City of Willoughby

Last updated

City of Willoughby
New South Wales
Willoughby lga sydney.png
Location in Metropolitan Sydney
Coordinates 33°48′S151°11′E / 33.800°S 151.183°E / -33.800; 151.183 Coordinates: 33°48′S151°11′E / 33.800°S 151.183°E / -33.800; 151.183
Population
 • Density3,288/km2 (8,515/sq mi)
Established23 October 1865
Area22.6 km2 (8.7 sq mi)
MayorGail Giles-Gidney
Council seat Chatswood
Region Metropolitan Sydney
State electorate(s)
Federal Division(s)
Logo of Willoughby City Council.svg
Website City of Willoughby
LGAs around City of Willoughby:
Ku-ring-gai Ku-ring-gai Northern Beaches
Ryde City of Willoughby Northern Beaches
Lane Cove North Sydney Mosman

The City of Willoughby is a local government area on the Lower North Shore of Northern Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. [3] It is located 6 kilometres (3.7 mi) north of the Sydney central business district. It was first proclaimed in October 1865 as the Municipality of North Willoughby.

Contents

The main commercial centre of the City of Willoughby is Chatswood, home to one of Sydney's suburban skyscraper clusters. Other commercial centres are the suburbs of Willoughby, St Leonards and Artarmon. Willoughby is situated on an elevated plateau, and all of Sydney's television stations broadcast from towers in the area. Within the City of Willoughby is the Royal North Shore Hospital, located at St Leonards, one of Sydney's major hospitals.

Suburbs in the local government area

Suburbs and Localities in the City of Willoughby are:

Heritage listings

The City of Willoughby has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:

Demographics

At the 2016 Census, there were 74,302 people in the Willoughby local government area, of these 48.0% were male and 52.0% were female. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people made up 0.2% of the population. The median age of people in the City of Willoughby was 37 years. Children aged 0 – 14 years made up 19.4% of the population and people aged 65 years and over made up 13.6% of the population. Of people in the area aged 15 years and over, 54.6% were married and 8.2% were either divorced or separated. [1]

Population growth in the City of Willoughby between the 2006 Census and the 2011 Census was 5.9%; and in the subsequent five years to the 2016 Census, population growth was 10.3%. When compared with total population growth of Australia for the same periods, being 8.3% and 8.8% respectively, population growth in Willoughby local government area has accelerated faster than the national average. [15]

At the 2016 Census, the proportion of residents in Willoughby local government area who stated their ancestry as Chinese was in excess of four times the state and national averages; and the proportion of households where an Asian language was spoken at home was approximately five times higher than the national average. [1]

Map of City of Willoughby local government area. Map willoughby.jpg
Map of City of Willoughby local government area.
Selected historical census data for Willoughby local government area
Census year2001 [16] 2006 [15] 2011 [17] 2016 [1]
PopulationEstimated residents on census night 58,31963,60567,35674,302
LGA rank in terms of size within New South Wales19th33rd32nd
% of New South Wales population0.97%0.99%
% of Australian population0.31%0.32%0.31%0.32%
Cultural and language diversity
Ancestry,
top responses
English20.5%Decrease2.svg 18.8%
Chinese14.5%Increase2.svg 18.6%
Australian18.3%Decrease2.svg 15.6%
Irish7.4%Decrease2.svg 7.3%
Scottish 5.6%Decrease2.svg 5.3%
Language,
top responses
(other than English)
Mandarin 3.6%Increase2.svg 5.5%Increase2.svg 7.2%Increase2.svg 12.1%
Cantonese 6.7%Increase2.svg 7.6%Decrease2.svg 7.5%Decrease2.svg 7.4%
Korean 1.7%Increase2.svg 2.7%Increase2.svg 3.6%Decrease2.svg 3.3%
Japanese 2.4%Steady2.svg 2.4%Decrease2.svg 2.3%Increase2.svg 2.4%
Armenian n/cIncrease2.svg 1.4%Decrease2.svg 1.3%Decrease2.svg 1.1%
Religious affiliation
Religious affiliation,
top responses
No religion 18.6%Increase2.svg 22.0%Increase2.svg 27.6%Increase2.svg 36.5%
Catholic 26.1%Decrease2.svg 25.5%Decrease2.svg 25.0%Decrease2.svg 21.6%
Anglican 19.5%Decrease2.svg 17.6%Decrease2.svg 15.6%Decrease2.svg 11.5%
Buddhism 3.7%Increase2.svg 4.4%Increase2.svg 4.6%Decrease2.svg 4.3%
Not Stated8.7%
Median weekly incomes
Personal incomeMedian weekly personal incomeA$728A$858A$946
% of Australian median income156.2%148.7%142.9%
Family incomeMedian weekly family incomeA$1,667A$2,479A$2,671
% of Australian median income162.3%167.4%154.0%
Household incomeMedian weekly household incomeA$2,066A$1,996A$2,271
% of Australian median income176.4%161.8%157.9%

