City of Wanneroo

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City of Wanneroo
Western Australia
Wanneroo LGA WA.png
The City of Wanneroo within the Perth Metropolitan Area
City of Wanneroo
Population
 • Density274.442/km2 (710.80/sq mi)
Established1902
Area685.8 km2 (264.8 sq mi)
MayorTracey Roberts
Council seat Wanneroo
Region North metropolitan Perth
State electorate(s) Wanneroo, Burns Beach, Butler, Girrawheen, Mirrabooka, West Swan
Federal division(s) Cowan, Moore, Pearce
Wanneroologo2.svg
Website City of Wanneroo
LGAs around City of Wanneroo:
Gingin Chittering
Indian OceanCity of Wanneroo Swan
Joondalup Stirling

The City of Wanneroo is a local government area with city status in the northern suburbs of Perth, Western Australia. It is centred approximately 25 kilometres (15.5 mi) north of Perth's central business district and forms part of the northern boundary of the Perth metropolitan area. Wangara encompasses the federal divisions of Cowan, Moore and Pearce. [3]

Contents

The city's main commercial and residential town centres are located at Wanneroo in the east and Clarkson in the north. Further urban centres are planned at Alkimos, Yanchep and Two Rocks in the future to coincide with rapid metropolitan expansion and development in the area. [4] It is also home to the Yanchep and Neerabup National Parks, as well as the Neerabup Industrial Estate in the north.

From the city's inception until 1998, it also incorporated the neighbouring City of Joondalup in its entirety.

Geography

Wanneroo covers a land area totalling 685.8 square kilometres (264.8 sq mi). The city is bounded by Beach Road and the City of Stirling to the south, Alexander Drive and the City of Swan to the east, Wanneroo Road and Lake Joondalup to the south-west, the Indian Ocean to the west and the Shire of Gingin to the north.

Wanneroo's population is concentrated in three locations: at the southern end centred on Girrawheen; in the region surrounding Wanneroo near the city's geographical centre; and along the northern Perth coastline centred on Clarkson, separated from Joondalup by the rural localities of Neerabup and Tamala Park. Land in the city's north and east is predominantly rural in character.

The City of Wanneroo is encompasses one of Perth's busiest industrial areas, Wangara. It is situated roughly 20 km north of the central business district, and is the industrial hub of the north side of Perth. The suburb of Wangara is a hub for commercial manufacturing, vehicle dealerships, industrial glaziers [5] and commercial distribution warehousing. It is also roughly 10 km from Joondalup, Perth's largest satellite city north of the Swan River.

Suburbs

The city's 36 suburbs and localities are grouped into the following four electoral wards: [6]

WardSuburbs, villages and districts
North Coast Ward Alkimos, Butler, Clarkson, Eglinton, Jindalee, Merriwa, Mindarie, Quinns Rocks, Ridgewood, Tamala Park, Two Rocks, Yanchep
Central Ward Ashby, Banksia Grove, Carabooda, Carramar, Hocking, Jandabup, Mariginiup, Neerabup, Nowergup, Pinjar, Pearsall, Sinagra, Tapping, Wanneroo
South Ward Alexander Heights, Darch, Girrawheen, Gnangara, Koondoola, Landsdale, Madeley, Marangaroo, Wangara, Woodvale*

* Part of Woodvale is located within the City of Joondalup.

History

Prior to 1902, Wanneroo was part of the Perth Road District, which eventually went on to become the City of Stirling. The Wanneroo Road District was established on 31 October 1902 under the Roads Act 1888. The board was named after the Wanneroo wetlands in the area, first explored and recorded by John Butler in 1834. [7]

With the passage of the Local Government Act 1960, all road boards became shires effective from 1 July 1961, [8] and the Shire of Wanneroo came into being, encompassing everything north of Beach Road and west of Alexander Drive. With the development of and subsequent population growth surrounding Joondalup, the Shire of Wanneroo attained City status on 31 October 1985. [9]

On 1 July 1998, on the recommendation of a report by the Local Government Advisory Committee, the City of Wanneroo was bifurcated. The southwestern section, encompassing the urban centre of Joondalup, was separately incorporated as the new City of Joondalup. The remainder, including the inland suburbs east of Lake Joondalup and the coastal suburbs north of Burns Beach, formed a reduced Shire of Wanneroo, which quickly regained City status on 1 July 1999. [10] As this was before the local government elections to elect a mayor and councillors, the second incarnation of the Shire did not have a Shire President. [11]

Demographics

The City of Wanneroo has experienced significant population growth of almost 110,000 persons in the 15 years between the 2001 Census and 2016 Census. The city also has the second largest population of any other local government area in greater Perth.

