Constance Talmadge

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Constance Talmadge
Constance Talmadge 1917.png
Talmadge in 1917
Born
Constance Alice Talmadge

(1898-04-19)April 19, 1898
DiedNovember 23, 1973(1973-11-23) (aged 75)
Resting place Hollywood Forever Cemetery
Years active1914–1929
Spouse(s)
John Pialoglou
(m. 1920;div. 1922)

Alastair Mackintosh
(m. 1926;div. 1927)

Townsend Netcher
(m. 1929;div. 1939)

Walter Michael Giblin
(m. 1939;died 1964)
Relatives Natalie Talmadge (sister)
Norma Talmadge (sister)
Drawing of actress Constance Talmadge by Treichler, page 40 of the December 1921 Screenland. Constance Talmadge by Treichler.jpg
Drawing of actress Constance Talmadge by Treichler, page 40 of the December 1921 Screenland.

Constance Alice Talmadge (April 19, 1898 November 23, 1973) was an American silent film star. She was the sister of actresses Norma and Natalie Talmadge.

Contents

Early life

Talmadge was born on April 19, 1898 in Brooklyn, New York, to poor parents, Margaret L. "Peg" and Frederick O. Talmadge. Her father was an alcoholic, and left them when she was still very young. Her mother made a living by doing laundry. When a friend recommended Talmadge's mother use older sister Norma as a model for title slides in flickers, which were shown in early nickelodeons, Peg decided to do so. This led all three sisters into acting careers. [1]

Career

On the cover of Photoplay magazine, 1919 Constance Talmadge on photoplay magazine june 1919.jpg
On the cover of Photoplay magazine, 1919

She began making films in 1914, in a Vitagraph comedy short, In Bridal Attire (1914). Her first major role was as the Mountain Girl and Marguerite de Valois in D.W. Griffith's Intolerance (1916).

Griffith re-edited Intolerance repeatedly after its initial release, and even shot new scenes long after it was in distribution. Grace Kingsley found Talmadge in her dressing room at the Fine Arts Studio, in Los Angeles, in the midst of making up for some new shots.

"Did you really drive those galloping brutes of horses?" asked Kingsley.

"Indeed I did," said Talmadge. "Two women sat behind me at the Auditorium the other night. They said, 'Of course she never really drove those horses herself. Somebody doubled for her.' Know what I did? I turned around and told them, 'I wish I could show you my knees, all black and blue even yet from being cracked up against the dashboard of that chariot!'" [ citation needed ]

So popular was Talmadge's portrayal of the tomboyish Mountain Girl, Griffith released in 1919 the Babylonian sequence from Intolerance as a new, separate film called The Fall of Babylon. He refilmed her death scene to allow for a happy ending.

Her friend Anita Loos, who wrote many screenplays for her, appreciated her "humour and her irresponsible way of life". [2] Over the course of her career, Talmadge appeared in more than 80 films, often in comedies such as A Pair of Silk Stockings (film) (1918), Happiness à la Mode (1919), Romance and Arabella (1919), Wedding Bells (1921 film) (1921), and The Primitive Lover (1922).

Constance Talmadge (1923) Constance Talmadge (Mar 1923).png
Constance Talmadge (1923)

Talmadge, along with her sisters, was heavily billed during her early career. According to her 1923 Blue Book of the Screen biography, she was "5'5" tall, 120 lbs, with blonde hair and brown eyes, ... an outdoor girl who loved activities." [3]

When Talmadge was asked by a writer for Green Book magazine what sort of stories she wanted to do in 1920, she said: "Although no less than sixty manuscripts are submitted to me every week, it is exceedingly difficult to get exactly the kind of comedy I especially want. I want comedies of manners, comedies that are funny because they delight one’s sense of what is ridiculously human in the way of little everyday commonplace foibles and frailties – subtle comedies, not comedies of the slap stick variety."

