Colegio de Belén, Havana

Last updated

Colegio de Belén
Colegio de Belen Logo. Havana, Cuba.jpg
Colegio de Belen. Havana, Cuba.jpg
Colegio de Belen, Havana
Former namesColegio de Belén
General information
TypeEducational
Architectural styleEclectic
LocationMarianao
Town or city Coat of arms of La Habana.svg Ciudad de La Habana
Country Flag of Cuba.svg Cuba
Coordinates 23°05′46″N82°25′01″W / 23.096°N 82.417°W / 23.096; -82.417 Coordinates: 23°05′46″N82°25′01″W / 23.096°N 82.417°W / 23.096; -82.417
Current tenantsCuban military
Named forThe Palace of Education
Opened1925
OwnerCuban military
Technical details
Structural systemSteel frame
Floor count4
Grounds60 Acres
Design and construction
Architect Leonardo Morales y Pedroso
Architecture firmMorales & Cia

The Colegio de Belén located between 45th and 66th streets – situated next door to the Tropicana nightclub – in Marianao, Havana, was designed in 1925 by the architect Leonardo Morales y Pedroso of the firm Morales & Ciaas.

Contents

History

Convento Belen (1854-1925), Calle Compostela, between Luz y Acosta, 1854-1925, Havana Vieja. Belen School 1854-1925.jpg
Convento Belén (1854-1925), Calle Compostela, between Luz y Acosta, 1854-1925, Havana Vieja.

Her Majesty Isabella II, Queen of Spain, issued a royal charter in the year 1854 founding the Colegio de Belén (Belen School) in Havana, Cuba. Belen began its educational work in the building formerly occupied by the convent and convalescent hospital of Our Lady of Belen in Havana Vieja. A meteorological observatory was established in 1857. A facility was built in 1896. [1]

The building was constructed on sixty acres of land that had been donated and was to be used as the main building of the Colegio de Belén. The original building, a convent in Havana Vieja had been opened since 1854 within the premises of the formerly occupied convent and convalescent hospital of Our Lady of Belen. Those premises had become unsuitable and badly located due to the change of atmosphere in the neighborhood and the growth of the city. The project was designed by the Cuban architectural firm of Morales & Cia (Leonardo Morales y Pedroso) in 1925, with an unlimited budget for designing a religious school, the Colegio de Belén, Havana. [2]

Exterior hallway. Colegio de Belen, lower level hallway, Marianao, Havana, Cuba.jpg
Exterior hallway.

From 1925 to 1961, and located in the Marianao municipality, on an area of approximately 190,000 m2, emerged in the twenties of the last century, the new building with plans approved in Rome by Wlodimiro Ledochowsky, General of the Society of Jesus , in June 1921.

In mid-1923 the construction of this property was started, carried out by the company Ingenieros y Arquitectos Morales y Co., being built nine radiating pavilions, a central chapel of three floors, an entrance pavilion that had a fourth level where it was located the observatory. Its inaugural activities were carried out on December 19, 20 and 21, 1925, beginning its first course in January 1926. [3]

The result was a monumental pan-optical edifice with an extensive neoclassical façade perpendicular to the large chapel and four large courtyards, recalling the building housing the convent in Havana Vieja, with three stories of porticoed galleries to link nine radial pavilions, the appearance is of instrumentality which is supported both in the design resources and the unusual dimensions of the spaces. The structure is built from concrete-covered steel structure, the flooring, covered with tiles, and roof are monolithic, reinforced concrete slabs.

Chapel

Chapel Belen School chapel Havana abt 1955.jpg
Chapel

The chapel was centrally located in plan, it had a wide central nave of triple height with a mural by Hipolito Hidalgo de Caviedes (1901–1994). It had two side aisles. El Colegio de Belen was known as "The Palace of Education." It was a Cuban National Monument.

Rectors in the first Belen school

Calle Compostela, between Luz y Acosta (Havana, 1854-1925).

