Ciudad Obregón

Last updated

Ciudad Obregón
Cajeme.png
Seal
Mexico States blank map.svg
Red pog.svg
Ciudad Obregón
Location of Ciudad Obregon in Mexico
Coordinates: 27°29′21″N109°56′06″W / 27.48917°N 109.93500°W / 27.48917; -109.93500
Country Flag of Mexico.svg Mexico
State Sonora
Municipality Cajeme
Founded1927
Government
  Type Ayuntamiento
  Municipal PresidentSergio Pablo Mariscal Alvarado
Elevation
40 m (130 ft)
Population
(2010)
  Total405,000
Demonym(s) Obregonense
Time zone UTC-7 (MST)
  Summer (DST) UTC-7 (no DST/PDT)
ZIP code
85000 - 85059
Area code(s) 644,
Website http://www.obregon.gob.mx/

Ciudad Obregón (Spanish pronunciation:  [sjuˈðað oβɾeˈɣon] ) is the second largest city in the northern Mexican state of Sonora and named for Sonoran revolutionary general and president of Mexico, Álvaro Obregón. It is situated 525 km (326 mi) south of the state's northern border with the U.S. state of Arizona. It is also the municipal seat of Cajeme municipality, located in the Yaqui Valley.

Mexico Country in the southern portion of North America

Mexico, officially the United Mexican States, is a country in the southern portion of North America. It is bordered to the north by the United States; to the south and west by the Pacific Ocean; to the southeast by Guatemala, Belize, and the Caribbean Sea; and to the east by the Gulf of Mexico. Covering almost 2,000,000 square kilometres (770,000 sq mi), the nation is the fifth largest country in the Americas by total area and the 13th largest independent state in the world. With an estimated population of over 120 million people, the country is the tenth most populous state and the most populous Spanish-speaking state in the world, while being the second most populous nation in Latin America after Brazil. Mexico is a federation comprising 31 states and Mexico City, a special federal entity that is also the capital city and its most populous city. Other metropolises in the state include Guadalajara, Monterrey, Puebla, Toluca, Tijuana and León.

Sonora State of Mexico

Sonora, officially Estado Libre y Soberano de Sonora, is one of 31 states that, with Mexico City, comprise the 32 federal entities of United Mexican States. It is divided into 72 municipalities; the capital city is Hermosillo. Sonora is bordered by the states of Chihuahua to the east, Baja California to the northwest and Sinaloa to the south. To the north, it shares the U.S.–Mexico border with the states of Arizona and New Mexico, and on the west has a significant share of the coastline of the Gulf of California.

Álvaro Obregón Mexican politician, president of Mexico

Álvaro Obregón Salido was a general in the Mexican Revolution, who became President of Mexico from 1920 to 1924. He supported Sonora's decision to follow Governor of Coahuila Venustiano Carranza as leader of a revolution against the Huerta regime. Carranza appointed Obregón commander of the revolutionary forces in northwestern Mexico and in 1915 appointed him as his minister of war. In 1920, Obregón launched a revolt against Carranza, in which Carranza was assassinated; he won the subsequent election with overwhelming support.

Contents

History

The city, previously named Cajeme, takes its name from Mexican Revolutionary Álvaro Obregón, a native of nearby Huatabampo, Sonora. Álvaro Obregón became president of Mexico after the Revolution and initiated an "agricultural revolution" in the Yaqui Valley, introducing modern agricultural techniques and making this valley one of the most prosperous agricultural regions in the country. Renowned U.S. agronomist Dr. Norman Borlaug, the architect of the "Green Revolution" worked here after successful developments in increasing the resistance of wheat. For his efforts he was later awarded the Nobel Prize.

