Colorado College

Last updated

Colorado College
Colorado College seal.svg
MottoScientia et Disciplina (Latin)
Type Private
Endowment $765.035 million (2018) [1]
President Jill Tiefenthaler
Undergraduates 2,012
Location, ,
United States

38°50′53″N104°49′23″W / 38.848°N 104.823°W / 38.848; -104.823 Coordinates: 38°50′53″N104°49′23″W / 38.848°N 104.823°W / 38.848; -104.823
CampusUrban, 90 Acres
Colors Black and Gold [2]
Athletics NCAA Division III Southern Collegiate Athletic Conference (SCAC)
Division I National Collegiate Hockey Conference, men's ice hockey
Division I Mountain West Conference, women's soccer
Nickname Tigers
Colorado College logo.svg

The Colorado College (CC) is a private liberal arts college in Colorado Springs, Colorado. It was founded in 1874 by Thomas Nelson Haskell in his daughter's memory. The college enrolls approximately 2,000 undergraduates at its 90-acre (36 ha) campus, 70 miles (110 km) south of Denver. The college offers 42 majors and 33 minors, and has a student-faculty ratio of 10:1. [3] Famous alumni include James Heckman, Ken Salazar, Lynne Cheney, Thomas Hornsby Ferril, Marc Webb, and Steve Sabol. Colorado College had an acceptance rate of 13.5% [4] for the Class of 2023, was ranked as the best private college in Colorado by Forbes, [5] and was listed as tied for the 23rd-best National Liberal Arts College, and as the No. 1 Most Innovative Liberal Arts School, in the 2018 U.S. News & World Report rankings. [6] In addition, Kiplinger's Personal Finance ranked Colorado College 16th in its 2018 rating of best value liberal arts colleges in the U.S. [7]

Private universities are typically not operated by governments, although many receive tax breaks, public student loans, and grants. Depending on their location, private universities may be subject to government regulation. This is in contrast to public universities and national universities. Many private universities are non-profit organizations.

Liberal arts colleges in the United States are certain undergraduate institutions of higher education in the United States. The Encyclopædia Britannica Concise offers a definition of the liberal arts as a "college or university curriculum aimed at imparting general knowledge and developing general intellectual capacities, in contrast to a professional, vocational, or technical curriculum." Generally, a full-time, four-year course of study at a liberal arts college leads students to earning Bachelor of Arts (B.A.), Bachelor of Science (B.S.) and on rare occasion Bachelor of Science in Engineering (B.S.E.) degrees.

Colorado Springs, Colorado Home rule municipality in Colorado, United States

Colorado Springs is a home rule municipality that is the largest city by area in Colorado as well as the county seat and the most populous municipality of El Paso County, Colorado, United States. Colorado Springs is located in the east central portion of the state. It is situated on Fountain Creek and is located 60 miles (97 km) south of the Colorado State Capitol, Denver.


Colorado College is affiliated with the Associated Colleges of the Midwest. Most sports teams are in the NCAA Division III, with the exception of Division I teams in men's hockey and women's soccer.

Associated Colleges of the Midwest (ACM) is a consortium of 14 private liberal arts colleges, primarily in the Midwestern United States. The 14 colleges are located in five states. The ACM was established in 1958 and is headquartered in Chicago. The consortium's current president is Chris Welna.

Colorado College Tigers mens ice hockey

The Colorado College Tigers men's ice hockey team is a National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I college ice hockey program that represents Colorado College. The Tigers are a member of National Collegiate Hockey Conference. They play at the World Arena in Colorado Springs, Colorado.


William Jackson Palmer, founder of Colorado Springs and founding trustee of Colorado College William Jackson Palmer.jpg
William Jackson Palmer, founder of Colorado Springs and founding trustee of Colorado College

Colorado College was founded in 1874 on land designated by U.S. Civil War veteran General William Jackson Palmer, the founder of the Denver and Rio Grande Railroad and of Colorado Springs. [8] Founder Thomas Nelson Haskell described it as a coeducational liberal arts college in the tradition of Oberlin College. Like many U.S. colleges and universities that have endured from the 19th century, it now is secular in outlook, and it retains its liberal arts focus.

