Dewhurst in The Trial of Susan B. Anthony, 1971
Colleen Rose Dewhurst
3 June 1924
Montreal, Quebec, Canada
|Died||22 August 1991 67) (aged|
South Salem, New York, U.S.
|Occupation||Film, stage, television, and voice actress|
(m. 1947;div. 1960)
George C. Scott
(m. 1960;div. 1965)
(m. 1967;div. 1972)
|Partner(s)||Ken Marsolais (1975–her death)|
|11th President of the Actors' Equity Association|
|Preceded by||Ellen Burstyn|
|Succeeded by||Ron Silver|
Colleen Rose Dewhurst (3 June 1924 – 22 August 1991) was a Canadian-American actress. She is known most for theatre roles, and for a while as "the Queen of Off-Broadway". In her autobiography, Dewhurst wrote: "I had moved so quickly from one Off-Broadway production to the next that I was known, at one point, as the 'Queen of Off-Broadway'. This title was not due to my brilliance, but, rather, because most of the plays I was in closed after a run of anywhere from one night to two weeks. I would then move immediately into another."She was a renowned interpreter of the works of Eugene O'Neill on the stage, and her career also encompassed film, early dramas on live television, and Joseph Papp's New York Shakespeare Festival. One of her last roles was playing Marilla Cuthbert in the Kevin Sullivan television adaptations of the Anne of Green Gables series, and her reprisal of the role in the subsequent TV series Road to Avonlea (marketed as Avonlea in the US). Dewhurst won two Tony Awards and four Emmy Awards for her stage and television work.
Dewhurst was born 3 June 1924, in Montreal, Quebec, to housewife Frances Marie (née Woods) and Ferdinand Augustus "Fred" Dewhurst. She had no siblings. Fred Dewhurst was the owner of a chain of confectionery stores, and had been a celebrated athlete in Canada, where he had played football with the Ottawa Rough Riders. The family became naturalized as U.S. citizens before 1940. Colleen's mother was a Christian Scientist, a faith Colleen also embraced.
The Dewhursts moved to Massachusetts in 1928 or 1929, staying in Boston, Dorchester, Auburndale, and West Newton. Later they moved to New York City, and then to Whitefish Bay, Wisconsin. She attended Whitefish Bay High School for her first two years of high school, moved to Shorewood High School for her junior year, and finally graduated from Riverside High School in Milwaukee in 1942. Around this time, her parents separated. Dewhurst went on to attend Milwaukee-Downer College for two years before moving to New York City to pursue an acting career.
One of Dewhurst's most significant stage roles was in the 1974 Broadway revival of O'Neill's A Moon for the Misbegotten as Josie Hogan, for which she won a Tony Award. She previously won the Tony Award for Best Featured Actress in 1961 for All the Way Home . She later played Katharina in a 1956 production of Taming of the Shrew for Joseph Papp. She (as recounted in her posthumous obituary in collaboration with Tom Viola) wrote:
With Brooks Atkinson's blessing, our world changed overnight. Suddenly in our audience of neighbors in T-shirts and jeans appeared men in white shirts, jackets and ties, and ladies in summer dresses. We were in a hit that would have a positive effect on my career, as well as Joe's, but I missed the shouting.
She played Shakespeare's Cleopatra and Lady Macbeth for Papp and, years later, Gertrude in a production of Hamlet at the Delacorte Theatre in Central Park.
She appeared in the Alfred Hitchcock Presents episode Night Fever in 1965 and with Ingrid Bergman in More Stately Mansions on Broadway in 1967. José Quintero directed her in O'Neill's Long Day's Journey into Night and Mourning Becomes Electra . She appeared in Edward Albee's adaptation of Carson McCullers' Ballad of the Sad Cafe , and as Martha in a Broadway revival of Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf , opposite Ben Gazzara which Albee directed.
She appeared in 1962 as Joanne Novak in the episode "I Don't Belong in a White-Painted House" in NBC's medical drama, The Eleventh Hour , starring Wendell Corey and Jack Ging. Dewhurst appeared opposite her then-husband, Scott, in a 1971 television adaptation of Arthur Miller's The Price , on Hallmark Hall of Fame , an anthology series, and there is another television recording of them together when she played Elizabeth Proctor to his unfaithful John in Miller's The Crucible (with Tuesday Weld). In 1977, Woody Allen cast her in his film Annie Hall as Annie's mother.