Mexican Revolution major nationwide armed struggle in Mexico between 1910 and 1920

The Mexican Revolution, also known as the Mexican Civil War, was a major armed struggle, lasting roughly from 1910 to 1920, that radically transformed Mexican culture and government. Although recent research has focused on local and regional aspects of the Revolution, it was a genuinely national revolution. Its outbreak in 1910 resulted from the failure of the 35-year-long regime of Porfirio Díaz to find a managed solution to the presidential succession. This meant there was a political crisis among competing elites and the opportunity for agrarian insurrection. Wealthy landowner Francisco I. Madero challenged Díaz in the 1910 presidential election, and following the rigged results, revolted under the Plan of San Luis Potosí. Armed conflict ousted Díaz from power; a new election was held in 1911, bringing Madero to the presidency.

President of Mexico Head of state of the country of Mexico

The President of Mexico, officially known as the President of the United Mexican States, is the head of state and government of Mexico. Under the Constitution, the president is also the Supreme Commander of the Mexican armed forces. The current President is Andrés Manuel López Obrador, who took office on December 1, 2018.

United States Federal republic in North America

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States or America, is a country comprising 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is slightly smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U.S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D.C., and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico. The State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean. The U.S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The extremely diverse geography, climate, and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.

Climate

Ciudad Obregón has a steppe climate (Köppen BWh) featuring long, extremely hot summers and short, mild winters with cold mornings. It is frequent that in summer the temperature reach 40 °C (104.0 °F) or more, with overnight lows greater than 24 °C (75 °F) and sometimes reaching 30 °C (86 °F). Sunny skies and clear nights can be expected through all the year. Many severe thunderstorms with strong winds and sandstorms reach the region in summer. Rainfall is scarce but it is more prominent it the summer. In the winter, daytime temperatures can be hotter than 26 °C (79 °F) but at night the temperature can fall to 2 °C (36 °F). Snow in Ciudad Obregón is nonexistent, but hailstorms can occur during cold fronts.

Köppen climate classification climate classification system

The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems. It was first published by the Russian climatologist Wladimir Köppen (1846–1940) in 1884, with several later modifications by Köppen, notably in 1918 and 1936. Later, the climatologist Rudolf Geiger introduced some changes to the classification system, which is thus sometimes called the Köppen–Geiger climate classification system.

The extreme temperatures recorded in the box below between 1939 and 2016 were recorded at the Downtown Station of Ciudad Obregón, Sonora. [1] [2]

Climate data for Ciudad Obregón, Sonora (Downtown) (1981–2010, extremes (1961-present)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)35.2
(95.4)
38.2
(100.8)
41.0
(105.8)
43.2
(109.8)
45.0
(113.0)
46.4
(115.5)
47.5
(117.5)
46.9
(116.4)
46.8
(116.2)
46.1
(115.0)
40.2
(104.4)
35.3
(95.5)
47.5
(117.5)
Average high °C (°F)24.0
(75.2)
26.0
(78.8)
28.9
(84.0)
32.7
(90.9)
35.2
(95.4)
38.3
(100.9)
38.5
(101.3)
38.4
(101.1)
38.0
(100.4)
35.6
(96.1)
30.4
(86.7)
25.5
(77.9)
32.55
(90.59)
Daily mean °C (°F)15.6
(60.1)
16.7
(62.1)
17.9
(64.2)
20.6
(69.1)
23.5
(74.3)
30.8
(87.4)
32.0
(89.6)
31.8
(89.2)
31.2
(88.2)
25.7
(78.3)
20.1
(68.2)
16.7
(62.1)
22.1
(71.8)
Average low °C (°F)6.3
(43.3)
7.0
(44.6)
8.5
(47.3)
10.5
(50.9)
14.2
(57.6)
20.3
(68.5)
25.5
(77.9)
25.2
(77.4)
24.4
(75.9)
17.7
(63.9)
12.4
(54.3)
8.5
(47.3)
14.2
(57.6)
Record low °C (°F)−7.1
(19.2)
−5.5
(22.1)
−2.5
(27.5)
−2.5
(27.5)
4.5
(40.1)
8.5
(47.3)
15.0
(59.0)
15.0
(59.0)
10.0
(50.0)
2.2
(36.0)
−1.7
(28.9)
−4.9
(23.2)
−7.1
(19.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches)25.0
(0.98)
12.8
(0.50)
4.6
(0.18)
3.1
(0.12)
0.2
(0.01)
8.9
(0.35)
78.5
(3.09)
94.0
(3.70)
95.3
(3.75)
24.4
(0.96)
12.3
(0.48)
25.4
(1.00)
384.5
(15.14)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)2.52.00.80.60.10.89.19.46.02.11.72.337.4
Average relative humidity (%)70716963626673757367667169
Mean monthly sunshine hours 2372372792983253202752722662762412173,243
Source #1: Servicio Meteorológico Nacional (temperature, 1981-2010) (humidity, 1981–2000) [3] [4]
Source #2: Deutscher Wetterdienst (sun, 1961–1990) [5] [lower-alpha 1]

