|Founded||29 August 1999|
|Ideology|| Communism |
|Continental affiliation||Communist Party of the Soviet Union|
The Communist Party of Kyrgyzstan (Russian: Коммунистическая Партия КиргизстанаKommunisticheskaya Partiya Kirgizstana) is a communist party in Kyrgyzstan. KPK was founded on 21 August 1999, following a split in the Party of Communists of Kyrgyzstan.
A communist party is a political party that seeks to realize the social and economic goals of communism through both revolutionary means and state policy. The name was popularized in the title of the 1848 tract of Manifesto of the Communist Party by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. A communist party is the Vanguard party of the working class (proletariat), whether ruling or non-ruling. As a ruling party, the communist party exercises power in the name of the dictatorship of the proletariat. The idea of communist party dictatorship was heavily influenced by Vladimir Lenin's writings during the first two decades of the twentieth century when Russian social democracy divided into Bolshevik and Menshevik factions. Lenin, the leader of the Bolsheviks, argued that a revolutionary party should be a small vanguard party with a centralized political command and a strict cadre policy emphasizing subservience to the party's decisions. In contrast, the Menshevik faction, including members like Trotsky, argued that the party should not neglect the important role to be played by the masses in a communist revolution. The Bolshevik party, which eventually became the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU), took power in Russia after the October Revolution in 1917. With the creation of the Communist International (Comintern) in 1919, the concept of communist party leadership was adopted by many revolutionary parties worldwide. In an effort to standardize this movement and maintain centralized control over its affiliated parties, the Comintern required its members to call themselves communist. They were subsequently known as Leninist or, later, Marxist-Leninist parties. The doctrine of Leninism was standardized and popularized by Joseph Stalin in 1924 in the party handbook, Foundations of Leninism.
Kyrgyzstan, officially the Kyrgyz Republic, and also known as Kirghizia, is a country in Central Asia. Kyrgyzstan is a landlocked country with mountainous terrain. It is bordered by Kazakhstan to the north, Uzbekistan to the west and southwest, Tajikistan to the southwest and China to the east. Its capital and largest city is Bishkek.
The Party of Communists of Kyrgyzstan is a political party in Kyrgyzstan. PKK was founded on June 22, 1992.
KPK did not participate in the 2000 parliamentary elections. It publishes Kommunisty Kyrgyzstana.
The party is affiliated to the Communist Party of the Soviet Union of Oleg Shenin.
Oleg Semyonovich Shenin was the leader of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (Shenin), which should not be confused with the larger UCP-CPSU.
The history of the Kyrgyz people and the land now called Kyrgyzstan goes back more than 2,000 years. Although geographically isolated by its mountainous location, it had an important role as part of the historical Silk Road trade route. In between periods of self-government it was ruled by Göktürks, the Uyghur Empire, and the Khitan people, before being conquered by the Mongols in the 13th century; subsequently it regained independence but was invaded by Kalmyks, Manchus and Uzbeks. In 1876 it became part of the Russian Empire, remaining in the USSR as the Kirghiz Soviet Socialist Republic after the Russian Revolution. Following Mikhael Gorbachev's democratic reforms in the USSR, in 1990 pro-independence candidate Askar Akayev was elected president of the SSR. On 31 August 1991, Kyrgyzstan declared independence from Moscow, and a democratic government was subsequently established.
The Prime Minister of the Republic of Kosovo is the head of government of the Kosovo.
Roza Isakovna Otunbayeva is a Kyrgyz diplomat and politician who served as the President of Kyrgyzstan from 7 April 2010 until 1 December 2011. She was sworn in on July 3, 2010, after acting as interim leader following the 2010 April revolution which led to the ousting of President Kurmanbek Bakiyev. She previously served as Minister of Foreign Affairs and as head of the parliamentary caucus for the Social Democratic Party of Kyrgyzstan.
The Prime Minister of Kyrgyzstan is the head of government of Kyrgyzstan. Until 2010, the President was in a stronger position than the Prime Minister in Kyrgyzstan, but after the 2010 constitutional referendum, the state transitioned to a parliamentary system, placing greater power in parliament and the cabinet at the expense of the president.
Nasirdin Isanovich Isanov served as the first Prime Minister of Kyrgyzstan from 30 August 1991 to 29 November 1991.
Jumabek Ibraimov was a Kyrgyz politician. Born in Dzhany-Alysh of Kemin District he graduated from Frunze Polytechnic Institute in 1971. He was a post-graduate student and worked as a teacher until mid-70s. In 1976 - 1977 he worked as an engineer and the head of the department of technology at the Agricultural Machinery Works named after M.V.Frunze, and in 1977 - 1984 as a design engineer, head of engineering department, chief engineer, and director of Min-Kush branch of Orgtehnika factory. In 1984 he became a head of People's Control Commission, and the First Secretary of Balykchy Town Committee of Communist Party. In 1988 - 1991, Jumabek Ibraimov served as a First Deputy of a Head of Administration of Central Committee of Communist Party of Kyrgyzstan. He served as the Mayor of Bishkek from 1993-1995. President of Kyrgyzstan Askar Akayev appointed him Prime Minister on 25 December 1998 after Akayev dissolved the Cabinet. Ibraimov served until he died of stomach cancer on 4 April 1999.
Indonesia's Corruption Eradication Commission, abbreviated as KPK, is a government agency established to fight corruption. As of 2015, its chairman is Agus Raharjo. In 2013, the agency won the Ramon Magsaysay Award.
People's Movement of Kyrgyzstan is an electoral alliance formed on September 22, 2004 in Kyrgyzstan. President Kurmanbek Bakiyev was chosen as the movement's Chairman at the alliance's November 5 founding congress. It was created to contest the February 2005 parliamentary elections.
Democratic Movement of Kyrgyzstan is a political party active in Kyrgyzstan. The party's Chairman is Jypar Jeksheev, who is also the founder of the movement. The party was founded on June 27, 1993 with Jeksheev as chairman until 2000, when he was succeeded by Edilbek Sarybaev.
Early parliamentary elections were held in Kyrgyzstan on 16 December 2007. The election was called by President Kurmanbek Bakiyev after the constitutional referendum on 21 October 2007 approved a new electoral system and constitutional reform proposals, enlarging the parliament to 90 MPs and introducing party-list voting.
The Communist Party of the Soviet Union is an organization which split from the Union of Communist Parties — Communist Party of the Soviet Union in 2001 after disagreements between Oleg Shenin and Gennady Zyuganov over the creation of a united communist party of the Union of Belarus and Russia. It had been led by Shenin until his death in May 2009.
Kirghizia, officially the Kirghiz Soviet Socialist Republic and the Republic of Kirghizia, also referred to as Soviet Kirghizia, was one of the constituent republics of the Soviet Union (USSR) from 1936 to 1991.
A Communist Party is a party that advocates the application of the social principles of communism.
The Communist Party of Kirghizia was the ruling political party and the arm of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union in the Kirghiz Soviet Socialist Republic.
Turdakun Usubalievich Usubaliev was a Soviet Union-era Kyrgyz politician and First Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Kyrgyzstan in the period 1961–1985.
FC Dzhalal-Abad is a Kyrgyzstani football club based in Jalal-Abad, Kyrgyzstan that played in the top division in Kyrgyzstan, the Kyrgyzstan League.
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