that existed from 1874 to 1948. It was divided into the three wards of Ulladulla, Milton and Narrawallee.

The Mayor of Shoalhaven City Council is Amanda Findley, who is a member of the Greens. She defeated the incumbent mayor Joanna Gash on preferences at the 2016 elections.

In many countries, a mayor is the highest-ranking official in a municipal government such as that of a city or a town.

Greens New South Wales Political party in New South Wales

The Greens New South Wales is the state Greens party in New South Wales and a member party of the Australian Greens.

History

Modern-day tribal groupings of the Illawarra and South Coast Aborigines are based on information compiled by white anthropologists from the late 1870s. Two divisions were initially presented (refer Ridley, 1878), using geographical location and language, though these criteria are now expanded into five divisions and given Aboriginal names, as follows (after C.Sefton, 1983):

Illawarra Region in New South Wales, Australia

Illawarra is a region in the Australian state of New South Wales. It is a coastal region situated immediately south of Sydney and north of the Shoalhaven or South Coast region. It encompasses the cities of Wollongong, Shellharbour and the town of Kiama.

*Thuruwal (or Dharawal) - general name for the Aboriginal people of the area on the east coast of New South Wales from Botany Bay to Shoalhaven, and west to Berrima and Camden.

Botany Bay bay in Sydney

Botany Bay, an open oceanic embayment, is located in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, 13 km (8 mi) south of the Sydney central business district. Its source is the confluence of the Georges River at Taren Point and the Cooks River at Kyeemagh, which flows 10 km (6 mi) to the east before meeting its mouth at the Tasman Sea, midpoint between La Perouse and Kurnell.

Berrima, New South Wales Town in New South Wales, Australia

Berrima is a historic village in the Southern Highlands of New South Wales, Australia, in Wingecarribee Shire. The village, once a major town, is located on the Old Hume Highway between Canberra and Sydney. It was previously known officially as the Town of Berrima. It is close to the three major towns of the Southern Highlands; Mittagong, Bowral and Moss Vale.

*Wodi-Wodi (or Wadi-Wadi) - a subdivision of Thuruwal, includes the Aboriginal people of the coast from Wollongong to the Shoalhaven.

Wollongong City in New South Wales, Australia

Wollongong, informally referred to as "The Gong", is a seaside city located in the Illawarra region of New South Wales, Australia. Wollongong lies on the narrow coastal strip between the Illawarra Escarpment and the Pacific Ocean, 68 kilometres (51 miles) south of central Sydney. Wollongong had an estimated urban population of 299,203 at June 2017, making it the third-largest city in New South Wales after Sydney and Newcastle, and the tenth-largest city in Australia. The city's current Lord Mayor is Gordon Bradbery AM who was elected in 2018.

*Gurandada and Tharumba (or Dharumba) - those people living around the Shoalhaven River.

*Wandandian - those people living south of the Shoalhaven River and north of Jervis Bay. [5]

George Bass explored the area in 1797, following Seven Mile Beach. He crossed the shoals at the entrance to the river, calling it 'Shoals Haven' due to the shallowness of the river mouth. This river is now known as the Crookhaven, [6] but the name was adopted for the Shoalhaven area and the Shoalhaven River.


Towns and localities

A large part of Shoalhaven can be seen from the Drawing Room Rocks area in Barren Grounds Nature Reserve. Mount Coolangatta is in the centre, with Jervis Bay in background and Berry in the right front E9512-Coolangatta-Mt-NSW.jpg
A large part of Shoalhaven can be seen from the Drawing Room Rocks area in Barren Grounds Nature Reserve. Mount Coolangatta is in the centre, with Jervis Bay in background and Berry in the right front
Hyams Beach, known for possessing fine, radiantly white sand. Hyams Beach 002.jpg
Hyams Beach, known for possessing fine, radiantly white sand.