"I enjoy making people laugh. Secondly, because this type of work comes easiest and most naturally to me, I am not a highly emotional type. My sister could cry real tears over two sofa cushions stuffed into a long dress and white lace cap, to look like a dead baby, and she would do it so convincingly that 900 persons out front would weep with her. That is real art, but my kind of talent would lead me to bounce that padded baby up and down on my knee with absurd grimaces that would make the same 900 roar with laughter.

"You see, in my way, I take my work quite as seriously as my sister does hers – I would be just as in earnest about making the baby seem ridiculous as she would about making it seem real. I am not fitted to be a vamp type. There is nothing alluring, or exotic, or erotic, or neurotic about me. I could not pull the vamp stuff to save my life, but if I am assigned a vamp role in a comedy, and I had such a part in my fourth First National picture, In Search of a Sinner. I play it with all the seriousness and earnestness and sincerity with which a real vamp would play it, except that I, of course, over-emphasize all the characteristics of the vampire. I try to handle a comedy role much the same way that a cartoonist handles his pencils. If he is drawing the picture of the late Theodore Roosevelt, with a few strokes he emphasizes Teddy’s eye-glasses and teeth, leaving his ears and nostrils and the lines of his face barely suggestive. One must leave a great deal to the imagination on the screen, because in the span of one short hour we sometimes have to develop a character from girlhood to womanhood through three marriages and two divorces, and perhaps travel half way round the world besides; so, like the cartoonist, I try to emphasize the salient characteristics, which, of course, in my particular work, bring out the humorous side of the person I am portraying."

With the advent of talkies in 1929, Talmadge left Hollywood. Her sister Norma did make a handful of appearances in talking films, but for the most part the three sisters retired all together, investing in real estate and other business ventures. Only a few of her films survive today. [1]

Personal life

Norma and Constance Talmadge Norma and Constance Talmadge (1916).png
Norma and Constance Talmadge

She was married four times; all the unions were childless:

Talmadge's mother fostered the belief she might one day return to films. “Success and fame cast a spell that can never been quite shaken off,” her mother pointed out in her autobiography. “A woman, because of her love, may say, and in the fervor of the moment believe, that she is ready to give up her chosen work. But there is sure to come a time when keen longing and strong regret for her lost career dominate over the more placid contentments of love and marriage. Then unhappiness and friction ensue.”

She died of pneumonia. [8] Along with her sister Norma, Mary Pickford, and Douglas Fairbanks, Talmadge inaugurated the tradition of placing her footprints in concrete outside Grauman's Chinese Theater. She left a trail of five footprints in her slab.

Her star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame is at 6300 Hollywood Blvd.

