Constantin Lucaci (July 7, 1923 – July 20, 2014) was a Romanian contemporary sculptor, best known for his monumentalist sculptures and his kinetic fountains (or decorative moving metal fountains) most made from stainless steel [ citation needed ], among which those from the Romanian cities of Reşiţa and Constanţa are best known. He was born in Bocşa Română, today a part of Bocşa, Caraş Severin .
A fountain is a piece of architecture which pours water into a basin or jets it into the air to supply drinking water and/or for a decorative or dramatic effect.
In metallurgy, stainless steel, also known as inox steel or inox from French inoxydable (inoxidizable), is a steel alloy, with highest percentage contents of iron, chromium, and nickel, with a minimum of 10.5% chromium content by mass and a maximum of 1.2% carbon by mass.
Steel is an alloy of iron and carbon, and sometimes other elements. Because of its high tensile strength and low cost, it is a major component used in buildings, infrastructure, tools, ships, automobiles, machines, appliances, and weapons.
From 1993 up until his death Lucaci was a professor at The Sculpture Department of The Academy of Belle Arts, Cluj-Napoca, Romania. His works, both "regular" and monumental are to be found in various Romanian museums as well as abroad.
Cluj-Napoca, commonly known as Cluj, is the fourth most populous city in Romania, and the seat of Cluj County in the northwestern part of the country. Geographically, it is roughly equidistant from Bucharest, Budapest and Belgrade. Located in the Someșul Mic River valley, the city is considered the unofficial capital to the historical province of Transylvania. From 1790 to 1848 and from 1861 to 1867, it was the official capital of the Grand Principality of Transylvania.
Romania is a country located at the crossroads of Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe. It borders the Black Sea to the southeast, Bulgaria to the south, Ukraine to the north, Hungary to the west, Serbia to the southwest, and Moldova to the east. It has a predominantly temperate-continental climate. With a total area of 238,397 square kilometres (92,046 sq mi), Romania is the 12th largest country and also the 7th most populous member state of the European Union, having almost 20 million inhabitants. Its capital and largest city is Bucharest, and other major urban areas include Cluj-Napoca, Timișoara, Iași, Constanța, Craiova, and Brașov.
Outside of Romania, Lucaci's kinetic sculpture Star is a part of the permanent exhibition "Fucina degli Angeli", Venice, Italy, exposed among works of artists such Marc Chagall, Max Ernst, Pablo Picasso and Mark Tobey. Other works by Lucaci are to be found in personal collections from cities such as Antwerp, Copenhagen, Ferrara, Milano, Rome and Venice.
Venice is a city in northeastern Italy and the capital of the Veneto region.
Italy, officially the Italian Republic, is a country in Southern and Western Europe. Located in the middle of the Mediterranean Sea, Italy shares open land borders with France, Switzerland, Austria, Slovenia and the enclaved microstates San Marino and Vatican City. Italy covers an area of 301,340 km2 (116,350 sq mi) and has a largely temperate seasonal and Mediterranean climate. With around 61 million inhabitants, it is the fourth-most populous EU member state and the most populous country in Southern Europe.
Marc Zakharovich Chagall was a Russian-French artist of Belarusian Jewish origin. An early modernist, he was associated with several major artistic styles and created works in virtually every artistic format, including painting, book illustrations, stained glass, stage sets, ceramic, tapestries and fine art prints.
Lucaci was bestowed with numerous national and international prizes and awards. He is a recipient of the Romanian Academy prize for his entire career (1990), of Herder Prize for his entire work (1984) and of Gold Medal at the International Biennale of Art dedicated to Dante - Ravenna (1999) for his monumental art.
The Romanian Academy is a cultural forum founded in Bucharest, Romania, in 1866. It covers the scientific, artistic and literary domains. The academy has 181 acting members who are elected for life.
The Herder Prize, named after the German philosopher Johann Gottfried Herder, was a prestigious international prize awarded every year to scholars and artists from Central and Southeast Europe whose life and work have contributed to the cultural understanding of European countries and their peaceful interrelations. Established in 1963, the first prizes were awarded in 1964.
Lucaci died aged 91 on July 20, 2014.
Camil Ressu was a Romanian painter and academic, one of the most significant art figures of Romania.
