Cochise County, Arizona

Last updated
Cochise County
County
County of Cochise
Cochise County courthouse, Bisbee, Arizona.jpg
The art deco county courthouse in Bisbee
Flag of Cochise County, Arizona.gif
Flag
Cochise County, Arizona seal.png
Seal
Map of Arizona highlighting Cochise County.svg
Location within the U.S. state of Arizona
Arizona in United States.svg
Arizona's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 31°52′50″N109°45′13″W / 31.880555555556°N 109.75361111111°W / 31.880555555556; -109.75361111111
Country Flag of the United States.svg United States
State Flag of Arizona.svg  Arizona
FoundedFebruary 1, 1881
Named for Cochise
Seat Bisbee
Largest city Sierra Vista
Area
  Total6,219 sq mi (16,110 km2)
  Land6,166 sq mi (15,970 km2)
  Water53 sq mi (140 km2)  0.9%%
Population
  Estimate 
(2018)
126,770
  Density21/sq mi (8/km2)
Time zone UTC−7 (Mountain)
Congressional district 2nd
Website www.cochise.az.gov

Cochise County is located in the southeastern corner of the U.S. state of Arizona. The population was 131,346 at the 2010 census. [1] The county seat is Bisbee. [2]

U.S. state constituent political entity of the United States

In the United States, a state is a constituent political entity, of which there are currently 50. Bound together in a political union, each state holds governmental jurisdiction over a separate and defined geographic territory and shares its sovereignty with the federal government. Due to this shared sovereignty, Americans are citizens both of the federal republic and of the state in which they reside. State citizenship and residency are flexible, and no government approval is required to move between states, except for persons restricted by certain types of court orders.

Arizona U.S. state in the United States

Arizona is a state in the southwestern region of the United States. It is also part of the Western and the Mountain states. It is the sixth largest and the 14th most populous of the 50 states. Its capital and largest city is Phoenix. Arizona shares the Four Corners region with Utah, Colorado, and New Mexico; its other neighboring states are Nevada and California to the west and the Mexican states of Sonora and Baja California to the south and southwest.

2010 United States Census 23rd national census of the United States, taken in 2010

The 2010 United States Census is the twenty-third and most recent United States national census. National Census Day, the reference day used for the census, was April 1, 2010. The census was taken via mail-in citizen self-reporting, with enumerators serving to spot-check randomly selected neighborhoods and communities. As part of a drive to increase the count's accuracy, 635,000 temporary enumerators were hired. The population of the United States was counted as 308,745,538, a 9.7% increase from the 2000 Census. This was the first census in which all states recorded a population of over 10 people as well as the first in which all 100 largest cities recorded populations of over 200,000.

Contents

Cochise County includes the Sierra Vista-Douglas, Arizona Metropolitan Statistical Area. The county borders southwestern New Mexico and northeastern Sonora in Mexico.

Sierra Vista, Arizona City in Arizona, United States

Sierra Vista is a city in Cochise County, Arizona, United States. As of the 2010 census the population of the city was 43,888. The city is part of the Sierra Vista-Douglas Metropolitan Area, with a 2010 population of 131,346. Fort Huachuca, a U.S. Army post, is located in the northwest part of the city.

Douglas, Arizona City in Arizona, United States

Douglas is a city in Cochise County, Arizona, United States that lies in the north-west to south-east running San Bernardino Valley within which runs the Rio San Bernardino. Douglas has a border crossing with Mexico at Agua Prieta and a history of mining.

New Mexico U.S. state in the United States

New Mexico is a state in the Southwestern region of the United States of America; its capital and cultural center is Santa Fe, which was founded in 1610 as capital of Nuevo México, while its largest city is Albuquerque with its accompanying metropolitan area. It is one of the Mountain States and shares the Four Corners region with Utah, Colorado, and Arizona; its other neighboring states are Oklahoma to the northeast, Texas to the east-southeast, and the Mexican states of Chihuahua to the south and Sonora to the southwest. With a population around two million, New Mexico is the 36th state by population. With a total area of 121,592 sq mi (314,920 km2), it is the fifth-largest and sixth-least densely populated of the 50 states. Due to their geographic locations, northern and eastern New Mexico exhibit a colder, alpine climate, while western and southern New Mexico exhibit a warmer, arid climate.

