Collyhurst

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Collyhurst
High rises at Collyhurst.jpg
High rises at Collyhurst
Greater Manchester UK location map 2.svg
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Collyhurst
Location within Greater Manchester
OS grid reference SD855000
Metropolitan borough
Metropolitan county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town MANCHESTER
Postcode district M40
Dialling code 0161
Police Greater Manchester
Fire Greater Manchester
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament North West England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Greater Manchester
53°29′48″N2°13′04″W / 53.496703°N 2.217846°W / 53.496703; -2.217846 Coordinates: 53°29′48″N2°13′04″W / 53.496703°N 2.217846°W / 53.496703; -2.217846

Collyhurst is an inner city area of Manchester, England, 1.5 miles (2.4 km) northeast of the city centre on Rochdale Road (A664) and Oldham Road (A62), bounded by Smedley, Harpurhey and Monsall to the north, Miles Platting to the east, Ancoats to the south, and the River Irk to the west. Prominent buildings include two Roman Catholic churches, St Patrick's and St Malachy's.

Manchester City and metropolitan borough in England

Manchester is a city and metropolitan borough in Greater Manchester, England. With a population of 545,500 (2017) it is the sixth largest city in the United Kingdom. It is fringed by the Cheshire Plain to the south, the Pennines to the north and east, and an arc of towns with which it forms a continuous conurbation. The local authority is Manchester City Council.

Manchester city centre central business district of the City of Manchester, England

Manchester city centre is the central business district of Manchester, England, within the boundaries of Trinity Way, Great Ancoats Street and Whitworth Street. The City Centre ward had a population of 17,861 at the 2011 census.

A62 road road in England

The A62 is a major road in Northern England that runs between the two major cities of Manchester and Leeds, covering a distance of 38.5 miles (62.0 km).

Contents

Collyhurst sandstone

Sandstone at Collyhurst Quarry Collyhurst Quarry.jpg
Sandstone at Collyhurst Quarry
Entrance to Sandhills Sandhills.jpg
Entrance to Sandhills

Much of the red sandstone used for building in Manchester and the surrounding area, including stone for the Roman fort at Castlefield, St Ann's Church in the city centre, Manchester Cathedral and the original buildings of Chetham's Hospital, came from Collyhurst Quarry. [1] Geologists use the term Collyhurst Sandstone for this type of soft red sandstone, which occurs in North West England. [2] It is a fine to medium grained sedimentary rock, created from desert sands blown into dune formations during the Early Permian period when the area which now constitutes the British Isles was within the desert belts to the north of the equator. The rock is not very resistant to weathering and erosion and disintegrates relatively quickly. The quarry was mentioned by John Leland in the description of Manchester in his book. The Itinerary of John Leland in or about the years 1535 to 1543, saying that there was " a goodly quarre hard by the towne". [3] Stone was transported the short distance into Manchester by river on barges or rafts. [1] The quarry is disused and the area around it has been turned into a park called "Sandhills" [4] as part of Manchester City Council's Irk Valley Project. [5] [6]

Sandstone A clastic sedimentary rock composed mostly of sand-sized particles

Sandstone is a clastic sedimentary rock composed mainly of sand-sized mineral particles or rock fragments.

Castlefield human settlement in United Kingdom

Castlefield is an inner city conservation area of Manchester in North West England. The conservation area which bears its name is bounded by the River Irwell, Quay Street, Deansgate and Chester Road. It was the site of the Roman era fort of Mamucium or Mancunium which gave its name to Manchester. It was the terminus of the Bridgewater Canal, the world's first industrial canal, built in 1764; the oldest canal warehouse opened in 1779. The world's first passenger railway terminated here in 1830, at Liverpool Road railway station and the first railway warehouse opened here in 1831.

St Anns Church, Manchester Church

St Ann's Church in Manchester, England was consecrated in 1712. Although named after St Anne, it also pays tribute to the patron of the church, Ann, Lady Bland. St Ann's Church is a Grade I listed building.

Churches

There are now two Roman Catholic churches in Collyhurst, St Patrick's and St Malachy's. There was once also St Edmund's in Monsall Street (architect P.P. Pugin, 1894). The three former Anglican churches have been demolished since they were described by Nikolaus Pevsner in The Buildings of England; Lancashire; I, 1969. The oldest was St Oswald's on Rochdale Road in the Gothic of the 13th century, the architect was E.H. Shellard; the east end was spectacularly picturesque and there was a steeple designed by John Lowe. Lowe was also the architect of the two other churches, the Albert Memorial Church in Queen's Road, 1864, a red brick building with a northwest tower topped by a spire; and St James's in Teignmouth Street, 1874 (this had a steeple at the northwest corner, a porch on the southwest, and a polygonal apse). The Union Chapel, Queen's Park, was designed by R. Moffat Smith and has a low turreted tower. [7]

Peter Paul Pugin British architect

Peter Paul Pugin was an English architect, son of Augustus Welby Pugin by his third wife Jane Knill. He was the half-brother of architect and designer Edward Welby Pugin.

