Collegium Russicum

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Pontifical Russian College
Russicum
Russicum.JPG
Latin: Pontificium Collegium Russicum Sanctae Theresiae a Iesu Infante
Type Pontifical College
Established1929;95 years ago (1929)
Parent institution
Congregation for the Oriental Churches
Chancellor Leonardo Sandri
Rector Tomás García-Huidobro Rivas, S.J.
Address
Via Carlo Cattaneo 2/A
00185 Rome.
,
Rome

The Collegium Russicum (Latin : Pontificium Collegium Russicum Sanctae Theresiae A Iesu Infante; Russian : Папская коллегия Ру́ссикум; English: Pontifical Russian College of Saint Thérèse of the Child Jesus) is a Catholic college in Rome dedicated to studies of the culture and spirituality of Russia.

Contents

It is located near the Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore, separated from the Pontifical Oriental Institute by the Church of Saint Anthony, and is known informally as the Russicum.

History

The college is built on the site of what was once a hospital, created by bequest in 1529, by Cardinal Pietro Capocci. From the middle of the 18th century the hospital was assigned to Camaldolese nuns, who kept it until it was confiscated by the government in 1871. In 1928 the church of Sant'Antonio Abate all'Esquilino and its surroundings were acquired by the Holy See, which assigned the church to Russian Catholics of the Byzantine Rite and the surrounding buildings to the Collegium Russicum. [1]

The Russicum, which was founded on August 15, 1929 by Pope Pius XI, was intended to train Russian Greek Catholic priests to serve as missionaries in the growing Russian diaspora of anti-communist political refugees, [2] and despite the anti-religious persecution taking place in the Soviet Union, in that very country. The money for both the college building and its reconstruction were taken from an aggregate of charity donations from faithful all over the world on the occasion of the canonization of St. Thérèse de Lisieux, placing the Russicum under her patronage.

The Collegium Russicum is run by the Society of Jesus and provides education and accommodation for Catholic and Orthodox students.

Rectors

1. Vendelín Javorka, S.J. (1929–1936), Slovak
2. Philippe de Régis, S.J. (1936–1942), French
3. Francisco Echarri, S.J. (1942–1946), Spanish-Basque, Vice-Rector
4. Philippe de Régis, S.J. (1946–1948), French
5. Gustav Andrej Wetter, S.J. (1948–1955), Austrian
[3] 6. Bohumíl-Feofil Horáček, S.J. (1955–1962), Czech
7. Josef Olšar, S.J. (1962–1967), Czech
8. Paul Mailleux, S.J. (1967–1978), Belgian
9. Gino-Kirill Piovesan, S.J. (1978–1985), Italian
10. Josef Macha, S.J. (1985–1991), German
11. John Long, S.J. (1991–1996), American
12. Richard Čemus, S.J. (1996–2001), Czech
13. Alojzij Cvikl, S.J. (2001–2010), Slovene
14. Lionginas Virbalas, S.J. (2010–2013), Lithuanian
15. Anto Lozuk, S.J. (2013–2017), Croat
16. Peter Dufka, S.J. (2017–2019), Slovak, Vice-Rector
17. Tomás García-Huidobro Rivas, S.J. (2019–), Chilean

Notable alumni

Notable faculty

See also

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References

  1. "Church of Sant'Eusebio all'Esquilino", Turismo Roma, Major Events, Sport, Tourism and Fashion Department
  2. Nichols, Aidan. Rome and the Eastern Churches, Ignatius Press, 2010, p. 339 ISBN   9781586172824
  3. Dahm, Helmut, and E. M. Swiderski. "From the Profession: Gustav A. Wetter: In Pacis et Lucis Regione Constitutus", Studies in Soviet Thought, vol. 44, no. 2, 1992, pp. 131–35. JSTOR
  4. "Pontificio Collegio Russicum, Roma, Via Carlo Cattaneo, 2A ᐈ Contatti, recensioni, indirizzo, mappa, telefono, foto". Guide.in.ua (in Italian). Retrieved 2023-10-06.

Sources

41°53′49″N12°30′02″E / 41.89694°N 12.50056°E / 41.89694; 12.50056