Colbert in 1932
Émilie Claudette Chauchoin
September 13, 1903
|Died||July 30, 1996 92) (aged|
|Resting place||Godings Bay Church Cemetery, Speightstown, Saint Peter, Barbados |
|Other names||Lily Claudette Chauchoin|
|Education||Art Students League of New York|
Claudette Colbert ( // kohl-BAIR; born Émilie Claudette Chauchoin; September 13, 1903 – July 30, 1996) was an American stage and film actress.
Colbert began her career in Broadway productions during the late 1920s and progressed to motion pictures with the advent of Talking pictures. Initially associated with Paramount Pictures, she gradually shifted to working as a freelance actress. She won the Academy Award for Best Actress in It Happened One Night (1934), and received two other Academy Award nominations. Other notable films include Cleopatra (1934) and The Palm Beach Story (1942).
A sound film is a motion picture with synchronized sound, or sound technologically coupled to image, as opposed to a silent film. The first known public exhibition of projected sound films took place in Paris in 1900, but decades passed before sound motion pictures were made commercially practical. Reliable synchronization was difficult to achieve with the early sound-on-disc systems, and amplification and recording quality were also inadequate. Innovations in sound-on-film led to the first commercial screening of short motion pictures using the technology, which took place in 1923.
Paramount Pictures Corporation is an American film studio based in Hollywood, California, that has been a subsidiary of the American media conglomerate Viacom since 1994. Paramount is the fifth oldest surviving film studio in the world, the second oldest in the United States, and the sole member of the "Big Five" film studios still located in the Los Angeles neighborhood of Hollywood.
The Academy Award for Best Actress is an award presented annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). It is given in honor of an actress who has delivered an outstanding performance in a leading role while working within the film industry. The award was traditionally presented by the previous year's Best Actor winner.
With her round face, big eyes, charming, aristocratic manner, and flairfor light comedy, as well as emotional drama, Colbert was known for a versatility that led to her becoming one of the industry's best-paid stars of the 1930s and 1940s and, in 1938 and 1942, the highest-paid star. During her career, Colbert starred in more than 60 movies. Among her frequent co-stars were Fred MacMurray in seven films (1935−49), and Fredric March in four films (1930−33).
Frederick Martin MacMurray was an American actor and singer who appeared in more than 100 films and a successful television series during a career that spanned nearly a half-century, from 1930 to the 1970s.
Fredric March was an American actor, regarded as "one of Hollywood's most celebrated, versatile stars of the 1930s and 1940s". He won the Academy Award for Best Actor for Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde (1931) and The Best Years of Our Lives (1946), as well as the Tony Award for Best Actor in a Play for Years Ago (1947) and Long Day's Journey into Night (1956).
By the early 1950s, Colbert had basically retired from the screen in favor of television and stage work, and she earned a Tony Award nomination for The Marriage-Go-Round in 1959. Her career tapered off during the early 1960s, but in the late 1970s she experienced a career resurgence in theater, earning a Sarah Siddons Award for her Chicago theater work in 1980. For her television work in The Two Mrs. Grenvilles (1987), she won a Golden Globe Award and received an Emmy Award nomination.
The Antoinette Perry Award for Excellence in Broadway Theatre, more commonly known as the Tony Award, recognizes excellence in live Broadway theatre. The awards are presented by the American Theatre Wing and The Broadway League at an annual ceremony in Midtown Manhattan. The awards are given for Broadway productions and performances, and an award is given for regional theatre. Several discretionary non-competitive awards are also given, including a Special Tony Award, the Tony Honors for Excellence in Theatre, and the Isabelle Stevenson Award. The awards are named after Antoinette "Tony" Perry, co-founder of the American Theatre Wing. The trophy consists of a medallion, with a face portraying an adaptation of the comedy and tragedy masks, mounted on a black base with a pewter swivel.
The Marriage-Go-Round is a 1958 play written by Leslie Stevens. The 1961 film adaptation of the same name, written and produced by Stevens, stars Susan Hayward, James Mason and Julie Newmar.
The Sarah Siddons Award, established in 1952, is presented annually to an actor for an outstanding performance in a Chicago theatrical production. The winner receives a statuette of the Welsh stage actress Sarah Siddons.