History

In 1528 Spanish Explorers: Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca, Estevanico, and Fray Marcos de Niza [3] survived a shipwreck off Texas coast. Captured by Native Americans they spent 8 years finding their way back to Mexico City, via the San Pedro Valley. Their journals, maps, and stories lead to the Cibola, seven cities of gold myth. The Expedition of Francisco Vásquez de Coronado in 1539 using it as his route north through what they called the Guachuca Mountains of Pima [4] (Tohono O'odham) lands and later part of the mission routes north, but was actually occupied by the Sobaipuri descendants of the Hohokam. They found a large Pueblo (described as a small city) between Benson and Whetstone, and several smaller satellite villages and smaller pueblos including ones on Fort Huachuca, Huachuca City and North Eastern Fry. About 1657 Father Kino visited the Sobaipuris [5] just before the Apache forced most from the valley, as they were struggling to survive due to increasing Chiricahua Apache attacks as they moved into the area of Texas Canyon in the Dragoon Mountains. In 1776 The Presidio Santa Cruz de Terrante [6] was founded on the West bank of the San Pedro River, to protect the natives as well as the Spanish settlers who supplied the mission stations, but it was chronically short on provisions from raids, and lack of personnel to adequately patrol the eastern route due to wars with France and England, so the main route north shifted west to the Santa Cruz valley, farther from the Chiricahua Apache's ranges who almost exclusively controlled the area by 1821. [5] [7]

The Seven Cities of Gold, also known as the Seven Cities of Cibola, is a myth that was popular in the 16th century. It is also featured in several works of popular culture. According to legend, the seven cities of gold could be found throughout the pueblos of the New Mexico Territory. The cities were Hawikuh, Halona, Matsaki, Quivira, Kiakima, Cibola, and Kwakina. While there have always been mentions of a seventh city, no evidence of a site has been found.

The Sobaipuri were one of many indigenous groups occupying Sonora and what is now Arizona at the time Europeans first entered the American Southwest. They were a Piman or O'odham group who occupied southern Arizona and northern Sonora in the 15th-19th centuries. They were a subgroup of the O'odham or Pima, surviving members of which include the residents of San Xavier del Bac which is now part of the Tohono O'odham Nation and the Akimel O'odham.

Hohokam ethnic group

Hohokam was a society located in the North American Southwest, in the areas now part of Arizona and Sonora, Mexico. Hohokam practiced a specific culture, sometimes referred to as Hohokam culture, which has been distinguished by archaeologists. People who practiced this culture can be called Hohokam as well, but more often they are distinguished as Hohokam people to avoid confusion.

Cochise County was created on February 1, 1881, out of the eastern portion of Pima County. [8] It took its name from the legendary Chiricahua Apache war chief Cochise. [9] [10] The county seat was Tombstone until 1929 when it moved to Bisbee. Notable men who once held the position of County Sheriff were Johnny Behan, who served as the first sheriff of the new county, and who was one of the main characters during the events leading to and following the Gunfight at the O.K. Corral. Later, in 1886, Texas John Slaughter became sheriff. Lawman Jeff Milton and lawman/outlaw Burt Alvord both served as deputies under Slaughter.

Pima County, Arizona U.S. county in Arizona

Pima County is a county in the south central region of the U.S. state of Arizona. As of the 2010 census, the population was 980,263, making it Arizona's second-most populous county. The county seat is Tucson, where nearly all of the population is centered. The county is named after the Pima Native Americans who are indigenous to this area.

Chiricahua band of Apache Native Americans

Chiricahua are a band of Apache Native Americans, based in the Southern Plains and Southwest United States. Culturally related to other Apache peoples, Chiricahua historically shared a common area, language, customs, and intertwined family relations. At the time of European contact, they had a territory of 15 million acres (61,000 km2) in Southwestern New Mexico and Southeastern Arizona in the United States and in Northern Sonora and Chihuahua in Mexico.

