Collegium Russicum

Last updated
Pontifical Russian College
Latin: Pontificium Collegium Russicum Sanctae Theresiae a Iesu Infante
Type Pontifical College
Established1929;95 years ago (1929)
Parent institution
Congregation for the Oriental Churches
Chancellor Leonardo Sandri
Rector Tomás García-Huidobro Rivas, S.J.
Via Carlo Cattaneo 2/A
00185 Rome.

The Collegium Russicum (Latin : Pontificium Collegium Russicum Sanctae Theresiae A Iesu Infante; Russian : Папская коллегия Ру́ссикум; English: Pontifical Russian College of Saint Thérèse of the Child Jesus) is a Catholic college in Rome dedicated to studies of the culture and spirituality of Russia.


It is located near the Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore, separated from the Pontifical Oriental Institute by the Church of Saint Anthony, and is known informally as the Russicum.


The college is built on the site of what was once a hospital, created by bequest in 1529, by Cardinal Pietro Capocci. From the middle of the 18th century the hospital was assigned to Camaldolese nuns, who kept it until it was confiscated by the government in 1871. In 1928 the church of Sant'Antonio Abate all'Esquilino and its surroundings were acquired by the Holy See, which assigned the church to Russian Catholics of the Byzantine Rite and the surrounding buildings to the Collegium Russicum. [1]

The Russicum, which was founded on August 15, 1929 by Pope Pius XI, was intended to train Russian Greek Catholic priests to serve as missionaries in the growing Russian diaspora of anti-communist political refugees, [2] and despite the anti-religious persecution taking place in the Soviet Union, in that very country. The money for both the college building and its reconstruction were taken from an aggregate of charity donations from faithful all over the world on the occasion of the canonization of St. Thérèse de Lisieux, placing the Russicum under her patronage.

The Collegium Russicum is run by the Society of Jesus and provides education and accommodation for Catholic and Orthodox students.


1. Vendelín Javorka, S.J. (1929–1936), Slovak
2. Philippe de Régis, S.J. (1936–1942), French
3. Francisco Echarri, S.J. (1942–1946), Spanish-Basque, Vice-Rector
4. Philippe de Régis, S.J. (1946–1948), French
5. Gustav Andrej Wetter, S.J. (1948–1955), Austrian
[3] 6. Bohumíl-Feofil Horáček, S.J. (1955–1962), Czech
7. Josef Olšar, S.J. (1962–1967), Czech
8. Paul Mailleux, S.J. (1967–1978), Belgian
9. Gino-Kirill Piovesan, S.J. (1978–1985), Italian
10. Josef Macha, S.J. (1985–1991), German
11. John Long, S.J. (1991–1996), American
12. Richard Čemus, S.J. (1996–2001), Czech
13. Alojzij Cvikl, S.J. (2001–2010), Slovene
14. Lionginas Virbalas, S.J. (2010–2013), Lithuanian
15. Anto Lozuk, S.J. (2013–2017), Croat
16. Peter Dufka, S.J. (2017–2019), Slovak, Vice-Rector
17. Tomás García-Huidobro Rivas, S.J. (2019–), Chilean

Notable alumni

Notable faculty

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples</span> Dicastery of the Roman Curia

The Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples was a congregation of the Roman Curia of the Catholic Church in Rome, responsible for missionary work and related activities. It is also known by its former title, the Sacred Congregation for the Propagation of the Faith, or simply the Propaganda Fide. On 5 June 2022, it was merged with the Pontifical Council for Promoting the New Evangelization into the Dicastery for Evangelization.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Pontifical Croatian College of St. Jerome</span>

The Pontifical Croatian College of St. Jerome is a Catholic college, church and a society in the city of Rome intended for the schooling of South Slav clerics. It is named after Saint Jerome. Since the founding of the modern college in 1901, it has schooled 311 clerics from all bishoprics of Croatia.

The Russian Greek Catholic Church or Russian Byzantine Catholic Church is a sui iuris Byzantine Rite Eastern Catholic Church of the worldwide Catholic Church. Historically, it represents a both a movement away from the control of the Church by the State and towards the reunion of the Russian Orthodox Church with the Catholic Church. It is in full communion with and subject to the authority of the Pope of Rome as defined by Code of Canons of the Eastern Churches.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Vyacheslav Ivanov (poet)</span> Russian poet and playwright

Vyacheslav Ivanovich Ivanov was a Russian poet, playwright, Classicist, and senior literary and dramatic theorist of the Russian Symbolist movement. He was also a philosopher, translator, and literary critic.

