Colmars

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Colmars
Colmars - Ensemble -1.jpg
An overall view of the village of Colmars
Blason Colmars.svg
Coat of arms
Location of Colmars
Colmars
France location map-Regions and departements-2016.svg
Red pog.svg
Colmars
Provence-Alpes-Cote d'azur region location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Colmars
Coordinates: 44°10′55″N6°37′38″E / 44.182°N 6.6272°E / 44.182; 6.6272 Coordinates: 44°10′55″N6°37′38″E / 44.182°N 6.6272°E / 44.182; 6.6272
Country France
Region Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
Department Alpes-de-Haute-Provence
Arrondissement Castellane
Canton Castellane
Government
  Mayor (20202026) Magali Surle-Girieud [1]
Area
1
81.82 km2 (31.59 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2018) [2]
490
  Density6.0/km2 (16/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
04061 /04370
Elevation1,178–2,742 m (3,865–8,996 ft)
(avg. 1,250 m or 4,100 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Colmars or Colmars-les-Alpes (Còumars in provençal) is a commune in the Alpes-de-Haute-Provence department in southeastern France.

Contents

The official name of the commune, according to the geographical code of the INSEE, is "Colmars", but it is always referred locally as "Colmars-les-Alpes", even though it is not recognised in legal situations. The signs on entering the village read "Colmars-les-Alpes".

Geography

The village is situated at the confluence of the rivers Verdon and Lance, at an altitude of 1250 metres. The site of the village is a site inscrit, a site of special natural, scientific or historical interest.

Hamlets

There are two other hamlets in the commune: Clignon-Haut and Clignon-Bas.

Population

The inhabitants are called Colmarsiens.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
17001,712    
17161,672−2.3%
17171,320−21.1%
17651,723+30.5%
17931,100−36.2%
1800898−18.4%
1806927+3.2%
1821961+3.7%
1831927−3.5%
1836986+6.4%
18411,033+4.8%
18461,055+2.1%
18511,097+4.0%
18561,092−0.5%
18611,118+2.4%
18661,002−10.4%
18721,004+0.2%
1876990−1.4%
1881818−17.4%
YearPop.±%
1886845+3.3%
1891777−8.0%
1896708−8.9%
1901715+1.0%
1906707−1.1%
1911717+1.4%
1921550−23.3%
1926507−7.8%
1931424−16.4%
1936405−4.5%
1946389−4.0%
1954351−9.8%
1962311−11.4%
1968360+15.8%
1975311−13.6%
1982314+1.0%
1990367+16.9%
1999378+3.0%
2008384+1.6%

Geography

Mountains and peaks

There are numerous high points in the commune. The main ones are:

History

The name of the village comes from a hill dedicated to Mars by the Romans ("Collo Marto"). The village was originally situated further up a hill, but the site was judged to be too cramped and not possible to expand any further, so it was abandoned. It was destroyed by Raymond de Turenne in 1390.

Modern era

In the French Wars of Religion, the site was the target of several attacks:

See also

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References

  1. "Répertoire national des élus: les maires". data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises (in French). 2 December 2020.
  2. "Populations légales 2018". INSEE. 28 December 2020.