Colombes

Last updated
Colombes
P1080870 Mairie Colombes.JPG
The town hall of Colombes
Blason ville fr Colombes (Hauts-de-Seine).svg
Colombes map.svg
Paris and inner ring départements
Location of Colombes
Colombes
France location map-Regions and departements-2016.svg
Red pog.svg
Colombes
Ile-de-France region location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Colombes
Coordinates: 48°55′25″N2°15′08″E / 48.9236°N 2.2522°E / 48.9236; 2.2522 Coordinates: 48°55′25″N2°15′08″E / 48.9236°N 2.2522°E / 48.9236; 2.2522
Country France
Region Île-de-France
Department Hauts-de-Seine
Arrondissement Nanterre
Canton Colombes-1 and 2
Intercommunality Grand Paris
Government
  Mayor (20202026) Patrick Chaimovitch [1]
Area
1
7.81 km2 (3.02 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2019) [2]
86,534
  Density11,000/km2 (29,000/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
92025 /92700
Elevation23–44 m (75–144 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Colombes (French pronunciation:  [kɔlɔ̃b] ( Loudspeaker.svg listen )) is a commune in the northwestern suburbs of Paris, France. It is located 10.6 km (6.6 mi) from the centre of Paris. In 2019, Colombes was the 53rd largest city in France.

Contents

Name

The name Colombes comes from Latin columna (Old French colombe), meaning "column". This is interpreted as referring either to a megalithic column used in ancient times by a druidic cult which stood in Colombes until its destruction during the French Revolution, or to the columns of an atrium in a ruined Gallo-Roman villa that also stood in Colombes.

History

On 13 March 1896, 17% of the territory of Colombes was detached and became the commune of Bois-Colombes (literally "Colombes Woods"). On 2 May 1910, 19% of the (reduced) territory of Colombes was detached and became the commune of La Garenne-Colombes. Thus, the commune of Colombes is now only two-thirds the size of its territory before 1896. The population data in the table and graph below refer to the commune of Colombes proper, in its geography at the given years.

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1793 1,863    
1800 2,430+3.87%
1806 1,627−6.47%
1821 1,584−0.18%
1831 1,643+0.37%
1836 1,557−1.07%
1841 1,548−0.12%
1846 1,658+1.38%
1851 1,649−0.11%
1856 1,906+2.94%
1861 2,805+8.03%
1866 3,678+5.57%
1872 5,133+5.71%
1876 6,640+6.65%
1881 9,877+8.27%
1886 14,254+7.61%
1891 18,918+5.82%
1896 16,798−2.35%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901 23,061+6.54%
1906 29,143+4.79%
1911 22,862−4.74%
1921 32,271+3.51%
1926 42,590+5.71%
1931 57,313+6.12%
1936 61,944+1.57%
1946 61,047−0.15%
1954 67,909+1.34%
1962 76,918+1.57%
1968 80,357+0.73%
1975 83,390+0.53%
1982 78,777−0.81%
1990 78,513−0.04%
1999 76,757−0.25%
2007 82,552+0.91%
2012 85,357+0.67%
2017 85,177−0.04%
Source: EHESS [3] and INSEE (1968-2017) [4]

Administration

The city is divided into two cantons:

Transport

Colombes is served by four stations on the Transilien Paris – Saint-Lazare suburban rail line at Colombes, Le Stade, La Garenne-Colombes and Gare Les Vallées.

Education

The commune has 21 preschools and 19 elementary schools. [5]

Secondary schools:

Personalities

Sport

The stadium was built in 1907. Officially named the Stade Olympique Yves-du-Manoir, the Olympic Stadium of Colombes was the site of the opening ceremony and several events of the 1924 Summer Olympics. The arena's capacity was increased to 60,000 for the 1938 World Cup. The stadium lost its importance after the restoration in 1972 of Paris' 49,000-seat Parc des Princes. In the 1990s, three of the four grandstands were torn down due to decay and the stadium's capacity was down to 7,000; later renovations have brought the current capacity to 14,000.

Through November 2017, it had been home to the Racing 92 rugby club, currently playing in France's Top 14, but Racing has since moved to the new U Arena in Nanterre. The RCF Paris football club, which plays in the fourth division, remains at Yves-du-Manoir. The stadium will be the field hockey venue at the 2024 Summer Olympics.

Twin towns

See also

Related Research Articles

Mantes-la-Jolie Subprefecture and commune in Île-de-France, France

Mantes-la-Jolie is a commune in the Yvelines department in the Île-de-France region of north-central France. It is located to the west of Paris, 48.4 km (30.1 mi) from the centre of the capital. Mantes-la-Jolie is a subprefecture; in 2016, it had a population of 44,231.

Gennevilliers Commune in Île-de-France, France

Gennevilliers is a commune in the northwestern suburbs of Paris, in the Hauts-de-Seine department of Île-de-France. It is located 9.1 km (5.7 mi) from the centre of Paris. In 2017, it had a population of 46,907.

Trophée des Champions Football tournament

The Trophée des Champions is a French association football trophy contested in an annual match between the champions of Ligue 1 and the winners of the Coupe de France. It is equivalent to the super cups found in many other countries.