In 1999, the American Film Institute posthumously voted Colbert the 12th-greatest female star of classic Hollywood cinema.
The American Film Institute (AFI) is an American film organization that educates filmmakers and honors the heritage of the motion picture arts in the United States. AFI is supported by private funding and public membership fees.
Part of the AFI 100 Years... series, AFI's 100 Years...100 Stars is a list of the top 25 male and 25 female greatest screen legends of American film history. The list was unveiled by the American Film Institute on June 15, 1999, in a CBS special hosted by Shirley Temple, with 50 current actors making the presentations.
Émilie Claudette Chauchoin (pronounced "show-shwan") was born in 1903 in Saint-Mandé, France,to Jeanne Marie (née Loew, 1877–1970) and Georges Claude Chauchoin (1867–1925).
Saint-MandéFrench pronunciation: [sɛ̃ mɑ̃.de] is a high-end commune of the Val-de-Marne department in Île-de-France in the eastern suburbs of Paris, France. It is located 5.3 km (3.3 mi) from the center of Paris. The municipality is the sixth smallest surface of Île-de-France, and therefore one of the most densely populated ones in Europe. It is located on the edge of the 12th district of Paris, near the Porte de Vincennes and Porte de Saint-Mandé. The motto of the city is "Cresco et Floresco", which means "I grow and I flourish".
Although christened "Émilie", she was called "Lily". because she had an aunt living with her by the name of Émilie. The aunt was her maternal grandmother's adopted child, Emilie Loew (1878–1954), who was not a blood relative, worked as a dressmaker, and never married. Colbert's nickname "Lily" came from Jersey-born actress Lillie Langtry.Jeanne, Emilie Loew, and Colbert's grandmother, Marie Augustine Loew (1842–1930), were born in the Channel Islands between England and France, thus were already fluent English speakers before coming to the U.S., though French and English were spoken in the family circle.
Colbert's brother, Charles Auguste Chauchoin (1898–1971), was also born in the Bailiwick of Jersey. Jeanne held various occupations. While Georges Chauchoin had lost the sight in his right eye and had not settled into a profession, he worked as investment banker, suffering business setbacks. Marie Loew had already been to the U.S., and Georges' brother-in-law (surname Vedel) was already living in New York City. Marie was willing to help Georges financially, but also encouraged him to try his luck in the U.S.
To pursue more employment opportunities, Colbert and her family, including Marie and Emilie Loew, emigrated to Manhattan in 1906.
They lived in a fifth-floor walk-up at 53rd Street. Colbert stated that climbing those stairs to the fifth floor every day until 1922 made her legs beautiful.Her parents formally changed her legal name to Lily Claudette Chauchoin'. Georges Chauchoin worked as a minor official at First National City Bank. Before Colbert entered public school, she quickly learned English from her grandmother Marie Loew and continued to be fluent in French. She had hoped to become a painter ever since she had grasped her first pencil. Her family was naturalized in the U.S. in 1912. Her mother wanted to become an opera singer.
Colbert studied at Washington Irving High School (known for having a strong arts program), where her speech teacher, Alice Rossetter, encouraged her to audition for a play Rossetter had written. In 1919, Colbert made her stage debut at the Provincetown Playhouse in The Widow's Veil at the age of 15.However, Colbert's interest still leaned towards painting, fashion design, and commercial art.
Intending to become a fashion designer, she attended the Art Students League of New York, where she paid for her art education by working as a dress-shop employee. After attending a party with writer Anne Morrison, Colbert was offered a bit part in Morrison's playand appeared on the Broadway stage in a small role in The Wild Westcotts (1923). She had been using the name Claudette instead of her first name Lily since high school, and for her stage name, she added her maternal grandmother's maiden name, Colbert. Her father, Georges, died in 1925 and her grandmother, Marie Loew, died in New York in 1930.
After signing a five-year contract with producer Al Woods, Colbert played ingenue roles on Broadway from 1925 through 1929. Through the influence of Woods, she was originally cast in Frederick Lonsdale's The Fake , but was replaced by Frieda Inescort before it opened. Initially, Woods tried to promote Colbert as his "British discovery". '" She received critical acclaim on Broadway in the production of The Barker (1927) as a carnival snake charmer. She reprised this role for the play's run in London's West End. Colbert was noticed by the theatrical producer Leland Hayward, who suggested her for the heroine role in For the Love of Mike (1927), a silent film now believed to be lost. The film didn't fare well enough at the box-office.During this period she disliked being typecast as a French maid. Colbert later said, "In the very beginning, they wanted to give me French roles … That's why I used to say my name Col-bert just as it is spelled instead of Col-baire. I did not want to be typed as 'that French girl.