City origins

Cajeme Municipality has as its head Ciudad Obregón. Its first settlers established themselves in the neighborhood called Plano Oriente, as irrigation canals made by the Richardson company around 1910 and two years later, the South Pacific railroad established a station called Cajeme. The town of Cajeme was initially a part of Cocorit Municipality until its elevation to Municipal Seat on September 28, 1927. The first city government was established on January 1, 1928. The July 28, 1928 decree stated that “the city is known now with the name of Ciudad Obregón, the town formerly known as Cajeme.” In 1937 another legislation stated that Cajeme be the name of the Municipality and Ciudad Obregón its seat.

In 1950 Ciudad Obregon had a population on 120,000. [6]

Roots and traditions

The Yaqui people are settled in eight towns, Potam, Huirivis, Torim, Cocorit, Bacum, Vicam, Rahum and Belem. seven kilometres (4.3 miles) from the city is the first of the eight Yaqui towns that make the autonomous territory of these people known for their independent character, because it is one of the few American ethnic groups not dominated militarily by Spanish colonialists. Yaqui history is covered with acts of heroic resistance for the defense of their territory and culture, an ancestral culture enriched by rites and traditions of which the Deer Dance stands out, a symbolic representation of the hunt for this animal whose aesthetic richness has awakened interest the world over. In the rites of Passover and Easter, or in the Day of the Dead celebration, Yaqui culture reaches its highest splendor and shows us the survival of mystery, the unity of man with the universe and the intimate relationship between people and the nature that surrounds them. One day the wind of Passover takes the Pharisees to roam the nearby cities hidden behind leather masks; another day rivalries and mundane ambitions are forgotten so that the whole tribe may join in the commemoration of its faithfully departed. Men and women that practice traditional medicine apply ancient knowledge passed on by their ancestors and with herbs and ointments cure the sickness of their relatives. Dance, music, traditional medicine and Yaqui festivities are the expression of a magical world of religion that coexists in harmony with western culture. Obregon City is also Birthplace to one of its most notorious past inhabitants: El huilito Rojas from the very first settlement in obregon city: plano oriente of Cardenas Ave. and Guerrerro.

Yaqui ethnic group

The Yaqui or Yoeme are an Uto-Aztecan speaking indigenous people of Mexico who inhabit the valley of the Río Yaqui in the Mexican state of Sonora and the Southwestern United States. They also have communities in Chihuahua, Durango and Sinaloa. The Pascua Yaqui Tribe is based in Tucson, Arizona. Yaqui people live elsewhere in the United States, especially California, Texas and Nevada.

Demographics

Ciudad Obregón is the second largest city in Sonora (after state capital Hermosillo ) with a 2010 census population of 298 625 People. [7] Its municipality of Cajeme had a population of 409,310. [8]

As of 2005 the per capita income for the municipality of Cajeme was $10,940 and the Human Development Index was 0.8635. [9]

Government

The position of city mayor formal equivalent in Mexico is municipal president.

Transportation

The city is served by Ciudad Obregón International Airport.

Economy

The primary economic activities in the city are agriculture, industry, cattle farming, fishing, commerce, aquaculture and tourism. Agriculture is still the primary economic activity, but economic diversification is occurring.

The city has seen considerable investment in commercial activity over the past decade.

