Clichy, Hauts-de-Seine

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Clichy
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The church of Saint-Vincent-de-Paul, in Clichy
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Coat of arms
Clichy map.svg
Location of Clichy
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Clichy
Ile-de-France region location map.svg
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Clichy
Coordinates: 48°54′16″N2°18′23″E / 48.9044°N 2.3064°E / 48.9044; 2.3064 Coordinates: 48°54′16″N2°18′23″E / 48.9044°N 2.3064°E / 48.9044; 2.3064
Country France
Region Île-de-France
Department Hauts-de-Seine
Arrondissement Nanterre
Canton Clichy
Intercommunality Grand Paris
Government
  Mayor (20152020) Rémi Muzeau
Area
1
3.08 km2 (1.19 sq mi)
Population
 (2017-01-01) [1]
61,070
  Density20,000/km2 (51,000/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
92024 /92110
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Clichy (French pronunciation:  [kli.ʃi] , sometimes unofficially Clichy-la-Garenne) [2] is a commune in the northwestern suburbs of Paris, France. It is located on the Seine, 6.4 km (4.0 mi) from the centre of Paris. In 2017, it had a population of 61,070.

Contents

Located in Clichy are the headquarters of the L'Oréal Group, the world's largest company in cosmetics and beauty, Bic, one of the biggest pen producers in the world, as well as Sony France, a large electronics and media company.

Name

The name Clichy was recorded for the first time in the 6th century as Clippiacum, later corrupted into Clichiacum, meaning "estate of Cleppius", a Gallo-Roman landowner.

In the 13th century, the plain of Clichy was used as a garenne ("warren" in English), i.e. a hunting park and game preserve for the exclusive use of the king or a lord. Clichy became known as Clichy-la-Garenne ("Clichy the Warren" or preserve).

Between 1793 and 1795, during the French Revolution, Clichy-la-Garenne was renamed Clichy-la-Patriote (meaning "Clichy the Patriot"), perhaps because the word garenne reminded people of the feudal privileges that the new government abolished in 1789.

After the Revolution, the French administration officially recorded the name of the commune only as Clichy, dropping the "la-Garenne". This is the term in use in the 21st century. But, in many instances the municipality of Clichy refers to the commune traditionally as Clichy-la-Garenne, although this has not been the official name for more than 200 years.

The wharf and bridge of Clichy. Clichy-Nord.jpg
The wharf and bridge of Clichy.
Passage Berthier. Clichy-Berth.jpg
Passage Berthier.
Railway station. Gare-Clichy-Levallois.jpg
Railway station.

History

Clichy was the capital of the Merovingians during the rule of Dagobert I.

Its church was built in the 17th century under the direction of St Vincent de Paul, who had previously been curé of Clichy. [2]

In 1830, part of the territory of Clichy was detached and became the commune of Batignolles-Monceau. On 1 January 1860, the city of Paris annexed neighboring communes, taking most of Batignolles-Monceau, which now forms the major part of the 17th arrondissement of Paris. A small part of the territory of Batignolles-Monceau was returned to Clichy.

On 11 January 1867, part of the territory of Clichy was detached and merged with a part of the territory of Neuilly-sur-Seine to create the commune of Levallois-Perret.

Immigration

Place of birth of residents of Clichy in 1999
Born in Metropolitan France Born outside Metropolitan France
70.9%29.1%
Born in
Overseas France
Born in foreign countries with French citizenship at birth1 EU-15 immigrants2Non-EU-15 immigrants
2.4%2.6%4.1%20.0%
1This group is made up largely of former French settlers, such as pieds-noirs in Northwest Africa, followed by former colonial citizens who had French citizenship at birth (such as was often the case for the native elite in French colonies), and to a lesser extent foreign-born children of French expatriates. Note that a foreign country is understood as a country not part of France in 1999, so a person born for example in 1950 in Algeria, when Algeria was an integral part of France, is nonetheless listed as a person born in a foreign country in French statistics.
2An immigrant is a person born in a foreign country not having French citizenship at birth. Note that an immigrant may have acquired French citizenship since moving to France, but is still considered an immigrant in French statistics. On the other hand, persons born in France with foreign citizenship (the children of immigrants) are not listed as immigrants.

Administration

The canton covers a part of the commune; the other is in the northern part of Levallois-Perret.

International relations

Twin towns — sister cities

Clichy is twinned with: [3]

Economy

L'Oréal Group has its head office in the Centre Eugène Schueller in Clichy. [4]

In addition, Monoprix has its head office in Clichy. [5] Société Bic has its head office in Clichy. [6]

At one time Fnac had its head office in Clichy. [7] In 2008 the head office moved to Ivry-sur-Seine. [8]

Transport

Clichy is served by Mairie de Clichy station on Paris Métro Line 13.

It is also served by Clichy Levallois station on the Transilien Paris – Saint-Lazare suburban rail line.

Education

The commune has 22 primary schools, three junior high schools, and two senior high schools. The junior highs include: [9]

The senior high schools:

Notable persons

See also

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References

  1. "Populations légales 2017". INSEE . Retrieved 6 January 2020.
  2. 1 2 Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Clichy"  . Encyclopædia Britannica . 5 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 507.
  3. "Jumelage". ville-clichy.fr (in French). Clichy. Retrieved 2019-11-12.
  4. "World Presence." L'Oréal. Retrieved on 14 July 2010.
  5. "Informations légales Archived 2010-02-09 at the Wayback Machine ." Monoprix. Retrieved on 4 February 2010.
  6. "Legal Notice." Bic. Retrieved on 7 February 2011. "Head office : 14, rue Jeanne d’Asnières 92611 Clichy cedex, France."
  7. L.C. "Le siège de la Fnac pressenti Archived 2012-10-29 at the Wayback Machine ." Le Parisien . 2 November 2006. Retrieved on 10 March 2010. "Et c'est le siège social de la Fnac qui aurait décroché la timbale. Actuellement installé à Clichy-la-Garenne (Hauts-de-Seine), le siège de l'agitateur culturel chercherait à déménager.
  8. "150 salariés de la Fnac arrivent encore à Ivry Archived 2012-08-06 at the Wayback Machine ." Le Parisien . 17 June 2008. Retrieved on 10 March 2010. "HIER, c'était le dernier jour d'aménagement au nouveau siège social de la Fnac, au bord de la Seine à Ivry-Port." and "Ils rejoignent ainsi les 850 autres employés qui sont déjà installés depuis le début du mois à Ivry."
  9. "Education > Les établissements." Clichy, Hauts-de-Seine. Retrieved on September 4, 2016.
  10. Kreg Wallace, Clichy (ave. Anatole France) Archived 2014-05-08 at the Wayback Machine , Walking Paris with Henry Miller. Retrieved on 7 May 2014.

(in French)