Filmography

Short Subject
YearFilmRoleNotesStatus
1914Buddy's First CallGrace Forster
The Maid from SwedenMarie Cook
Our Fairy PlayHelen Payne - the Actress
The Moonstone of FezWinifred Osborne
Uncle BillGladys
Buddy's DownfallLily - the City Flirt
The Mysterious LodgerLucy Lane
Father's TimepieceMarjorie Stillwell
The PeacemakerKitty Grey
The Evolution of PercivalMildred
In Bridal AttireMary
Fixing Their DadsFlorence
The Egyptian MummyFlorence Hicks
Forcing Dad's ConsentConnie Boggs
1915 In the Latin Quarter ManonIncomplete
Billy's WagerConnie
The Green CatConstance
The Young Man Who 'FiggeredNan Tubbs
Burglarious BillyNellie
A Study in TrampsMary Stretch
The Master of His HouseMrs. Greene
The Lady of ShalottMinor Role
The Boarding House FeudConnie Drexel
The Vanishing VaultConnie
Spades Are TrumpsElla Cunningham
Bertie's StratagemLetty Grey
Insuring CuteyCutey's Bride
Billy the Bear TamerConstance
A Keyboard StrategyMrs. Walter Gibson
Can You Beat It?Dill - Pike's Wife
Beached and Bleached
The Little PuritanCorinne
1916The She-Devil
The MatrimaniacMarna Lewis
Film
YearTitleRoleNotesStatus
1915Captivating Mary CarstairsBit PartUncredited
Georgia Pearce
1916 The Missing Links Laura HaskinsLost
Intolerance Marguerite de Navarre / The Mountain GirlExtant
The Microscope MysteryJessie Barton
1917 A Girl of the Timber Claims Jessie West
Betsy's Burglar Betsy Harlow
The Lesson Helen Drayton
Scandal Beatrix Vanderdyke
The Honeymoon Helen Drayton
1918 The Studio Girl Celia Laird
The Shuttle Bettina Vandepoel
Up the Road with Sallie Sallie WatersExtant
Good Night, Paul Mrs. RichardExtant
A Pair of Silk Stockings Mrs. Molly ThornhillExtant
Sauce for the Goose Kitty Constable
Mrs. Leffingwell's Boots Mrs. Leffingwell
A Lady's Name Mabel VereIncomplete
1919 Who Cares? Joan LudlowLost
Romance and Arabella Arabella Cadenhouse
Experimental Marriage Suzanne Ercoll
The Veiled Adventure Geraldine Barker
Happiness a la Mode Barbara Townsend
A Temperamental Wife Billie Billings
A Virtuous Vamp Gwendolyn Armitage / Nellie JonesAlso producedExtant
1920 Two Weeks Lillums BlairExtant
In Search of a Sinner Georgianna Chadbourne
The Love Expert BabsAlso producedExtant
The Perfect Woman Mary Blake
Good References Mary WayneExtant
Dangerous Business Nancy FlavelleLost
1921 Mama's Affair Eve OrrinExtant
Lessons in Love Leila Calthorpe
Wedding Bells Rosalie WayneLost
Woman's Place Josephine GersonExtant
1922 Polly of the Follies Polly MeachamAlso producedLost
The Primitive Lover Phyllis TomleyAlso producedExtant
East Is West Ming ToyAlso producedExtant
1923 Dulcy DulcyLost
The Dangerous Maid Barbara WinslowExtant
1924 The Goldfish Jennie Wetherby
Her Night of Romance Dorothy AdamsAlso producedExtant
In Hollywood with Potash and Perlmutter Herself
1925 Learning to Love Patricia Stanhope
Seven Chances Girl in CarUncreditedExtant
Her Sister from Paris Helen Weyringer / La PerryExtant
1926 The Duchess of Buffalo Marian DuncanAlso producedExtant
1927 Venus of Venice CarlottaAlso producedIncomplete
Breakfast at Sunrise MadeleineAlso producedExtant
1929 Venus Princess Beatrice Doriani

Notes

  1. 1 2 Profile, goldensilents.com; accessed August 27, 2014.
  2. From Anita Loos's Biography on Il Cinema - Grande Storia Illustrata, Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara
  3. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on May 6, 2006. Retrieved July 14, 2006.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. "Movie Queen Again Becomes U.S. Citizen", page 12, The Atlanta Constitution, December 6, 1925
  5. "Connie Talmadge Becomes Citizen", page 2, The Ogden Standard-Examiner, December 5, 1925
  6. "Film Actress's Divorce Suit". The Times . September 29, 1927. p. 9.
  7. "Gets Divorce". Wisconsin Rapids Daily Tribune. January 6, 1939. Retrieved June 22, 2021.
  8. "Constane Talmadge, 73, Dead; A Film Star of the Silent Era".

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References

Advertisement promoting films with Norma Talmadge and Constance Talmadge, on page 9 of the December 25, 1920 Exhibitors Herald. Norma Talmadge & Constance Talmadge - Dec 1920 EH.jpg
Advertisement promoting films with Norma Talmadge and Constance Talmadge, on page 9 of the December 25, 1920 Exhibitors Herald.