Oberlin College Private liberal arts college in Oberlin, Ohio, United States

Oberlin College is a private liberal arts college and conservatory of music in Oberlin, Ohio. It is the oldest coeducational liberal arts college in the United States and the second oldest continuously operating coeducational institute of higher learning in the world. The Oberlin Conservatory of Music is the oldest continuously operating conservatory in the United States. In 1835 Oberlin became one of the first colleges in the United States to admit African Americans, and in 1837 the first to admit women. Today, it its known for its progressive student activism.

Cutler Hall, the college's first building, was completed in 1880 and the first degrees were conferred in 1882.

Cutler Hall United States historic place

The Cutler Hall is a Gothic library building on the Colorado College campus in Colorado Springs, Colorado. The building is on the National Register of Historic Places.

William F. Slocum, president from 1888 to 1917, oversaw the initial building of the campus, expanded the library and recruited top scholars in a number of fields. [8] In 1930, Shove Chapel was erected by Mr. John Gray, to meet the religious needs of the students (though Colorado College is not religiously affiliated).

William Frederick Slocum, Jr. was a United States educator. In 1917 he was forced to retire as President of Colorado College after an investigation confirmed the accusations of multiple women that he had sexually harassed and sexually assaulted them.

Katharine Lee Bates wrote "America the Beautiful" during her summer teaching position at Colorado College in 1893.

Katharine Lee Bates American poet and songwriter

Katharine Lee Bates was a prolific American writer, college professor, scholar, and social activist. Although she published volumes of poetry, travel books, essays, children's books, books for young adults, and editions of many earlier writers' works, today Bates is primarily remembered as the author of "America the Beautiful". While on the Wellesley College faculty, Bates mentored many young poets and helped establish American literature as a field for college study by creating an early course on the genre and writing a textbook for the field. Some late 20th-century scholars have asserted that Bates was a lesbian who lived for 25 years with long-time friend and companion Katharine Coman. Biographer Melinda M. Ponder has presented conflicting evidence and reached a different conclusion.

America the Beautiful American patriotic song

"America the Beautiful" is an American patriotic song. The lyrics were written by Katharine Lee Bates, and the music was composed by church organist and choirmaster Samuel A. Ward at Grace Episcopal Church in Newark, New Jersey. The two never met.


Russell T. Tutt Science Center at Colorado College Russell T Tutt Science Center.jpg
Russell T. Tutt Science Center at Colorado College

The college offers more than 80 majors, minors, and specialized programs including: Southwest studies, feminist and gender studies, Asian studies, biochemistry, environmental science, neuroscience, Latin American studies, Russian and Eurasian studies, and American cultural studies, as well as an across-the-curriculum writing program. In addition to its undergraduate programs, the college offers a Master of Arts in Teaching (MAT) degree. Tutt Library has approximately half a million bound volumes. In 2012, Colorado College yielded a student-to-faculty ratio of 10:1. [9]

Block plan

Colorado College follows a unique schedule known as the "block plan" in which students study one subject intensively for three-and-a-half-week "blocks", followed by a 4.5 day break. The intensity stems from the time commitment (classes meet for a minimum of three hours Monday through Friday) as well as the demand for engaging rapidly with complex content. Advocates say this allows for more lab time, field research, and an intensive hands-on learning experience with fewer distractions. Critics say that this approach to learning does not allow adequate time for students to digest complex topics.