Theodor Pallady was a Romanian painter.
Acad. Prof. Dr. Honoris Causa Ion Irimescu was one of Romania's greatest sculptors and sketchers as well as a member of the Romanian Academy. In 2001 he was awarded the Prize of Excellence for Romanian Culture. He is often referred to as the "patriarch of Romanian art and sculpture".
Pavel Mikšík is a Slovak architect and designer working in the field of fountain design.
Carole A. Feuerman is an American sculptor and artist working in Hyperrealism, a movement that began in the 1970s in relation to photorealist painting. Born in 1945, Feuerman is younger than Duane Hanson and John de Andrea, one of the three pioneers of Hyperrealism in figurative sculpture. Dubbed "the reigning doyenne of super-realism" by art historian John T. Spike, Feuerman is known for her lifelike portrayals of swimmers.
The National University of Arts in Bucharest is a university in Bucharest preparing students in fine arts. The National University of Arts is a higher education institution in Bucharest.
Tudor Cataraga was a sculptor from the Republic of Moldova.
Henry Mavrodin is a Romanian painter, designer, essayist and university teacher.
Alma Redlinger was a painter and illustrator from Romania.
Eusebio Sempere was a Spanish sculptor, painter and graphic artist whose abstract geometric works make him the most representative artist of the Kinetic art movement in Spain and one of Spain's foremost artists. His use of repetition of line and mastery of color to manipulate the way light plays on the surface give depth to his pictorial compositions.
Radu Varia is a Romanian art critic and art historian.
Berengo Studio is one of the glassmaking and glass art companies based in Murano, Venice (Italy).
Silvia Elena Radu is a Romanian sculptor, potter, and painter.
Eugen Ciucă was a contemporary Romanian-American artist known for his monumental sculptures, vivid paintings and drawings of delicate feminine figures. He spent the most successful years of his career in Italy, where he created many works inspired by the Divine Comedy and its author Dante Alighieri. Ciucă's art has been displayed in nearly 100 exhibitions across Europe and the United States.
Béla Nagy Abodi was Hungarian painter, and professor of the Academy of Fine Arts in Cluj-Napoca.
Miguel Hernández Urbán is a Mexican painter and sculptor noted for his monumental works in stainless steel. He trained as a sculptor at the Escuela Nacional de Artes Plásticas but moved into painting under Antonio Rodríguez Luna. He returned to sculpture in the 1980s, experimenting with stainless steel, creating monumental works with it starting in the 1990s. In 1992, he founded the Symposium on Stainless Steel Sculpture in his hometown, the first of its kind in the work, which has since attracted participants from the Americas, Europe and Asia.
Helidon Xhixha is a contemporary artist born in Durrës, Albania, in December 1970. Xhixha is known for his stainless steel sculptures, which is often fused with other mediums such as marble or brass.
Gheorge Vrabie was a Moldovan artist, the author of the Coat of arms of the Republic of Moldova and of the Flag of the Chișinău Municipality, of the national currency for which he was named the "Father of the Moldovan Leu". From 1962 to 1967 he studied at the "Ilya Repin" State Academic Institute of Fine Arts, Sculpture and Architecture from Saint Petersburg. In 1961 was his first debute. It has illustrated over the years several volumes of Roman and universal literature. The artist's interest turned to such authors as Mihai Eminescu, Ion Druţă, Grigore Vieru, Dante, Longus, Paul Valery. The books’ graphics by Gheorghe Vrabie are distinguished by line intensity, accuracy and fine execution.
George Zongolopoulos was an important Greek sculptor, painter and architect. Zongolopoulos, who was often called the “eternal teenager” was a representative of the so-called “Generation of 1930s” while his work extends from the 1920s until his late life.
Michael Reva is a Ukrainian sculptor, artist, architect, and founder of the Reva Foundation Group. He was awarded the Gold Medal from Academy of Arts of the USSR for the best diploma in the field of architectural and decorative plastics in 1990.
Târgu Jiu is the capital of Gorj County in the Oltenia region of Romania. It is situated on the Southern Sub-Carpathians, on the banks of the river Jiu. Eight localities are administered by the city: Bârsești, Drăgoieni, Iezureni, Polata, Preajba Mare, Romanești, Slobozia and Ursați.