Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments

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Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments
Latin: Congregatio de Cultu Divino et Disciplina Sacramentorum
Coat of arms Holy See.svg
Coat of arms of the Holy See
Via della Conciliazione din Roma1.jpg
Palazzo delle Congregazioni in Piazza Pio XII (in front of St. Peter's Square) is the workplace for most congregations of the Roman Curia
Congregation overview
FormedJune 29, 1908;113 years ago (1908-06-29)
Preceding agencies
  • Congregation for Divine Worship
  • Congregation for the Discipline of the Sacraments
Type Congregation
Headquarters Palazzo delle Congregazioni, Piazza Pio XII, Rome, Italy
Congregation executives
Website http://www.cultodivino.va/

The Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments (Latin : Congregatio de Cultu Divino et Disciplina Sacramentorum) is the congregation of the Roman Curia that handles most affairs relating to liturgical practices of the Latin Church as distinct from the Eastern Catholic Churches and also some technical matters relating to the sacraments. Its functions were originally exercised by the Sacred Congregation of Rites, set up in January 1588 by Pope Sixtus V.

Contents

History

The congregation is the direct successor of the Sacred Congregation for the Discipline of the Sacraments (Sacra Congregatio de Disciplina Sacramentorum) (1908–1969).

In 1975 it was given the title "Sacred Congregation for the Sacraments and Divine Worship" (Congregatio de Sacramentis et Cultu Divino) and incorporated the functions of the Sacred Congregation for Divine Worship (Sacra Congregatio pro Cultu Divino) which had been created in 1969 to take on responsibility for the liturgical affairs previously handled by the Sacred Congregation of Rites (Sacra Rituum Congregatio) (1588–1969).

Between 1984 and 1988 it was briefly redivided into the Congregation for the Sacraments (Congregatio de Sacramentis) and the Congregation for Divine Worship (Congregatio de Cultu Divino) under a single Prefect.

Responsibilities

The apostolic constitution Pastor bonus , issued by Pope John Paul II on 28 June 1988, established the congregation's functions:

On 30 August 2011, Pope Benedict XVI transferred jurisdiction over unconsummated marriages and the nullification of ordinations to the Roman Rota to relieve the congregation of administrative burdens and allow it to focus on liturgy, its principal responsibility. [1] [2] In 2012, the congregation added an office devoted to liturgical architecture and music. [3]

Since 2001, the congregation had primary authority over a nation's liturgical translations. [4] On 9 September 2017, Pope Francis weakened the congregation's authority with his motu proprio titled Magnum principium , [5] ensuring that, starting 1 October 2017, [5] the nation's Conference of Bishops will manage local liturgical translations. [6] [5] On 22 October 2017, the Vatican released a letter that Pope Francis had sent to the Prefect of the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacrament, Cardinal Robert Sarah, clarifying that the Vatican and its departments would have limited authority to confirm liturgical translations recognized by a local Conference of Bishops, [7] thus retracting a commentary which Sarah had published on 13 October 2017. [8]

In March 2021, following Sarah's retirement, Pope Francis charged Claudio Maniago, leader of the Italian Episcopal Conference's liturgy programs, with undertaking a canonical visitation of the Congregation of Divine Worship in anticipation of the appointment of a new prefect. [9] [10] Francis then named Arthur Roche prefect on 27 May 2021. [11]

Cardinal Prefects

Prefect of Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments
Coat of arms of the Vatican City.svg
Bishop Arthur Roche 2008.jpg
Incumbent
Arthur Roche

since 27 May 2021
Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments
Style His Eminence
Member of Roman Curia
Reports to Francis
Appointer The Pope
Term length Five years, renewable
Constituting instrumentSapienti Consilio
Pastor Bonus
Formation29 June 1908
First holder Domenico Ferrata

Secretary

Vox Clara Committee

In 2001 the congregation established the Vox Clara Committee, composed of senior bishops from episcopal conferences throughout the English-speaking world. It advises the congregation on English-language liturgical texts and their distribution. It meets in Rome. [12]

See also

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References

  1. "Apostolic Letter: Quaerit Semper". Holy See. 30 August 2011. Retrieved 12 January 2017.
  2. Tornielli, Andrea (14 November 2012). "Congregation of Divine Worship undergoes reform". La Stampa. Retrieved 12 January 2017.
  3. Wooden, Cindy (14 November 2012). "Vatican congregation sets up office for art, architecture, music". The Catholic Register. Catholic News Service. Archived from the original on 13 January 2017. Retrieved 12 January 2016.
  4. Horowitz, Jason (9 September 2017). "Pope Francis Shifts Power From Rome With 'Hugely Important' Liturgical Reform". The New York Times. ISSN   0362-4331 . Retrieved 13 June 2021.
  5. 1 2 3 Horowitz, Jason (9 September 2017). "Pope Francis Shifts Power from Rome with 'Hugely Important' Liturgical Reform". The New York Times.
  6. "Apostolic Letter in the form of Motu Proprio "Magnum Principium" Quibus nonnulla in can. 838 Codicis Iuris Canonici immutantur".
  7. "In letter to Cardinal Sarah, pope clarifies new translation norms".
  8. "Cardinal Sarah Confirms Vatican Retains Last Word on Translations".
  9. Wooden, Cindy (15 March 2021). "Before naming Cardinal Sarah's replacement, Pope Francis wants an outside review of the congregation for worship". America . Catholic News Service. Retrieved 18 March 2021.
  10. Cernuzio, Salvatore (17 March 2021). "Vaticano, visita interna al Dicastero del Culto Divino prima della scelta del nuovo prefetto". La Stampa (in Italian). Retrieved 18 March 2021.
  11. "Rinunce e nomine, 27.05.2021" (Press release) (in Italian). 27 May 2021. Retrieved 27 May 2021.
  12. Wooden, Cindy (8 February 2011). "Vox Clara, advising Vatican on English liturgy texts, gets new members". Catholic News Service (archived). Archived from the original on 1 August 2020. Retrieved 22 August 2020.