Selected historical census data for Wanneroo local government area
Census year2001 [12] 2006 [13] 2011 [14] 2016 [1]
PopulationEstimated residents on census night 80,008110,940152,077188,212
LGA rank in terms of size within Western Australia3rdSteady2.svg 3rdIncrease2.svg 2nd
% of Western Australia population4.37%Increase2.svg 5.66%Increase2.svg 6.79%Increase2.svg 7.60%
% of Australian population0.43%Increase2.svg 0.56%Increase2.svg 0.71%Increase2.svg 0.80%
Cultural and language diversity
Ancestry,
top responses
English 31.0%Decrease2.svg 29.5%
Australian 21.5%Decrease2.svg 19.9%
Scottish 6.2%Steady2.svg 6.2%
Irish 5.7%Increase2.svg 6.2%
Italian 3.6%Decrease2.svg 3.3%
Language,
top responses
(other than English)
Vietnamese 3.8%Decrease2.svg 3.1%Decrease2.svg 2.7%Steady2.svg 2.7%
Italian 1.8%Decrease2.svg 1.4%Decrease2.svg 1.1%
Macedonian 1.4%Decrease2.svg 1.2%Decrease2.svg 1.0%
Arabic 0.6%Increase2.svg 0.8%Increase2.svg 1.0%Steady2.svg 1.0%
Polish 0.5%
Spanish 0.5%
Afrikaans 1.3%Increase2.svg 1.6%
Gujarati 0.9%
Mandarin 0.9%
Religious affiliation
Religious affiliation,
top responses
Catholic 25.3%Decrease2.svg 23.4%Decrease2.svg 23.3%Decrease2.svg 20.9%
Anglican 21.3%Decrease2.svg 20.6%Decrease2.svg 19.6%Decrease2.svg 14.3%
No religion 19.3%Increase2.svg 21.7%Increase2.svg 23.8%Increase2.svg 31.8%
Buddhism 3.5%Decrease2.svg 3.0%Steady2.svg 3.0%
Uniting 2.6%Steady2.svg 2.6%
Median weekly incomes
Personal incomeMedian weekly personal incomeA$491A$662A$724
% of Australian median income105.4%114.7%109.4%
Family incomeMedian weekly family incomeA$1184A$1722A$1910
% of Australian median income101.1%116.2%110.2%
Household incomeMedian weekly household incomeA$1094A$1415A$1595
% of Australian median income106.5%114.7%110.9%

With less than 53% of the population having been born in Australia at the 2016 Census, Wanneroo has a large immigrant populace. Over 13% of Wanneroo's residents were born in the United Kingdom, compared to less than 4.0% nationwide. New Zealanders, Vietnamese and South Africans compose the city's most significant minority populations. [15]

Population

Pre-1998 composition

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1911 197    
1921 312+4.71%
1933 694+6.89%
1947 947+2.25%
1954 1,299+4.62%
1961 1,732+4.20%
1966 2,437+7.07%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1971 8,620+28.74%
1976 55,328+45.04%
1981 93,611+11.09%
1986 126,053+6.13%
1991 167,176+5.81%
1996 201,853+3.84%

1998-Present composition

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1991 45,024    
1996 61,660+6.49%
2001 80,008+5.35%
2006 110,940+6.76%
2011 152,077+6.51%
2016 188,212+4.36%
2020 228,518+4.97%

Transport

The City of Wanneroo is served by two major north–south arterial roads, Wanneroo Road and Marmion Avenue. The two roads run parallel to each other through Wanneroo's eastern and western suburbs respectively. A third north–south arterial route, the Mitchell Freeway, is proposed to be extended from Burns Beach Road through to Toreopango Avenue and beyond.

The City of Wanneroo currently has two railway stations in Clarkson and Butler. As a result of the Public Transport Plan for Perth 2031, the Clarkson rail line is proposed to be extended north to Yanchep with stations at Alkimos, Eglinton, and Yanchep.

Governance

The Wanneroo City Council operates out of the Council Chambers on Dundebar Road, Wanneroo.