In 1972, she played a madam, Mrs. Kate Collingwood, in The Cowboys (1972), which starred John Wayne. In 1985, she played the role of Marilla Cuthbert in Kevin Sullivan's adaptation of Lucy Maud Montgomery's novel Anne of Green Gables , and reprised the role in 1987's Anne of Avonlea (also known as Anne of Green Gables: The Sequel), and in several episodes of Kevin Sullivan's Road to Avonlea .
Dewhurst was on hiatus from Road to Avonlea when she died in 1991. Sullivan Productions was unaware she was terminally ill, so her portrayal of Marilla ended posthumously. This was accomplished by shooting new scenes with actress Patricia Hamilton acting to a body double of Dewhurst, and by recycling parts of scenes from Anne of Green Gables, Road to Avonlea, and using Dewhurst's death scene as Hepzibah in Sullivan's production of Lantern Hill . The latter was a 1990 television film based on L.M. Montgomery's Jane of Lantern Hill .
During 1989 and 1990, she appeared in a supporting role on the television series Murphy Brown playing Avery Brown, the feisty mother of Candice Bergen's title character; this role earned her two Emmy Awards, the second being awarded posthumously. Dewhurst won a total of two Tony Awards and four Emmy Awards for her stage and television work.
Critiquing Dewhurst’s final film role - Ruth in Bed and Breakfast (1991), costarring Roger Moore - reviewer Emanuel Levy wrote, “Bed and Breakfast is the kind of small, intimate picture that actors revere. The stunningly sensual Dewhurst, in one of her last screen roles, dominates every scene she is in, making the lusty and down-to-earth Ruth at once credible and enchanting.“
Dewhurst was president of the Actors' Equity Association from 1985 until her death. She was the first national president to die in the office.
Dewhurst was married to James Vickery from 1947 to 1960. She married and divorced George C. Scott twice. They had two sons, Alexander Scott and actor Campbell Scott; she co-starred with Campbell in Dying Young (1991), one of her last performances. During the last years of her life, she lived on a farm in South Salem, New York, with her partner, Ken Marsolais. They also had a summer home on Prince Edward Island, Canada.
Dewhurst's Christian Science beliefsled to her refusal to countenance any kind of surgical treatment. Maureen Stapleton wrote about Dewhurst:
Colleen looked like a warrior, so people assumed she was the earth mother. But in real life Colleen was not to be let out without a keeper. She couldn't stop herself from taking care of people, which she then did with more care than she took care of herself. Her generosity of spirit was overwhelming and her smile so dazzling that you couldn't pull the f_-kng reins in on her even if you desperately wanted to and knew damn well that somebody should.
Dewhurst died of cervical cancer, age 67, at her South Salem home in 1991. She was cremated and her ashes were given to family and friends; no public service was planned.
Over the course of her 45-year career, Dewhurst won the 1974 Sarah Siddons Award for her work in Chicago theatre, two Tony Awards, two Obie Awards, and two Gemini Awards. In 1989, she won the Genie Award for Best Performance by an Actress in a Supporting Role for her role in Hitting Home. Of her 13 Emmy Award nominations, she won four. She was inducted into the American Theatre Hall of Fame in 1981.