Rectors in the new premises of Marianao

Academics

NameClass yearNotabilityReference(s)
Luis E. Aguilar Leon 1944Writer and Professor Emeritus of Georgetown University [5]
Xavier Briggs 1985Currently serving as Associate Director of the White House Office of Management and Budget under President Barack Obama; former senior policy official at the US Department of Housing and Urban Development under President Bill Clinton; Professor of Sociology and Urban Planning at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), and a former faculty member of Harvard University’s Kennedy School of Government [5]
Jorge I. Dominguez 1963Faculty member at Harvard University, Academy for International and Area Studies [5]
Alberto Martinez Piedra 1946Former US Ambassador to Guatemala and Professor at The Institute of World Politics [5]
Salvador Miranda 1958Church historian and librarian [6]

Politicians, Cuba

NameClass yearNotabilityReference(s)
Miguel Ángel de la Campa y Caraveda 1900Cuban Foreign Minister, Attorney General, diplomat [5]
Fidel Castro 1944Former president and prime minister of Cuba [5]
Raul Castro AttendedFormer president and prime minister of Cuba
Antonio Prío Socarrás 1923Cuban Minister of Housing, 1948-1952 [5]
Carlos Prío Socarrás 192116th President of Cuba [5]
Francisco Prío Socarrás 1920Cuban Senator, 1944-1952 [5]
Antonio Sánchez de Bustamante y Sirven 1883Cuban Senator (1902–1918), author, and jurist (Judge of the Permanent Court of International Justice at the Hague (1922-1942), nominee for the Nobel Peace Prize of 1949 [5]

Scientists

NameClass yearNotabilityReference(s)
Carlos Finlay FacultyPhysician and epidemiologist; proposed the mode of transmission of yellow fever

See also

Related Research Articles

Havana Capital of Cuba

Havana is the capital city, largest city, province, major port, and leading commercial center of Cuba. The city has a population of 2.1 million inhabitants, and it spans a total of 781.58 km2 (301.77 sq mi) – making it the largest city by area, the most populous city, and the fourth largest metropolitan area in the Caribbean region.

La Habana Province Province of Cuba

La Habana Province, formerly known as Ciudad de La Habana Province, is a province of Cuba that includes the territory of the city of Havana, the Republic's capital. Between 1878 and 2010, the name referred to another province that covered a much larger area, and was subdivided into the present-day provinces of Artemisa and Mayabeque.

Tropicana Club

El Tropicana Night Club in Havana, Cuba located in a lush, six-acre estate tropical garden opened on December 30, 1939 at the Villa Mina in Marianao. It is located next door to the old Colegio de Belen, presently, the Instituto Técnico Militar.

Belen Jesuit Preparatory School is a private, Catholic, all-male, preparatory school run by the Antilles Province of the Society of Jesus in Tamiami, unincorporated Miami-Dade County, Florida, operated by the Society of Jesus. It was established in Havana, Cuba, by the Jesuits in 1854, but moved to the United States after the communist government of Fidel Castro, himself an alumnus, took power and expelled the Jesuits. It has since made the Cardinal Newman Society's honor roll. The name Belen is Spanish for "Bethlehem."

Old Havana Municipality of Havana in Ciudad de La Habana, Cuba

Old Havana is the city-center (downtown) and one of the 15 municipalities forming Havana, Cuba. It has the second highest population density in the city and contains the core of the original city of Havana. The positions of the original Havana city walls are the modern boundaries of Old Havana.

Havana Cathedral

Havana Cathedral is one of eleven Catholic cathedrals on the island. It is located in the Plaza de la Catedral on Calle Empedrado, between San Ignacio y Mercaderes, Old Havana. The thirty by forty-nine meters rectangular church serves as the seat of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of San Cristobal de la Habana. Christopher Columbus’ remains were kept in the cathedral between 1796 and 1898 before they were taken to Seville Cathedral.

Roman Catholic Archdiocese of San Cristóbal de la Habana

The Roman Catholic Metropolitan Archdiocese of San Cristobal de la Habana is one of three Catholic archdioceses in Cuba.