Council

Current composition and election method

Willoughby City Council is composed of thirteen councillors, including the mayor, for a fixed four-year term of office. The Mayor is directly elected while the twelve other councillors are elected proportionally as four separate wards, each electing three councillors. The most recent Council election was held on 9 September 2017.

Australia Willoughby Council 2017.svg
PartyCouncillors
  Independents 12
  The Greens 1
Total13

The current Council is:

WardCouncillorPartyNotes
Mayor [18]   Gail Giles-Gidney IndependentElected Mayor April 2014, re-elected September 2017, Deputy Mayor September 2013 – January 2014
Middle Harbour [19]  Wendy NortonIndependentDeputy Mayor 2010-2012
 Judith RutherfordIndependentDeputy Mayor 1997-1999 September 2018 - Present
 Angelo RozosIndependent
Naremburn [20]  Stuart CoppockIndependentDeputy Mayor 2012 – 2013, April 2014 - September 2014. September 2016 - September 2017
 Christine TuonIndependent
 Nic WrightIndependent
Sailors Bay [21]  Hugh ErikssonIndependentDeputy Mayor September 2017 - September 2018
 Denis FernandezIndependent
 Brendon ZhuIndependent
West [22]  Tony MustacaIndependentDeputy Mayor September 2014 – September 2015
 Craig CampbellIndependentDeputy Mayor September 2018 - current
 Lynne Saville Greens

History

The first Willoughby Town Hall, on Victoria Avenue, Chatswood, 1907. Built in 1903, was demolished in 1969 to make way for the new town hall and is now the site of The Concourse. Willoughby Town Hall, Chatswood, 1907.jpg
The first Willoughby Town Hall, on Victoria Avenue, Chatswood, 1907. Built in 1903, was demolished in 1969 to make way for the new town hall and is now the site of The Concourse.

In May 1865, 67 residents of the rural District of Willoughby sent a petition to the Governor Sir John Young, requesting the incorporation of the Municipality of North Willoughby. [23] This resulted in the Municipality of North Willoughby being formally proclaimed on 23 October 1865. [24] The council first met to elect six Councillors and two Auditors on 16 December 1865, in the house of James Harris French and the first Chairman, James William Bligh, was elected on 1 January 1866.

There were no wards until 1876 when the council was divided into three wards: Chatsworth Ward to the north, Middle Harbour Ward to the east and Lane Cove Ward to the west. Lane Cove Ward became the separate Municipality of Lane Cove on 11 February 1895 and Middle Harbour Ward was divided into Middle Harbour and Naremburn wards. [25] With the passing of the Municipalities Act, 1867, the name was changed to be the Borough of North Willoughby, which then changed to Borough of Willoughby in the Borough of Willoughby Naming Act 1890. [26] In June 1900, a petition to expand the number of wards from three to four, each electing three aldermen, was proclaimed dividing Chatsworth Ward into Chatswood East and West wards in addition to Middle Harbour and Naremburn wards. [27] From 28 December 1906, with the passing of the Local Government Act, 1906, the council area was renamed the Municipality of Willoughby. In August 1941, the Minister for Local Government, James McGirr, approved a proposal to split Middle Harbour Ward, adding Northbridge Ward as the fifth ward electing three aldermen. [28]

The first council meetings were held in a hut located behind the main residence of major landholder and timer merchant, James Harris French, on the corner of Penshurst and Penkivil Streets. Municipal offices were afterwards established in Penshurst Street near Forsyth Street corner. These were in turn followed by the Council Chambers in the old School of Arts building in Mowbray Road from 1877, which then became part of the Mowbray House School. These chambers were replaced in 1903 by the first Town Hall building in Victoria Avenue, designed by Byera Hadley and officially opened by the Premier, Sir John See, on 2 September 1903. [29] [30] The first town hall was demolished in 1969 and replaced by the second Willoughby Town Hall with the adjacent Council Administration Centre as the "Willoughby Civic Centre". [31] The council was granted city status and was proclaimed as the City of Willoughby on 17 November 1989.