Elections are held every four years, for a mayor and 14 councillors across the city's four electoral wards. In 2011, five councillors were elected for the densely populated and urbanised South Ward, compared to four for the North Coast Ward, and four for the Central Ward. [16]

Sister cities

Wanneroo has three sister cities. It was also formerly twinned with Sorrento in Italy, but this association was broken with the bifurcation of Wanneroo in 1998, when the Wanneroo suburb of Sorrento was incorporated into the City of Joondalup. [17]

Heritage listed places

As of 2021, 149 places are heritage-listed in the City of Wanneroo, [18] of which 23 are on the State Register of Heritage Places, more than half of those located in Yanchep National Park . [19]

Related Research Articles

City of Stirling Local government area in Western Australia

The City of Stirling is a local government area in the northern suburbs of the Western Australian capital city of Perth about 10 kilometres (6 mi) north of Perth's central business district. The City covers an area of 105.2 square kilometres (40.6 sq mi) and has a population of over 223,000, making it the largest local government area by population in Western Australia.

Nowergup, Western Australia Suburb of Perth, Western Australia

Nowergup is a rural locality about 40 kilometres (25 mi) north of Perth, Western Australia. It is in the local government area of the City of Wanneroo.

Yanchep Suburb of Perth, Western Australia

Yanchep is an outer coastal suburb of Perth, Western Australia, 56 kilometres (35 mi) north of the Perth CBD. It is a part of the City of Wanneroo local government area. Originally a small crayfishing settlement, it was developed by entrepreneur Alan Bond in the 1970s for the 1977 America's Cup. The area covers the urban centre of Yanchep as well as Yanchep National Park in its entirety.

Butler, Western Australia Suburb of Perth, Western Australia

Butler is an outer suburb of Perth, Western Australia, 41 kilometres north of Perth's central business district. It is part of the City of Wanneroo local government area. It forms the majority of the Brighton Estate, a large commercial and residential development by Satterley.

Clarkson, Western Australia Suburb of Perth, Western Australia

Clarkson is an outer northern suburb of Perth, Western Australia, located 34 kilometres north of Perth's central business district in the City of Wanneroo.

Eglinton, Western Australia Suburb of Perth, Western Australia

Eglinton is a locality in the Western Australian capital city of Perth, approximately 44 kilometres (27 mi) north of Perth's central business district on the Indian Ocean. For the most part, the suburb is covered in native banksia woodland, scrubland and heath typical of the Swan Coastal Plain. However, in recent years, there has been growth in residential estates, with a town centre to be built in the near future. There are also plans for the Joondalup train line to be extended through the suburb with Eglinton Station to be located inside Allara estate.

Mindarie, Western Australia Suburb of Perth, Western Australia

Mindarie is an outer coastal suburb of Perth, Western Australia. It is located 36 kilometres (22 mi) north of Perth's central business district, and forms part of the City of Wanneroo local government area.

Neerabup, Western Australia Suburb of Perth, Western Australia

Neerabup is a rural locality in Perth, the capital of Western Australia, within the local government area of the City of Wanneroo.

Quinns Rocks, Western Australia Suburb of Perth, Western Australia

Quinns Rocks is an outer coastal suburb of Perth, Western Australia, located 38 kilometres (24 mi) north of Perth's central business district. It is part of the City of Wanneroo local government area. The suburb was formerly established in 1962 as a rural townsite, focused around Quinns Beach, the area's main amenity.

Ridgewood, Western Australia Suburb of Perth, Western Australia

Ridgewood is an outer suburb of Perth, Western Australia, located 37 kilometres north of Perth's central business district. It is part of the City of Wanneroo local government area.

Tamala Park, Western Australia Suburb of Perth, Western Australia

Tamala Park is an unpopulated locality in Perth, Western Australia. It sits on the border between the City of Wanneroo and the City of Joondalup local authorities, and separates the Clarkson-Butler region from the suburbs of Joondalup.

Merriwa, Western Australia Suburb of Perth, Western Australia

Merriwa is a coastal, northern suburb of Perth, Western Australia, 36 kilometres (22 mi) north of the central business district. It is part of the City of Wanneroo local government area. It is a predominantly residential suburb, containing two RAAF retirement villages.

Heathridge, Western Australia Suburb of Perth, Western Australia

Heathridge is a suburb of Perth, Western Australia, located 33 kilometres (21 mi) south of Yanchep within the City of Joondalup.