Shoalhaven, although designated a city, is a dispersed region spread over 125 kilometres (78 mi) of coastline, with the vast majority of its population located in the north-east around Nowra, Jervis Bay and Sussex Inlet.

It includes the following towns, suburbs and localities:

Nowra suburbs and surrounds
Suburbs near Jervis Bay, Australian Capital Territory
near or on the Sussex Inlet
Ulladulla
North of Shoalhaven River
South of Shoalhaven River
Far South

Localities with no population in 2016 included:

  • Moollattoo
  • Mondayong
  • Porters Creek
  • Quiera
  • St George
  • Tallowal

Council

City Administration Centre in Nowra City Administration Centre in Nowra (2).jpg
City Administration Centre in Nowra

Current composition and election method

Shoalhaven City Council is composed of thirteen Councillors, including the Mayor, for a fixed four-year term of office. The Mayor is directly elected while the twelve other Councillors are elected proportionally as three separate wards, each electing four Councillors. The most recent election was held on 10 September 2016, and the makeup of the Council, including the Mayor, is in order of elected and as follows: [7]

PartyCouncillors
 Shoalhaven Independents Group5
  Greens 4
 Team Gash3
  Labor 1
Total13

The current Council, elected in 2016, in order of election by ward, is:

WardCouncillorPartyNotes
Mayor [8]   Amanda Findley Greens
Ward One [9]  Andrew GuileShoalhaven Independents Group
 John WellsTeam Gash
 Nina CheyneGreens
 Annette AlldrickLabor
Ward Two [10]  Greg WatsonShoalhaven Independents Group
  Jo Gash Team GashFormer Federal MP for Gilmore.
 John LevettGreens
 Mitchell PakesShoalhaven Independents Group
Ward Three [11]  Mark KitchenerShoalhaven Independents Group
 Patricia WhiteTeam GashDeputy Mayor
 Bob ProudfootShoalhaven Independents Group
 Kaye GartnerGreens

Tourism and culture

The Shoalhaven can be reached from Sydney by car via the Princes Highway and by rail via the South Coast railway line which terminates just north of Nowra at Bomaderry. The Shoalhaven is adjacent to the well known Jervis Bay area. The area is approximately 160 kilometres (99 mi) long along the coastline, including 109 beaches, which allegedly possesses the whitest sand in the world, as well as pristine natural Australian bushland. The Shoalhaven area is home to numerous species of native Australian flora and fauna. [12]

The area is well known for its strong commitment to the arts and music, featuring the See Change and See Celebrations festivals in the Jervis Bay and St Georges Basin areas, as well as the EscapeArtfest festival and Blessing of the Fleet in the Ulladulla area. [13]

Heritage listings

Heritage listings for the City of Shoalhaven include:

See also

Related Research Articles

Milton, New South Wales Town in New South Wales, Australia

Milton is a town in the South Coast region of New South Wales, Australia, within the City of Shoalhaven. It was founded in 1860, named after the property of post master George Knight and became an important regional centre during the 19th Century. Today, Milton remains one of the two main commercial centres of the Milton-Ulladulla district, with a population at the 2016 census of 1,663. It is a popular stopping place for travellers on the Princes Highway which runs through the centre of town. In recent years, Milton has undergone a resurgence largely influenced by the local tourism industry and an influx of residents to the district seeking a seachange. Several new housing estates are being developed on the fringes of the village and new boutique stores, cafes and bed and breakfast type businesses have located in the town.

Ulladulla, New South Wales Town in New South Wales, Australia

Ulladulla is a coastal town in New South Wales, Australia in the City of Shoalhaven local government area. It is on the Princes Highway about 230 kilometres (140 mi) south of Sydney, half way between Batemans Bay to the south and Nowra to the north. Ulladulla has close links with the nearby historic settlement of Milton and many services are shared between these towns.