The block plan epitomizes experiential learning. It is common for classes to take short or extended trips to apply classroom concepts in the real world. Because students only take one course for the duration of the block, professors have the flexibility to develop these types of excursions. For example, a renewable energy course might travel to a local wind farm or a geology class may take a week in Moab, Utah to study geological patterns in the region. A satellite campus in Crestone, Colorado at the base of the Sangre de Cristo Mountains known as "Baca Campus" offers a retreat destination often utilized by language, philosophy, writing, and religion courses. Baca Campus boasts a lodge, conference center, classroom, restaurant, and student townhouse facilities. Some courses will even spend an entire block immersed in an area of interest. These occur both domestically and internationally.

After each block, students are rewarded with 4.5 days off. Most students head off campus, often involving some type of outdoor exploration.

Every student begins the Colorado College journey with a "First Year Experience" course, or FYE. This is a back-to-back block spanning 8 weeks and functions as a freshmen seminar course.

Students can also take blocks during winter and summer breaks. In January, the college offers "half blocks," an intensive 10-day course fulfilling a half credit. Meanwhile, summer blocks are three weeks long, and there are also graduate blocks of differing lengths. In parallel with the students, professors teach only one block at a time. Classes are generally capped at 25 students to encourage a more personalized academic experience.


Colorado College is considered a "most selective school" by U.S. News & World Report. [10]

For the Class of 2023 (enrolled fall 2019), Colorado College received a record 9,454 applications (an increase of nearly 1,000 applicants over the Class of 2022) and admitted 13.5%, the lowest acceptance rate in the school's history, with 547 incoming students. [4] Students of color make up 27 percent of the incoming class, 15 percent are Pell Grant recipients, 9 percent first-generation students, and 9 percent international students. Nearly 15 percent of the class is from Colorado (14.6 percent) and 71 of its members are part of the Bridge Scholars Program, which offers a welcoming community, supportive mentoring, and engaging and challenging coursework for first year students. [11]

Additionally, the class include 48 QuestBridge students; QuestBridge is a non-profit organization that matches high-achieving, underserved students with opportunities in higher education. CC is now in the sixth year of its partnership with the QuestBridge organization. [12]


University rankings
Forbes [13] 84
Times/WSJ [14] 135
Liberal arts colleges
U.S. News & World Report [15] 27
Washington Monthly [16] 108

In its 2019 edition, U.S. News & World Report ranks Colorado College as tied for 27th best liberal arts college in the nation and No. 2 among the most innovative national liberal arts colleges. [6] The most innovative schools are those "making the most innovative improvements in terms of curriculum, faculty, students, campus life, technology or facilities." [17]

Kiplinger's Personal Finance places Colorado College 16th in its 2017 ranking of best value liberal arts colleges in the United States. [7]

In 2016, Forbes rated it 57th overall in "America's Top Colleges," which ranked 660 national universities and liberal arts colleges.

CC is considered a "Hidden Ivy."

In 2010, Colorado College was ranked 21st in Newsweek 's list of "25 Most Desirable Small Schools," which ranks schools based on selectivity, yield rate, retention rate, and quality of facilities and housing. [18] CC was also ranked 19th on Newsweek's "Most Desirable Urban Schools" list in the same year. [19]

In 2012, Colorado College placed 12th in Niche's "Colleges with the Happiest Students." [20]


Students must satisfactorily complete 32 credits to graduate in addition to specifying a major of study and fulfilling those requirements. The college offers a unique alternative for students who wish to design their own major. However, standardized cross-cutting requirements still apply, though these criteria are fairly broad compared to those at comparable colleges. [21]

Student Life


The small campus of 2,000 boasts more than one hundred clubs and student groups, ranging from professional groups, interests clubs, and social groups. Among them are intramural sports groups, which have a strong presence on campus. There are a vibrant array of intramural teams, ranging from broomball to ultimate frisbee. [22]


Most students live on or directly adjacent to the college campus, fostering a closed and tight-knit community. During the first two years of study, students are required to live on campus in one of the student dorms, while apartments and student-owned housing become available as upperclassmen. [23]


Both inside and outside of the classroom, students at Colorado College have a reputation for being collaborative, intellectual, and adventurous. A 'work hard, play hard' motto is commonly referenced on campus. However, 'play' for Colorado College students is distinctive. Many students share a thirst for outdoor exploration, and can be found hiking, biking, climbing, and skiing, among other things. Colorado College's proximity to the Rocky Mountains and several mountain resort communities create an ideal environment for these types of activities. Students are also active in community engagement activities to advance social justice and sustainability.