In 1928, Colbert signed a contract with Paramount Pictures;there was a demand for stage actors who could handle dialogue in the new "talkies" medium. Colbert's elegance and musical voice were among her best assets. In The Hole in the Wall (1929), audiences noticed her beauty, but at first she did not like film acting. Her earliest films were produced in New York. During production of the film The Lady Lies (also 1929), she was appearing nightly in the play See Naples and Die. The Lady Lies was also a box-office success. In 1930, she starred opposite Maurice Chevalier in The Big Pond , which was filmed in both English and French. She co-starred with Fredric March in Manslaughter (1930), receiving critical acclaim for her performance as a woman charged with vehicular manslaughter. She was paired with March again in Honor Among Lovers (1931) and also starred in Mysterious Mr. Parkes (1931), which was a French-language version of Slightly Scarlet for the European market, although it was also screened in the United States. She sang and played piano in the Ernst Lubitsch musical The Smiling Lieutenant (1931), which was the year's 10th domestic box-office success. Colbert's ability to "hold her man" (Maurice Chevalier again) surpassed "Queen" Miriam Hopkins, according to David Shipman. Colbert concluded the year with appearance in a modestly successful film, His Woman , with Gary Cooper.
Colbert's career received a boost when Cecil B. DeMille cast her as femme fatale Poppaca in the historical epic The Sign of the Cross (1932), opposite Fredric March and Charles Laughton. In one of the best remembered scenes of her movie career, she bathes nude in a marble pool filled with asses' milk.The film was one of her biggest box-office hits.
In 1933, Colbert renegotiated her contract with Paramount to allow her to appear in films for other studios. Her musical voice was also featured in the film Torch Singer (1933), which co-starred Ricardo Cortez and David Manners.[ citation needed ]
For 1933, she was already ranking as the 13th box-office star.By 1933, she had appeared in 20 films, averaging around four films per year. Many of her early films were commercial successes, and her performances were admired. Her leading roles were serious and diverse, which proved her versatility.
Colbert was initially reluctant to appear in the screwball comedy It Happened One Night (1934). The studio accepted Colbert's demand that she be paid $50,000 and that filming was to be completed within four weeks to allow her to take a planned vacation.Colbert won the Academy Award for Best Actress for the film.
In Cleopatra (1934), she played the title role opposite Warren William and Henry Wilcoxon. The film was one of the year's biggest domestic box-office hits.Thereafter, Colbert did not wish to be portrayed as overtly sexual, and later refused such roles. Imitation of Life (1934), when she was on loan to Universal, was the year's eighth domestic box-office success.
Colbert's rising profile again allowed her to renegotiate her contract, which raised her salary. For 1935 and 1936, she was listed sixth and eighth in the annual "Top Ten Money-Making Stars Poll".Then, she received an Academy Award nomination for her role in the hospital drama Private Worlds (1935).
In 1936, Colbert signed a new contract with Paramount Pictures, which made her Hollywood's highest-paid actress.This was followed by a contract renewal in 1938, after which she was reported to be the best-paid star in Hollywood with a salary of $426,924. At the peak of her popularity in the late 1930s, Colbert earned $150,000 a film.
Colbert spent the rest of the 1930s deftly alternating between romantic comedies and dramas, and found success in both: She Married Her Boss (1935) with Melvyn Douglas; The Gilded Lily (1935) and The Bride Comes Home (1935), both with Fred MacMurray; Under Two Flags (1936) with Ronald Colman; Zaza (1939) with Herbert Marshall; Midnight (1939) with Don Ameche; and It's a Wonderful World (1939) with James Stewart.[ citation needed ]
Colbert was 5 ft 5 in (165 cm) tall. Hedda Hopper wrote that Colbert placed her career "ahead of everything, save possibly her marriage", with a strong sense of what was best for her, and a "deep-rooted desire to be in shape, efficient, and under control". The writer A. Scott Berg remarked that Colbert had "helped define femininity for her generation with her chic manner". Colbert once said, "I know what's best for me, after all I have been in the Claudette Colbert business longer than anybody."
