Coenraad Jacob Temminck

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Coenraad Jacob Temminck
Temminck Coenraad Jacob 1770-1858.jpg
Born(1778-03-31)31 March 1778
Died30 January 1858(1858-01-30) (aged 79)
Citizenship Netherlands
Scientific career
Fields Zoology
Institutions National Natural History Museum at Leiden
Notable students Hermann Schlegel
Author abbrev. (zoology) Temminck

Coenraad Jacob Temminck (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈkunraːt ˈjaːkɔp ˈtɛmɪŋk] ; [1] 31 March 1778 – 30 January 1858) was a Dutch aristocrat, zoologist, and museum director. [2]

Contents

Biography

Coenraad Jacob Temminck was born on 31 March 1778 in Amsterdam in the Dutch Republic. From his father, Jacob Temminck, who was treasurer of the Dutch East India Company with links to numerous travellers and collectors, he inherited a large collection of bird specimens. His father was a good friend of Francois Levaillant who also guided Coenraad.

Temminck's Manuel d'ornithologie, ou Tableau systématique des oiseaux qui se trouvent en Europe (1815) was the standard work on European birds for many years. He was also the author of Histoire naturelle générale des Pigeons et des Gallinacées (1813–1817), Nouveau Recueil de Planches coloriées d'Oiseaux (1820–1839), and contributed to the mammalian sections of Philipp Franz von Siebold's Fauna japonica (1844–1850).

Temminck was the first director of the National Museum of Natural History in Leiden from 1820 until his death. In 1831, he was elected a foreign member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. In 1836 he became member of the Royal Institute, predecessor of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences. [3]

Temminck died on 30 January 1858, at the age of 79, in Leiden, Netherlands.

Works

Temminck, in collaboration with Heinrich Kuhl, is the author of descriptions of parrots, including the rosella Platycercus icterotis . [4] A tailless mutant of a junglefowl Gallus lafayettii was described in 1807 by Temminck, which in 1868 the English naturalist Charles Darwin incorrectly denied existed. [5]

Species named after Temminck

A large number of animals were named for Temminck in the 19th century. Among those still in use are: [6]

Bibliography

Related Research Articles

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Lilac kingfisher species of bird

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Lesser noddy Species of bird

The lesser noddy, also known as the sooty noddy, is a seabird in the family Laridae. It is found near the coastlines of Comoros, Kenya, India, Maldives, Mauritius, Seychelles, Sri Lanka and United Arab Emirates.

Fiery-browed starling species of bird

The fiery-browed starling or fiery-browed myna is a species of starling in the family Sturnidae. It is monotypic within the genus Enodes. Distinguished by a reddish-orange stripe over the eye, it is endemic to the Indonesian island of Sulawesi, mainly living in humid highland forest.

Blue-banded kingfisher species of bird

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Ferruginous antbird species of bird

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Dusky-tailed antbird species of bird

The dusky-tailed antbird is an insectivorous bird in the antbird family Thamnophilidae. It is found in southeast Brazil, southern Paraguay, and northeast Argentina . Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest.

Spot-breasted antvireo species of bird

The spot-breasted antvireo is a species of bird in the family Thamnophilidae. It is found in south east Brazil. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest and subtropical or tropical moist montane forest. It is becoming rare due to habitat loss.

Rufous-winged antwren species of bird

The rufous-winged antwren is an insectivorous bird in the antbird family Thamnophilidae. It is found in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, and Venezuela. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry forest, subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest, subtropical or tropical moist montane forest, and subtropical or tropical dry shrubland.

<i>Hylophilus</i> genus of birds

Hylophilus is a genus of bird in the family Vireonidae. Established by Coenraad Jacob Temminck in 1822, it contains the following species as of 2014:

Elegant pitta species of bird

The elegant pitta is a species of passerine bird in the pitta family Pittidae. It is endemic to Indonesia, where it is found in the Lesser Sunda Islands and Moluccas.

Crescent-chested babbler species of bird

The crescent-chested babbler is a babbler species in the family Timaliidae and is native to the Indonesian islands of Java and Bali. It inhabits subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest, montane forest and shrubland. It is listed as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List.

Cinereous antshrike species of bird

The cinereous antshrike is an insectivorous bird in the antbird family Thamnophilidae. The term cinereous describes its colouration. It is found in Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, Suriname, and Venezuela. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests.

Orange-backed woodpecker species of bird

The orange-backed woodpecker is a bird in the woodpecker family Picidae. It is found in southern Thailand, Malaya, Sarawak and Sabah in Malaysia, Brunei, Sumatra and Java. It is placed in its own monotypic genus Reinwardtipicus.

1820 in birding and ornithology

This article provides a summary of significant events in 1820 in birding and ornithology. Notable occurrences in 1820 include the first description of the yellow-legged tinamou, and the commencement of ornithologist William John Swainson's Zoological Illustrations, a work including illustrations of many birds.

1824 in birding and ornithology

Expeditions

1828 in birding and ornithology

Ongoing events

1830 in birding and ornithology

Ongoing events

Jean-Gabriel Prêtre was a Swiss-French natural history painter who illustrated birds, mammals and reptiles in a large number of books. Several species of animal were named after him.

References

  1. First two words in isolation: [ˈkunraːt ˈjaːkɔp] .
  2. Gasso Miracle, M.E. 2008 The significance of Temminck's work on biogeography: Early nineteenth century natural history in Leiden, the Netherlands. Journal of the History of Biology 41(4):677–716
  3. "Coenraad Jacob Temminck (1778 - 1858)". Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 17 July 2015.
  4. "Species: Platycercus (Violania) icterotis[complete]". Australian Faunal Directory . Department of Energy and Environment . Retrieved 28 October 2018. Taxonomic Decision for Subspecies Arrangement: Condon, H.T. 1975.
  5. Grouw, Hein van, Dekkers, Wim & Rookmaaker, Kees (2017). On Temminck’s tailless Ceylon Junglefowl, and how Darwin denied their existence. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club (London), 137 (4), 261-271. Open Access logo PLoS transparent.svg
  6. Grayson, Mike. "A ZOOLOGICAL "WHO WAS WHO"". docs.google.com. p. 14. Archived from the original on 2016-12-24. Retrieved 24 December 2016.
  7. Beolens, Bo; Watkins, Michael; Grayson, Michael (2011). The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. xiii + 296 pp. ISBN   978-1-4214-0135-5. ("Temminck", p. 263).
Primary works
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