Cutler Hall, located at 912 North Cascade Avenue, on the Colorado College campus, in Colorado Springs, Colorado. The property is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Cutler Hall.JPG
Cutler Hall, located at 912 North Cascade Avenue, on the Colorado College campus, in Colorado Springs, Colorado. The property is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Many of the earliest campus buildings, including Bemis, Cossitt, Cutler, McGregor, Montgomery, Palmer, and Ticknor Halls, are on the National Register of Historic Places, along with Shove Memorial Chapel and the William I. Spencer Center. Arthur House or Edgeplain, once home to the son of President Chester A. Arthur, is also on the National Register. [24]

Since the mid-1950s, newer facilities include three large residence halls, Worner Campus Center, Olin Hall of Science and the Barnes Science Center, Honnen Ice Rink, Boettcher Health Center, Schlessman Pool, Armstrong Hall of Humanities, and the El Pomar Sports Center. The face of campus changed again at the beginning of the 21st century with construction of the Western Ridge Housing Complex, which offers apartment-style living for upper-division students and completion of the Russell T. Tutt Science Center. The east campus has been expanded, and is now home to the Greek Quad and several small residence halls known as "theme houses."

Some of the more recent notable buildings include Tutt Library, designed by Skidmore, Owings & Merrill and later expanded and renovated by Pfeiffer Partners to be the largest carbon-neutral academic library in the United States, which received the 2019 AIA/ALA Library Building Award and a 2019 Architizer A+ Award, Packard Hall of Music and Art, designed by Edward Larrabee Barnes, and the Edith Kinney Gaylord Cornerstone Arts Center, which was designed by Antoine Predock with input from faculty and students.

Edith Kinney Gaylord Cornerstone Arts Center at Colorado College EdithKinneyGaylordCornerstoneArtsBldg-TimothyHursley.jpg
Edith Kinney Gaylord Cornerstone Arts Center at Colorado College

Edith Kinney Gaylord Cornerstone Arts Center

Colorado College's Edith Kinney Gaylord Cornerstone Arts Center, completed in 2008 and located at the intersection of a performing arts corridor in Colorado Springs, was designed to foster creativity and interdisciplinary collaboration. It is home to the college's film, drama and dance departments and contains a large theater, several smaller performance spaces, a screening room, the I.D.E.A. Space gallery, and classrooms, among other rooms. The building is also LEED certified.


Map of CC Colorado College map.svg
Map of CC

The school's sports teams are nicknamed the "Tigers." Colorado College competes at the NCAA Division III level in all sports except men's hockey, in which it participates in the NCAA Division I National Collegiate Hockey Conference, and women's soccer, where it competes as an NCAA Division I team in the Mountain West Conference. CC dropped its intercollegiate athletic programs in football, softball, and women's water polo following the 2008–09 academic year. [25]

In 1994, a student referendum to change the athletic teams' nicknames to the Cutthroat Trout narrowly failed, by a margin of 468-423. [26]

The Tigers hockey team won the NCAA Division I championship twice (1950, 1957), were runners up three times (1952, 1955, 1996) and have made the NCAA Tournament eighteen times, including eleven times since 1995. [27] In 1996, 1997, and 2005, CC played in the Frozen Four, finishing second in 1996. Fifty-five CC Tigers have been named All-Americans. [28] Hockey Hall of Fame coach Bob Johnson coached the Tigers from 1963 to 1966. [29]

The current hockey coach is Mike Haviland, who had been head coach of the Hershey Bears of the American Hockey League and was an assistant coach for the Chicago Blackhawks of the National Hockey League.