Colbert was a stickler for perfection regarding the way she appeared on screen. She believed that her face was difficult to light and photograph, and was obsessed with not showing the right side of her face to the camera, because of a small bump resulting from a childhood broken nose.She often refused to be filmed from the right side of her face, and this sometimes necessitated redesigning movie sets. During the filming of Tovarich (1937), one of her favored cameramen was dismissed by the director, Anatole Litvak. After seeing the rushes filmed by the replacement, Colbert refused to continue. She insisted on hiring her own cameraman, and offered to waive her salary if the film went over budget as a result. Gary Cooper was terrified at the prospect of working with Colbert in his first comedy, Bluebeard's Eighth Wife (1938), which was the year's 15th domestic box-office success. Cooper respected Colbert to be an expert in the genre. She learned about lighting and cinematography, and refused to begin filming until she was satisfied that she would be shown to her best advantage. Drums Along the Mohawk (1939) with Henry Fonda was Colbert's first color film, which was the year's sixth domestic box-office success. However, she distrusted the relatively new Technicolor process and feared that she would not photograph well, preferring thereafter to be filmed in black and white.
During this time, she began appearing for CBS's popular radio program Lux Radio Theater , making 22 episodes between 1935 and 1954.She appeared for another radio program, The Screen Guild Theater , making 13 episodes between 1939 and 1952.
In 1940, Colbert refused a seven-year contract with Paramount, that would have paid her $200,000 a year, after finding out that she could command a fee of $150,000 per film as a freelance artist. With her manager, Colbert was able to secure roles in prestigious films, and this period marked the height of her earning ability.Boom Town (1940) was the year's third domestic box-office hit. However, Colbert once said that Arise, My Love (1940) was her favorite of all her movies. The film won the Academy Award for Best Story.
During filming of So Proudly We Hail! (1943), a rift occurred between Colbert and co-star Paulette Goddard, who preferred another co-star, Veronica Lake, rather than Colbert. Goddard commented that Colbert "flipped" and "was at [my] eyes at every moment", and said that they continued their feud throughout the duration of filming.Colbert was otherwise known for maintaining particularly high standards of professionalism and qualities during shooting.
So Proudly We Hail! was the year's 12th domestic box-office success.Impressed by Colbert's role in the film, David O. Selznick approached her to play the lead role in Since You Went Away (1944). She was initially reluctant to appear as a mother of teenaged children, but Selznick eventually overcame her sensitivity. Released in June 1944, the film was the year's fourth domestic box-office hit. and grossed almost $5 million in the United States. The critic James Agee praised aspects of the film, but particularly Colbert's work. Partly as a result, she received an Academy Award nomination for Best Actress.
In 1945, Colbert ended her association with Paramount Studios and continued to freelance in such films as Guest Wife (1945), with Don Ameche. She starred opposite John Wayne in the RKO film Without Reservations (1946), which grossed $3 million in the U.S. While working on Without Reservations, director Mervyn LeRoy described Colbert as an interesting lady to work with, recalling her habit of not watching where she was going and constantly bumping into things.Praised for her sense of style and awareness of fashion, Colbert ensured throughout her career that she was impeccably groomed and costumed. For the melodrama Tomorrow Is Forever (1946), Jean Louis was hired to create 18 changes of wardrobe for her. Tomorrow is Forever and The Secret Heart (also 1946) were also substantial commercial successes, and the overall popularity of Colbert during 1947 led her to place 9th in the "Top Ten Money-Making Stars Poll".
She achieved great success opposite Fred MacMurray in the comedy The Egg and I (1947). The film was the year's eighth domestic box-office hitand was later acknowledged as the 12th-most profitable American film of the 1940s. The suspense film Sleep, My Love (1948) with Robert Cummings was a modest commercial success. By 1949, she was still ranking as the 22nd-highest box-office star.