Education

The following institutions of higher education are based in Ciudad Obregón:

Tourism

Nainari Lagoon

Nainari Lagoon Humbertlagunadelnainari.JPG
Nainari Lagoon

A peculiar tourist attraction, a product of man's whimsy is the artificial “Nainari Lagoon” with a 2 kilometres (1.2 miles) perimeter located at the western city limits between Guerrero and Padre Eusebio Kino avenues. It is used for outdoor sports, and its two piers are a focal point for aquatic activities like skiing, sailing and canoeing being the site for triathlons, marathons, and bicycle races. Cold coconut stands where you can find the freshest coconuts and other fruits such as mango con chile, and restaurants.[ citation needed ]

This small oasis is artificial, built in 1956, one of the great achievements of City Mayor Rene Gandara, who opened the hydraulic gates to fill the reservoir. Before, it was a lagoon region where there was duck hunting and rice was grown.

The Nainari Lagoon is a tourist attraction that has small boardwalk and a boat dock. It also has a shelter for tourists by the water's edge. Water is constantly circulating as it is connected with one of the main canals in the irrigation district, the Lower Canal.

The Lagoon has been in recent years better tended and remodeled by the authorities.[ citation needed ] It has at its entrance a small garden with a bronze statue of a discus thrower which gives it much enhancement. Just next to the lagoon there is a sports complex "deportivo". It has an Olympic size swimming pool and it has all types of sport courts such as tennis, basketball, soccer, and fronton.[ citation needed ]

Ostimuri Children's Park

Next to the Nainari Lagoon we have the Ostimuru Children's Park and the Ostimuri Zoo, the best place to stroll with the family, here you will find an ample variety of mechanical rides for your children. The trees that surround this place cover it with lush branches like a caress from the sky. At the park's edge is the Ostimuri Zoo - an artificial habitat where a wide variety of animals exist, the song of birds as you stroll through this place is like a melody from heaven.[ original research? ] As you make your journey in the midst of animals, you are surpassed by a boa as if it were a guardian of this place.[ citation needed ]

Yaqui Museum

The museum offers a perspective of Yaqui culture having among its objectives rescuing, preserving, investigating and spreading the culture and way of life of the Yaquis. As well as stimulating in the state's population the rediscovery of historical, linguistic and ethnic values of the Yaquis.[ citation needed ] Another objective is to show Sonoran children and teens the particular characteristics of Yaqui personality and the richness of their folklore.[ tone ] Another objective is to raise consciousness among Sonorans in regards to the development of historical events of the Yaquis as well as the important influence that they had in the formation of groups and classes that constitute the regions current society.[ citation needed ] This is made more accessible through visuals and scenes of daily life of the population of said tribe, mounted with the instruments, tools and original clothing that has been with them since ancient times and distinguish them on and international level.[ citation needed ]

Cocorit House

This construction dates from the previous century, its architecture is of colonial style. It has four exhibition rooms and an ample garden where we find permanent samples of painting and sculptures as well as arts and crafts. Among the House's visitors is the internationally renowned sculpture and painter Jose Luis Cuevas. Among the objectives of Cocorit House is to support art in those people with artistic attributes that don't have enough support. That is why local artists call it the region's haven for the arts.

"Álvaro Obregón" Dam

The General Álvaro Obregón Dam also called the Oviachic Dam, named taken from the place where it is located, starts its construction in the year 1947 and it's finished in 1952, being filled for the first time on July the same year. It is located 35 kilometres (22 miles) north of Ciudad Obregón.

Lake Oviachic has a surface of 20,500 acres (83 square kilometres) and a storage capacity of 3226 millions of cubic meters; it is part of the dam system on the Yaqui River, it's the state's largest dam and the third located on said river. From the Oviachic Dam a 27,603-kilometre (17,152-mile) network of main and secondary canals is derived that irrigate 450,000 hectares (1,100,000 acres) of surface in the Yaqui and Mayo Valleys, being one of the most important hydraulic infrastructures in the country. During the last two decades this hydraulic work has become one of the main and most visited tourist destinations in our region.

