Conrad I, Count of Luxembourg

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Seal of Conrad I of Luxembourg. The Latin inscription on the border of the seal reads: CONRARDVS COMES DE LVCELEMBVRCH Conrad I, Count of Luxembourg.png
Seal of Conrad I of Luxembourg. The Latin inscription on the border of the seal reads: CONRARDVS COMES DE LVCELEMBVRCH

Conrad I (c. 1040 – 8 August 1086), Count of Luxembourg, was the first count of Luxembourg (1059–1086), succeeding his father Giselbert of Luxembourg.

Giselbert of Luxembourg was count of Salm and of Longwy, then count of Luxemburg from 1047 to 1059. He was a son of Frederick of Luxembourg, count of Moselgau, and perhaps of Ermentrude of Gleiberg.

He was embroiled in an argument with the archbishop of Trier as to the abbaye Saint-Maximin in Trier which he had avowed. The archbishop excommunicated him and Conrad had to make honourable amends and set out on pilgrimage for Jerusalem. He died in Italy on the return journey.

Jerusalem City in the Middle East

Jerusalem is a city in the Middle East, located on a plateau in the Judaean Mountains between the Mediterranean and the Dead Sea. It is one of the oldest cities in the world, and is considered holy to the three major Abrahamic religions—Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Both Israel and the Palestinian Authority claim Jerusalem as their capital, as Israel maintains its primary governmental institutions there and the State of Palestine ultimately foresees it as its seat of power; however, neither claim is widely recognized internationally.

He founded many abbeys:

Orval Abbey is a Cistercian monastery founded in 1132 in the Gaume region of Belgium and is located in Villers-devant-Orval, part of Florenville in the province of Luxembourg. The abbey is well known for its history and spiritual life but also for its local production of the Trappist beer Orval and a specific cheese.

Arnold I, Count of Chiny, son of Louis II, Count of Chiny, and his wife Sophie. He succeeded his father as count before 1066.

Altmünster Abbey

Altmünster Abbey was a Benedictine monastery on the Plateau Altmünster, between the Fishmarket and Clausen areas of Luxembourg City.

Marriage and issue

Around 1075 he married Clementia (1060 - 1142), suggested to have been daughter of Pierre-Guillaume VII, duke of Aquitaine and of Ermesinde. They had :

Clémence d'Aquitaine was a daughter of Pierre-Guillaume VII, duke of Aquitaine, and his wife Ermesinde.

Duke of Aquitaine Wikimedia list article

The Duke of Aquitaine was the ruler of the ancient region of Aquitaine under the supremacy of Frankish, English, and later French kings.

Henri III, Count of Luxembourg was count of Luxembourg (1086–1096), in succession to his father Conrad. His mother was Clementia of Aquitaine. Henry III was the first count known to have established his permanent residence in Luxembourg castle. In a document from the year 1089, he is referred to as comes Henricus de Lutzeleburg, which also makes him the first documented count of Luxembourg.

The Army of Godfrey of Bouillon was created by Godfrey, Lord of Bouillon, and Duke of Lower Leuven, in response to the call by Pope Urban II to both liberate Jerusalem from Muslim forces and protect the Byzantine Empire from similar attacks. Godfrey and his army, one of several Frankish forces deployed during the First Crusade, was among the first to arrive in Constantinople. The army was unique in that it included among its warriors the first three kings of Jerusalem, although Godfrey preferred the title Defender of the Holy Sepulchre as he believed that the true King of Jerusalem was Christ. This article focuses on the members of the arrmy rather that its exploits which are described in detail in Godfrey’s biography as well as numerous sources listed below.

Ermesinde of Luxembourg was a German noblewoman.

Conrad I, Count of Luxembourg
Born: 1040 Died: 8 August 1086
Preceded by
Giselbert
Count of Luxembourg
1059–1086
Succeeded by
Henry III


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