The Apache are a group of culturally related Native American tribes in the Southwestern United States, which include the Chiricahua, Jicarilla, Lipan, Mescalero, Salinero, Plains and Western Apache. Distant cousins of the Apache are the Navajo, with which they share the Southern Athabaskan languages. There are Apache communities in Oklahoma, Texas, and reservations in Arizona and New Mexico. Apache people have moved throughout the United States and elsewhere, including urban centers. The Apache Nations are politically autonomous, speak several different languages and have distinct cultures.

A syndicated television series which aired from 1956 to 1958, Sheriff of Cochise starring John Bromfield, was filmed in Bisbee. The Jimmy Stewart movie Broken Arrow and subsequent television show of the same name starring John Lupton, which also aired from 1956 to 1958, took place (but was not filmed) in Cochise County.

<i>Sheriff of Cochise</i> television series

Sheriff of Cochise is a Western-themed crime drama set in Cochise County, Arizona.

John Bromfield actor and commercial fisherman

John Bromfield was an American film and television actor.

<i>Broken Arrow</i> (1950 film) 1950 film by Delmer Daves

Broken Arrow is a western Technicolor film released in 1950. It was directed by Delmer Daves and starred James Stewart as Tom Jeffords and Jeff Chandler as Cochise. The film is based on these historical figures but fictionalizes their story in dramatized form. It was nominated for three Academy Awards, and won a Golden Globe award for Best Film Promoting International Understanding. Film historians have said that the movie was one of the first major Westerns since the Second World War to portray the Indians sympathetically.

J.A. Jance's Joanna Brady mystery series takes place in Cochise County, with Brady being the sheriff.

Joanna Brady is the protagonist of a series of mystery novels by author J. A. Jance, centered on the small desert town of Bisbee, Arizona.

Beginning in the late 1950s, the small community of Miracle Valley was the site of a series of bible colleges and similar religious organizations, founded by television evangelist A. A. Allen. In 1982, Miracle Valley and neighboring Palominas were the site of a series of escalating conflicts between a newly arrived religious community and the county sheriff and deputies that culminated in the Miracle Valley shootout.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 6,219 square miles (16,110 km2), of which 6,166 square miles (15,970 km2) is land and 53 square miles (140 km2) (0.9%) is water. [11] Cochise County is close to the size of the States of Rhode Island and Connecticut combined.

Adjacent counties and municipios

Protected areas

The Big Room in Kartchner Caverns Kartchner Big Room.jpg
The Big Room in Kartchner Caverns
Fort Bowie site near Apache Pass. FortBowieSiteAZ2009.jpg
Fort Bowie site near Apache Pass.

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1890 6,938
1900 9,25133.3%
1910 34,591273.9%
1920 46,46534.3%
1930 40,998−11.8%
1940 34,627−15.5%
1950 31,488−9.1%
1960 55,03974.8%
1970 61,91012.5%
1980 85,68638.4%
1990 97,62413.9%
2000 117,75520.6%
2010 131,34611.5%
Est. 2018126,770 [12] −3.5%
U.S. Decennial Census [13]
1790–1960 [14] 1900–1990 [15]
1990–2000 [16] 2010–2018 [1]

2000 census

As of the 2000 census, there were 117,755 people, 43,893 households, and 30,768 families residing in the county. The population density was 19 people per square mile (7/km²). There were 51,126 housing units at an average density of 8 per square mile (3/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 76.66% White, 4.52% Black or African American, 1.15% Native American, 1.65% Asian, 0.26% Pacific Islander, 12.05% from other races, and 3.72% from two or more races. 30.69% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 25.35% reported speaking Spanish at home, while 1.31% speak German .

The Copper Queen Hotel in Bisbee Copper Queen Hotel, Bisbee AZ.jpg
The Copper Queen Hotel in Bisbee

There were 43,893 households out of which 32.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.10% were married couples living together, 11.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.90% were non-families. 25.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.07.

In the county, the population was spread out with 26.30% under the age of 18, 9.30% from 18 to 24, 26.00% from 25 to 44, 23.70% from 45 to 64, and 14.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 101.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,105, and the median income for a family was $38,005. Males had a median income of $30,533 versus $22,252 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,988. About 13.50% of families and 17.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.80% of those under age 18 and 10.40% of those age 65 or over.

