Clarke Scholes

Last updated

Clarke Scholes
Clarke Scholes 1952.jpg
Scholes with coach Charles McCaffree in 1952
Personal information
Full nameClarke Currie Scholes
National teamFlag of the United States.svg  United States
Born(1930-11-25)November 25, 1930
Detroit, Michigan, U. S. [1]
DiedFebruary 5, 2010(2010-02-05) (aged 79)
Detroit, Michigan, U. S. [1]
Height6 ft 3 in (1.91 m)
Weight174 lb (79 kg)
Sport
Sport Swimming
Strokes Freestyle
College team Michigan State University
Coach Clarence Pinkston
Charles McCaffree [2]

Clarke Currie Scholes (November 25, 1930 – February 5, 2010) was an American competition swimmer and Olympic champion.

Scholes was awarded the gold medal in the 100-meter freestyle at the 1952 Summer Olympics in Helsinki, Finland. His posted time of 57.4 seconds for the event matched that of fellow competitor Hiroshi Suzuki of Japan. Officials used a judge's decision and awarded Scholes the gold medal. [3] He also won gold medals in the 100-meter freestyle and 4×100-meter medley relay at the 1955 Pan American Games. [4]

In 1948, as a Redford High School senior, Scholes won Detroit City League titles in the 50- and 100-yard freestyle. He attended Michigan State University, and swam for the Michigan State Spartans swimming and diving team in National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) competition. While under the direction of coach Charles McCaffree, Clarke was transformed into a five-time All-American and three-time NCAA champion in the 100-yard freestyle. [5]

Scholes was inducted into the International Swimming Hall of Fame in 1980. [6] He was part of the inaugural class of thirty inductees into the Michigan State University Sports Hall of Fame in 1992, and he was inducted into the Michigan Sports Hall of Fame in 2008.

See also

Related Research Articles

Mike Heath (swimmer) American swimmer

Michael Steward Heath is an American former competition swimmer who specialized in freestyle events. He is a three-time Olympic gold medalist, and a former world record-holder in two relay swimming events. A native of Texas, he won two national collegiate championship competing for the University of Florida. During his elite swimming career, Heath won ten medals in major international championships, including seven golds, two silvers and a bronze, spanning the Olympic Games, FINA World Championships, and Pan Pacific Championships.

Dara Torres American swimmer

Dara Grace Torres is an American former competitive swimmer, who is a 12-time Olympic medalist and former world record-holder in three events. Torres is the first swimmer to represent the United States in five Olympic Games, and at age 41, the oldest swimmer to earn a place on the U.S. Olympic team. At the 2008 Summer Olympics, she competed in the 50-meter freestyle, 4×100-meter medley relay, and 4×100-meter freestyle relay, and won silver medals in all three events.

Tracy Caulkins American swimmer

Tracy Anne Stockwell, OAM,, née Tracy Anne Caulkins, is an American former competition swimmer, three-time Olympic gold medalist, five-time world champion, and former world record-holder in three events.

Thomas Fitzgerald Dolan is an American former competition swimmer, two-time Olympic champion, and former world record-holder.

Peter Vanderkaay American swimmer

Peter William Vanderkaay is an American former competition swimmer who specialized in middle-distance freestyle events and is a four-time Olympic medalist. He was a member of the United States Olympic team in 2004, 2008, and 2012, and won bronze medals in the 200-meter freestyle at the 2008 Summer Olympics and the 400-meter freestyle at the 2012 Summer Olympics.

Nicole Lee Haislett is an American former competitive swimmer who was a three-time Olympic gold medalist, a former world and American record-holder, and an eight-time American national college champion. During her international swimming career, Haislett won twenty-two medals in major international championships, including fourteen golds.

Thomas Michael Jager is an American former competition swimmer. He is five-time Olympic gold medalist in relay events, a two-time World Championship individual gold medalist for the 50-meter freestyle, and a former world record-holder in two events. Jager set the 50-meter freestyle world record on six occasions during his career. He held this record for over ten years from August 1989 to June 2000.

Ford Konno

Ford Hiroshi Konno is a former Japanese–American competition swimmer, two-time Olympic champion, and former world record-holder in three events.

Mary Wayte American swimmer

Mary Wayte Bradburne is an American former competition swimmer, two-time Olympic gold medalist, and television sports commentator. During her international swimming career, Wayte won eight medals in major international championships, including four golds.

Shaun M. Jordan is an American former competition swimmer who was highly successful as a member of the U.S. freestyle relay teams in the 1988 and 1992 Summer Olympics.

Jimmy McLane American swimmer

James Price McLane Jr. was an American competition swimmer, three-time Olympic champion, and a world record-holder.

Carrie Steinseifer American swimmer

Carolyn Lynne Steinseifer, later known by her married name Carolyn Bates, is an American former competition swimmer and Olympic champion. She won gold medals in the women's 100-meter freestyle, 4×100-meter freestyle relay and 4x100-meter medley relay at the 1984 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles.

Matthew J. Cetlinski is an American former competition swimmer, Olympic gold medalist, and former world record-holder.

Jan Margo Henne, also known by her married name Jan Hawkins, is an American former competition swimmer, Olympic champion, and former world record-holder.

Linda Lee Gustavson, also known by her married name Linda McGuire, is an American former competition swimmer, three-time Olympic medalist, and surpassed world record-holder in two events. As an 18-year-old, she was on the United States Olumpic team at the 1968 Summer Olympics in Mexico City, a medalist in the three events she competed in.

Dick Cleveland American swimmer

Richard Fitch Cleveland was an American competition swimmer, three-time Pan American Games champion, and former world record-holder in the 100 meters and 100 yard events.

Ronald Gora American swimmer

Ronald Francis Gora was an American competition swimmer and Pan American Games champion. Gora was born in Chicago, Illinois and attended Lane Tech High School in Chicago. He remains tied with Tom Jager and Brian Alden for the second most individual high school state championships won by a male in Illinois.

Wallace "Wally" Perry Wolf Jr. was an American competition swimmer, water polo player, and Olympic champion. He competed in the 1948, 1952, 1956, and 1960 Summer Olympics.

Dave Gillanders American swimmer

John David Gillanders is an American competition swimmer, Olympic medalist, and former world record-holder. He still competes in masters swimming in the 75–79 age group.

Pamela Jean Kruse is an American former competition swimmer, Olympic medalist, and former world record-holder in two events.

References

  1. 1 2 Evans, Hilary; Gjerde, Arild; Heijmans, Jeroen; Mallon, Bill; et al. "Clarke Scholes". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Archived from the original on April 17, 2020.
  2. Bao, Robert (2008) CLARKE SCHOLES, Member, U.S. Olympic swimming team, Gold Medal, 100-meter freestyle, Summer Games in Helsinki, Finland, 1952. alumni.msu.edu
  3. Lohn, John (2014). The Most Memorable Moments in Olympic Swimming. Rowman and Littlefield. p. 71. ISBN   978-1-4422-3700-1.
  4. Zacharias, Patricia and Baulch, Vivian M (February 2, 2002). "Michigan Athletes have made Olympic history". Detroit News. Archived from the original on July 10, 2012. Retrieved March 1, 2010.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  5. McCristal, J. Bruce and Bao, Robert (Summer 2008). "Clarke Scholes" (PDF). MSU Alumni Magazine (archived copy): 15. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 10, 2010. Retrieved December 6, 2009.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  6. Clarke Scholes (USA). International Swimming Hall of Fame