Nikolaus Pevsner German-born British scholar

Sir Nikolaus Bernhard Leon Pevsner was a German-British art historian and architectural historian best known for his monumental 46-volume series of county-by-county guides, The Buildings of England (1951–74).

Gothic architecture Style of architecture

Gothic architecture is a style that flourished in Europe during the High and Late Middle Ages. It evolved from Romanesque architecture and was succeeded by Renaissance architecture. Originating in 12th-century France, it was widely used, especially for cathedrals and churches, until the 16th century.

In 1972, all the C of E churches in Collyhurst and Monsall were amalgamated into a new benefice of the Church of the Saviour. The church was established on part of the site formerly occupied by St Oswald's Church on Rochdale Road. This is an evangelical Church of England church.

War memorial

There is a war memorial on Rochdale Road next to the former site of the Collyhurst Flats, erected by public subscription and unveiled by the Rt. Hon. Earl of Derby KG (Secretary of State for War) on 23 May 1923 to commemorate British servicemen who died during the First World War. [8]

Edward Stanley, 17th Earl of Derby British politician

Edward George Villiers Stanley, 17th Earl of Derby,, styled Mr Edward Stanley until 1886, then The Hon Edward Stanley and then Lord Stanley from 1893 to 1908, was a British soldier, Conservative politician, diplomat, and racehorse owner. He was twice Secretary of State for War and also served as British Ambassador to France.

Collyhurst War Memorial Collyhurst War Memorial.jpg
Collyhurst War Memorial

Collyhurst Hall

Collyhurst Hall was once home to the Mosley family, lords of the manor of Manchester until 1846. There had been a hall on the site since at least 1649, but Collyhurst Hall had been demolished by the end of the 19th century to make way for a development of terraced houses, themselves demolished in the 1960s. What remains of the hall is buried beneath a playing field on the corner of Rochdale Road and Collyhurst Street. [9] [10]

Mosley is a family name.

Terraced house style of medium-density housing that originated in Europe in the 16th century

In architecture and city planning, a terrace or terrace house (UK) or townhouse (US) is a form of medium-density housing that originated in Europe in the 16th century, whereby a row of attached dwellings share side walls. They are also known in some areas as row houses.

Archaeologists from the University of Salford and Manchester Communications Academy, together with volunteers, local residents and school children, undertook an excavation of the site in 2016. [9] The project was supported by Collyhurst Big Local, Manchester City Council, Tameside Archaeology Society and Manchester Museum. [10]

Public art

The exterior of the Queen's Hotel features a mural by the artist Alan Boyson. [11]

For a brief period in the mid-1970s, The Electric Circus, a run-down venue on Collyhurst Street, formerly the Palladium variety club, found itself at the centre of Manchester's punk rock scene. It played host to bands such as the Sex Pistols, The Jam, Joy Division, then known as Warsaw, [12] Buzzcocks, Slaughter and the Dogs and The Clash's "White Riot" tour before its closure in 1977. It has since been demolished.

Railway accident

On 15 August 1953, the front coach of a Manchester to Bury electric train fell from the Collyhurst viaduct over the River Irk after colliding with a local steam train. Ten people were killed and 58 injured in what became known as the Irk Valley Junction rail crash. [13]

Notable people

Related Research Articles

Rochdale town in Greater Manchester, England

Rochdale is a town in Greater Manchester, England, at the foothills of the South Pennines on the River Roch, 5.3 miles (8.5 km) northwest of Oldham and 9.8 miles (15.8 km) northeast of Manchester. It is the administrative centre of the Metropolitan Borough of Rochdale, which had a population of 211,699 in 2011.

Middleton, Greater Manchester town within the Metropolitan Borough of Rochdale, in Greater Manchester, England

Middleton is a town in the Metropolitan Borough of Rochdale, Greater Manchester, England, on the River Irk 5 miles (8.0 km) southwest of Rochdale and 4.4 miles (7.1 km) northeast of Manchester city centre. Middleton had a population of 42,972 at the 2011 Census. It lies on the northern edge of Manchester, with Blackley to the south and Moston to the south east.