In 2000, the largest denominational group was the Catholics (with 25,837 adherents) and Evangelical Protestants (with 12,548 adherents). [17] The largest religious bodies were The Catholic Church (with 25,837 members) and The Southern Baptist Convention (with 5,999 members). [17]

2010 census

As of the 2010 census, there were 131,346 people, 50,865 households, and 33,653 families residing in the county. [18] The population density was 21.3 inhabitants per square mile (8.2/km2). There were 59,041 housing units at an average density of 9.6 per square mile (3.7/km2). [19] The racial makeup of the county was 78.5% white, 4.2% black or African American, 1.9% Asian, 1.2% American Indian, 0.3% Pacific islander, 9.9% from other races, and 4.0% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 32.4% of the population. [18] The largest ancestry groups were: [20]

  • 28.3% Mexican
  • 16.2% German
  • 11.6% Irish
  • 9.8% English
  • 4.5% American
  • 3.7% Italian
  • 2.6% French
  • 2.1% Scottish
  • 2.0% Dutch
  • 1.9% Scotch-Irish
  • 1.9% Polish
  • 1.5% Norwegian
  • 1.1% Puerto Rican
  • 1.1% Swedish

Of the 50,865 households, 30.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.0% were married couples living together, 11.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.8% were non-families, and 28.2% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.02. The median age was 39.7 years. [18]

The median income for a household in the county was $44,876 and the median income for a family was $53,077. Males had a median income of $42,164 versus $31,019 for females. The per capita income for the county was $23,010. About 11.8% of families and 15.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.2% of those under age 18 and 10.7% of those age 65 or over. [21]

Politics

Cochise County leans strongly towards the Republican Party in Presidential elections. Although Bill Clinton carried the county narrowly in 1992, it has supported the Republican candidate by large margins in every other election since 1968, except for 1996 and 1976 when Clinton and Jimmy Carter each lost only narrowly. Although the county includes the relatively liberal town of Bisbee, as well as the city of Douglas, which has a large Latino population, this is outweighed by the heavily Republican tilt of the more populous Sierra Vista, which is adjacent to Fort Huachuca and thus has a heavy military presence.

Presidential elections results
Cochise County vote
by party in presidential elections
[22] [23]
Year Republican Democrat Others
2016 56.2% 28,09234.9% 17,4509.0% 4,473
2012 60.0% 29,49737.7% 18,5462.4% 1,158
2008 59.1% 29,02638.6% 18,9432.3% 1,112
2004 59.6% 26,55639.3% 17,5141.2% 525
2000 54.7% 18,18040.2% 13,3605.1% 1,701
1996 45.0% 14,36543.2% 13,78211.8% 3,776
1992 36.8% 12,20238.3% 12,70124.9% 8,247
1988 56.4% 15,81542.1% 11,8121.5% 423
1984 62.3% 16,40536.7% 9,6711.1% 279
1980 59.5% 13,35131.3% 7,0289.2% 2,066
1976 49.9% 9,92146.7% 9,2813.4% 681
1972 64.0% 11,70632.9% 6,0233.1% 570
1968 45.6% 7,61939.5% 6,59714.9% 2,495
1964 45.8% 7,64454.2% 9,0450.1% 8
1960 50.5% 7,57249.4% 7,4190.1% 16
1956 56.4% 6,89343.6% 5,3280.1% 9
1952 53.5% 6,49546.5% 5,640
1948 37.2% 3,85459.8% 6,1983.1% 318
1944 32.7% 3,37167.2% 6,9350.1% 13
1940 26.5% 3,17073.2% 8,7480.3% 32
1936 19.9% 2,09277.4% 8,1302.6% 277
1932 25.3% 2,83869.5% 7,7985.2% 580
1928 57.3% 5,77642.3% 4,2620.5% 45
1924 38.3% 3,71236.0% 3,49625.7% 2,491
1920 54.7% 5,34145.3% 4,430
1916 31.6% 3,20360.4% 6,1158.0% 814
1912 8.7% 40342.7%1,97348.6% 2,243 [lower-alpha 1]

In the United States House of Representatives, the county is part of Arizona's 2nd congressional district, which is represented by Democrat Ann Kirkpatrick; the majority of the district’s population is in Tucson and its suburbs, which are far more liberal than Cochise County. In the Arizona Legislature, the county is part of the 14th district and is represented by Republican David Gowan in the State Senate and Republicans Gail Griffin and Becky Nutt in the State House of Representatives. This district also includes the entirety of Graham County and Greenlee County, as well as portions of Pima County.

