Colombes

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Colombes
P1080870 Mairie Colombes.JPG
The town hall of Colombes
Blason ville fr Colombes (Hauts-de-Seine).svg
Colombes map.svg
Paris and inner ring départements
Location of Colombes
Colombes
France location map-Regions and departements-2016.svg
Red pog.svg
Colombes
Ile-de-France region location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Colombes
Coordinates: 48°55′25″N2°15′08″E / 48.9236°N 2.2522°E / 48.9236; 2.2522
Country France
Region Île-de-France
Department Hauts-de-Seine
Arrondissement Nanterre
Canton Colombes-1 and 2
Intercommunality Grand Paris
Government
  Mayor (20202026) Patrick Chaimovitch [1]
Area
1
7.81 km2 (3.02 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2020) [2]
86,775
  Density11,000/km2 (29,000/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
92025 /92700
Elevation23–44 m (75–144 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Colombes (French pronunciation: [kɔlɔ̃b] ) is a commune in the northwestern suburbs of Paris, France. It is located 10.6 km (6.6 mi) from the centre of Paris. In 2019, Colombes was the 53rd largest city in France.

Contents

Name

The name Colombes comes from Latin columna (Old French colombe), meaning "column". This is interpreted as referring either to a megalithic column used in ancient times by a druidic cult which stood in Colombes until its destruction during the French Revolution, or to the columns of an atrium in a ruined Gallo-Roman villa that also stood in Colombes.

History

On 13 March 1896, 17% of the territory of Colombes was detached and became the commune of Bois-Colombes (literally "Colombes Woods"). On 2 May 1910, 19% of the (reduced) territory of Colombes was detached and became the commune of La Garenne-Colombes. Thus, the commune of Colombes is now only two-thirds the size of its territory before 1896. The population data in the table and graph below refer to the commune of Colombes proper, in its geography at the given years.

Population

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1793 1,863    
1800 2,430+3.87%
1806 1,627−6.47%
1821 1,584−0.18%
1831 1,643+0.37%
1836 1,557−1.07%
1841 1,548−0.12%
1846 1,658+1.38%
1851 1,649−0.11%
1856 1,906+2.94%
1861 2,805+8.03%
1866 3,678+5.57%
1872 5,133+5.71%
1876 6,640+6.65%
1881 9,877+8.27%
1886 14,254+7.61%
1891 18,918+5.82%
1896 16,798−2.35%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901 23,061+6.54%
1906 29,143+4.79%
1911 22,862−4.74%
1921 32,271+3.51%
1926 42,590+5.71%
1931 57,313+6.12%
1936 61,944+1.57%
1946 61,047−0.15%
1954 67,909+1.34%
1962 76,918+1.57%
1968 80,357+0.73%
1975 83,390+0.53%
1982 78,777−0.81%
1990 78,513−0.04%
1999 76,757−0.25%
2007 82,552+0.91%
2012 85,357+0.67%
2017 85,177−0.04%
Source: EHESS [3] and INSEE (1968-2017) [4]

Geography

Climate

Colombes has a oceanic climate (Köppen climate classification Cfb). The average annual temperature in Colombes is 12.5 °C (54.5 °F). The average annual rainfall is 623.0 mm (24.53 in) with May as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in July, at around 20.6 °C (69.1 °F), and lowest in January, at around 5.0 °C (41.0 °F). The highest temperature ever recorded in Colombes was 40.9 °C (105.6 °F) on 6 August 2003; the coldest temperature ever recorded was −15.0 °C (5.0 °F) on 17 January 1985.

Climate data for Colombes (1981−2010 normals, extremes 1981−2018)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)16.2
(61.2)
21.0
(69.8)
25.5
(77.9)
31.1
(88.0)
35.0
(95.0)
37.9
(100.2)
40.0
(104.0)
40.9
(105.6)
34.0
(93.2)
30.9
(87.6)
22.0
(71.6)
17.5
(63.5)
40.9
(105.6)
Mean daily maximum °C (°F)7.6
(45.7)
8.8
(47.8)
12.7
(54.9)
16.2
(61.2)
20.1
(68.2)
23.2
(73.8)
25.8
(78.4)
25.5
(77.9)
21.7
(71.1)
16.8
(62.2)
11.2
(52.2)
7.9
(46.2)
16.5
(61.7)
Daily mean °C (°F)5.0
(41.0)
5.6
(42.1)
8.7
(47.7)
11.5
(52.7)
15.3
(59.5)
18.3
(64.9)
20.6
(69.1)
20.3
(68.5)
17.0
(62.6)
13.1
(55.6)
8.3
(46.9)
5.5
(41.9)
12.5
(54.5)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F)2.4
(36.3)
2.4
(36.3)
4.7
(40.5)
6.8
(44.2)
10.5
(50.9)
13.4
(56.1)
15.4
(59.7)
15.2
(59.4)
12.2
(54.0)
9.3
(48.7)
5.5
(41.9)
3.1
(37.6)
8.4
(47.1)
Record low °C (°F)−15.0
(5.0)
−12.0
(10.4)
−7.0
(19.4)
−2.0
(28.4)
1.9
(35.4)
5.4
(41.7)
9.0
(48.2)
7.9
(46.2)
4.7
(40.5)
−2.2
(28.0)
−6.7
(19.9)
−9.1
(15.6)
−15.0
(5.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches)49.6
(1.95)
41.4
(1.63)
46.9
(1.85)
46.9
(1.85)
63.7
(2.51)
51.0
(2.01)
58.3
(2.30)
50.2
(1.98)
48.0
(1.89)
61.4
(2.42)
48.1
(1.89)
57.5
(2.26)
623.0
(24.53)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm)10.69.010.59.210.08.38.07.28.09.79.810.9111.2
Source: Météo-France [5]

Administration

The city is divided into two cantons:

Transport

Colombes is served by four stations on the Transilien Paris – Saint-Lazare suburban rail line at Colombes, Le Stade, La Garenne-Colombes and Les Vallées.

Education

The commune has 21 preschools and 19 elementary schools. [6]

Secondary schools:

Personalities

Sport

The stadium was built in 1907. Officially named the Stade Olympique Yves-du-Manoir, the Olympic Stadium of Colombes was the site of the opening ceremony and several events of the 1924 Summer Olympics. The arena's capacity was increased to 60,000 for the 1938 World Cup. The stadium lost its importance after the restoration in 1972 of Paris' 49,000-seat Parc des Princes. In the 1990s, three of the four grandstands were torn down due to decay and the stadium's capacity was down to 7,000; later renovations have brought the current capacity to 14,000.

Through November 2017, it had been home to the Racing 92 rugby club, currently playing in France's Top 14, but Racing has since moved to the new U Arena in Nanterre. The RCF Paris football club, which plays in the fourth division, remains at Yves-du-Manoir. The stadium will be the field hockey venue at the 2024 Summer Olympics.

Twin towns

See also

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References

  1. "Répertoire national des élus: les maires". data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises (in French). 2 December 2020.
  2. "Populations légales 2020". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 29 December 2022.
  3. Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui: Commune data sheet Colombes, EHESS (in French).
  4. Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE
  5. "Fiche Climatologique Statistiques 1981-2010 et records" (PDF). Météo-France . Retrieved 24 August 2022.
  6. "Carte scolaire." Colombes. Retrieved on 7 September 2016.
  7. "Établissements d'enseignement publics sécondaires (collèges) [ permanent dead link ]." Académie de Versailles. Retrieved on 7 September 2016.
  8. Rama Yade: The political star who's eclipsing Sarko, The Independent , 14 April 2009