Claude Wagner

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Claude Wagner

PC QC
Member of the National Assembly of Quebec for Montréal-Verdun
In office
1964–1966
Preceded by George O'Reilly
Succeeded byDistrict was abolished
Member of the National Assembly of Quebec for Verdun
In office
1966–1970
Preceded byDistrict was created
Succeeded by Lucien Caron
Member of the Canadian Parliament
for Saint-Hyacinthe
In office
1972–1978
Preceded by Théogène Ricard
Succeeded by Marcel Ostiguy
Senator for Kennebec, Quebec
In office
April 21, 1978 July 11, 1979
Appointed by Pierre Trudeau
Preceded by Jean-Pierre Côté
Succeeded by Guy Charbonneau
Personal details
Born(1925-04-04)April 4, 1925
Shawinigan, Quebec
DiedJuly 11, 1979(1979-07-11) (aged 54)
Political party Progressive Conservative
Other political
affiliations
Quebec Liberal Party
Spouse(s)Gisèle Normandeau [1]
Children Richard Wagner
CabinetProvincial:
Solicitor General
Attorney General
Minister of Justice

Claude Wagner, PC QC (April 4, 1925 July 11, 1979) was a judge and politician in the Province of Quebec, Canada. In his career, Wagner was a Crown prosecutor, professor of criminal law and judge.

Queens Privy Council for Canada

The Queen's Privy Council for Canada, sometimes called Her Majesty's Privy Council for Canada or simply the Privy Council, is the full group of personal consultants to the monarch of Canada on state and constitutional affairs. Responsible government, though, requires the sovereign or her viceroy, the Governor General of Canada, to almost always follow only that advice tendered by the Cabinet: a committee within the Privy Council composed usually of elected Members of Parliament. Those summoned to the QPC are appointed for life by the governor general as directed by the Prime Minister of Canada, meaning that the group is composed predominantly of former cabinet ministers, with some others having been inducted as an honorary gesture. Those in the council are accorded the use of an honorific style and post-nominal letters, as well as various signifiers of precedence.

Queens Counsel Jurist appointed by letters patent in some Commonwealth realms

A Queen's Counsel, or King's Counsel during the reign of a king, is a lawyer who is appointed by the monarch to be one of "Her Majesty's Counsel learned in the law." The term is recognised as an honorific. The position exists in some Commonwealth jurisdictions around the world, but other Commonwealth countries have either abolished the position, or re-named it to eliminate monarchical connotations, such as "Senior Counsel" or "Senior Advocate". Queen's Counsel is an office, conferred by the Crown, that is recognised by courts. Members have the privilege of sitting within the bar of court.

Judge official who presides over court proceedings

A judge is a person who presides over court proceedings, either alone or as a part of a panel of judges. The powers, functions, method of appointment, discipline, and training of judges vary widely across different jurisdictions. The judge is supposed to conduct the trial impartially and, typically, in an open court. The judge hears all the witnesses and any other evidence presented by the barristers of the case, assesses the credibility and arguments of the parties, and then issues a ruling on the matter at hand based on his or her interpretation of the law and his or her own personal judgment. In some jurisdictions, the judge's powers may be shared with a jury. In inquisitorial systems of criminal investigation, a judge might also be an examining magistrate.

Contents

Life and career

Wagner was born in Shawinigan, Quebec, the son of Corona (née Saint-Arnaud) and Benjamin Wagner. [2] His father, a violinist, was a German Jewish immigrant from Bavaria. [3] [4] His mother was French-Canadian and Catholic, and Wagner practiced Roman Catholicism. [5] [6]

Shawinigan City in Quebec, Canada

Shawinigan is a city located on the Saint-Maurice River in the Mauricie area in Quebec, Canada. It had a population of 50,060 as of the Canada 2011 Census.

Bavaria State in Germany

Bavaria, officially the Free State of Bavaria, is a landlocked federal state of Germany, occupying its southeastern corner. With an area of 70,550.19 square kilometres, Bavaria is the largest German state by land area comprising roughly a fifth of the total land area of Germany. With 13 million inhabitants, it is Germany's second-most-populous state after North Rhine-Westphalia. Bavaria's main cities are Munich and Nuremberg.

In 1963, Wagner was appointed as a Sessions Court judge. Subsequently, he was elected to the Legislative Assembly of Quebec in a by-election in Montréal-Verdun on October 5, 1964, and was re-elected in the 1966 general election in Verdun. He earned a "law and order" reputation when he served successively as Solicitor General, Attorney General, and Minister of Justice from its creation in 1965 to 1966 in the government of Quebec Premier Jean Lesage.

The Legislative Assembly of Quebec was the name of the lower house of Quebec's legislature until December 31, 1968, when it was renamed the National Assembly of Quebec. At the same time, the upper house of the legislature, the Legislative Council, was abolished. Both were initially created by the Constitutional Act of 1791.

Montréal-Verdun was a former provincial electoral district in the Montreal region of Quebec, Canada that elected members to the Legislative Assembly of Quebec.