La Mansión

La Mansión de Mark Pollack, is a neo-classical, Florentine mansion in the Cubanacan Section of Havana, Cuba built in 1930 by the Cuban architect, Leonardo Morales y Pedroso (1887–1965). It is located at 21st street #15001, Cubanacan, Havana, Cuba. It was built for Mark Alexander Pollack (1874–1946),the son of Alexander Pollack and Belle A. Rothschild (1848-1936), the American-born patriarch of a wealthy Cuban tobacco exporter. The house covers an area of 13,000 square meters.

Instituto Técnico Militar

The Instituto Técnico Militar, originally designed as the Colegio de Belén, Havana, is located at 45th and 66th streets in Marianao, Havana, Cuba.

Roberto J. Suárez de Cárdenas was the Cuban born American President of The Miami Herald and Publisher (founder) of El Nuevo Herald.

Leonardo Morales y Pedroso Cuban architect

Leonardo Morales y Pedroso was a prominent Cuban architect in Havana in the early 20th century.

Bishop Diego Evelino Hurtado Vélez was the Bishop of Diocese of Santiago de Cuba. He was known as Bishop Diego Evelino Hurtado de Compostela.

Rita Montaner Cuban musician

Rita Aurelia Fulcida Montaner y Facenda, known as Rita Montaner, was a Cuban singer, pianist and actress. In Cuban parlance, she was a vedette, and was well known in Mexico City, Paris, Miami and New York, where she performed, filmed and recorded on numerous occasions. She was one of Cuba's most popular artists between the late 1920s and 1950s, renowned as Rita de Cuba. Though classically trained as a soprano for zarzuelas, her mark was made as a singer of Afro-Cuban salon songs including "The Peanut Vendor" and "Siboney".

Bacardi Building (Havana)

The Bacardi Building is an Art Deco Havana landmark designed by the architects Esteban Rodríguez-Castells and Rafael Fernández Ruenes and completed in 1930. It is located on the corner of Calles Monserrate and San Juan de Dios on a 1,320 sq meter lot in Las Murallas, Old Havana.

The following is a timeline of the history of Havana, Cuba.

The Marianao baseball club played in the Cuban Professional League between the 1922–1923 and 1960–1961 seasons. The club represented the populous town of Marianao in Havana and played their games at La Tropicana Stadium, official site of the league.

Felicia Chateloin is a Cuban architect specialized in conservation and rehabilitation of built patrimony and in urban historic preservation.

Colegio Nacional de Arquitectos de Cuba

Colegio Nacional de Arquitectos de Cuba (C.N.A.C.) is a Cuban national institution that grew out of El Colegio de Arquitectos de La Habana.

Iglesia Santo Cristo del Buen Viaje, Havana

The Iglesia del Santo Cristo del Buen Viaje is located in Havana Vieja on Calle Cristo between Calles Lamparilla y Teniente Rey. Built at a time in which transatlantic crossings were risky, it acquired popularity during colonial times as a temple dedicated to travelers and navigators. Travelers and especially sailors would visit before leaving on a journey, and to pay their respects upon arriving back on land. Later during Cuba's republican era, the devotion to Santa Rita was added to the church.

Hospital de San Lázaro, Havana

Hospital de San Lázaro was a hospital in the city of Havana, Cuba. It dates back to the 17th century, when it served as headquarters for some huts built near the Caleta de Juan Guillén, then known as Caleta de San Lázaro, in an area about a mile outside the city walls.

References

  1. Mariano Gutiérrez-Lanza (1904). Apuntes historicos acerca del Observatorio del Colegio de Belén, Habana (in Spanish). Havana: Impr. Avisador comercial.
  2. "Belen Jesuit Preparatory School" . Retrieved 2018-10-10.
  3. "Colegio de Belén" . Retrieved 2021-03-21.
  4. "El Colegio de Belén La Habana Cuba 1854 - 1961" . Retrieved 2021-04-01.
  5. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 The International Jesuit Alumni Directory Belen (Forum Press Inc., 1994)
  6. Nardini, Bob (April 2010). "Issues in Vendor/Library Relations -- "I Am the Only Bay of Pigs Librarian"". Against the Grain: Vol. 22: Iss. 2, Article 39.CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)

Bibliography

Images from the 1940s and 50s of the Colegio de Belen: