Claude Louis Petiet (9 February 1749, Châtillon-sur-Seine, Côte-d'Or – 25 May 1806) was a Commissioner of war in 1778, elected to the Council of Elders in 1795, and was appointed Minister of War on 8 February 1796. He was dismissed on 14 July 1797 by the French Directory of Paul Barras, Jean-François Reubell and Louis Marie de La Révellière-Lépeaux. Appointed to the State Council by Napoleon Bonaparte, he became steward of the army camp at Boulogne in 1805 and senator in 1806.
Châtillon-sur-Seine is a commune of the Côte-d'Or department in eastern France. The Musée du Pays Châtillonnais is housed in old abbey of Notre-Dame de Châtillon, within the town, known for its collection of pre-Roman and Roman relics.
Côte-d'Or is a department in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté.
The Directory or Directorate was a five-member committee which governed France from 2 November 1795, when it replaced the Committee of Public Safety, until 9 November 1799, when it was overthrown by Napoleon Bonaparte in the Coup of 18 Brumaire, and replaced by the French Consulate. It gave its name to the final four years of the French Revolution.
Saint-Malo is a historic French port in Brittany on the Channel coast.
Rennes is a city in the east of Brittany in northwestern France at the confluence of the Ille and the Vilaine. Rennes is the capital of the region of Brittany, as well as the Ille-et-Vilaine department.
Ille-et-Vilaine is a department of France, located in the region of Brittany in the northwest of the country.
Suspended by the representatives of the people and placed under arrest on 2 December 1793, he returned to his post by the same representatives on 29 December 1793.
Out of the legislature, 20 May 1797, he was removed from his post as Minister of War on 23 July 1797.
The Council of Five Hundred, or simply the Five Hundred, was the lower house of the legislature of France under the Constitution of the Year III. It existed during the period commonly known as the Directory (Directoire), from 26 October 1795 until 9 November 1799: roughly the second half of the period generally referred to as the French Revolution.
The Boulogne camp may designate two military camps around Boulogne-sur-Mer in France.
He died on 25 May 1806 in his hotel, the current 8 Rue Monsieur in Paris 7th then 6 rue de Frejus.
Napoleon did make a grandiose funeral on 27 May, attended the Senate, and the principal dignitaries of the Empire. After the ceremony, which took place in the Church of Foreign Missions Rue du Bac, his body was transported to the Pantheon. His eulogy was delivered by the Gaspard Monge, President of the Senate who traced his long career. However, when a friend of the family seeking a pension for Petiet's widow, the Emperor refused stating
The Society of Foreign Missions of Paris is a Roman Catholic missionary organization. It is not a religious institute, but an organization of secular priests and lay persons dedicated to missionary work in foreign lands.
Gaspard Monge, Comte de Péluse was a French mathematician, the inventor of descriptive geometry, and the father of differential geometry. During the French Revolution he served as the Minister of the Marine, and was involved in the reform of the French educational system, helping to found the École Polytechnique.
... Mr. Petiet how did he not become rich, I gave him 20 times the opportunity to make his fortune?
It was the Senate and not the Emperor who awarded a pension to his widow of 6,000 f. Later when a prisoner on St. Helena, Napoleon seems to have had a change of heart for he wrote:
The eminent services rendered Petiet Minister in the administration of the war, particularly the merit of being the first since the revolution that had presented a clear and specific spending, his ministry has not saved him from disgrace. However, while as always, in his long public service career he was noted for his integrity. He died penniless leaving an inheritance to his children that the esteem which was so justly acquired him.
Petiet had three notable sons:
Another son, Sylvain, wrote Souvenirs d'un page de l'empereur in which he describes his father's career, and that his father married a woman from Brittany.
Fifty years after the death of the surveyor-general on 13 February 1854, Sainte-Beuve wrote in his Lectures on Monday:
Amidst the scandals that characterize the administration of the Directory, the Ministry Petiet was an honorable exception. This minister, a good and deserving man, strove to keep proper accounts and after a fiscal year, he submitted the complete picture of its operations to the judgment of Legislative Council and the public; He did without hesitation and with sincerity
At the time of the coup d'état Fructidor, he warned his friends in the passage of Hoche's troops within the "constitutional radius" no troops should cross without the permission of the legislature. This leads to the arrest of the Executive to the rostrum of the Five Hundred, 30 Messidor by Delahaye. At the time of the coup d'état of 30 Messidor with Lucien Bonaparte, Jourdan and Augereau, he will ask for their resignation Larevelliere and Merlin.
In a letter dated 17 October 1799, to Caesar de la Tour-Maubourg, Lafayette wrote:
Petiet, a close friend of Moreau, requested to inform me that his friend did not ... the character out of the ordinary course and in a word, good for a head battle, it was not clean a company. It has caused yet fully with it and wait for news of this conversation.
It is true that as minister of war, Petiet had signed the appointment of Bonaparte at the head of the army of Italy and Moreau to the head of the Rhine. In a note to General Regnier, Moreau says:
Aubert de Bayet no longer minister of war, the commissioner who replaces Petiet. I know he is a man of great talent.
In his memoires, his son Auguste-Louis wrote:
I delivered my dispatches to the Emperor asking for my name, I replied through my tears, remembering he had probably seen me at Austerlitz, Napoleon again point of the question he had posed. "Your father told me he was an honest man, he has done a lot for the state, he will live in history".
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| Secretary of State for War |
8 February 1796 – 15 July 1797
| Succeeded by|