Condom, Gers

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Condom
Condom.jpg
Blason ville fr Condom (Gers).svg
Location of Condom
Condom, Gers
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Condom
Languedoc-Roussillon-Midi-Pyrenees region location map.svg
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Condom
Coordinates: 43°58′N0°22′E / 43.96°N 0.37°E / 43.96; 0.37 Coordinates: 43°58′N0°22′E / 43.96°N 0.37°E / 43.96; 0.37
Country France
Region Occitanie
Department Gers
Arrondissement Condom
Canton Baïse-Armagnac
Intercommunality La Ténarèze
Government
  Mayor (20202026) Jean-François Rousse [1]
Area
1
97.37 km2 (37.59 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2018) [2]
6,508
  Density67/km2 (170/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
32107 /32100
Elevation62–190 m (203–623 ft)
(avg. 82 m or 269 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Condom (Occitan : Condòm; French pronunciation:  [kɔ̃dɔ̃] ), also known as Condom-en-Armagnac, is a commune in southwestern France in the department of Gers, of which it is a subprefecture.

Contents

Geography

Localisation

The town of Condom is located in the northern part of the department of Gers, halfway between Mont-de-Marsan (to the west) and Montauban (to the east), and north of Auch.

Condom and its surrounding communes Map commune FR insee code 32107.png
Condom and its surrounding communes

Roads and transports

Way of St. James

Condom is a town on the Via Podiensis, one of the three major French arms of the pilgrimage route, the Way of St. James.

This particular route begins in Le Puy and ends in Santiago de Compostela in northwest Spain. Pilgrims arrive at Condom after Miradoux and continue on to Larressingle.

Toponymy

There is no relationship between the English word condom and this town. The toponym Condom comes from the Gaulish words condate and magos combined into Condatomagos, which means "market or field, of the confluence".

Condatómagos evolved into Condatóm and then into Conddóm. Condom was first recorded in Latin in the 10th century as Condomus or Condomium. [3] It is where the river Gèle flows into the river Baïse. [4]

Although the French word for a condom is préservatif, in 1995 the town's mayor, taking advantage of the incidental relationship between the town's name and the English word, opened a museum of contraceptives, which closed in 2005. [5]

Politics and administration

Mayors

MayorTerm startTerm end
Jean Dubos19831983
Jacques Moisan19891995
Gérard Dubrac19952008
Bernard Gallardo20082014
Gérard Dubrac2014

Twin towns

Population

Historical population
YearPop.±%
17996,117    
18006,861+12.2%
18067,298+6.4%
18217,319+0.3%
18317,323+0.1%
18416,915−5.6%
18467,195+4.0%
18517,205+0.1%
18567,553+4.8%
18618,070+6.8%
18668,140+0.9%
18728,282+1.7%
18767,873−4.9%
18818,555+8.7%
18867,902−7.6%
18917,405−6.3%
18967,045−4.9%
YearPop.±%
19016,578−6.6%
19066,435−2.2%
19116,380−0.9%
19215,773−9.5%
19266,355+10.1%
19316,310−0.7%
19366,233−1.2%
19466,725+7.9%
19546,781+0.8%
19626,850+1.0%
19687,326+6.9%
19757,853+7.2%
19827,634−2.8%
19907,717+1.1%
19997,251−6.0%
20087,193−0.8%
20107,012−2.5%

Sites of interest

Condom is the site of two castles, the Château de Mothes and the Château de Pouypardin, both started in the 13th century. In total, 19 sites in Condom are listed as monuments historiques by the French Ministry of Culture, including the cathedral, churches and houses.

Condom is known for the production of Armagnac, an international music festival of "bandas", an international chess tournament and an international chess marathon. It is also known for its tourism with farm campings and boating on waterways. It is also home to a museum about Armagnac. [6] [7]

A statue of The Three Musketeers and d'Artagnan stands beside the cathedral and was created in 2010 by Zurab Tsereteli. [8]

Notable people

See also

Related Research Articles

Gers Department of France

Gers is a department in the Occitanie region of Southwestern France. Named after the Gers River, its inhabitants are called the Gersois and Gersoises in French. In 2016, it had a population of 190,664.

Charles de Batz de Castelmore dArtagnan French-Occitan captain

Charles de Batz de Castelmore, also known as d'Artagnan and later Count d'Artagnan, was a French Musketeer who served Louis XIV as captain of the Musketeers of the Guard. He died at the siege of Maastricht in the Franco-Dutch War. A fictionalised account of his life by Gatien de Courtilz de Sandras formed the basis for the d'Artagnan Romances of Alexandre Dumas, père, most famously including The Three Musketeers (1844). The heavily fictionalised version of d'Artagnan featured in Dumas' works and their subsequent screen adaptations is now far more widely known than the real historical figure.

Auch Prefecture and commune in Occitanie, France

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Arrondissement of Condom Arrondissement in Occitanie, France

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A condom is a contraceptive device.

<i>Revenge of the Musketeers</i> (1994 film) 1994 French film

Revenge of the Musketeers is a 1994 French swashbuckler adventure film directed by Bertrand Tavernier and starring Sophie Marceau, Philippe Noiret, Claude Rich, and Sami Frey. Set in the seventeenth century, the film is about the daughter of the renowned swordsman D'Artagnan who keeps the spirit of the Musketeers alive by bringing together the aging members of the legendary band to oppose a plot to overthrow the King and seize power. Revenge of the Musketeers was filmed on location at the Château de Biron in Biron, Dordogne and the Château de Maisons in Maisons-Laffitte in France and in Portugal with a budget of $9.1 million.

References

  1. Conseil municipal, Condom, accessed 4 May 2021.
  2. "Populations légales 2018". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 28 December 2020.
  3. Ernest Nègre, "Toponymie générale de la France, Volume 1", p.192
  4. "Le Gèle". Cours d'eau. sandre.eaufrance.fr. 1 January 2006. Retrieved 15 October 2021.
  5. Meslin, Franck (4 August 2012). "La capote colle toujours à la peau de Condom Tous les projets ont capoté". Sud-Ouest (in French). Retrieved 28 May 2013.
  6. Musée de l'Armagnac Pays en France (retrieved November 6, 2007)
  7. The Town of Condom (retrieved November 6, 2007)
  8. http://www.shutterstock.com/pic-73234222/stock-photo-condom-france-september-statue-of-d-artagnan-and-the-three-musketeers-the-sculptor-is-zurab.html
  9. "General Stéphane Abrial: Chief of Staff of the French Air Force" (PDF). NATO. 2009-08-04. Retrieved 16 September 2016.
  10. Morrissey, "Autobiography", Penguin Classics, 2014.