The romantic comedy, Bride for Sale (1949), in which Colbert played part of a love triangle that included George Brent and Robert Young, was well-reviewed.Her performance in the Pacific war film Three Came Home (1950) was also praised by the critics. However, The Secret Fury (1950), distributed by RKO Studios, was a mystery melodrama that received mixed reviews. During this period Colbert was unable to work beyond 5p.m. each day due to orders from her doctor. While Colbert still looked like a young woman, she found it difficult to make the transition to playing more mature characters as she entered middle age. Colbert once said, "I'm a very good comedienne, but I was always fighting that image, too."
In 1949, Colbert was selected to play Margo Channing in All About Eve , because producer Joseph L. Mankiewicz felt that she best represented the style he envisioned for the part. However, Colbert severely injured her back, which led her to abandon the picture shortly before filming began. Bette Davis, who was Oscar nominated for her performance, was cast instead. In later life, Colbert said, "I just never had the luck to play bitches."
For tax reasonsColbert traveled to Europe, making fewer films in the early 1950s. She appeared in Royal Affairs in Versailles (1954), the only film where she had a French director (Sacha Guitry), although she only had a supporting role, rather than top billing. This film was screened in the United States in 1957.
In 1954, Colbert turned down a million-dollar broadcast deal with NBC-TV,but made a pact with CBS-TV to star in several teleplays. After a successful appearance in a television version of The Royal Family (a parody of the Barrymore family in The Best of Broadway series), she began acting in television programs.
From 1954-1960, she starred in television adaptations of Blithe Spirit in 1956 and The Bells of St. Mary's in 1959. She also guest-starred on Robert Montgomery Presents and Playhouse 90 .
In 1956, Colbert hosted the 28th Academy Awards ceremony.
In 1957, she was cast as Lucy Bradford, the wife of schoolteacher Jim Bradford (Jeff Morrow), in the episode, "Blood in the Dust", on CBS's Dick Powell's Zane Grey Theatre . In the story line, Jim will not back down when a gunman orders him to leave town, and Lucy is particularly distressed because Jim has not fired a weapon since he was in the Civil War.In a 1960 episode of Zane Grey Theatre, "So Young the Savage Land", Colbert played Beth Brayden, who becomes disillusioned with her rancher-husband, Jim Brayden (John Dehner), because he has turned to violence to protect their property.
In 1958, she returned to Broadway in The Marriage-Go-Round , for which she was nominated for a Best Actress Tony Award.
She made a brief return to the screen, opposite Troy Donahue in Parrish (1961). The movie was her last appearance on the big screen, and she played the supporting role of the mother. The film was the year's 19th domestic box-office hit.However, Colbert received little attention from the press and she directed her agent to desist from any further attempts to generate interest in her as a film actress.
Colbert made occasional successful acting ventures in Broadway appearances in The Irregular Verb to Love (1963), The Kingfisher (1978) in which she co-starred with Rex Harrison, and Frederick Lonsdale's Aren't We All? (1985), also with Rex Harrison. Colbert once said to an interviewer, "Audiences always sound like they're glad to see me, and I'm damned glad to see them."
Colbert appeared in a supporting role in the television miniseries The Two Mrs. Grenvilles (1987). The production was a ratings success. Colbert won a Golden Globe and received a nomination for an Emmy Award.
Modern critics have pointed out that Colbert had a mixture of unique physical assets (her round apple-face,big eyes, curly hair, slender body), an elegant voice, aristocratic manner, relaxed acting, a tongue-in-cheek vivacity, intelligent style, comedic timing, and ladylike alluring charm, that distinguishes her from other screwball comediennes of the 1930s. In her comedy films, she invariably played shrewd and self-reliant women, but unlike many of her contemporaries, Colbert rarely engaged in physical comedy. Her characters were more likely to be observers and commentators.
In 1928, Colbert married Norman Foster, an actor and director, with whom she co-starred in the Broadway show The Barker, and in the film Young Man of Manhattan (1930), for which he received negative reviews as one of her weakest leading men.Their marriage remained a secret for many years while they lived in separate homes.
In Los Angeles, Colbert shared a home with her mother, Jeanne Chauchoin,but her domineering mother disliked Foster and reputedly did not allow him into the home. Colbert and Foster divorced in 1935 in Mexico.