A 2015 review of local government boundaries by the NSW Government Independent Pricing and Regulatory Tribunal recommended that the City of Willoughby merge with adjoining councils. The government considered two proposals. The first proposed a merger of the North Sydney and Willoughby Councils to form a new council with an area of 33 square kilometres (13 sq mi) and support a population of approximately 145,000. [32] The alternative, proposed by Warringah Council on 23 February 2016, was for an amalgamation of the Pittwater, Manly and Warringah councils. As a consequence of Warringah's proposal, the New South Wales Minister for Local Government Paul Toole proposed that the North Sydney, Willoughby and Mosman Councils merge. [33] In July 2017, the Berejiklian government decided to abandon the forced merger of the North Sydney, Willoughby and Mosman local government areas, along with several other proposed forced mergers. [34]

Council seal

The Council seal first appeared in records on 7 May 1867, containing only the words "Municipality of North Willoughby Common Seal". In 1890 the floral emblem was used in the middle of the seal for the first time with "Borough of Willoughby". Willoughby became a City on 17 November 1989 and the city crest was altered accordingly, with the wording "The Council of the City of Willoughby" replacing the previous title and a mural crown added to symbolise city status. It was this latest seal that was incorporated into the Willoughby City Flag, designed by John Vaughan and first flown on 12 May 1990. [35]

The present council seal, formally adopted in August 1990, contains an emblem of various native flowers: [35]

Two of the main pioneering industries of the area are also symolised in the seal: the tanning industry represented by the leather belt and the brick-making industry represented in the mural crown. In July 1999, council adopted a corporate logo, taking the form of a stylised Waratah, with the phrase "City of Diversity". [22]

Related Research Articles

Castlecrag, New South Wales Suburb of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

Castlecrag is a suburb on the lower North Shore of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia 8 kilometres north of the Sydney central business district, in the local government area of the City of Willoughby.

North Shore (Sydney) Region in New South Wales, Australia

The North Shore is a region of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, a subset of the Northern Sydney region. The region is customary, not legal or administrative, and in customary usage generally includes the suburbs located on the northern side of Sydney Harbour up to Hornsby, and between Middle Harbour and the Lane Cove River.

St Leonards, New South Wales Suburb of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

St Leonards is a suburb on the lower North Shore of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. St Leonards is located 5 km (3.1 mi) north-west of the Sydney central business district and lies across the local government areas of Municipality of Lane Cove, North Sydney Council and the City of Willoughby.

Chatswood, New South Wales Suburb of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

Chatswood is a major business and residential district in the Lower North Shore of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia, 10 kilometres north of the Sydney central business district. It is the administrative centre of the local government area of the City of Willoughby.

Division of North Sydney Australian federal electoral division

The Division of North Sydney is an Australian electoral division in the state of New South Wales.

Artarmon, New South Wales Suburb of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

Artarmon is a suburb on the lower North Shore of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia, 9 kilometres north-west of the Sydney central business district, in the local government area of the City of Willoughby.

The Lower North Shore refers to the northern suburbs of Sydney adjoining Sydney Harbour. The three bodies of water that surround the Lower North Shore are Lane Cove River on its western border, Sydney Harbour on its south side, and Middle Harbour on its east. The Lower North Shore borders the Upper North Shore when the Lane Cover River and Middle Harbour are at their closest.

Castle Cove, New South Wales Suburb of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

Castle Cove is a suburb on the lower North Shore of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Castle Cove is located 11 km (6.8 mi) north of the Sydney central business district, in the local government area of the City of Willoughby. Castle Cove is situated on the western side of Middle Harbour.

Municipality of Hunters Hill Local government area in New South Wales, Australia

The Municipality of Hunter's Hill is a local government area on the Lower North Shore of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. The municipality was first proclaimed in 1861, which includes the suburbs of Hunters Hill, Woolwich, Huntleys Point, Tarban, Henley and part of Gladesville.

Lane Cove Council Local government area in New South Wales, Australia

The Lane Cove Council is a local government area located on the Lower North Shore of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. The administrative seat of Lane Cove is located 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) north-west of the Sydney central business district.