The Quebec general election of 1966 was held on June 5, 1966, to elect members of the Legislative Assembly of Quebec, Canada. The Union Nationale (UN), led by Daniel Johnson, Sr, defeated the incumbent Quebec Liberal Party, led by Jean Lesage.

After losing the 1970 Quebec Liberal Party leadership election to Robert Bourassa, Wagner left politics to return to the bench, receiving appointment once more as a Sessions Court judge. He then entered federal politics, and was elected as the Progressive Conservative Member of Parliament for Saint-Hyacinthe in the 1972 federal election. [7] He was re-elected in the 1974 election, and stood as a candidate at the Progressive Conservative leadership convention of 1976.

Robert Bourassa Canadian politician and lawyer

Robert Bourassa, was a Canadian politician from Quebec. He served as the 22nd Premier of Quebec in two different mandates, first from May 12, 1970, to November 25, 1976, and then from December 12, 1985, to January 11, 1994, serving a total of just under 15 years as Provincial Premier.

Progressive Conservative Party of Canada Former Canadian political party

The Progressive Conservative Party of Canada (PC) was a federal political party in Canada.

Saint-Hyacinthe—Bagot Federal electoral district

Saint-Hyacinthe—Bagot is a federal electoral district that has been represented in the House of Commons of Canada since 1935. It is located in Quebec, Canada. Its population in 2006 was 95,983. In the 2015 election the winner received the lowest vote percentage of any winning candidate in the country.

Wagner attracted support amongst Tories who believed that having a leader from Quebec would enable the party to break the federal Liberal Party's stranglehold on the province, and from right-wing Tories attracted by his law and order reputation. He was hurt by revelations of a slush fund that was funded by supporters so that he would be financially solvent if he lost in 1972. Wagner led on the first three ballots of the Convention, but lost to Joe Clark by 65 votes out of 2,309 on the fourth ballot.

Liberal Party of Canada oldest federal political party in Canada

The Liberal Party of Canada is the oldest and longest-serving governing political party in Canada. The Liberals form the current government, elected in 2015. The party has dominated federal politics for much of Canada's history, holding power for almost 69 years in the 20th century—more than any other party in a developed country—and as a result, it is sometimes referred to as Canada's "natural governing party".

A slush fund, also called a black fund, is a fund or account that is not properly accounted, such as money used for corrupt or illegal purposes, especially in the political sphere. Such funds may be kept hidden and maintained separately from money that is used for legitimate purposes. Slush funds may be employed by government or corporate officials in efforts to pay influential people discreetly in return for preferential treatment, advance information, and other services. The funds themselves may not be kept secret but the source of the funds or how they were acquired or for what purposes they are used may be hidden. Use of slush funds to influence government activities may be viewed as subversive of the democratic process.

Joe Clark 16th Prime Minister of Canada

Charles Joseph "Joe" Clark, is a Canadian elder statesman, businessman, writer, and politician who served as the 16th prime minister of Canada, from June 4, 1979, to March 3, 1980.

In 1978, he was elevated to the Senate of Canada by Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau and sat as a Progressive Conservative. [8] One reason for his departure from the House of Commons was that he could not get along well with Joe Clark. [9] He died of cancer the next year at the age of 54. [10]

Senate of Canada Upper house of the Parliament of Canada

The Senate of Canada is the upper house of the Parliament of Canada, along with the House of Commons and the monarch. The Senate is modelled after the British House of Lords and consists of 105 members appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister. Seats are assigned on a regional basis: four regions—defined as Ontario, Quebec, the Maritime provinces, and the Western provinces—each receive 24 seats, with the remaining portions of the country—Newfoundland and Labrador receiving six seats and the three northern territories each assigned the remaining one seat. Senators may serve until they reach the age of 75.

Pierre Trudeau 15th Prime Minister of Canada

Joseph Philippe Pierre Yves Elliott Trudeau, often referred to by the initials PET, was a Canadian politician who served as the 15th prime minister of Canada. He was the third longest-serving prime minister in Canadian history, having served for 15 years, 164 days.

His son, Richard, also pursued a career in the judiciary, eventually being nominated to sit on the Supreme Court of Canada in 2012, and who became Chief Justice of Canada in 2017. [11]

See also

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References

  1. http://www.assnat.qc.ca/fr/deputes/wagner-claude-5729/biographie.html
  2. http://www2.macleans.ca/2012/10/04/the-other-political-son/
  3. Ian MacDonald (January 8, 1966). "Watch Quebec's Own Gangbuster". The Vancouver Sun . Retrieved April 21, 2009.
  4. "Pepin's defeat, Wagner victory fail to stop Liberals from retaining majority in Quebec". The Globe and Mail, October 31, 1972.
  5. "Trudeau finds a Senate seat for Claude Wagner". The Globe and Mail, April 22, 1979.
  6. Sawatsky, Mulroney: The Politics of Ambition
  7. "Quebec senator was ex-Tory MP". The Globe and Mail, July 12, 1979.
  8. Sean Fine (12 December 2017). "Richard Wagner named new Supreme Court Chief Justice". The Globe and Mail.