Clare Turlay Newberry

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Clare Turlay Newberry
Photo of Clare Turlay Newberry.jpg
Born(1903-04-10)April 10, 1903
Enterprise, Oregon
DiedFebruary 12, 1970(1970-02-12) (aged 66)
San Diego, California
NationalityAmerican
EducationUniversity of Oregon, School of the Portland Art Museum, and the California School of Fine Arts
Known for Illustrator, Writer

Clare Turlay Newberry (April 10, 1903 – February 12, 1970) [1] was an American author and illustrator of 17 published children's books, who achieved fame for her drawings of cats, the subject of all but three of her books. [1] Four of her works were named Caldecott Honor Books.

Contents

Born in Enterprise, Oregon, she began drawing cats at the age of two and sold her first illustrations, a series of paper dolls, to the children's magazine John Martin's Book at age 16. [2] She spent a year at the University of Oregon (1921–1922), then studied art at the School of the Portland Art Museum (1922–23) and the California School of Fine Arts (1923–24), but never finished her academic art training. [2] [3]

Enterprise, Oregon City in Oregon, United States

Enterprise is a city in and the county seat of Wallowa County, Oregon, United States. The population was 1,895 at the 2000 census, and 1,940 in the 2010 census.

<i>John Martins Book</i> magazine

John Martin's Book was a children's magazine aimed at five- to eight-year-olds. Martin Gardner wrote that it was a "pioneering publication" and the "most entertaining magazine" aimed at this age group published in the US. Priced from 10 to 50 cents over its twenty-year run, it was primarily purchased by middle and upper income families due to its cost.

University of Oregon Public research university in Eugene, Oregon

The University of Oregon is a public flagship research university in Eugene, Oregon. Founded in 1876, the institution's 295-acre campus is along the Willamette River. Since July 2014, UO has been governed by the Board of Trustees of the University of Oregon. The university has a Carnegie Classification of "highest research activity" and has 19 research centers and institutes. UO was admitted to the Association of American Universities in 1969.

In 1930 she went to Paris to study at the Académie de la Grande Chaumière. The next year, in order to earn enough for passage to return to the US, she illustrated a story she had written before leaving for Paris, about a little girl named Sally who got a lion for her birthday. It was published as her first book, Herbert the Lion, to acclaim. [3] The New York Times praised it as "refreshingly imaginative" and "full of high spirited nonsense". [4]

Académie de la Grande Chaumière An art school in the 6th arrondissement of Paris, France

The Académie de la Grande Chaumière is an art school in the Montparnasse district of Paris, France.

She had hoped to become a portrait painter, but she abandoned this in 1934 for cat illustration. Her next book, Mittens, was the story of a six-year-old boy who posts an ad for his lost kitten. It became a bestseller and was named one of the Fifty Books of the Year by the American Institute of Graphic Arts. [3] Her four Caldecott Honor Books were Barkis, about a sister jealous of a brother's new puppy, Marshmallow, about the relationship between a cat and a baby rabbit, April's Kittens, about a family with an extra kitten in an apartment that permits only one cat, and T-Bone the Babysitter, about a cat with spring fever. [3] Her book Smudge was also one of the AIGA Fifty Books of the Year. [1]

American Institute of Graphic Arts professional organization for design

The American Institute of Graphic Arts (AIGA) is a professional organization for design. Its members practice all forms of communication design, including graphic design, typography, interaction design, branding and identity. The organization's aim is to be the standard bearer for professional ethics and practices for the design profession. There are currently over 22,000 members and 73 chapters, and more than 200 student groups around the United States.

Spring fever is any of a number of mood, physical, or behavioral changes, which may be experienced coinciding with the arrival of spring, particularly restlessness, laziness, and even amorousness.

