Clermont Pépin

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Clermont Pépin OC OQ (May 15, 1926 September 2, 2006) was a Canadian pianist, composer [1] and teacher [2] who lived in Quebec.

Order of Canada order

The Order of Canada is a Canadian national order and the second highest honour for merit in the system of orders, decorations, and medals of Canada. It comes second only to membership in the Order of Merit, which is the personal gift of Canada's monarch.

The National Order of Quebec, termed officially in French as l'Ordre national du Québec, and in English abbreviation as the Order of Quebec, is a civilian honour for merit in the Canadian province of Quebec. Instituted in 1984 when Lieutenant Governor Jean-Pierre Côté granted Royal Assent to the Loi sur l'Ordre national du Québec, the order is administered by the Governor-in-Council and is intended to honour current or former Quebec residents for conspicuous achievements in any field, being thus described as the highest honour in Quebec.

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Early life and education

Jean Joseph Clermont Pépin was born in Saint-Georges, Quebec in 1926. [3] Pépin studied with influential Canadian composers Claude Champagne (Montreal) [4] and Arnold Walter (Toronto), and at the Curtis Institute of Music in Philadelphia from 1941 to 1944 with Rosario Scalero. He composed music for a film in 1948. [5] In 1949 he won the Quebec government study grant Prix d'Europe as a pianist, which afforded him the opportunity to study several years in Paris (1949-1955). [4] During this time he studied composition with Arthur Honegger and André Jolivet, and analysis with Olivier Messiaen at the same time as Pierre Boulez, Karlheinz Stockhausen, and Serge Garant.

Saint-Georges, Quebec City in Quebec, Canada

Saint-Georges is a city in the province of Quebec. It is the seat of Beauce-Sartigan Regional County Municipality, part of the Chaudière-Appalaches region. The population was 31,173 as of the Canada 2011 Census. Route 173 runs through Saint-Georges Est and heads south to the border with Maine, USA.

Quebec Province of Canada

Quebec is one of the thirteen provinces and territories of Canada. It is bordered to the west by the province of Ontario and the bodies of water James Bay and Hudson Bay; to the north by Hudson Strait and Ungava Bay; to the east by the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and the province of Newfoundland and Labrador; and to the south by the province of New Brunswick and the U.S. states of Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, and New York. It also shares maritime borders with Nunavut, Prince Edward Island, and Nova Scotia. Quebec is Canada's largest province by area and its second-largest administrative division; only the territory of Nunavut is larger. It is historically and politically considered to be part of Central Canada.

Claude Champagne Canadian composer

Claude Champagne was a Canadian composer, teacher, pianist, and violinist.


In the 1950s Pépin's compositions were performed by a number of symphony orchestras. [6] [7] He taught at the Conservatoire de musique du Québec à Montréal from 1955 to 1964 and later served as director from 1967 to 1973. [8]

The Conservatoire de musique du Québec à Montréal (CMQM) is a music conservatory located in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. In addition to the Montreal region, the school takes in students from nearby cities, including Granby, Joliette, St-Jean, Saint-Jérôme, Sherbrooke, and Salaberry-de-Valleyfield. The school is the first of nine conservatories in Quebec which form the Conservatoire de musique et d'art dramatique du Québec (CMADQ). The current director is Raffi Armenian. In addition to practice rooms, classrooms and rehearsal halls, the conservatory contains 85 teaching studios, a 225-seat theater, a concert hall of 225 seats, a recital hall with 100 places, and a large music multimedia center with a recording studio. The conservatoire is also home to a substantial musical library.

His pupils included François Dompierre, André Gagnon, André Prévost, Jacques Hétu, Silvio Palmieri and Micheline Coulombe Saint-Marcoux. Pépin was best known for his String Quartets Nos. 3 and 4, his Symphonies Nos. 3 (Quasars), 4 (La messe sur le monde) and 5 (Implosion) and his ballets L'Oiseau-phénix and Le Porte-rêve.

François Dompierre C.M. is a Canadian musician and composer, best known as a composer of film scores.

André Gagnon, OC is a Canadian composer, conductor, arranger, and actor. He is known for his fusion of classical and pop styles, including compositions Neiges, Smash, Chevauchée, Surprise, Donna, and Mouvements in the disco and pop fields. Gagnon has also composed for television, including La Souris Verte, Vivre en ce Pays, Format 60, Format 30,Techno-Flash, and Les Forges de Saint-Maurice as well as for theatre with such productions as La Poudre aux Yeux, Doña Rosita, Terre d'Aube, La Dame de Chez Maxim's, and Wouf-Wouf. Some of his most notable songs are "Pour les Amants", "Turluteries", and "Mes Quatre Saisons".

André Prévost, was a Canadian composer and music educator. He was awarded the Canadian Music Council Medal in 1977 and in 1985 he was made an Officer of the Order of Canada. He also received the "Trophy for Concert Music" from the Performing Rights Organization of Canada.

Pépin's work was performed regularly on CBC Radio in the 1980s. He was named to the Order of Canada in 1981. [9]

In 1985, he established the Concours de Musique Clermont-Pépin to encourage the development of artists from the Beauce region of Quebec. In 1990, he was named an officer of the National Order of Quebec.

Beauce is a historical and traditional region of Quebec located south of Quebec City. It corresponds approximately to the regional county municipalities of Beauce-Sartigan, Robert-Cliche and La Nouvelle-Beauce, and its major communities are Saint-Georges, Sainte-Marie, Beauceville, Saint-Joseph-de-Beauce and Saint-Gédéon-de-Beauce.

He died of liver cancer in 2006, aged 80.


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  1. Saturday Night. 87. New Leaf Publications. 1972.
  2. Potvin, Gilles (16 December 2013). "Clermont Pépin". The Canadian Encyclopedia . Historica Canada . Retrieved 2 April 2017.
  3. Godfrey Ridout; James D. Leahy; Toronto Symphony (1 August 1997). Concert Goer's Companion to Music. Alfred Publishing Company, Incorporated. p. 567. ISBN   978-1-55122-006-2.
  4. 1 2 Robert Fallon (22 April 2016). Messiaen Perspectives 2: Techniques, Influence and Reception. Routledge. p. 212. ISBN   978-1-317-09715-0.
  5. Le Digeste français. 100-105. Editions Aujourd'hui. 1948. p. 78.
  6. Louise G. McCready (1957). Famous Musicians: MacMillan, Johnson, Pelletier, Willan. Clarke, Irwin. p. 98.
  7. Musical Courier. 141-142. 1950. p. 45.
  8. Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. International Service (1964). Biographies de compositeurs canadiens. Scholarly Press. pp. 63, 80.
  9. "Order of Canada: Clermont Pépin". The Governor General of Canada . Retrieved 2 April 2017.