Commander-in-Chief of the Iranian Armed Forces

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Commander-in-Chief of the Iranian Armed Forces
Commander-in-chief role
Emblem of Iran.svg
Sixth International Conference in Support of the Palestinian Intifada, Tehran (33).jpg
Currently
Ali Khamenei

since 4 June 1989
Vested in Supreme Leader of Iran
StyleSupreme Commander [1]
StatusUltimate authority of the military
Residence House of Leadership
Seat Tehran
Constituting instrument Iranian Constitution
Deputy Minister of Interior (Police) [2]

Farmandehe Koll-e Qova (Persian : فرمانده کل قوا), formerly known as Bozorg Arteshtaran (Persian : بزرگ‌ارتشتاران), is the ultimate authority of all the Armed Forces of Iran and the highest possible military position within the Islamic Republic of Iran. According to the Constitution of Iran, the position is vested in the Supreme Leader of Iran and is held since 1981.

Persian language Western Iranian language

Persian, also known by its endonym Farsi, is a Western Iranian language belonging to the Iranian branch of the Indo-Iranian subdivision of the Indo-European languages. It is a pluricentric language predominantly spoken and used officially within Iran, Afghanistan and Tajikistan in three mutually intelligible standard varieties, namely Iranian Persian, Dari Persian and Tajiki Persian. It is also spoken natively in the Tajik variety by a significant population within Uzbekistan, as well as within other regions with a Persianate history in the cultural sphere of Greater Iran. It is written officially within Iran and Afghanistan in the Persian alphabet, a derivation of the Arabic script, and within Tajikistan in the Tajik alphabet, a derivation of Cyrillic.

Armed Forces of the Islamic Republic of Iran combined military forces of Iran

The Iranian Armed Forces comprise the Army (Artesh), the Revolutionary Guard Corps (Sepāh) and the Law Enforcement Force (Police) of the Islamic Republic of Iran.

Iran Islamic Republic in Western Asia

Iran, also called Persia, and officially the Islamic Republic of Iran, is a country in Western Asia. With 82 million inhabitants, Iran is the world's 18th most populous country. Its territory spans 1,648,195 km2 (636,372 sq mi), making it the second largest country in the Middle East and the 17th largest in the world. Iran is bordered to the northwest by Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan, to the north by the Caspian Sea, to the northeast by Turkmenistan, to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, and to the west by Turkey and Iraq. Its central location in Eurasia and Western Asia, and its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz, give it geostrategic importance. Tehran is the political and economic center of Iran, and the largest and most populous city in Western Asia with more than 8.8 million residents in the city and 15 million in the larger metropolitan area.

Contents

List of Commanders-in-Chief

After the Persian Constitutional Revolution

No.PortraitNameTerm of officeLength of termMilitary rankService Branch
Flag of Qajar (1910-1925).png Sublime State of Persia (1906–1925) • Imperial Emblem of the Qajar Dynasty (Lion and Sun).svg
1
Mozaffar ad-Din Shah Qajar.jpg
Shah, Mozaffar Shah
Mozaffar ad-Din Shah
(1853–1907)
6 August 19063 January 1907 150 daysN/AN/A
2
Mohammad Ali Shah.jpg
Shah, Mohammad Shah
Mohammad Ali Shah
(1872–1925)
3 January 190716 July 19092 years, 194 daysN/AN/A
Ali RezaKhanAzodalMolk.jpg
Khan, Ali Regent
Alireza Khan
(1847–1910)
16 July 1909 [3] 22 September 1910 1 year, 56 daysN/AN/A
Abolqasem.jpg
Khan, Abolqasem Regent
Abolqasem Khan
(1856–1927)
22 September 1910 [3] 21 July 19143 years, 314 daysN/AN/A
3
AhmadShahQajar2.jpg
Shah, Ahmad Shah
Ahmad Shah
(1898–1930)
21 July 1914 [3] 14 February 192511 years, 147 daysN/AN/A
4
Reza Shah portrait.jpg
Khan, Reza Prime Minister
Reza Khan
(1878–1944)
[lower-alpha 1]
14 February 1925 [4] 15 December 1925304 days Brigadier general Persian Cossack Brigade
(1894–1921)
Flag of Iran (1964-1980).svg Imperial State of Iran (1925–1979) • Imperial Coat of Arms of Iran.svg
1
Reza Shah Pahlavi Official Portrait - Colorized 2.jpg
Shah, Reza Shah
Reza Shah
(1878–1944)
15 December 192516 September 194115 years, 275 days Brigadier general Persian Cossack Brigade
(1894–1921)
2
Shahanshah1333.jpg
Shah, Mohammad Shah
Mohammad Reza Shah
(1919–1980)
16 September 194121 July 195210 years, 309 days Captain [5] Imperial Iranian Army
(1936–1941) [5]
3
Dr Mohammad Mosaddeq.jpg
Mossadegh, Mohammad Prime Minister
Mohammad Mossadegh
(1882–1967)
[lower-alpha 2]
21 July 195219 August 19531 year, 29 daysN/AN/A
(2)
Mohammad Reza Pahlavi 2.jpg
Shah, Mohammad Shah
Mohammad Reza Shah
(1919–1980)
19 August 195311 February 197925 years, 176 days Captain Imperial Iranian Army
(1936–1941)
Flag of Iran.svg Islamic Republic of Iran (1980–present) • Emblem of Iran.svg
1
Abolhassan Banisadr sign.jpg
Banisadr, Abolhassan President
Abolhassan Banisadr
(born 1933)
[lower-alpha 3]
19 February 1980 [8] 10 June 1981 [9] 1 year, 111 daysN/AN/A
2
Portrait of Ruhollah Khomeini By Mohammad Sayyad.jpg
Khomeini, Ruhollah Supreme Leader
Ruhollah Khomeini
(1902–1989)
10 June 19813 June 1989 7 years, 358 daysN/AN/A
3
Ali Khamenei crop.jpg
Khamenei, Ali Supreme Leader
Ali Khamenei
(born 1939)
4 June 1989Incumbent30 years, 82 daysN/A [lower-alpha 4] Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps
(24 November 1979–24 February 1980) [10]