On Christmas Eve, 1935 in Yuma, Arizona, Colbert married Dr Joel Pressman, who eventually became a professor and chief of the head and neck surgery section at the UCLA Medical School.She gave a Beechcraft single-engined plane to Pressman as a present. They purchased a ranch in Northern California, where Colbert enjoyed horseback riding and her husband kept show cattle. During this period, Colbert drove a Lincoln Continental and a Ford Thunderbird. The marriage lasted 33 years, until Pressman's death from liver cancer in 1968.
Jeanne Chauchoin reportedly envied her daughterand preferred her son's company, making Colbert's brother Charles serve as his sister's agent. Charles used the surname Wendling, which was borrowed from Jeanne's paternal grandmother, Rose Wendling. He served as Colbert's business manager for a time, and was credited with negotiating some of her more lucrative contracts in the late 1930s and early 1940s.
Although virtually retired from the motion-picture industry since the mid-1950s, Colbert was still financially solvent enough to maintain an upscale lifestyle. Despite already having a country house in Palm Springs for staying on weekends, she rented a cottage in Cap Ferrat in southeastern France. Adman Peter Rogers said, "Claudette was extravagant; I never, ever saw her question the price of anything." In 1963, Colbert sold her Lloyd Wright-designed residence in Holmby Hills (West Los Angeles), so Joel Pressman rented a small house in Beverly Hills.
In 1958, she met Verna Hull, a wealthy painter/photographer and the stepdaughter of a Sears Roebuck heiress. They had a nine-year friendship and painted together, went for drives together, traveled together, and even rented twin penthouses in New York. They had a mutual interest in art. When Colbert bought a house in Barbados in the early 1960s, Hull also bought a modest house next door. The friendship ended suddenly after an argument that took place as Colbert's husband lay dying. Colbert denied, and took offense at, lesbian rumors.Professor Pressman died in February 1968 from cancer.
She was a Republican throughout her life.
For years, Colbert divided her time between her apartment in Manhattan and her vacation home in Speightstown, Barbados.The latter, purchased from a British gentleman and nicknamed "Bellerive", was the island's only plantation house fronting the beach. However, her permanent address remained Manhattan.
Colbert's mother Jeanne died in 1970 and her brother Charles died in 1971,so her only surviving relative was a niece, Coco Lewis, Charles' daughter.
Colbert sustained a series of small strokes during the last three years of her life. She died in 1996 at her second home in Barbados,where she had employed a housekeeper and two cooks. She was 92. Colbert's remains were transported to New York City for cremation and funeral services.
A requiem mass was later held at Church of St. Vincent Ferrer in Manhattan.Her ashes are laid to rest in the Godings Bay Church Cemetery, Speightstown, Saint Peter, Barbados, alongside her mother and second husband.
Colbert never had children. She left most of her estate, estimated at $3.5 million and including her Manhattan apartment and Bellerive, to a long-time friend and partner, Helen O'Hagan, a retired director of corporate relations at Saks Fifth Avenue. Colbert had met O'Hagan in 1961 on the set of Parrish , her last film,and the pair became best friends around 1970.
After the death of Pressman, Colbert instructed her friends to treat O'Hagan as they had Pressman, "as her spouse".Although O'Hagan was financially comfortable without the generous bequest, Bellerive was sold for over $2 million to David Geffen. Colbert's remaining assets were distributed among three heirs: $150,000 to her niece Coco Lewis; a trust worth more than $100,000 to UCLA for Pressman's memory; and $75,000 to Marie Corbin, Colbert's Barbadian housekeeper.
|1935||Academy Award||Best Actress||It Happened One Night||Won|
|1936||Academy Award||Best Actress||Private Worlds||Nominated|
|1945||Academy Award||Best Actress||Since You Went Away||Nominated|
|1959||Tony Award||Best Actress||The Marriage-Go-Round||Nominated||[ citation needed ]|
|1960||Hollywood Walk of Fame||Star at 6812 Hollywood Blvd.||—||Inducted|
|1980||Sarah Siddons Award||The Kingfisher||Won|
|1984||Film Society of Lincoln Center||Lifetime Achievement Award||—||Won|
|1985||Drama Desk||Drama Desk Special Award||Aren't We All||Won|
|1987||Primetime Emmy Award||Outstanding Supporting Actress||The Two Mrs. Grenvilles||Nominated||[ citation needed ]|
|1988||Golden Globe Award||Best Supporting Actress in a Series||The Two Mrs. Grenvilles||Won||[ citation needed ]|
|1989||Kennedy Center Honors||Lifetime Achievement Award||—||Won|
|1990||San Sebastián International Film Festival||Donostia Award||—||Won|
|1999||American Film Institute||Greatest Female Stars||—||12th|
The following is a list of feature films in which Colbert had top billing.