Huivulai Island

Huivulai Island is located 50 kilometres (31 miles) south of Ciudad Obregón and 5 miles (8.0 kilometres) off the Sonora coast in the Gulf of California (Sea of Cortez). In Mayo, Huivulai means "long neck". The island is 17 kilometres (10.6 miles) long and 1.2 kilometres (0.7 miles) wide at its widest part. The island features many natural attractions including sand dunes used by four-wheel drive vehicles. The island has a water well oasis surrounded by date trees that attract many species of birds, including gray and white pelicans, corvetta, gray crested cranes, storks, and albatrosses. The island is ringed by beaches and features fishing opportunities off-shore.

Sports

The most popular sport in Obregon is baseball. The city's professional baseball team is the Yaquis of the Mexican Pacific League, who play at Tomás Oroz Gaytán Stadium.

Obregón F.C. play professional soccer in the Segunda División.

Notable People

International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

Ciudad Obregón is twinned with:

Notes

  1. Station ID for Ciudad Obregon is 76258 Use this station ID to locate the sunshine duration

Related Research Articles

Cajemé Yaqui military leader in Mexico

Cajemé / Kahe'eme, born and baptized José María Bonifacio Leyba Pérez, was a prominent Yaqui military leader who lived in the Mexican state of Sonora from 1835 to 1887.

Hermosillo City in Sonora, Mexico

Hermosillo, formerly called Pitic, is a city located centrally in the northwestern Mexican state of Sonora. It is the capital and largest city as well as the main economic center for the state and region. As of 2015, the city has a population of 812,229 inhabitants, making it the 16th largest city in Mexico. The recent city population spur is due to its recent strong industrialization, especially in the automotive industry.

Cajeme is one of the municipalities of the northwestern state of Sonora, Mexico. It is named after Cajemé, a Yaqui leader. The municipality has an area of 3,312.05 km² and with a population of 433,050 inhabitants as of 2015.

Álvaro Obregón, Mexico City Municipality in Mexico City, Mexico

Álvaro Obregón is one of the 16 municipalities (alcaldías) into which Mexico City is divided. It contains a large portion of the south-west part of Mexico City. It had a 2010 census population of 727,034 inhabitants and lies at an elevation of 2,319 m. above sea level.

Huatabampo Place in Sonora, Mexico

Huatabampo is a city in Huatabampo Municipality in the state of Sonora, in northwestern Mexico. It is situated on the Gulf of California, near the mouth of the Mayo River. It is located at latitude 26°49′N109°40′W. Huatabampo is 34 km southwest of Navojoa via Sonora State Highway 56 and Sonora State Highway 149. Mexican Federal Highway 15 can be accessed via Sonora State Highway 176. It is notable as the home of revolutionary general Álvaro Obregón, a successful chickpea farmer before the Mexican Revolution, and now his burial site.

Navojoa City in Sonora, Mexico

Navojoa is the fifth-largest city in the northern Mexican state of Sonora and is situated in the southern part of the state. The city is the administrative seat of Navojoa Municipality, located in the Mayo River Valley.

Guaymas city in Sonora, Mexico

Guaymas is a city in Guaymas Municipality, in the southwest part of the state of Sonora, in northwestern Mexico. The city is 117 km south of the state capital of Hermosillo, and 242 miles from the U.S. border. The municipality is located on the Gulf of California and the western edge of the Sonoran Desert and has a hot, dry climate and 117 km of beaches. The municipality’s formal name is Guaymas de Zaragoza and the city’s formal name is the Heróica Ciudad de Guaymas.

Cócorit village in Sonora, Mexico

Cócorit is a town located in the municipality of Cajeme in the southern part of the Mexican state of Sonora. The name of the town is derived from the Yaqui word for a chili pepper, ko'oko'i. Cócorit and the municipality of Cajeme are within the Yaqui River Valley. The comisario municipal of Cajeme is Ing. Arturo Soto Valenzuela. Cócorit reported a 2005 census population of 7,953 inhabitants, and is the fifth-largest town in the municipality of Cajeme.

