Constable of Portugal (Portuguese : Condestável de Portugal) was an office created by King Ferdinand I of Portugal in 1382, to substitute the High Standard-bearer ( Alferes-Mor ) as the head of the Portuguese Military. It was also referred as the Constable of the Kingdom (Condestável do Reino).
The Constable was the second most powerful person in the Kingdom, after the King of Portugal. The Constable's responsibility was to command the military in the absence of the King and to maintain discipline in the army; he was present at all military tribunals.
After the reign of John IV of Portugal (1640—1656), the title ceased to have military or administrative responsabilities becoming simply an honorific title.
D. Nuno Álvares Pereira, O. Carm., also spelled Nun'Álvares Pereira, 7th Count of Barcelos, 3rd Count of Ourém and 2nd Count of Arraiolos, was a Portuguese general of great success who had a decisive role in the 1383-1385 Crisis that assured Portugal's independence from Castile. He later became a mystic and was beatified by Pope Benedict XV, in 1918, and canonised by Pope Benedict XVI in 2009.
The Most Serene House of Braganza, also known as the Brigantine Dynasty, is a dynasty of emperors, kings, princes, and dukes of Portuguese origin which reigned in Europe and the Americas.
Infante Ferdinand, Duke of Viseu and Beja was the third son of Edward, King of Portugal and his wife Eleanor of Aragon.
Infanta Beatriz of Portugal was a Portuguese infanta, daughter of John, Constable of Portugal and Isabella of Barcelos a daughter of Afonso I, Duke of Braganza.
The Dukes of Cadaval have their origins in Dom Álvaro of Braganza, Lord of Tentúgal, Póvoa, Buarcos and Cadaval, 4th male son of Dom Ferdinand I, 2nd Duke of Braganza. Dom Álvaro married Dona Filipa de Melo, the rich daughter and heir of Rodrigo Afonso de Melo, 1st. Count of Olivença.
Dom Fernando I of Braganza was the 2nd Duke of Braganza and the 1st Marquis of Vila Viçosa, among other titles. He took part in the Portuguese conquests in North Africa and served as governor of different territories there.
Álvaro of Braganza was the 4th son of Ferdinand I, 2nd Duke of Braganza and his wife, Dona Joana de Castro.
Nuno is a Portuguese male name, derived either from Latin nunnus "grandfather" or nonnus, "the variant of John", "chamberlain, squire". It is quite popular in the Portuguese-speaking countries and communities. Its Spanish equivalent is Nuño. There is also a female variant in Spanish, Nuña.
Marquis of Valença was a Portuguese title of nobility granted by royal decree of King Afonso V of Portugal, dated from October 11, 1451, to Dom Afonso of Braganza (1400–1460), who already was 4th Count of Ourém. It is the 1st Marquis title in Portugal.
Count of Ourém is a Portuguese title granted in 1370 by King Fernando I of Portugal, to Dom João Afonso Telo, uncle of Queen Leonor Teles. Later he also became the fourth Count of Barcelos.
Count of Arraiolos is a Portuguese title granted, in 1377 by King Fernando I of Portugal, to Dom Álvaro Pires de Castro, a Galician noble, brother of Inês de Castro. Álvaro Pires de Castro was already Count of Viana when he received this new title.
Count of Tentúgal was a Portuguese title of nobility created by a royal decree, dated from 1 January 1504, by King Manuel I of Portugal, and granted to DomRodrigo de Melo, son of Álvaro of Braganza and Philippa of Melo.
RodrigoAfonso de Melo, 1st Count of Olivença was a Portuguese nobleman, son of Martim Afonso de Melo, Lord of Ferreira de Aves e Chief-Guard of king Edward of Portugal.
João of Braganza, born ca. 1430, was the second son of Fernando I, Duke of Braganza and of his wife, the duchess Joan of Castro.
Álvaro Pires de Castro was a powerful Galician-Portuguese nobleman, stem of the Portuguese branch of the House of Castro. He was the first Count of Viana, the first Count of Arraiolos and the first Constable of Portugal.
The Tower of Ferreira de Aves is a fortification located in the civil parish of Ferreira de Aves, in the municipality of Sátão, Portuguese Viseu.
The Portuguese nobility was a social class enshrined in the laws of the Kingdom of Portugal with specific privileges, prerogatives, obligations and regulations. The nobility ranked immediately after royalty and was itself subdivided into a number of subcategories which included the titled nobility and nobility of blood at the top and civic nobility at the bottom, encompassing a small, but not insignificant proportion of Portugal's citizenry.
D. Jaime Álvares Pereira de Melo, 3rd Duke of Cadaval, 5th Marquis of Ferreira, and 6th Count of Tentúgal, was a Portuguese nobleman and statesman.
Nuno Álvares Pereira de Melo, 1st Duke of Cadaval, 4th Marquis of Ferreira, 5th Count of Tentúgal, was a Portuguese nobleman and statesman.
D. Cristóvão de Moura e Távora was a Portuguese nobleman who led the Spanish party during the Portuguese succession crisis of 1580.