Jervis Bay bay in New South Wales, Australia

Jervis Bay is a 102-square-kilometre (39 sq mi) oceanic bay and village on the south coast of New South Wales, Australia, said to possess the whitest sand in the world. It is surrounded by Jervis Bay and Wreck Bay.

Nowra, New South Wales City in New South Wales, Australia

Nowra is a town in the South Coast region of New South Wales, Australia. It is located 160 kilometres (99 mi) south-southwest of the state capital of Sydney With its twin-town of Bomaderry, as at the 2016 census, Nowra had an estimated population of 35,795. It is also the seat and commercial centre of the City of Shoalhaven. Geologically, the city is situated in the southern reaches of the Sydney basin.

Joanna Gash, an Australian politician, was a member of the House of Representatives representing the Division of Gilmore for the Liberal Party from 1996 to 2013. In 2012, Gash was directly elected as the Mayor of the City of Shoalhaven, a local government area in the south-eastern coastal region of New South Wales. In 2016, Gash lost the direct election for Mayor of the City of Shoalhaven to Amanda Findley. She was elected as a Ward 2 Councillor for the City of Shoalhaven.

Bomaderry, New South Wales Suburb of Nowra, New South Wales, Australia

Bomaderry is a town in the Shoalhaven council district area of New South Wales, Australia. At the 2016 census, it had a population of 6,661 people. It is on the north shore of the Shoalhaven River, across the river from Nowra, the major town of the Shoalhaven, of which Bomaderry is locally regarded as being a suburb.

Shoalhaven River river in Australia

The Shoalhaven River is a perennial river that rises from the Southern Tablelands and flows into an open mature wave dominated barrier estuary near Nowra on the South Coast of New South Wales, Australia.

Division of Gilmore Australian federal electoral division

The Division of Gilmore is an Australian electoral division in the state of New South Wales. The division was created in 1984 and is named after Dame Mary Gilmore, the poet and author.

Huskisson, New South Wales Town in New South Wales, Australia

Huskisson is a town in New South Wales, Australia in the City of Shoalhaven, on the shores of Jervis Bay. It is 24 km south-east of Nowra.

Nerriga, New South Wales Town in New South Wales, Australia

Nerriga is a small village in the Southern Tablelands of New South Wales, Australia in Queanbeyan-Palerang Regional Council. It is situated at the edge of Morton National Park, on the Braidwood - Nowra road. The population of Nerriga and the surrounding localities at the 2016 census was 72.

Vincentia, New South Wales Town in New South Wales, Australia

Vincentia is a town in New South Wales, Australia in the City of Shoalhaven, on the shores of Jervis Bay. It is roughly 25 kilometres (16 mi) southeast of Nowra, and approximately 200 kilometres (120 mi) south of Sydney. At the 2016 census, the population of Vincentia was 3,290. It is also a tourist spot with a beach area featuring white sand and a number of motels.

Port Stephens Council Local government area in New South Wales, Australia

Port Stephens Council is a local government area in the Hunter Region of New South Wales, Australia. The area is just north of Newcastle and is adjacent to the Pacific Highway which runs through Raymond Terrace, the largest town and Council seat. The area is named after Port Stephens, which is the major geographical feature of the area. It extends generally from the Hunter River in the south, to near Clarence Town in the north, and from the Tasman Sea in the east, to just south of Paterson in the west. The mayor of Port Stephens Council is Ryan Palmer. Port Stephens is about two and a half hours north of Sydney.

South Coast (New South Wales) Region in New South Wales, Australia

The South Coast refers to the narrow coastal belt from Sydney in the north to the border with Victoria in the south in the south-eastern part of the State of New South Wales, Australia. It is bordered to the west by the coastal escarpment of the Southern Tablelands, and is largely covered by a series of national parks, namely Jervis Bay National Park, Eurobodalla National Park, and Ben Boyd National Park. To the east is the coastline of the Pacific Ocean, which is characterised by rolling farmlands, small towns and villages along a rocky coastline, interspersed by numerous beaches and lakes.