KRCC radio

Colorado College operates National Public Radio Member Station KRCC-FM. In 1944, KRCC began as a two-room public address system in the basement of Bemis Hall. Professor Woodson "Chief" Tyree, Director of Radio and Drama Department at Colorado College was the founder and inspirational force in the program that one day became KRCC-FM. In 1946, KRCC moved to South Hall (where Packard Hall now stands) on campus where two students, Charles "Bud" Edmonds '51, and Margaret Merle-Smith '51, were instrumental in securing a war surplus FM transmitter. KRCC began over the air broadcasting in April 1951 as the first non-commercial educational FM radio station in the state of Colorado.

KRCC broadcasts through a series of eleven transmitters and translators throughout southern Colorado and a portion of northern New Mexico. KRCC's main transmitter, atop Cheyenne Mountain, broadcasts three separate HD multi-cast channels, including a channel run completely by Colorado College students called the SOCC (Sounds of Colorado College).

Notable people


Colorado College's alumni include a Nobel Prize winner, a Pulitzer Prize winner, 2 MacArthur Fellows, 14 Rhodes Scholars, 31 Fulbright Scholars, and 68 Watson Fellows. [30] CC has also graduated 18 Olympians [30] and 170 professional hockey players, including over 30 current and former NHL players. [31] [32]

Selected notable graduates include:

James Heckman James Heckman.jpg
James Heckman
Ken Salazar Ken Salazar official DOI portrait.jpg
Ken Salazar
Brett Sterling Brett Sterling 2010 11 20.jpg
Brett Sterling
Abigail Washburn Abigail Washburn 6273170.JPG
Abigail Washburn

Faculty and staff

Notable faculty members include:

Related Research Articles

Wellesley College Private womens liberal arts college in Massachusetts

Wellesley College is a private women's liberal arts college in Wellesley, Massachusetts. Founded in 1870 by Henry and Pauline Durant, it is a member of the original Seven Sisters Colleges. Wellesley is home to 56 departmental and interdepartmental majors spanning the liberal arts, as well as over 150 student clubs and organizations. The college also allows its students to cross-register at Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Brandeis University, Babson College and Franklin W. Olin College of Engineering. Wellesley athletes compete in the NCAA Division III New England Women's and Men's Athletic Conference.

Providence College American private university in Rhode Island

Providence College is a private Roman Catholic university in Providence, Rhode Island. With a 2012–2013 enrollment of 3,852 undergraduate students and 735 graduate students, the college specializes in academic programs in the liberal arts. It is the only college or university in North America administered by the Dominican Friars.

Brooklyn College senior college of the City University of New York, located in Brooklyn

Brooklyn College is a public college in Brooklyn, New York City. It is part of the City University of New York.

Hope College liberal arts college in Michigan

Hope College is a private, Christian liberal arts college in Holland, Michigan. It opened in 1851 as the Pioneer School by Dutch immigrants four years after the community was first settled. The first freshman college class matriculated in 1862 and Hope received its state charter in 1866. Hope College is affiliated with the Reformed Church in America and it retains a Christian atmosphere. The school's 125 acres (0.195 sq mi) campus is adjacent to the downtown commercial district and has been shared with Western Theological Seminary since 1884.

Morehouse College Private college in the US

Morehouse College is a private, historically black men's college located in Atlanta, Georgia. The college is one of the few remaining traditional men's liberal arts colleges in the United States.

Niagara University Private Catholic university in Lewiston, New York, USA

Niagara University is a private Catholic university in the Vincentian tradition in Lewiston in Niagara County, New York. It is run by the Congregation of the Mission. Niagara has 3,300 undergraduate students in 50 academic programs. Approximately half of the students are residents while the other half commute from the surrounding area. The college is known as a liberal arts school but offers programs in technical and pre-professional disciplines as well.

