Conghua District

Last updated
Conghua

从化区

Tsungfa
Liu Xi He .jpg
Liuxi Riverfront Park in Jiekou Subdistrict
Administrative Division Guangzhou.png
  Conghua in Guangzhou
Coordinates: 23°39′N113°40′E / 23.650°N 113.667°E / 23.650; 113.667 Coordinates: 23°39′N113°40′E / 23.650°N 113.667°E / 23.650; 113.667
CountryPeople's Republic of China
Province Guangdong
Sub-provincial city Guangzhou
Area
  Total1,974.15 km2 (762.22 sq mi)
Population
 (2006)
  Total543,377
  Density280/km2 (710/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
510900
Area code(s) 020
Website www.conghua.gov.cn
Conghua
Simplified Chinese 从化
Traditional Chinese 從化
Guangdong Romanization Cung4-fa3
Hanyu Pinyin Cónghuà
Postal Tsungfa
Literal meaningFrom Change

Conghua District,alternately romanized as Tsungfa, [lower-alpha 1] is one of 11 urban districts and the northernmost district of the prefecture-level city of Guangzhou, the capital of Guangdong Province, China. Conghua connects the Pearl River Delta with the mountainous area of northern Guangdong. [4] Within China, it is known for its hot springs [5] and lychees. [6] It covers an area of 1,974.15 km2 (762.22 sq mi), with a population of 543.377 in 2006. Its GDP was RMB10.369 billion (US$2,360 per person).[ when? ]

The romanization of Chinese is the use of the Latin alphabet to write Chinese. Chinese uses a logographic script, and its characters do not represent phonemes directly. There have been many systems using Roman characters to represent Chinese throughout history. Linguist Daniel Kane recalls, "It used to be said that sinologists had to be like musicians, who might compose in one key and readily transcribe into other keys." The dominant international standard for Putonghua since about 1982 has been Hanyu Pinyin. Other well-known systems include Wade-Giles (Mandarin) and Yale Romanization.

District (China) administrative division of the Peoples Republic of China

The term district, in the context of China, is used to refer to several unrelated political divisions in both ancient and modern China.

Prefecture-level city Peoples Republic of China prefecture-level subdivision

A prefectural-level municipality, prefectural-level city or prefectural city; formerly known as province-administrated city from 1949 to 1983, is an administrative division of the People's Republic of China (PRC), ranking below a province and above a county in China's administrative structure. Prefectural level cities form the second level of the administrative structure. Administrative chiefs (mayors) of prefectural level cities generally have the same rank as a division chief of a national ministry. Since the 1980s, most former prefectures have been renamed into prefectural level cities.

Contents

History

Under the Qing, the area was known as Conghua County. It was subsequently upgraded to county-level city status and then, on 12 February 2014, to an urban district of Guangzhou. [7]

Qing dynasty Former empire in Eastern Asia, last imperial regime of China

The Qing dynasty, officially the Great Qing, was the last imperial dynasty of China. It was established in 1636, and ruled from 1644 to 1911. It was preceded by the Ming dynasty and succeeded by the Republic of China. The Qing multi-cultural empire lasted for almost three centuries and formed the territorial base for modern China. It was the fifth largest empire in world history. The dynasty was founded by the Manchu Aisin Gioro clan in Manchuria. In the late sixteenth century, Nurhaci, originally a Ming Jianzhou Guard vassal, began organizing "Banners", military-social units that included Manchu, Han, and Mongol elements. Nurhaci formed the Manchu clans into a unified entity and officially proclaimed the Later Jin in 1616. By 1636, his son Hong Taiji began driving Ming forces out of the Liaodong Peninsula and declared a new dynasty, the Qing.

County-level city Peoples Republic of China county-level subdivision

A county-level municipality, county-level city, or county city is a county-level administrative division of mainland China. County-level cities are usually governed by prefecture-level divisions, but a few are governed directly by province-level divisions. Formerly known as prefecture-controlled city.

