Claude Ménard (economist)

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Claude Ménard (French:  [menaʁ] ; born 1944) is a Canadian economist and professor at the University of Paris I: Panthéon-Sorbonne. Ménard is also the creator and former director of the Centre d'analyse théorique des organisations et des marchés (ATOM), which merged with the Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne in 2009, as well as a co-founder of the Society for Institutional & Organizational Economics (formally the International Society for New Institutional Economics). [1] His research focuses on institutional and organizational economics. [2]

Canadians citizens of Canada

Canadians are people identified with the country of Canada. This connection may be residential, legal, historical or cultural. For most Canadians, several of these connections exist and are collectively the source of their being Canadian.

Economist professional in the social science discipline of economics

An economist is a practitioner in the social science discipline of economics.

Institutional economics focuses on understanding the role of the evolutionary process and the role of institutions in shaping economic behaviour. Its original focus lay in Thorstein Veblen's instinct-oriented dichotomy between technology on the one side and the "ceremonial" sphere of society on the other. Its name and core elements trace back to a 1919 American Economic Review article by Walton H. Hamilton. Institutional economics emphasizes a broader study of institutions and views markets as a result of the complex interaction of these various institutions. The earlier tradition continues today as a leading heterodox approach to economics.


Youth and Education

Claude Ménard was born in Valleyfield, Quebec and grew up in Canada. He studied at the University of Montréal, where he obtained a B.A. in 1963, a M.A. in 1966, and a doctoral program diploma in the history of sciences in 1970. Thereafter, he moved to France, where he pursued his studies at the University of Paris I: Panthéon-Sorbonne and obtained Ph.D.s in both the history of sciences and economics with the distinction "magna cum laude" in 1974 and 1981, respectively. [3]

A Bachelor of Arts is a bachelor's degree awarded for an undergraduate course or program in either the liberal arts, sciences, or both. Bachelor of Arts programs generally take three to four years depending on the country, institution, and specific specializations, majors, or minors. The word baccalaureus should not be confused with baccalaureatus, which refers to the one- to two-year postgraduate Bachelor of Arts with Honors degree in some countries.

A Master of Arts is a person who was admitted to a type of master's degree awarded by universities in many countries, and the degree is also named Master of Arts in colloquial speech. The degree is usually contrasted with the Master of Science. Those admitted to the degree typically study linguistics, history, communication studies, diplomacy, public administration, political science, or other subjects within the scope of the humanities and social sciences; however, different universities have different conventions and may also offer the degree for fields typically considered within the natural sciences and mathematics. The degree can be conferred in respect of completing courses and passing examinations, research, or a combination of the two.

France Republic in Europe with several non-European regions

France, officially the French Republic, is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories. The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories include French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country's 18 integral regions span a combined area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.02 million. France is a unitary semi-presidential republic with its capital in Paris, the country's largest city and main cultural and commercial centre. Other major urban areas include Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.

Academic career

Following the completion of his postgraduate studies in Montréal, Claude Ménard worked from 1966 to 1974 as professor of economic history at the Collège Edouard Montpetit in Montréal, while in parallel doing research at the Canadian Museum of History (former "Museum of Man") in Gatineau, Quebec. He then moved to Europe in 1974 when he accepted a research position at the University of Utrecht, which he quit in 1978 to become associate professor of economics at the University of Paris I: Panthéon-Sorbonne. He then left Panthéon-Sorbonne after obtaining his Ph.D. in economics to become a full professor of economics at the University of Dijon in 1981, but returned to Panthéon-Sorbonne as a professor of economics in 1983, a position he still holds to this day. Moreover, Ménard has been an international associate of the Institute of Water Policy of the National University of Singapore since 2009 and a senior research fellow at the TU Delft since [4]

Economic history history studies focused on economics

Economic history is the study of economies or economic phenomena of the past. Analysis in economic history is undertaken using a combination of historical methods, statistical methods and the application of economic theory to historical situations and institutions. The topic includes financial and business history and overlaps with areas of social history such as demographic and labor history. The quantitative—in this case, econometric—study of economic history is also known as cliometrics.