Mosman Council Local government area in New South Wales, Australia

The Mosman Council is a local government area on the Lower North Shore of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

North Sydney Council Local government area in New South Wales, Australia

North Sydney Council is a local government area on the Lower North Shore of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, established on 29 July 1890 through the amalgamation of three boroughs.

Willoughby, New South Wales Suburb of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

Willoughby is a suburb located on the lower North Shore of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia 8 kilometres north of the Sydney central business district, in the local government area of the City of Willoughby.

Middle Cove, New South Wales Suburb of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

Middle Cove is a suburb on the Lower North Shore of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia 9 kilometres north of the Sydney central business district, in the local government area of the City of Willoughby.

Gore Hill Freeway

The Gore Hill Freeway is a 4-kilometre (2.5 mi) divided freeway located in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. The freeway forms part of the M1, the Sydney Orbital Network, and the Highway 1 network. Construction of the freeway commenced in August 1988 as part of the Bicentennial Roads Program and opened to traffic on 26 August 1992. The primary function of the freeway is to provide an alternative high-grade route from Artarmon to Lane Cove and to reduce traffic demands on the Pacific Highway throughout Sydney's lower north shore, bypassing St Leonards and Gore Hill.

Northern Sydney Region of Sydney in New South Wales, Australia

Northern Sydney is a large metropolitan area in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia on the north shore of Sydney Harbour and Parramatta River. The region embraces suburbs in Sydney’s north-east, north and inner north west. Northern Sydney is divided into distinctive regions such as the North Shore, Northern Beaches and Forest District.

Mowbray House Independent, day and boarding school in Australia

Mowbray House is a heritage-listed historic building that was an independent, day and boarding school for boys, located in Chatswood, on the North Shore of Sydney, Australia. More recently, it was part of an Ausgrid depot site. The school buildings included a chapel that is now the Holy Trinity Anglican Church. The building is listed on the local government heritage register.

The City of Lower North Shore is a proposed local government area which would be formed from the merger of the suburbs of Willoughby, Lane Cove, North Sydney, Mosman, and the southern parts of Kuringgai, in New South Wales, Australia.

Chatswood South Uniting Church Church in New South Wales, Australia

The Chatswood South Uniting Church is a heritage-listed Uniting church at 518 Pacific Highway, Lane Cove North in the Lane Cove Council local government area of New South Wales, Australia. It was designed by Thomas Rowe and possibly a Mr Morrow also and built by Bryson, Leet, Johnson & Montgomery. It is also known as Chatswood South Uniting Church and Cemetery and Chatswood South Methodist Church. The property is owned by Chatswood South Uniting Church. It was added to the New South Wales State Heritage Register on 2 April 1999.

Walter Burley Griffin Incinerator, Willoughby

The Walter Burley Griffin Incinerator is a heritage-listed former incinerator and now art gallery, artists studios and public recreation area at 2 Small Street, Willoughby, City of Willoughby, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. It was designed in partnership between Walter Burley Griffin and Eric Nicholls and built from 1933 to 1934 by Reverberatory Incinerator and Engineering Company and Nisson Leonard-Kanevsky. It is also known as Willoughby Municipal Incinerator. The property is owned by the Willoughby City Council. It was added to the New South Wales State Heritage Register on 2 April 1999.