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Organizations of the Iranian Revolution

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Supreme Leader of Iran Supreme Leader of the Islamic Republic of Iran

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Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran legislative, executive and judiciary powers of Iran

The Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran (Persian: نظام جمهوری اسلامی ایران‎, romanized: Neẓām-e jomhūrī-e eslāmi-e Irān, known simply as Neẓām is the ruling state and current political system in Iran, in power since the revolution and fall of Pahlavi dynasty in 1979.

Ministry of Guards was a government ministry in Iran between 1982 and 1989, which mainly acted as a ministry of defence dedicated to logistically supply the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps. By having its own ministry, the Corps were able to acquire a powerful voice in the cabinet of Iran. It also implied greater regulation and supervision over the Corps by placing its acquisitions and purchases under and the audit and purview of the government.

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References

  1. Appointed by the Parliament of Iran. [4]
  2. Mossadegh was granted emergency powers by Shah of Iran to rule by decree. [6] While holding office as the Prime Minister and Minister of War (renamed to "Ministry of National Defence") simultaneously, Mossadegh went over the authority of Shah the Commander-in-Chief vetted in the Persian Constitution of 1906 and appointed commanders in Imperial Iranian Army and Police. [7]
  3. Delegated by the Supreme Leader of Iran. [8]
  4. He was caretaker of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps, the highest position in the corps. [10] At the time military ranks were not used.
  1. If the Enemy Attacks, He Will Receive a Severe Blow and Counterattacks: Ayatollah Khamenei, The Office of the Supreme Leader, 28 August 2016, retrieved 20 April 2018, Ayatollah Khamenei, the Supreme Commander of All Armed Forces, met Sunday afternoon with the commanders and officials...
  2. Saeid Golkar (5 January 2018), Iran's Coercive Apparatus: Capacity and Desire (Policywatch) (2909), The Washington Institute for Near East Policy, retrieved 20 April 2018, The police are under the control of the Interior Ministry, which the constitution has placed under the president's purview. Yet the head of the NAJA is appointed by the Supreme Leader and serves as commander-in-chief of Iran's armed forces, effectively limiting the interior minister's authority to logistical, equipment, and support issues.
  3. 1 2 3 Sheikh-ol-Islami, M. J. (July 28, 2011) [December 15, 1984]. "AḤMAD SHAH QĀJĀR". In Yarshater, Ehsan (ed.). Encyclopædia Iranica . 6. I. New York City: Bibliotheca Persica Press. pp. 657–660. Retrieved March 15, 2016.
  4. 1 2 Elton L. Daniel (2012). The History of Iran. ABC-CLIO. p. 136. ISBN   0313375097.
  5. 1 2 Ali Akbar Dareini (1998). The Rise and Fall of the Pahlavi Dynasty: Memoirs of Former General Hussein Fardust. Motilal Banarsidass Publ. pp. 15–16. ISBN   8120816420.
  6. James Buchan (2013). Days of God: The Revolution in Iran and Its Consequences. Simon and Schuster. p. 64. ISBN   1416597778.
  7. John Prados (2006). Safe for Democracy: The Secret Wars of the CIA. Ivan R. Dee. pp. 102–103. ISBN   1615780114.
  8. 1 2 Sinkaya, Bayram (2015), The Revolutionary Guards in Iranian Politics: Elites and Shifting Relations, Iranian Studies, 25, Routledge, p. 96, ISBN   9781317525646
  9. Sinkaya, Bayram (2015), The Revolutionary Guards in Iranian Politics: Elites and Shifting Relations, Iranian Studies, 25, Routledge, p. 88, ISBN   9781317525646
  10. 1 2 Detailed biography of Ayatollah Khamenei, Leader of Islamic Revolution, Khamenei.ir, retrieved 17 March 2016