Guangzhou Prefecture-level and Sub-provincial city in Guangdong, Peoples Republic of China

Guangzhou, also known as Canton and formerly romanized as Kwangchow or Kwong Chow, is the capital and most populous city of the province of Guangdong in southern China. On the Pearl River about 120 km (75 mi) north-northwest of Hong Kong and 145 km (90 mi) north of Macau, Guangzhou has a history of over 2,200 years and was a major terminus of the maritime Silk Road, and continues to serve as a major port and transportation hub, as well as one of China's three largest cities.

Administrative divisions

Name Chinese (S) Hanyu Pinyin Canton Romanization Population (2010) [8] Area (km2)
Jiekou Subdistrict 街口街道Jiēkǒu Jiēdàogai1 heo2 gai1 dou696,84621.84
Chengjiao Subdistrict 城郊街道Chéngjiāo Jiēdàoséng4 gao1 gai1 dou679,085160.00
Jiangbu Subdistrict 江埔街道Jiāngbù Jiēdàogong1 bou3 gai1 dou695,843127.00
Wenquan town温泉镇Wēnquán Zhènwen1 qun4 zen355,194210.90
Liangkou town良口镇Liángkǒu Zhènlêng4 heo2 zen332,829530.60
Lütian town吕田镇Lǚtián Zhènlêu5 tin4 zen323,430393.00
Taiping town太平镇Tàipíng Zhèntai3 ping4 zen394,369210.32
Aotou town鳌头镇Áotóu Zhènngou4 teo4 zen3111,308410.00

Climate

See also

Conghua city yueyuan animal breeding farm (从化市棋杆镇悦源动物养殖场) is a monkey farm facility built in Conghua county Guangzhou, People's Republic of China. It houses monkeys to be sold internationally for scientific research.

Wenquan, Guangdong Town in Guangdong, Peoples Republic of China

Wenquan is a town of Conghua in central Guangdong province, China, located about 40 km (25 mi) northeast of Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport. As of 2011, it has 3 residential communities (社区) and 22 villages under its administration.

Notes

  1. The Postal Map spelling was based on the name's local Cantonese pronunciation. The name has also been romanized Tsung-fa, [1] Ts'ung-hwa, [2] and Tsung-hwa-heën. [3]

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References

Citations

  1. Encyclopædia Britannica, 9th ed. (1878), Vol. V, "China".
  2. Encyclopædia Britannica, 11th ed. (1911), Vol. XV, "Kwang-tung".
  3. Gutzlaff (1838), p.  564.
  4. "2011年统计用区划代码和城乡划分代码:从化市" (in Simplified Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China. Retrieved 2012-11-17.
  5. Conghua Hot Springs
  6. Lychee
  7. "黄埔萝岗合二为一 增城从化撤市改区". Nandu(南都网). Archived from the original on 22 February 2014. Retrieved 13 February 2014.
  8. shi, Guo wu yuan ren kou pu cha ban gong; council, Guo jia tong ji ju ren kou he jiu ye tong ji si bian = Tabulation on the 2010 population census of the people's republic of China by township / compiled by Population census office under the state; population, Department of; statistics, employment statistics national bureau of (2012). Zhongguo 2010 nian ren kou pu cha fen xiang, zhen, jie dao zi liao (Di 1 ban. ed.). Beijing Shi: Zhongguo tong ji chu ban she. ISBN   978-7-5037-6660-2.

Bibliography

Karl Gützlaff German missionary in China

Karl Friedrich August Gützlaff, anglicised as Charles Gutzlaff, was a German Lutheran missionary to the Far East, notable as one of the first Protestant missionaries in Bangkok, Thailand (1828) and in Korea (1832). He was also the first Lutheran missionary to China. He was a magistrate in Ningpo and Chusan and the second Chinese Secretary of the British administration in Hong Kong.