|1959||The Nun's Story||Archangel Gabriel (Sanatorium)|
|1960||Man on a String||Helen Benson|
|1961||The Foxes||television film|
|1966||A Fine Madness||Dr. Vera Kropotkin|
|1967||The Crucible||Elizabeth Proctor||television film (adaptation of the play The Crucible )|
|1971||The Price||Esther Franz||television film|
|1971||The Last Run||Monique|
|1972||The Hands of Cormac Joyce||Molly Joyce||Made for television film|
|1973||Legend in Granite||Marie Lombardi||television film|
|1974||Parker Addison, Philosopher||Hostess||television film|
|The Music School||Hostess||television film|
|The Story of Jacob and Joseph||Rebekah||television film|
|1975||A Moon for the Misbegotten||Josie Hogan||television film (adaptation of the play A Moon for the Misbegotten )|
|1977||Annie Hall||Mrs. Hall|
|1978||The Third Walker||Kate Maclean|
|Ice Castles||Beulah Smith|
|1979||Silent Victory: The Kitty O'Neil Story||Mrs. O'Neil||television film|
|When a Stranger Calls||Tracy Fuller|
|And Baby Makes Six||Anna Kramer||television film|
|Mary and Joseph: A Story of Faith||Elizabeth||television film|
|1980||Death Penalty||Elaine Lipton||television film|
|Escape||Lily Levinson||television film|
|Guyana Tragedy: The Story of Jim Jones||Mrs. Myrtle Kennedy||television miniseries|
|The Women's Room||Val||television film (based on the book The Women's Room )|
|A Perfect Match||Meg Larson||television film|
|Baby Comes Home||Anna Kramer||television film|
|Final Assignment||Dr. Valentine Ulanova|
|1981||A Few Days in Weasel Creek||Aunt Cora||television film|
|1982||Split Cherry Tree||Mother|
|Between Two Brothers||television film|
|1983||Sometimes I Wonder||Grandma||television film|
|The Dead Zone||Henrietta Dodd|
|1984||You Can't Take It with You||Grand Duchess Olga Katrina||television film (adaptation of the play You Can't Take It with You )|
|The Glitter Dome||Lorna Dillman||television film|
|1985||Anne of Green Gables||Marilla Cuthbert||television film|
|1986||Between Two Women||Barbara Petherton||television film|
|Johnny Bull||Marie Kovacs||television film|
|As Is||Hospice Worker||television film|
|The Boy Who Could Fly||Mrs. Sherman|
|Sword of Gideon||Golda Meir||television film|
|1987||Hitting Home||Judge||television film|
|Bigfoot||Gladys Samco||television film|
|Anne of Green Gables: The Sequel||Marilla Cuthbert||television film|
|1988||Woman in the Wind|
|1989||Those She Left Behind||Margaret Page||television film|
|Termini Station||Molly Dushane|
|1990||The Exorcist III||Pazuzu||Voice, Uncredited|
|Lantern Hill||Elizabeth||television film|
|1991||Dying Young||Estelle Whittier|
|Bed & Breakfast||Ruth||(final film role)|
|2000||Anne of Green Gables: The Continuing Story||Marilla Cuthbert||television miniseries, uncredited (archive footage)|
|2008||Anne of Green Gables: A New Beginning||Marilla Cuthbert||television film (archive footage)|
|1957||Studio One||teleplay: First Prize for Murder|
|1958||Kraft Television Theatre||teleplay: Presumption of Innocence|
|Decoy||Taffy||one episode: "Deadly Corridor"|
|DuPont Show of the Month||teleplay: The Count of Monte Cristo|
|1959||Aldonza/Dulcinea||teleplay: I, Don Quixote|
|Play of the Week||Mordeen Saul / Woman||teleplays: Burning Bright ; Medea|
|The United States Steel Hour||Vera Brandon||teleplay: The Hours Before Dawn|
|1961||Play of the Week||teleplays: No Exit ; The Indifferent Lover|
|Ben Casey||Phyllis Anders||one episode: "I Remember a Lemon Tree"|
|1962||The Eleventh Hour||Joanne Novak||one episode: "I Don't Belong in a White-Painted House"|
|The Virginian||Celia Ames||one episode: "The Executioners"|
|The Nurses||Grace Milo||one episode: "Fly, Shadow"|
|1963||The United States Steel Hour||Francie Broderick||teleplay: Night Run to the West|
|DuPont Show of the Month||Karen Holt||teleplay: Something to Hide|
|1964||East Side/West Side||Shirley||one episode: "Nothing but the Half Truth"|
|1965||Dr. Kildare||Eleanor Markham||one episode: "All Brides Should Be Beautiful"|
|The Alfred Hitchcock Hour||Nurse Ellen Hatch||one episode: "Night Fever"|
|1966||The F.B.I.||Amy Doucette||one episode: "The Baby Sitter"|
|The Big Valley||Annie Morton||one episode: "A Day of Terror"|
|1971||ITV Sunday Night Theatre||Mrs. Franz||teleplay: The Price|
|Hallmark Hall of Fame|
|1972||Molly Joyce||teleplay: The Hands of Cormac Joyce|
|1973||Wide World Mystery||Margery Landing||one episode: "A Prowler in the Heart"|
|1979||Studs Lonigan||Mary Lonigan||miniseries|
|1982||Quincy, M.E.||Dr. Barbara Ludow||one episode: "For Love of Joshua"|
|The Blue and the Gray||Maggie Geyser||miniseries|
|1983||Great Performances||Red Queen||teleplay: Alice in Wonderland|
|1984||Finder of Lost Loves||Rachel Green||one episode: "Echoes"|