Miles Platting inner city district of Manchester, England

Miles Platting is an inner city part of Manchester, England, 1.4 miles (2.3 km) northeast of Manchester city centre along the Rochdale Canal and A62 road, bounded by Monsall to the north, Collyhurst to the west, Newton Heath to the east, and Bradford, Holt Town and Ancoats to the south.

Harpurhey inner-city area of Manchester, England

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Newhey suburban village in the Milnrow area of the Metropolitan Borough of Rochdale, in Greater Manchester, England

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St Michaels Flags and Angel Meadow Park

St Michael's Flags and Angel Meadow Park is a public park to the immediate northeast of Manchester city centre in North West England, on a slope between the River Irk and Rochdale Road. It occupies an area of 7.4 acres (3 ha), and was once an affluent suburb of Manchester, until the 19th-century Industrial Revolution altered the social standing of the area and introduced poverty and disease. Regeneration of the park in the 2000s has created a gateway into the Irk Valley.

Architecture of Manchester

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Monsall tram stop

Monsall is a tram stop on the Oldham and Rochdale Line (ORL) of Greater Manchester's light-rail Metrolink system in the Monsall area of Manchester in North West England. It was built as part of Phase 3a of the system's expansion, on the route of the former Oldham Loop Line, and opened to passengers on 13 June 2012.

Mills Hill human settlement in United Kingdom

Mills Hill is an industrial and residential area that lies on the common border of Middleton and Chadderton in Greater Manchester, United Kingdom. It lies 1.3 miles east of Middleton town centre and 1.4 miles to the west of central Chadderton. It is contiguous with Middleton Junction, Moorclose, Firwood Park and Chadderton Park. Mills Hills lies along the course of the Rochdale Canal and the River Irk.

Cheetham Hill Road street in Manchester, United Kingdom

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Grade I listed buildings in Greater Manchester Wikimedia list article

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St John the Baptist Church, Rochdale Church in Greater Manchester, United Kingdom

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Oldham and Rochdale Line tram line of the Manchester Metrolink

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Alan Boyson, RCA was an English muralist and sculptor, who worked chiefly in glass, ceramic and concrete.

Moston Brook stream in Greater Manchester

Moston Brook is a stream in Greater Manchester in north-west England and a tributary of the River Irk. The brook is formed at the confluence of Bower Brook and Hole Bottom Brook. This occurs near the Rochdale Canal in Failsworth in the Metropolitan Borough of Oldham. It flows southwest, forming the border between Moston, Manchester and Failsworth before being culverted almost all of the remaining route to its meeting the River Irk. It has a total length of about 3.7 miles.

Smedley, Manchester

Smedley is an area of north Manchester, England, on the banks of the River Irk between Cheetham Hill to the west, Collyhurst to the south, Crumpsall to the north and Harpurhey to the east.

References

  1. 1 2 "Building stone in the city of Manchester: St Ann's Church" . Retrieved 25 July 2008.
  2. "British Geological Survey: Collyhust Sandstone Formation" . Retrieved 25 July 2008.
  3. Bradshaw, L. D. (1987). Visitors to Manchester: a selection of British and foreign visitors' descriptions of Manchester from c. 1538 to c. 1865. Neil Richardson. p. 8. ISBN   1-85216-003-9.
  4. "The Irk Valley:Sandhills". Archived from the original on 5 December 2008. Retrieved 26 July 2008.
  5. "Building stone in the city of Manchester: Collyhurst Quarry". Archived from the original on 19 July 2011. Retrieved 25 July 2008.
  6. "Irk River Valley". Manchester City Council. Retrieved 21 November 2017.
  7. Pevsner, N. (1969). Lancashire; I: the industrial and commercial south. The Buildings of England. Penguin. pp. 315–317.
  8. "Collyhurst". Imperial War Museums. Retrieved 21 November 2017.
  9. 1 2 Brown, Nigel (21 June 2016), "Archaeologists to uncover the secret of Collyhurst Hall", About Manchester, retrieved 21 November 2017
  10. 1 2 "University of Salford to uncover forgotten past of Collyhurst Hall", University of Salford, 21 June 2016, retrieved 21 November 2017
  11. "Alan Boyson's work in Manchester". Modernism North West. 8 February 2012. Archived from the original on 8 November 2016. Retrieved 7 November 2016.
  12. "A Northern Soul". The Guardian. Retrieved 21 November 2017.
  13. "Irk Valley Junction 1953". Danger Ahead! – Historic Railway Disasters. Retrieved 12 December 2007.