Claude Friese-Greene

Last updated

Claude Friese-Greene (3 May 1898 6 January 1943) was a British-born cinema technician, filmmaker and cinematographer, most famous for his 1926 collection of films entitled The Open Road . [1]

Contents

Biography

The Friese-Greene grave in Highgate Cemetery The Friese-Greene grave in Highgate Cemetery.jpg
The Friese-Greene grave in Highgate Cemetery

Claude, born Claude Harrison Greene in Fulham, London, was the son of William Friese-Greene, a pioneer in early cinematography. He was the grandfather of musician and music producer Tim Friese-Greene. [2]

He died in Islington, London. He is buried in Highgate Cemetery with his parents.

Colour cinematography

Claude's father William began the development of an additive colour film process called Biocolour. This process produced the illusion of true colour by exposing each alternate frame of ordinary black-and-white film stock through two different coloured filters. Each alternate frame of the monochrome print was then stained red or green. Although the projection of Biocolour prints did provide a tolerable illusion of true colour, like the more famous Kinemacolor process of George Albert Smith it suffered from noticeable colour flicker (a potentially headache-inducing defect known technically as 'colour bombardment') and from red-and-green fringing around anything in the scene that moved very rapidly. In an attempt to overcome these problems, a faster-than-usual frame rate was used.

After William's death in 1921, Claude Friese-Greene continued to develop the system during the 1920s and renamed the process Friese-Greene Natural Colour then the Spectrum Colour Film process. Claude went on to be a highly-respected cinematographer on more than 60 films from 1923 to 1943 and a was one of the first to shoot in Technicolor in Britain. He died as the result of an accident when filming at the Denham Film Studios in January 1943. [3]

In 2006, the BBC ran a series of programmes called The Lost World of Friese-Greene . The series, presented by Dan Cruickshank, included The Open Road , Claude Friese-Greene's film of his 1920s road trip from Land's End to John o' Groats. [4] The Open Road was filmed using the Spectrum Colour Film process, and the British Film Institute used computer processing of the images to minimise the red and green fringes around rapidly moving objects.

List of films in Spectrum Colour Film process

Selected filmography

See also

Related Research Articles

William Friese-Greene British photographer and inventor, 1855–1921

William Friese-Greene was a prolific English inventor and professional photographer. He is known mainly as a pioneer in the field of motion pictures, having devised a series of cameras in 1888–1891 and shot moving pictures with them in London. He went on to patent an early two-colour filming process in 1905. Wealth came with his inventions in printing, including photo-typesetting and a method of printing without ink, and from a chain of photographic studios. However, he spent it all on inventing, went bankrupt three times, was jailed once and died in poverty.

George B. Seitz American film director

George Brackett Seitz was an American playwright, screenwriter, film actor and director. He was known for his screenplays for action serials, such as The Perils of Pauline (1914) and The Exploits of Elaine (1914).

George Barnes (cinematographer) American cinematographer

George S. Barnes, A.S.C. was an American cinematographer active from the era of silent films to the early 1950s.

John F. Seitz American cinematographer and inventor

John Francis Seitz, A.S.C. was an American cinematographer and inventor.

Lee Garmes American cinematographer (1898–1978)

Lee Garmes, A.S.C. was an American cinematographer. During his career, he worked with directors Howard Hawks, Max Ophüls, Josef von Sternberg, Alfred Hitchcock, King Vidor, Nicholas Ray and Henry Hathaway, whom he had met as a young man when the two first came to Hollywood in the silent era. He also co-directed two films with legendary screenwriter Ben Hecht: Angels Over Broadway and Actor's and Sin.

Arthur Edeson American cinematographer

Arthur Edeson, A.S.C. was a film cinematographer, born in New York City. His career ran from the formative years of the film industry in New York, through the silent era in Hollywood, and the sound era there in the 1930s and 1940s. His work included many landmarks in film history, including The Thief of Bagdad (1924), Frankenstein (1931), The Maltese Falcon (1941), and Casablanca (1942).

Mutz Greenbaum

Mutz Greenbaum, sometimes credited as Max Greene or Max Greenbaum, was a German-born film cinematographer.

Sidney Hickox, A.S.C. was an American film and television cinematographer.

Arthur Miller (cinematographer) American cinematographer

Arthur Charles Miller, A.S.C. was an American cinematographer. He was nominated for the Oscar for Best Cinematography six times, winning three times: for How Green Was My Valley in 1941, The Song of Bernadette in 1944, and Anna and the King of Siam in 1947.

Miles Mander English actor

Miles Mander, was an English character actor of the early Hollywood cinema, also a film director and producer, and a playwright and novelist. He was sometimes credited as Luther Miles.

Wade Boteler American actor

Wade Boteler was an American film actor and writer. He appeared in more than 430 films between 1919 and 1943. He was born in Santa Ana, California, and died in Hollywood, California, from a heart attack.

Brandon Hurst English actor (1866–1947)

Brandon Hurst was an English stage and film actor.

Phil Rosen American film director

Philip E. Rosen was an American film director and cinematographer. He directed 142 films between 1915 and 1949.

The Lost World of Friese-Greene is a BBC documentary series produced in conjunction with the British Film Institute. Three one-hour episodes were broadcast on BBC Two in spring 2006.

Harry C. Neumann of Chicago, Illinois, was a Hollywood cinematographer whose career spanned over forty years, including work on some 350 productions in a wide variety of genres, with much of his work being in Westerns, and gangster films.

Ernest Miller (cinematographer)

Ernest Miller was an American cinematographer who was nominated for an Academy Award at the 1939 Oscars for Best Cinematography for the film Army Girl, sharing the nomination with Harry J. Wild. He had nearly 350 film and television credits to his name, mostly Westerns, including some of the early episodes of Gunsmoke. Location work on Army Girl was done primarily at the Iverson Movie Ranch in Chatsworth, Calif., where Miller cut his teeth in B-Westerns and became one of the most prolific -- and one of the best -- of the site's shooters during the course of his career. His camera work at Iverson became identifiable for Miller's trademark use of the site's charismatic sandstone rock features as framing devices, as he incorporated the giant boulders into the artistry of the outdoor action shots in ways that few cinematographers could match.

L. William O'Connell was an American cinematographer who worked in Hollywood for decades, beginning during the silent era. He frequently worked with directors Howard Hawks and William K. Howard.

The Open Road is a 1926 British travel documentary film series narrating a journey by motorcar from Land's End to John O'Groats to explore life on 'the open road' across the United Kingdom. The Guardian has called it the "first comprehensive colour tourism film" of Britain.

James S. Brown Jr. was an American cinematographer. He was a prolific worker with around 150 credits during his career spent generally with lower-budget outfits such as Columbia Pictures, Mayfair Pictures and Monogram Pictures.

References

  1. "BBC - History - Who was Claude Friese-Greene?". BBC. Archived from the original on 18 July 2008.
  2. Rob Young (2010). Electric Eden: Unearthing Britain's Visionary Music. Faber & Faber. p. 586. ISBN   978-0571258420.
  3. "Technicolor Pioneer Dies", The Dundee Evening Telegraph , p. 4, 8 January 1943
  4. "When Britain was a rose-tinted spectacle". The Guardian. 9 April 2006. Retrieved 28 October 2020.