Rhodes College private, four-year liberal arts college in Memphis, Tennessee

Rhodes College is a private liberal arts college in Memphis, Tennessee. Historically affiliated with the Presbyterian Church (USA), it is a member of the Associated Colleges of the South and is accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools. Rhodes enrolls approximately 2,000 students, and its Collegiate Gothic campus sits on a 123-acre wooded site in Memphis' historic midtown neighborhood.

State University of New York at Potsdam American university

The State University of New York at Potsdam is a public college in the Potsdam, New York. It is part of the State University of New York (SUNY) system. Founded in 1816, it is among the oldest colleges in the United States. It is composed of the College of Arts & Sciences,the School of Business, the School of Education and Professional Studies, and the Crane School of Music.

Moravian College Private liberal-arts college in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, United States

Moravian College is a private liberal-arts college in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania. The college is associated with Moravian Theological Seminary and traces its founding to 1742 by Moravians, descendants of followers of the Bohemian Reformation though it did not receive a charter to grant baccalaureate degrees until 1863. The most popular majors are health sciences, business, sociology, psychology, and biological sciences.

Hobart and William Smith Colleges

Hobart and William Smith Colleges are private liberal arts colleges in Geneva, New York. They trace their origins to Geneva Academy established in 1797. The colleges offer the degrees of bachelor of arts, bachelor of science, and master of arts in teaching.

Adelphi University university in Garden City, New York

Adelphi University is a private university in Garden City, New York. Adelphi also has centers in Manhattan, Hudson Valley, and Suffolk County. It is the oldest institution of higher education in suburban Long Island. It currently has a population of 8,146 students

St. Norbert College private Catholic liberal arts college in De Pere, Wisconsin

St. Norbert College (SNC) is a private Catholic liberal arts college in De Pere, Wisconsin. Founded in October 1898 by Abbot Bernard Pennings, a Norbertine priest and educator, the school was named after Saint Norbert of Xanten. In 1952, the college became coeducational. As of March 2018, the school's enrollment is 2,165 students.

Adrian College

Adrian College is a private liberal arts college in Adrian, Michigan. The college offers bachelor's degrees in 40 academic majors and programs. The 100 acre (0.40 km2) campus contains newly constructed facilities along with historic buildings. Adrian College is affiliated with the United Methodist Church and is accredited by the Higher Learning Commission. The fall 2013-14 enrollment was 1,649 students.

Gustavus Adolphus College United States historic place

Gustavus Adolphus College is a private, coeducational liberal arts college in St. Peter, Minnesota, United States. A four-year, residential institution, Gustavus Adolphus College was founded in 1862 by Swedish Americans and is affiliated with the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America. The college retains its Swedish and Lutheran heritage. Gustavus is guided by five core values: excellence, community, justice, service, and faith.

Mercyhurst University, formerly Mercyhurst College, is an American Catholic liberal arts college in Erie, Pennsylvania.

Elizabethtown College

Elizabethtown College is a private, non-profit residential college in Elizabethtown, Pennsylvania.

University of Maine at Farmington

The University of Maine at Farmington is a public liberal arts college and a founding member of the Council of Public Liberal Arts Colleges, offering programs in teacher education, human services and arts and sciences as a part of the University of Maine System.

University of Nebraska Omaha public university

The University of Nebraska Omaha is a public research university located in Omaha, Nebraska, United States. Founded in 1908 by faculty from the Omaha Presbyterian Theological Seminary as a private non-sectarian college, the university was originally known as the University of Omaha. Originally meant to provide a Christian-based education free from ecclesiastical control, the university served as a strong alternative to the city's many successful religiously affiliated institutions.