Sonora Institute of Technology

The Sonora Institute of Technology is a Mexican public university based in Ciudad Obregón, Sonora, with satellite campuses in Guaymas, Empalme and Navojoa. Founded in 1955 as a preparatory school called Justo Sierra Institute, it was initially sponsored by Lions International until 1956, when it renamed as Northwestern Institute of Technology. In 1962, Governor Luis Encinas Johnson approved a state law that restructured the institution and gave it its current name.

Bácum village in Sonora, Mexico

Bácum is a small city and the county seat of Bácum Municipality, located in the south of the Mexican state of Sonora at 27°32′N110°05′W.

Leonardo Reichel Mexican journalist

Leonardo Reichel is a Mexican journalist.

Bácum Municipality Municipality in Sonora, Mexico

Bácum Municipality is a municipality of southwestern Sonora, in northwestern Mexico. The population was 21,322 in 2005.

Quiriego Municipality Municipality in Sonora, Mexico

Quiriego Municipality is a municipality of southern Sonora state, in northwestern Mexico.

Vícam Place in Sonora, Mexico

Vícam is a town in the Mexican state of Sonora located in the municipio of Guaymas. It is one of the main settlements of the Yaqui people. Historically the Yaqui also ranged through what is now the American Southwest, and there is a federally recognized tribe in the United States state of Arizona.

Álvaro Obregón Dam dam in Sonora, Mexico

The Álvaro Obregón Dam is an embankment dam on the Yaqui River north of Ciudad Obregón, in Sonora, Mexico. The purpose of the dam is water supply for irrigation, flood control and hydroelectric power production. The dam supports a power station with two generators and a 19 MW installed capacity.

Yaqui Wars armed conflicts between indigenous peoples and white people in the Viceroyalty of New Spain, from 1821 Spain, between 1533 and 1929

The Yaqui Wars, were a series of armed conflicts between New Spain, and the later Mexican Republic, against the Yaqui Indians. The period began in 1533 and lasted until 1929. The Yaqui Wars, along with the Caste War against the Maya, were the last conflicts of the centuries long Mexican Indian Wars. Over the course of nearly 400 years, the Spanish and the Mexicans repeatedly launched military campaigns into Yaqui territory which resulted in several serious battles and some infamous massacres.

Eduardo Castro Luque Mexican politician

Eduardo Enrique Castro Luque was the deputy-elect of Ciudad Obregón, Sonora and a member of the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI).

References

  1. "Normales Climatológicas Ciudad Obregón 1961-2014" . Retrieved 9 April 2017.
  2. "Normales Climatológicas Ciudad Obregón 2015-2017" . Retrieved 9 April 2017.
  3. "Normal Temperatures and Precipitation for Ciudad Obregón 1981-2010" (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorológico Nacional. Retrieved 9 April 2017.
  4. "Extreme Temperatures and Precipitation for Ciudad Obregón 1961-2010" (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorológico Nacional. Retrieved June 1, 2017.
  5. "Station 76258 Ciudad Obregon". Global station data 1961–1990—Sunshine Duration. Deutscher Wetterdienst. Retrieved 9 February 2016.
  6. Columbia-Lippincott Gazetteer. (New York: Columbia University Press, 1952) p. 406
  7. "Census Data" . Retrieved 7 February 2013.
  8. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-10-04. Retrieved 2013-02-07.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  9. Oficina Nacional de Desarrollo Humano (2005). "IDH Municipal 2000-2005 base de datos". Archived from the original on 2009-03-06. Retrieved 2008-12-17.
  10. "Hector Velázquez Stats, Fantasy & News". Boston Red Sox.
  11. "Sister City Fun: Dinner Honors Visitors Here on Mexican Exchange". Baton Rouge Morning Advocate (sec. B, p. 2). June 29, 1977.
  12. "About Us..." tucsonmexicosistercities.org. 2017. Retrieved 2018-05-03.


Coordinates: 27°29′38″N109°56′20″W / 27.49389°N 109.93889°W / 27.49389; -109.93889