Parc des Princes Football stadium in Paris, France

Parc des Princes is an all-seater football stadium in Paris, France, in the south-west of the French capital, inside the 16th arrondissement, near the Stade Jean-Bouin and Stade Roland Garros.

La Garenne-Colombes Commune in Île-de-France, France

La Garenne-Colombes is a commune in the northwestern suburbs of Paris, France. It is located 9.6 km (6.0 mi) from Notre Dame de Paris which is the center of Paris. It is one of the most densely populated municipalities in Europe.

Stade Yves-du-Manoir Stadium in Colombes, France

The Stade Yves-du-Manoir is a rugby, track and association football stadium in Colombes, near Paris, France.

LHaÿ-les-Roses Subprefecture and commune in Île-de-France, France

L'Haÿ-les-Roses is a commune in the southern suburbs of Paris, France. It is located 8.5 km (5.3 mi) from the centre of Paris. L'Haÿ-les-Roses is a sous-préfecture of the Val-de-Marne département, being the seat of the Arrondissement of L'Haÿ-les-Roses.

Clichy, Hauts-de-Seine Commune in Île-de-France, France

Clichy is a commune in the northwestern suburbs of Paris, France. It is located on the Seine, 6.4 km (4.0 mi) from the centre of Paris. In 2017, it had a population of 61,070.

Villeneuve-la-Garenne Commune in Île-de-France, France

Villeneuve-la-Garenne is a commune in the northern suburbs of Paris, France. It is located 9.2 km (5.7 mi) from the center of Paris in the Hauts-de-Seine department in the Île-de-France region.

Racing Club de France Football Association football club in France

Racing Club de France Football is a French association football club based in Colombes, a suburb of Paris.

Saint-Maurice, Val-de-Marne Commune in Île-de-France, France

Saint-Maurice is a commune in the southeastern suburbs of Paris, France. It is located 6.8 km (4.2 mi) from the center of Paris. The insane asylum Charenton was located in Saint-Maurice; it is now a psychiatric hospital.

Décines-Charpieu Commune in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, France

Décines-Charpieu is a commune in the Metropolis of Lyon in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region in eastern France. The name of the city is often shortened and simply called Décines.

The 1971 Coupe de France Final was an association football match held at Stade Olympique Yves-du-Manoir, Colombes on 20 June 1971. Stade Rennais defeated Olympique Lyonnais 1–0, thanks to a goal by André Guy.

The 1961 Coupe de France Final was a football match held at Stade Olympique Yves-du-Manoir, Colombes on May 7, 1961, that saw UA Sedan-Torcy defeat Nîmes Olympique 3–1 thanks to goals by Max Fulgenzi, Claude Brény and Mohamed Salem.

The 1950 Coupe de France Final was a football match held at Stade Olympique Yves-du-Manoir, Colombes on 14 May 1950, that saw Stade de Reims defeat RC Paris 2–0 thanks to goals by Francis Méano and André Petitfils.

The 1949 Coupe de France Final was a football match held at Stade Olympique Yves-du-Manoir, Colombes on May 8, 1949, that saw RC Paris defeat Lille OSC 5–2 thanks to goals by Roger Gabet (2), Roger Quenolle and Ernest Vaast.

The 1943 Coupe de France Final was a football match held at Stade Olympique Yves-du-Manoir, Colombes and Parc des Princes, Paris on May 9 and May 22, 1943, that saw Olympique de Marseille defeat Girondins ASP 4–0 in the replay thanks to goals by Emmanuel Aznar (2), Georges Dard and Félix Pironti.

The 1930 Coupe de France Final was a football match held at Stade Olympique Yves-du-Manoir, Colombes on April 27, 1930, that saw FC Sète defeat RC Paris 3–1 thanks to goals by Alexandre Friedmann and Yvan Bek (2).

The 1928 Coupe de France Final was a football match held at Stade Olympique Yves-du-Manoir, Colombes on May 6, 1928, that saw Red Star Olympique defeat CA Paris 3–1 thanks to goals by Paul Wartel, Brenna Egil Lund and Juste Brouzes.

The Paris bid for the 2024 Summer Olympics and Summer Paralympics is the successful bid to bring the Games of the XXXIII Olympiad and the XVII Paralympic Games, to the French capital city. Paris formally announced its intention to bid on 23 June 2015 – the date on which Olympic Day is globally celebrated. Following withdrawals in the 2024 Summer Olympics bidding process that led to just two candidate cities, the IOC announced that the 2028 Summer Olympics would be awarded at the same time as the 2024 Games. After Los Angeles agreed on 31 July 2017 to host the 2028 Games. It was officially announced at the IOC Session in Lima, Peru.

References

  1. "Répertoire national des élus: les maires". data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises (in French). 2 December 2020.
  2. "Populations légales 2019". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 29 December 2021.
  3. Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui: Commune data sheet Colombes, EHESS. (in French)
  4. Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE
  5. "Carte scolaire." Colombes. Retrieved on September 7, 2016.
  6. "Établissements d'enseignement publics sécondaires (collèges) [ permanent dead link ]." Académie de Versailles. Retrieved on September 7, 2016.
  7. Rama Yade: The political star who's eclipsing Sarko, The Independent , 14 April 2009