Siena College College in New York, USA

Siena College is a private Franciscan liberal arts college in Loudonville, New York. Siena was founded by the Order of Friars Minor in 1937. The college was named after Bernardino of Siena, a 15th-century Italian Franciscan friar and preacher. St. Bernardine of Siena Friary is located on campus. It has 3,000 full-time students and offers undergraduate degrees in business, liberal arts, and sciences.

Simmons University private women-focused university in Boston, Massachusetts

Simmons University is a private women focused undergraduate university and private co-educational graduate school in Boston, Massachusetts. It was established in 1899.


  1. As of June 30, 2018. "Market Value & Asset Allocation".
  2. "Visual Identity Resources".
  3. "Departments and Program". Colorado College.
  4. 1 2 "Welcome, Class of 2023!".
  5. "America's Top Colleges: Colorado". Forbes.
  6. 1 2 "Colorado College". U.S. News & World Report.
  7. 1 2 "Kiplinger's Best College Values: College Rankings, 2017". Kiplinger's Personal Finance. December 2017.
  8. 1 2 Colorado College. History of Colorado College Archived May 27, 2010, at the Wayback Machine . Retrieved on: 2010-05-19.
  9. "Colorado College".
  10. "Colorado College". U.S. News & World Report. 2016.
  11. "Class of 2022".
  12. "Class of 2022".
  13. "America's Top Colleges 2019". Forbes. Retrieved August 15, 2019.
  14. "U.S. College Rankings 2019". Wall Street Journal/Times Higher Education. Retrieved May 7, 2019.
  15. "Best Colleges 2020: National Liberal Arts Colleges Rankings". U.S. News & World Report. Retrieved September 8, 2019.
  16. "2019 Liberal Arts Rankings". Washington Monthly. Retrieved September 8, 2019.
  17. "Most Innovative Schools – National Liberal Arts Colleges". U.S. News & World Report. 2016.
  18. "25 Most Desirable Small Schools".
  19. "Most Desirable Urban Schools".
  20. "Colleges with the Happiest Students".
  21. Requirements • Colorado College
  22. The Curriculum • Colorado College
  23. On-Campus Housing • Housing & Conferences Colorado College
  24. El Paso County – Colorado State Register of Historic Properties Archived December 24, 2013, at the Wayback Machine . History Colorado. June 8, 2013.
  25. Tough Times, Tough Decisions: Athletics Cuts at CC | Bulletin
  26. The Trout that Almost Was | Cipher
  27. Colorado College | Ice Hockey History NCAA Tournament Archived September 22, 2006, at the Wayback Machine
  28. Colorado College | Ice Hockey History All-Americans Archived February 11, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  29. Colorado College | Ice Hockey History Coaches Archived September 22, 2006, at the Wayback Machine
  30. 1 2 "After CC". Colorado College.
  31. "Alumni Report". Internet Hockey Database. 2011. Retrieved May 11, 2011.
  32. "Tiger Hockey Media Guide 2013–2014" (PDF). Retrieved November 30, 2013.
  33. "David Jenkins".
  34. "Marcia McNutt Elected 22nd NAS President; New Treasurer, Council Members Chosen" (Press release). National Academy of Sciences. February 16, 2016. Archived from the original on February 21, 2016. Retrieved February 23, 2016.
  35. "After CC • Colorado College". Colorado College. Retrieved February 29, 2012.
  36. Ed Smith, DE at
  37. "Profile • History • Colorado College". Colorado College. Retrieved February 29, 2012.
  38. "Peter Blasenheim". Colorado College. Archived from the original on May 27, 2011. Retrieved February 29, 2012.
  39. Hayward, Steven (2011). Don't Be Afraid . Knopf Canada. p. 313. ISBN   0676977367.
  40. "Winners of the 2012 Bancroft Prize Announced" . Retrieved December 10, 2012.
  41. "2012 Finalists" . Retrieved December 10, 2012.
  42. William Heuslein (January 19, 2010). "The Man Who Predicts The Medals". Forbes.

Further reading