Transportation

Major highways

State Route 80 seen towards north in Tombstone AZ 80 Tombstone.jpg
State Route 80 seen towards north in Tombstone

Airports

Bisbee Municipal Airport is owned by the City of Bisbee and located five nautical miles (9 km) southeast of its central business district [24]

Sierra Vista Municipal Airport (IATA: FHU, ICAO: KFHU, FAA LID: FHU), a joint-use civil-military airport which shares facilities with Libby Army Airfield, is located on Fort Huachuca in Sierra Vista, a city and U.S. Army installation in Cochise County, Arizona, United States. The airport has three runways and one helipad. It is mostly used for military aviation for the surrounding military base.

There are no commercial flights out of Cochise County; the nearest commercial airport is at Tucson approximately 70 miles from Sierra Vista.

Communities

Map of incorporated areas and unincorporated areas in Cochise County. Cochise County Incorporated and Unincorporated areas.svg
Map of incorporated areas and unincorporated areas in Cochise County.

Cities

Towns

Ghost towns

Census-designated places

Other places

Military sites

County population ranking

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Cochise County. [25] [26]

county seat

RankCity/Town/etc.Population (2010 Census)Municipal typeIncorporated
1 Sierra Vista 43,888City1956
2 Douglas 17,378City1905
3 Sierra Vista Southeast 14,797 CDP
4Bisbee 5,575City1902
5 Benson 5,105City1880 (founded)
6 Willcox 3,757City1915
7 Whetstone 2,617CDP
8 Huachuca City 1,853Town1958
9 Mescal 1,812CDP
10 Pirtleville 1,744CDP
11 St. David 1,699CDP
12 Tombstone 1,380City1881
13 Naco 1,046CDP
14 Miracle Valley 644CDP
15 Elfrida 459CDP
16 Bowie 449CDP
17 Sunizona 281CDP
18 McNeal 238CDP
19 Palominas 212CDP
20 Dragoon 209CDP
21 San Simon 165CDP

See also

Notes

  1. This comprises 1,396 votes (30.2%) for Progressive Theodore Roosevelt, 819 votes (18.3%) for Socialist Eugene V. Debs, and 28 votes (0.6%) for Prohibition Party candidate Eugene W. Chafin.

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Benson, Arizona City in Arizona, United States

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Tombstone, Arizona City in Arizona, United States

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State Route 90 is a highway in Cochise County, Arizona that runs from the I-10 junction at Benson to a junction with State Route 80 between Bisbee and Tombstone. It is a north–south route north of Sierra Vista, and an east–west route east of the city. It passes through the San Pedro Riparian National Conservation Area at milepost 329; the riparian area makes up a large part of the southern section of the San Pedro Valley.

Huachuca Mountains

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C. S. Fly American photographer

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Cochise County in the Old West

Cochise County in southeastern Arizona was the scene of a number of violent conflicts in the 19th-century American Old West, including between white settlers and Apache Indians, between opposing political and economic factions, and between outlaw gangs and local law enforcement. Cochise County was carved off in 1881 from the easternmost portion of Pima County during a formative period in the American Southwest. The era was characterized by rapidly growing boomtowns, the emergence of large-scale farming and ranching interests, lucrative mining operations, and the development of new technologies in railroading and telecommunications. Complicating the situation was staunch resistance to white settlement from local Native American groups, most notably during the Apache Wars, as well as Cochise County's location on the border with Mexico, which not only threatened international conflict but also presented opportunities for criminal smugglers and cattle rustlers.

References

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Coordinates: 31°52′50″N109°45′13″W / 31.88056°N 109.75361°W / 31.88056; -109.75361