With the exception of Herbert the Lion and Lambert's Bargain, about the birthday gift of a hyena, Newberry's subjects were all drawn from life. [2] [3] In 1946, she purchased a month-old ocelot named Joseph for $500 from a sailor who brought it from Venezuela. The New York Times reported the news with the headline "Still A Lot For Ocelot". [5] After using the ocelot, now dubbed Rufus, as a live drawing model, Newberry offered to give the ocelot away to a good home, but unfortunately Rufus died, possibly from a disease acquired from one of his many visitors or prospective owners. [6] [7]

Hyena family of mammal

Hyenas or hyaenas are any feliform carnivoran mammals of the family Hyaenidae. With only four extant species, it is the fifth-smallest biological family in the Carnivora, and one of the smallest in the class Mammalia. Despite their low diversity, hyenas are unique and vital components of most African ecosystems.

Ocelot Small wild cat

The ocelot is a small wild cat native to the southwestern United States, Mexico, Central and South America. It is listed as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List as the population is estimated to comprise more than 40,000 mature individuals and is considered stable. Its fur was once regarded as valuable, and poaching for the illegal trade is still a threat. It is marked with solid black spots, streaks and stripes.

Venezuela Republic in northern South America

Venezuela, officially the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, is a country on the northern coast of South America, consisting of a continental landmass and a large number of small islands and islets in the Caribbean Sea. The capital and largest urban agglomeration is the city of Caracas. It has a territorial extension of 916,445 km2. The continental territory is bordered on the north by the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean, on the west by Colombia, Brazil on the south, Trinidad and Tobago to the north-east and on the east by Guyana. With this last country, the Venezuelan government maintains a claim for Guayana Esequiba over an area of 159,542 km2. For its maritime areas, it exercises sovereignty over 71,295 km2 of territorial waters, 22,224 km2 in its contiguous zone, 471,507 km2 of the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean under the concept of exclusive economic zone, and 99,889 km2 of continental shelf. This marine area borders those of 13 states. The country has extremely high biodiversity and is ranked seventh in the world's list of nations with the most number of species. There are habitats ranging from the Andes Mountains in the west to the Amazon basin rain-forest in the south via extensive llanos plains, the Caribbean coast and the Orinoco River Delta in the east.

Bibliography

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References

  1. 1 2 3 Sandra Imdieke (August 2003). "Clare Turlay Newberry". In Bernice E. Cullinan; Diane Goetz Person. The Continuum encyclopedia of children's literature. Continuum International Publishing Group. p. 586. ISBN   978-0-8264-1516-5 . Retrieved August 26, 2011.
  2. 1 2 3 "Clare Turlay Newberry." Contemporary Authors Online. Detroit: Gale, 2001. Gale Biography In Context. Web. Aug. 26, 2011.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 Sandra Ray (1995). "Clare Turlay Newberry". In Anita Silvey. Children's books and their creators. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. pp. 485–86. ISBN   978-0-395-65380-7 . Retrieved August 26, 2011.
  4. A.T.E. (November 15, 1936). "The Changing Art of Children's Books". New York Times. pp. BR41.
  5. "Still A Lot For Ocelot: Woman Artist Pays $500 For Pet Brought Here By Seaman". New York Times. April 24, 1946. p. 27.
  6. "Ocelot – Want It Or Not?: Artist Is Willing to Give Away Animal That Cost $500". New York Times. July 10, 1946. p. 25.
  7. "Ocelot Gone, Not Forgot: Owner Who Offered to Give Pet Away Tells of His Death". New York Times. July 18, 1946. p. 27.
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The Library of Congress (LOC) is the research library that officially serves the United States Congress and is the de facto national library of the United States. It is the oldest federal cultural institution in the United States. The Library is housed in three buildings on Capitol Hill in Washington, D.C.; it also maintains the National Audio-Visual Conservation Center in Culpeper, Virginia. The Library's functions are overseen by the Librarian of Congress, and its buildings are maintained by the Architect of the Capitol. The Library of Congress has claims to be the largest library in the world. Its "collections are universal, not limited by subject, format, or national boundary, and include research materials from all parts of the world and in more than 450 languages."