Canadian Museum of History building in Quebec, Canada

The Canadian Museum of History is Canada's national museum of human history. It is located in the Hull area of Gatineau, Quebec, directly across the Ottawa River from Parliament Hill in Ottawa, Ontario. The museum's primary purpose is to collect, study, preserve, and present material objects that illuminate the human history of Canada and the cultural diversity of its people. Formerly the Canadian Museum of Civilization, the name of the museum was changed in 2013 to the Canadian Museum of History.

Associate professor is an academic title with two principal meanings.

In 1991 Ménard founded the Centre d'analyse théorique des organisations et des marchés (ATOM) at the Sorbonne and directed it until its merger with the Centre d'Économie de la Sorbonne in 2009. In the past he has also worked as senior researcher at the CNRS (1998-2000) and has held numerous visiting positions at universities around the world, e.g. the University of California, Berkeley (1991-1992), the National University of Colombia (1996), Erasmus University Rotterdam (2002) or the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (2004). [5]

University of California, Berkeley Public university in California, USA

The University of California, Berkeley is a public research university in Berkeley, California. It was founded in 1868 and serves as the flagship campus of the ten campuses of the University of California. Berkeley has since grown to instruct over 40,000 students in approximately 350 undergraduate and graduate degree programs covering numerous disciplines.

National University of Colombia university

The National University of Colombia is a public and national research university in Colombia, with general campuses in Bogotá, Medellín, Manizales and Palmira, and satellite campuses in Leticia, San Andrés (island), Arauca, Tumaco and La Paz, Cesar. It was established in 1867 by an act of the Congress of Colombia, and, as of 2017, was one of the largest universities in the country with more than 53,000 students. It grants a large number of academic degrees per year and offers 450 academic programmes, including 95 undergraduate degrees, 83 academic specializations, 40 medical specialties, 167 master's degrees, and 65 doctorates. Approximately 44,000 students are enrolled for an undergraduate degree and 10,000 for a postgraduate degree. It is also one of the few universities that employs post-doctorate fellows in the country.

Erasmus University Rotterdam is a public university located in Rotterdam, Netherlands. The university is named after Desiderius Erasmus Roterodamus, a 15th-century humanist and theologian.

Personal life

Claude Ménard has two daughters and is passionate about cross-country skiing and canoeing. [6]

Cross-country skiing form of snow skiing

Cross-country skiing is a form of skiing where skiers rely on their own locomotion to move across snow-covered terrain, rather than using ski lifts or other forms of assistance. Cross-country skiing is widely practiced as a sport and recreational activity; however, some still use it as a means of transportation. Variants of cross-country skiing are adapted to a range of terrain which spans unimproved, sometimes mountainous terrain to groomed courses that are specifically designed for the sport.

Canoeing paddle sport in which you kneel or sit facing forward in an open or closed-decked canoe, and propel yourself with a single-bladed paddle, under your own power

Canoeing is an activity which involves paddling a canoe with a single-bladed paddle. Common meanings of the term are limited to when the canoeing is the central purpose of the activity. Broader meanings include when it is combined with other activities such as canoe camping, or where canoeing is merely a transportation method used to accomplish other activities. Most present-day canoeing is done as or as a part of a sport or recreational activity. In some parts of Europe canoeing refers to both canoeing and kayaking, with a canoe being called an open canoe.


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  1. "History". Society for Institutional & Organizational Economics. Retrieved 3 February 2016.
  2. Homepage of Claude Ménard
  3. CV of Claude Ménard Archived 2014-12-13 at the Wayback Machine
  4. CV of Claude Ménard on his homepage Archived 2014-12-13 at the Wayback Machine
  5. CV of Claude Ménard on his homepage Archived 2014-12-13 at the Wayback Machine
  6. Claude Ménard's homepage