Walter Joseph Ciszek, S.J. was a Polish-American Jesuit priest of the Russian Greek Catholic Church who clandestinely conducted missionary work in the Soviet Union between 1939 and 1963.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Pontifical Oriental Institute</span> Catholic university in Rome

The Pontifical Oriental Institute, also known as the Orientale, is a Catholic institution of higher education located in Rome and focusing on Eastern Christianity.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Slovak Greek Catholic Church</span> Eastern Catholic Church

The Slovak Greek Catholic Church or Byzantine Catholic Church in Slovakia, is a sui iuris (autonomous) Eastern Catholic church based in Slovakia. As a particular church of the Catholic Church, it is in full communion with the Holy See. The church is organised as a single ecclesiastical province with one metropolitan see. Its liturgical rite is the Byzantine Rite. In 2008 in Slovakia alone, the Greek Catholic Church in Slovakia had some 350,000 faithful, 374 priests and 254 parishes. In 2017, the Catholic Church counted 207,320 Greek Catholics in Slovakia worldwide, representing roughly one percent of all Eastern Catholics.

The Pontifical Roman Major Seminary is the major seminary of the Diocese of Rome. It is located at the Archbasilica of Saint John Lateran. Since 2017, the rector of the seminary has been Gabriele Faraghini, a priest of the Little Brothers of Jesus Caritas.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Roman Colleges</span>

The Roman Colleges, also referred to as the Pontifical Colleges in Rome, are institutions established and maintained in Rome for the education of future ecclesiastics of the Catholic Church. Traditionally many were for students of a particular nationality. The colleges are halls of residence in which the students follow the usual seminary exercises of piety, study in private, and review the subjects treated in class. In some colleges there are special courses of instruction but the regular courses in philosophy and theology are given in a few large central institutions, such as Pontifical Urbaniana University, the Pontifical Gregorian University, the Pontifical Lateran University, and the Pontifical University of Saint Thomas Aquinas, Angelicum.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Collegio Teutonico</span>

The Collegio Teutonico, historically often referred to by its Latin name Collegium Germanicum, is one of the Pontifical Colleges of Rome. The German College is the Pontifical College established for future ecclesiastics of German nationality. It is divided into two separate colleges; the Pontificio Collegio Teutonico di S. Maria dell’ Anima and the Collegio Teutonico del Campo Santo.

The Pontificio Collegio Urbano de Propaganda Fide was established in 1627 for the purpose of training missionaries to spread Catholicism around the world.

Potapy Emelianov was a monastic priest, or Hieromonk, from the Old Ritualist tradition within Russian Orthodoxy who entered the Russian Greek Catholic Church and communion with the Holy See along with his entire parish in 1918.

Alexander Nikolaevich Evreinov was a Russian bishop, who converted to Russian Greek Catholic Church from Russian Orthodoxy. Being a citizen with a noble origin in Saint Petersburg, Evreinov was a member of the Foreign Affairs department of the Russian nation before his conversion to the Catholic faith and ordination to the priesthood. Despite being consecrated as a bishop in 1936, Evreinov did not have any jurisdiction among Russian Catholics neither in the Soviet Union nor in the Russian diaspora. Evreinov was a member of the Russian Apostolate.

Pietro Leoni was an Italian priest of the Society of Jesus and the Russian Greek Catholic Church. His memoir of surviving the Gulag, "Spia del Vaticano!", was published after his return to the West.

George Kovalenko, SJ was a Russian Jesuit, a priest of the Catholic Church and a member of the Russian apostolate.

The Pontifical Greek College of St. Athanasius is a Pontifical College in Rome that observes the Byzantine rite.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Peter Dufka</span>

ThDr. PaedDr. Mgr. art. Peter Dufka, SJ is Slovak Roman Catholic priest, Professor at the Pontifical Oriental Institute in Rome, Radio Vatican co-worker and Pro-Rector of Collegium Russicum.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ján Kellner</span> Catholic Priest

Ján Kellner was a Slovak Catholic priest, missionary to USSR, executed during Stalinism in 1941.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Milan Lach</span> Slovak Jesuit and Greek Catholic bishop

Milan Lach, SJ is a Slovak Catholic bishop current appointed as an auxiliary bishop for the Eparchy of Bratislava of the Slovak Greek Catholic Church. He was previously the Eparch of Parma in the Ruthenian Greek Catholic Church.


  1. "Church of Sant'Eusebio all'Esquilino", Turismo Roma, Major Events, Sport, Tourism and Fashion Department
  2. Nichols, Aidan. Rome and the Eastern Churches, Ignatius Press, 2010, p. 339 ISBN   9781586172824
  3. Dahm, Helmut, and E. M. Swiderski. "From the Profession: Gustav A. Wetter: In Pacis et Lucis Regione Constitutus", Studies in Soviet Thought, vol. 44, no. 2, 1992, pp. 131–35. JSTOR
  4. "Pontificio Collegio Russicum, Roma, Via Carlo Cattaneo, 2A ᐈ Contatti, recensioni, indirizzo, mappa, telefono, foto". (in Italian). Retrieved 2023-10-06.


41°53′49″N12°30′02″E / 41.89694°N 12.50056°E / 41.89694; 12.50056