|The Love Boat||Maud||one episode: "Welcome Aboard: Part 1 and 2"|
|1988||The Twilight Zone||Hallie Parker||one episode: "There Was an Old Woman"|
|1989||Moonlighting||Betty Russell||one episode: "Take My Wife, for Example"|
|1989–1990||Murphy Brown||Avery Brown Sr.||three episodes:|
-"Brown Like Me: Part 1 and Part II" (1989)
-"Mama Said" (1989)
-"Bob & Murphy & Ted & Avery (1990)
|1990–1992||Road to Avonlea||Marilla Cuthbert||four episodes:|
- "Of Corsets and Secrets and True, True Love"
-"The Materializing of Duncan McTavish"
-"The Quarantine at Alexander Abraham's" and "Old Friends New Wounds (Marilla's Death)"
|1952||Desire Under the Elms||Neighbor|
|1956||Tamburlaine the Great||Virgin of Memphis / Turkish Concubine|
|1957–1958||The Country Wife||Mrs. Squeamish|
|1960–1961||All the Way Home||Mary Follet|
|1962||Great Day in the Morning||Phoebe Flaherty|
|1963–1964||The Ballad of the Sad Café||Miss Amelia Evans|
|1967–1968||More Stately Mansions||Sara|
|1970||The Good Woman of Setzuan||Shen Te|
|1971||All Over||The Mistress|
|1972||Mourning Becomes Electra||Christine Mannon|
|1973–1974||A Moon for the Misbegotten||Josie Hogan|
|1976||Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?||Martha|
|1977–1978||An Almost Perfect Person||Irene Porter|
|1982||The Queen and the Rebels||Argia|
|1983–1984||You Can't Take It with You||Olga|
|1988||Long Day's Journey into Night||Mary Cavan Tyrone|
|Ah, Wilderness!||Essie Miller|
|1989–1990||Love Letters||Melissa Gardner|
Kim Stanley was an American actress, primarily in television and theatre, but with occasional film performances.
Cicely L. Tyson is an American actress and former fashion model. In a career spanning more than seven decades, she became known for her portrayal of strong African-American women. Tyson is the recipient of three Primetime Emmy Awards, four Black Reel Awards, one Screen Actors Guild Award, one Tony Award and an honorary Academy Award.
Stanley Tucci is an American actor, writer, producer, film director and former fashion model. Involved in acting from a young age, he made his film debut in John Huston's Prizzi's Honor (1985), and continued to play a wide variety of supporting roles in films such as Woody Allen's Deconstructing Harry (1997), Sam Mendes' Road to Perdition (2002) and Steven Spielberg's The Terminal (2004). In 1996, he made his directorial debut with the cult comedy Big Night which he also wrote and starred in alongside Tony Shalhoub. He also played Stanley Kubrick in the television film The Life and Death of Peter Sellers. Tucci is also known for his collaborations with Meryl Streep in films such as The Devil Wears Prada (2005), and Julie & Julia (2009). Tucci gained further acclaim and success with such films as Easy A (2010), Margin Call (2011), The Hunger Games films (2012-2015), Spotlight (2015), and Beauty and the Beast (2017).
Road to Avonlea is a Canadian television series first broadcast in Canada between January 7, 1990, and March 31, 1996, and in the United States starting on March 5, 1990. The program was created by Kevin Sullivan and produced by Sullivan Films in association with the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC) and the Disney Channel, with additional funding from Telefilm Canada. The Disney Channel began airing the series in the United States on March 5, 1990, and continued airing it in January 1997. The series was loosely adapted from a number of novels by Lucy Maud Montgomery, with many of the series' characters and episodes inspired by her stories.
Best Actor is the name of an award which is presented by various film, television and theatre organizations, festivals, and people's awards to leading actors in a film, television series, television film or play. The first Best Actor award was awarded for acting in a film, on May 16, 1929 by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS) at the Academy Awards to Emil Jannings for his role of Grand Duke Sergius Alexander in The Last Command and August Schilling in The Way of All Flesh. In theatre, it was first awarded on April 6, 1947 by the American Theatre Wing and The Broadway League at the Tony Awards to José Ferrer for his role of Cyrano de Bergerac in Cyrano de Bergerac and to Fredric March for his role of Clinton Jones in Years Ago. In television, it was first awarded on January 23, 1951 by Academy of Television Arts & Sciences at the Primetime Emmy Awards to Alan Young for his role of himself in The Alan Young Show. In a film festival, presented as the Volpi Cup, it was first awarded between August 1–20, 1934 by the Venice Film Festival to Wallace Beery for his role of Pancho Villa in Viva Villa!