William Clark Gable was an American film actor who is often referred to as "The King of Hollywood". He began his career as an extra in Hollywood silent films between 1924 and 1926, and progressed to supporting roles with a few films for Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM) in 1930. He landed his first leading role in 1931 and was a leading man in more than 60 motion pictures in a wide variety of genres over the following three decades.
It Happened One Night is a 1934 pre-Code American romantic comedy film with elements of screwball comedy directed and co-produced by Frank Capra, in collaboration with Harry Cohn, in which a pampered socialite tries to get out from under her father's thumb and falls in love with a roguish reporter. The plot is based on the August 1933 short story "Night Bus" by Samuel Hopkins Adams, which provided the shooting title. Classified as a "pre-Code" production, the film is among the last romantic comedies created before the MPPDA began rigidly enforcing the 1930 Motion Picture Production Code in July 1934. It Happened One Night was released just four months prior to that enforcement.
Joan Crawford was an American film and television actress who began her career as a dancer in traveling theatrical companies before debuting as a chorus girl on Broadway. Crawford then signed a motion picture contract with Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer in 1925; her career would span decades, studios, and controversies. In 1999, The American Film Institute ranked Crawford tenth on its list of the greatest female stars of Classic Hollywood Cinema.
Charles Boyer was a French-American actor who appeared in more than 80 films between 1920 and 1976. After receiving an education in drama, Boyer started on the stage, but he found his success in American films during the 1930s. His memorable performances were among the era's most highly praised, in romantic dramas such as The Garden of Allah (1936), Algiers (1938), and Love Affair (1939), as well as the mystery-thriller Gaslight (1944). He received four Oscar nominations for Best Actor.
The Big Pond is a 1930 American Pre-Code romantic comedy film based on a 1928 play of the same name by George Middleton and A.E. Thomas. The film was written by Garrett Fort, Robert Presnell Sr. and Preston Sturges, who provided the dialogue in his first Hollywood assignment, and was directed by Hobart Henley. The film stars Maurice Chevalier and Claudette Colbert, and features George Barbier, Marion Ballou, and Andrée Corday, and was released by Paramount Pictures.
Stanislaus Pascal Franchot Tone was an American stage, film and television actor. He was Oscar-nominated for his role as Midshipman Roger Byam in Mutiny on the Bounty (1935), starring alongside Oscar-winner Clark Gable and fellow nominee Charles Laughton. Tone was a leading man in the 1930s and early ‘40s, and at the height of his career was known for his gentlemanly, sophisticate roles, with supporting roles by the ‘50s. His acting crossed many genres including pre-Code romantic leads to Noir layered roles and many WWI films. He appeared as a guest star in episodes of several golden age television series, including The Twilight Zone and The Alfred Hitchcock Hour while continuing to act and produce in the theater and movies throughout the 1960s.
Private Worlds is a 1935 drama film which tells the story of the staff and patients at a mental hospital, and the chief of the hospital who has problems dealing with a female psychiatrist. The film stars Claudette Colbert, Charles Boyer, Joel McCrea, Joan Bennett, and Helen Vinson.
Ellen Miriam Hopkins was an American actress known for her versatility. She first signed with Paramount Pictures in 1930, working with Ernst Lubitsch and Joel McCrea, among many others. Her long-running feud with Bette Davis was publicized for effect. She later became a pioneer of TV drama, and was a distinguished Hollywood hostess who moved in intellectual and creative circles.
Luise Rainer was a German-American-British film actress. She was the first actor to win more than one Academy Award and, with that, the first to win back-to-back; at the time of her death, thirteen days shy of her 105th birthday, she was the longest-lived Oscar recipient, a superlative that has not been exceeded as of 2019.