Nowra Bridge

The Nowra Bridge joins the main area of Nowra to North Nowra and Bomaderry. It carries the Princes Highway over the Shoalhaven River and was originally intended to carry a double railway track, as part of the proposed extension of the South Coast line to Jervis Bay and possibly Eden. However, the railway was never extended past Bomaderry station where trains still terminate today, so the bridge was converted for road traffic, as the residents of Nowra wanted a road bridge that connected Bomaderry to Nowra. The bridge was designed by American engineer C Shaler Smith and is considered to be of historical significance. It is shadowed by a newer, concrete bridge built to support increased traffic flows in the area.

Municipality of Kiama Local government area in New South Wales, Australia

The Municipality of Kiama is a local government area in the Illawarra region of New South Wales, Australia. The area is situated south of Shellharbour and the City of Wollongong and is located adjacent to the Pacific Ocean, the Princes Highway and the South Coast railway line.

City of Coffs Harbour Local government area in New South Wales, Australia

The City of Coffs Harbour is a local government area in the mid north coast region of New South Wales, Australia. The area under administration is 1,175 square kilometres (454 sq mi), expanded in 2004 to take in parts of the former Pristine Waters local government area.

St Vincent County Cadastral in Australian Capital Territory

St Vincent County was one of the original Nineteen Counties in New South Wales and is now one of the 141 Cadastral divisions of New South Wales. It included the south coast area encompassing Batemans Bay, Ulladulla, Jervis Bay and inland to Braidwood. The Shoalhaven River is the boundary to the north and west, and the Deua River the boundary to the south.

South Coast Australian Football League

The South Coast Australian Football League (SCAFL) is an Australian rules football competition in the Shoalhaven and Illawarra regions of New South Wales.

The Wandandian were an indigenous Australian people of the South Coast of New South Wales with connections to the Yuin and Tharawal nations.

Oallen Town in New South Wales, Australia

Oallen is a locality in the Goulburn Mulwaree Council area, New South Wales, Australia. It is located on the Shoalhaven River and the Oallen Ford Road about 97 km southeast of Goulburn and 106 km southwest of Nowra. The Oallen Ford Road has recently been upgraded to improve the connection from Canberra and Goulburn to Nerriga, Nowra and Jervis Bay. At the 2016 census, Oallen had a population of 141.

References

  1. 1 2 Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Shoalhaven (C)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 9 July 2017. Blue pencil.svg
  2. "3218.0 – Regional Population Growth, Australia, 2017-18". Australian Bureau of Statistics. 27 March 2019. Retrieved 27 March 2019. Estimated resident population (ERP) at 30 June 2018.
  3. "Shoalhaven City Council". Department of Local Government . Retrieved 26 November 2006.
  4. "Municipality of Nowra". Search. State Records NSW. Retrieved 21 May 2016.
  5. Organ, Michael (1990). "Illawarra and South Coast Aborigines 1770-1850". Research Online.
  6. "NSW Police Regions and History". Nowra Police Station. Archived from the original on 6 March 2011. Retrieved 29 April 2008.
  7. http://vtr.elections.nsw.gov.au/shoalhaven-city-council
  8. http://vtr.elections.nsw.gov.au/shoalhaven-city-council/mayoral
  9. http://vtr.elections.nsw.gov.au/shoalhaven-city-council/ward-1
  10. http://vtr.elections.nsw.gov.au/shoalhaven-city-council/ward-2
  11. http://vtr.elections.nsw.gov.au/shoalhaven-city-council/ward-3
  12. "Jervis Bay & Shoalhaven". Visit NSW. Retrieved 11 May 2013.
  13. "Arts in Shoalhaven". Geoff Bolton. October 2012. Retrieved 6 October 2012.
  14. "Hive Shipwreck". New South Wales State Heritage Register . Office of Environment and Heritage. H01812. Retrieved 2 June 2018.