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Willoughby (C)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 9 January 2018. OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
  2. "3218.0 – Regional Population Growth, Australia, 2017-18". Australian Bureau of Statistics. 27 March 2019. Retrieved 27 March 2019. Estimated resident population (ERP) at 30 June 2018.
  3. http://www.pastvtr.elections.nsw.gov.au/LGE2012/willoughby-city-council.html?type=sailors-bay-ward
  4. "Chatswood Reservoirs No. 1 and No. 2". New South Wales State Heritage Register . Office of Environment and Heritage. H01321. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  5. "Innisfallen Castle and Grounds". New South Wales State Heritage Register . Office of Environment and Heritage. H00404. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  6. "Buhrich House II". New South Wales State Heritage Register . Office of Environment and Heritage. H01513. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  7. "Duncan House". New South Wales State Heritage Register . Office of Environment and Heritage. H00742. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  8. "The Glass House". New South Wales State Heritage Register . Office of Environment and Heritage. H01981. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  9. "Fishwick House, The". New South Wales State Heritage Register . Office of Environment and Heritage. H01751. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  10. "Windsor Gardens". New South Wales State Heritage Register . Office of Environment and Heritage. H00571. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  11. "Hilton". New South Wales State Heritage Register . Office of Environment and Heritage. H00374. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  12. "Gore Hill Memorial Cemetery". New South Wales State Heritage Register . Office of Environment and Heritage. H01491. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  13. "Laurelbank". New South Wales State Heritage Register . Office of Environment and Heritage. H00657. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  14. "Walter Burley Griffin Incinerator". New South Wales State Heritage Register . Office of Environment and Heritage. H00084. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  15. 1 2 Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Willoughby (C)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 8 November 2012.
  16. Australian Bureau of Statistics (9 March 2006). "Willoughby (C)". 2001 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 8 November 2012.
  17. Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Willoughby (C)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 8 November 2012. OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
  18. "Willoughby City Council – Mayoral Election". Local Government Elections 2012. Electoral Commission of New South Wales. 13 September 2012. Archived from the original on 28 November 2012. Retrieved 21 September 2012.
  19. "Willoughby City Council – Middle Harbour Ward". Local Government Elections 2012. Electoral Commission of New South Wales. 17 September 2012. Archived from the original on 29 November 2012. Retrieved 21 September 2012.
  20. "Willoughby City Council – Naremburn Ward". Local Government Elections 2012. Electoral Commission of New South Wales. 17 September 2012. Archived from the original on 27 November 2012. Retrieved 21 September 2012.
  21. "Willoughby City Council – Sailors Bay Ward". Local Government Elections 2012. Electoral Commission of New South Wales. 17 September 2012. Archived from the original on 27 November 2012. Retrieved 21 September 2012.
  22. 1 2 "Willoughby City Council – West Ward". Local Government Elections 2012. Electoral Commission of New South Wales. 17 September 2012. Archived from the original on 27 November 2012. Retrieved 21 September 2012.
  23. "PETITION UNDER THE MUNICIPAL ACT". New South Wales Government Gazette (107). New South Wales, Australia. 30 May 1865. p. 1161. Retrieved 20 June 2016 via National Library of Australia.
  24. "MUNICIPALITY OF NORTH WILLOUGHBY". New South Wales Government Gazette (227). New South Wales, Australia. 25 October 1865. p. 2401. Retrieved 20 June 2016 via National Library of Australia.
  25. "Government Gazette Proclamations and Legislation". New South Wales Government Gazette (101). New South Wales, Australia. 11 February 1895. p. 914. Retrieved 20 June 2016 via National Library of Australia.
  26. "Borough of Willoughby Naming Act of 1890 No bwn" (PDF). 1890 New South Wales Acts As Made Legislation. Australasian Legal Information Institute. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  27. "PROCLAMATION". New South Wales Government Gazette (632). New South Wales, Australia. 26 June 1900. p. 4928. Retrieved 21 June 2016 via National Library of Australia.
  28. "FIVE WARDS FOR WILLOUGHBY". The Sydney Morning Herald (32, 324). New South Wales, Australia. 4 August 1941. p. 7. Retrieved 21 June 2016 via National Library of Australia.
  29. "WILLOUGHBY'S JUBILEE". Evening News (15, 092). New South Wales, Australia. 23 October 1915. p. 8. Retrieved 20 June 2016 via National Library of Australia.
  30. "DEVELOPMENT OF WILLOUGHBY". The Sydney Morning Herald (20, 432). New South Wales, Australia. 3 September 1903. p. 5. Retrieved 20 June 2016 via National Library of Australia.
  31. "New Hall for Willoughby". The Sydney Morning Herald. 27 March 1962. Retrieved 21 June 2016.
  32. "Merger proposal: North Sydney Council, Willoughby City Council" (PDF). Government of New South Wales. January 2016. p. 8. Retrieved 27 February 2016.
  33. Toole, Paul (25 February 2016). "North Sydney, Willoughby and Mosman councils Proposal" (PDF). Government of New South Wales. Retrieved 27 February 2016.[ permanent dead link ]
  34. Blumer, Clare; Chettle, Nicole (27 July 2017). "NSW council amalgamations: Mayors fight to claw back court dollars after backflip on merger". ABC News . Australia. Retrieved 27 July 2017.
  35. 1 2 "Fact Sheet 10 - Council Seal". www.willoughby.nsw.gov.au. Willoughby City Library Service. Retrieved 20 June 2016.