Catherine Rosalind Russell was an American actress, comedian, screenwriter and singer, known for her role as fast-talking newspaper reporter Hildy Johnson in the Howard Hawks screwball comedy His Girl Friday (1940), as well as for her portrayals of Mame Dennis in Auntie Mame (1958) and Rose in Gypsy (1962). A noted comedian, she won all five Golden Globes for which she was nominated. Russell won the Tony Award for Best Actress in a Musical in 1953 for her portrayal of Ruth in the Broadway show Wonderful Town. She was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actress four times throughout her career.
Boom Town is a 1940 American adventure film directed by Jack Conway and starring Clark Gable, Spencer Tracy, Claudette Colbert, and Hedy Lamarr. The supporting cast features Frank Morgan, Lionel Atwill, and Chill Wills. A story written by James Edward Grant in Cosmopolitan magazine entitled "A Lady Comes to Burkburnett" provided the inspiration for the film. The film was produced and released by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer.
The Palm Beach Story is a 1942 romantic screwball comedy film written and directed by Preston Sturges, and starring Claudette Colbert, Joel McCrea, Mary Astor and Rudy Vallée. Victor Young contributed the lively musical score, including a fast-paced variation of the William Tell Overture for the opening scenes. Typical of a Sturges film, the pacing and dialogue of The Palm Beach Story are very fast.
Cleopatra is a 1934 American epic film directed by Cecil B. DeMille and distributed by Paramount Pictures. A retelling of the story of Cleopatra VII of Egypt, the screenplay was written by Waldemar Young and Vincent Lawrence and was based on Bartlett Cormack's adaptation of historical material. Claudette Colbert stars as Cleopatra, Warren William as Julius Caesar, and Henry Wilcoxon as Mark Antony.
Olive Tell was a stage and screen actress from New York City.
The Gilded Lily is a 1935 American romantic comedy film directed by Wesley Ruggles and starring Claudette Colbert, Fred MacMurray, Ray Milland, and C. Aubrey Smith. The production's screenplay, written by Claude Binyon, is about a stenographer who becomes a famous café entertainer courted by an English aristocrat and an American newspaper reporter. Released by Paramount Pictures in the United States on January 25, 1935, the film is one of the English language films chosen by the National Board of Review for its top-10 list of 1935. The Gilded Lily is also the first of seven films in which Claudette Colbert and Fred MacMurray costar.
The Egg and I is a 1947 American romantic comedy film directed by Chester Erskine, who co-wrote the screenplay with Fred F. Finklehoffe, based on the book of the same name by Betty MacDonald and starring Claudette Colbert and Fred MacMurray, with Marjorie Main and Percy Kilbride as Ma and Pa Kettle.
No Time for Love is a 1943 American romantic comedy film produced and directed by Mitchell Leisen and starring Claudette Colbert and Fred MacMurray. Written by Claude Binyon, Robert Lees, and Frederic I. Rinaldo, the film is about a sophisticated female photographer assigned to photograph the tough "sandhog" construction workers at a tunnel project site. After saving one of the sandhogs from a fatal accident, she becomes attracted to this cocky well-built man they call Superman. Unsettled by her feelings, she hires the man as her assistance, believing that her attraction to him will diminish if she spends time with him. Their time together, however, leads to feelings of love, and she struggles to overcome her haughtiness and make her true feelings known.
Genevieve Tobin was an American actress.
Edith Marilyn Fellows was an American actress who became a child star in the 1930s. Best known for playing orphans and street urchins, Fellows was an expressive actress with a good singing voice. She made her screen debut at the age of five in Charley Chase's film short Movie Night (1929). Her first credited role in a feature film was The Rider of Death Valley (1932). By 1935, she had appeared in over twenty films. Her performance opposite Claudette Colbert and Melvyn Douglas in She Married Her Boss (1935) won her a seven-year contract with Columbia Pictures, the first such contract offered to a child.
Walter Walker was an American actor of the stage and screen during the first half of the twentieth century. Born in New York City on March 13, 1864, Walker would have a career in theater prior to entering the film industry. By 1915 he was appearing in Broadway productions, his first being Sinners, written by Pulitzer Prize-winning playwright, Owen Davis. His film debut was in a leading role in 1917's American – That's All. He had a lengthy career, in both film and on stage, appearing in numerous plays and over 80 films. Walker died on December 4, 1947 in Honolulu, Hawaii.
|url=value (help)(PDF) on August 12, 2013. Retrieved February 17, 2019.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Claudette Colbert .|
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Claudette Colbert|