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Anne of Green Gables is a 1985 Canadian made-for-television drama film based on the novel of the same name by Canadian author Lucy Maud Montgomery, and is the first in a series of four films. The film starred Megan Follows in the title role of Anne Shirley and was produced and directed by Kevin Sullivan for the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. It was released theatrically in Iran, Israel, Europe, and Japan.
Anne of Green Gables: The Sequel is a 1987 Canadian television miniseries film. It is a sequel to the 1985 miniseries Anne of Green Gables, and the second in a series of four films, based on Lucy Maud Montgomery's novels Anne of Avonlea, Anne of the Island and Anne of Windy Poplars.
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Amy Marie Madigan is an American actress, producer, and singer. She was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress for the 1985 film Twice in a Lifetime. Her other film credits include Love Child (1982), Places in the Heart (1984), Field of Dreams (1989), Uncle Buck (1989), The Dark Half (1993), Pollock (2000), and Gone Baby Gone (2007). Madigan won the Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress on Television and was nominated for the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Miniseries or a Movie for her portrayal of Sarah Weddington in the 1989 television film Roe vs. Wade.
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Cherry Jones is an American actress. A five-time Tony Award nominee for her work on Broadway, she has twice won the Tony Award for Best Actress in a Play: for the 1995 revival of The Heiress and for the 2005 original production of Doubt. She has also won two Emmy Awards, winning Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Drama Series in 2009 for her role as Allison Taylor on the FOX television series 24, and then winning Outstanding Guest Actress in a Drama Series in 2019 for her performance in The Handmaid's Tale. She has also won three Drama Desk Awards. Jones made her Broadway debut in the 1987 original Broadway production of Stepping Out. Other stage credits include Pride's Crossing (1997–98) and The Glass Menagerie (2013–14). Her film appearances include The Horse Whisperer (1998), Erin Brockovich (2000), Signs (2002), The Village (2004), Amelia (2009), and The Beaver (2011). In 2012, she played Dr. Judith Evans on the NBC drama Awake.
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Katherine Whitton Baker is an American actress. Baker began her career in theatre and made her screen debut in the 1983 drama film, The Right Stuff. She received the National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Supporting Actress and an Independent Spirit Award nomination for her performance in Street Smart (1987). Baker also has appeared in over 50 films, including Jacknife (1989), Edward Scissorhands (1990), The Cider House Rules (1999), Cold Mountain (2003), Nine Lives (2005), The Jane Austen Book Club (2007), Last Chance Harvey (2008), Take Shelter (2011), Saving Mr. Banks (2013) and The Age of Adaline (2015).
The Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Limited Series or Movie is an award presented annually by the Academy of Television Arts & Sciences (ATAS). It is given in honor of an actress who has delivered an outstanding performance in a leading role on a television limited series or television movie for the primetime network season.
The Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Limited Series or Movie is an award presented annually by the Academy of Television Arts & Sciences (ATAS). It is given in honor of an actress who has delivered an outstanding performance in a supporting role on a television limited series or television movie for the primetime network season.
A Moon for the Misbegotten is a play by Eugene O'Neill. The play is a sequel to O'Neill's Long Day's Journey into Night, with the Jim Tyrone character as an older version of Jamie Tyrone. He began drafting the play late in 1941, set it aside after a few months and returned to it a year later, completing the text in 1943 – his final work, as his failing health made it physically impossible for him to write. The play premiered on Broadway in 1947 and has had four Broadway revivals, plus a West End engagement.
The Triple Crown of Acting is a term used in the American entertainment industry to describe actors who have won a competitive Academy Award, Emmy Award, and Tony Award in the acting categories. As of June 2018, twenty-four people have achieved the triple crown of acting. Helen Hayes's Emmy Award win on February 5, 1953, made her the first person to achieve the triple crown. Thomas Mitchell became the first man to achieve the triple crown with his Tony Award win later the same year on March 29, 1953. Hayes and Rita Moreno are the only triple crown winners in competitive acting categories who have also won a Grammy Award to complete the EGOT.
The filmography of actress Mare Winningham consists of her acting appearances in feature film, television series appearances, television films, and Winningham's stage credits.