Wanneroo Road

Wanneroo Road is a 44-kilometre (27 mi) arterial highway in the northern suburbs of Perth, Western Australia linking Joondanna and Yokine in the south with Wanneroo and Yanchep in the north. As part of State Route 60, it begins from Charles Street in the inner city and becomes Indian Ocean Drive up to Dongara.

City of Joondalup Local government area in Western Australia

The City of Joondalup is a local government area with City status in Perth, Western Australia. Its central business district is located in the suburb Joondalup, and it includes the town centres of Hillarys and Warwick.

Marmion Avenue

Marmion Avenue is a 40-kilometre (25 mi) arterial road in the northern coastal suburbs of Perth, Western Australia, linking Trigg in the south with Yanchep in the north. It forms part of State Route 71 along with West Coast Highway, which it joins onto at its southern terminus.

The Electoral district of Mindarie was a Legislative Assembly electorate in the state of Western Australia. The district was named for the outer northern Perth suburb of Mindarie which falls within its borders.

Joondalup Drive is a major distributor road in the northern suburbs of Perth, Western Australia. The road travels through the City of Joondalup's central business district and extends for a few kilometres east through neighbouring residential suburbs in the City of Wanneroo. The road was extended in 2005 to the northern suburb of Banksia Grove to provide easy access for residents to Joondalup's city centre, and to provide a complete connecting route to the Brand Highway from the Mitchell Freeway.

Pinjar Road is a major distributor road in the north-eastern suburbs of Perth, Western Australia, located within the City of Wanneroo.

Electoral district of Butler

Butler is a Legislative Assembly electorate in the state of Western Australia. The district is named for the outer northern Perth suburb of Butler which falls within its borders.

References

  1. 1 2 Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Wanneroo (C)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 26 November 2017. OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
  2. "3218.0 – Regional Population Growth, Australia, 2017-18". Australian Bureau of Statistics. 27 March 2019. Retrieved 31 December 2019. Estimated resident population (ERP) at 30 June 2018.
  3. corporateName=Australian Electoral Commission; address=50 Marcus Clarke Street, Canberra ACT 2600; contact=13 23 26. "Current federal electoral divisions". Australian Electoral Commission. Retrieved 28 March 2020.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  4. Draft Urban Expansion Plan, Department of Planning
  5. "Perth Glaziers".
  6. City of Wanneroo. "Suburb Maps". Archived from the original on 18 September 2011.
  7. "Wanneroo Roads District". Western Australia Government Gazette. 22 October 1902. p. 1902:4213.
  8. "Local Government Act, 1960. Names and Common Seals of Municipalities. Order in Council. (per L.G. 824/60, 860/60)". Western Australia Government Gazette. 23 June 1961. p. 1961:1995–2000.
  9. "Local Government Act 1960 – City of Wanneroo (City Status) Order 1985". Western Australia Government Gazette. 19 July 1985. p. 1985:2514.
  10. "City of Wanneroo (Reinstatement of Council) Order 1998". Western Australia Government Gazette. 26 June 1998. p. 1998:3430.
    * "Joondalup and Wanneroo Order 1998". Western Australia Government Gazette. 26 June 1998. p. 1998:3431–3444.
  11. WA Electoral Commission, Municipality Boundary Amendments Register (release 2.0), 31 May 2003.
  12. Australian Bureau of Statistics (9 March 2006). "Wanneroo (C)". 2001 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 3 December 2017.
  13. Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Wanneroo (C)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 3 December 2017.
  14. Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Wanneroo (C)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 3 December 2017. OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
  15. Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Wanneroo (C) (Local Government Area)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 4 December 2017. OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
  16. City of Wanneroo. "Elected Members – Wards". Archived from the original on 16 February 2011. Retrieved 27 October 2011.
  17. City of Wanneroo. "Sister City Arrangements – Council Minutes – 20 March 2001" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 March 2012. Retrieved 27 October 2011.
  18. "City of Wanneroo Heritage Places". inherit.stateheritage.wa.gov.au. Heritage Council of Western Australia. Retrieved 6 March 2021.
  19. "City of Wanneroo State Register of Heritage Places". inherit.stateheritage.wa.gov.au. Heritage Council of Western Australia. Retrieved 6 March 2021.

Coordinates: 31°44′49″S115°48′11″E / 31.747°S 115.803°E / -31.747; 115.803