Coolamon, New South Wales

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Coolamon
New South Wales
Coolamonfrom WaggaRoad.JPG
Coolamon seen as entering from the Wagga Wagga Road
Australia New South Wales location map blank.svg
Red pog.svg
Coolamon
Coordinates 34°49′55″S147°12′04″E / 34.83194°S 147.20111°E / -34.83194; 147.20111 Coordinates: 34°49′55″S147°12′04″E / 34.83194°S 147.20111°E / -34.83194; 147.20111
Population2,199 (2016 census) [1]
Established3 October 1881 [2]
Postcode(s) 2701
Elevation290 m (951 ft)
Location
LGA(s) Coolamon Shire Council
County Bourke
State electorate(s) Cootamundra
Federal Division(s) Riverina

Coolamon is a town in the Riverina region of south-west New South Wales, Australia. Coolamon is 40 kilometres (25 mi) north-west of Wagga Wagga and 506 kilometres (314 mi) south-west of Sydney via the Hume and Sturt Highways. The town is situated on the railway line between Junee and Narrandera. Coolamon had a population of 2,199 at the 2016 census [1] and is 290 metres (950 ft) above sea level. It is the administrative and service centre for the local government area which bears its name Coolamon Shire.

Riverina Region in New South Wales, Australia

The Riverina is an agricultural region of South-Western New South Wales (NSW), Australia. The Riverina is distinguished from other Australian regions by the combination of flat plains, warm to hot climate and an ample supply of water for irrigation. This combination has allowed the Riverina to develop into one of the most productive and agriculturally diverse areas of Australia. Bordered on the south by the state of Victoria and on the east by the Great Dividing Range, the Riverina covers those areas of New South Wales in the Murray and Murrumbidgee drainage zones to their confluence in the west.

New South Wales State of Australia

New South Wales is a state on the east coast of Australia. It borders Queensland to the north, Victoria to the south, and South Australia to the west. Its coast borders the Tasman Sea to the east. The Australian Capital Territory is an enclave within the state. New South Wales' state capital is Sydney, which is also Australia's most populous city. In September 2018, the population of New South Wales was over 8 million, making it Australia's most populous state. Just under two-thirds of the state's population, 5.1 million, live in the Greater Sydney area. Inhabitants of New South Wales are referred to as New South Welshmen.

Australia Country in Oceania

Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous smaller islands. It is the largest country in Oceania and the world's sixth-largest country by total area. The neighbouring countries are Papua New Guinea, Indonesia, and East Timor to the north; the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu to the north-east; and New Zealand to the south-east. The population of 25 million is highly urbanised and heavily concentrated on the eastern seaboard. Australia's capital is Canberra, and its largest city is Sydney. The country's other major metropolitan areas are Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth, and Adelaide.

Contents

History

The original land where Coolamon now stands, prior to European settlement, was occupied by the Kamilaroi and/or Wiradjuri Aboriginal peoples.

The Wiradjuri people are a group of Indigenous Australian Aboriginal people that were united by a common language, strong ties of kinship and survived as skilled hunter–fisher–gatherers in family groups or clans scattered throughout central New South Wales.

Indigenous Australians are the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples of Australia, descended from groups that existed in Australia and surrounding islands before British colonisation. The time of arrival of the first Indigenous Australians is a matter of debate among researchers. The earliest conclusively human remains found in Australia are those of Mungo Man LM3 and Mungo Lady, which have been dated to around 50,000 years BP. Recent archaeological evidence from the analysis of charcoal and artefacts revealing human use suggests a date as early as 65,000 BP. Luminescence dating has suggested habitation in Arnhem Land as far back as 60,000 years BP. Genetic research has inferred a date of habitation as early as 80,000 years BP. Other estimates have ranged up to 100,000 years and 125,000 years BP.

A property "Coleman" was first settled there by a Mr J. Atkinson in 1848. The town was surveyed prior to the coming of the railway in 1881.

Cowabbie Post Office opened on 1 May 1881 and was renamed Ganmain on 1 July and Coolamon on 1 November of that year. [3]

Heritage listings

Coolamon has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:

Modern Coolamon

Up-To-Date Store CoolamonUptodateStore.JPG
Up-To-Date Store

The name of Coolamon comes from the Aboriginal word for a basin-shaped wooden dish made and used by Australian Aboriginal people. [5] [6] In the area around the town are thousands of naturally occurring indentations in the ground called Coolamon Holes which fill with water.

Coolamon (vessel) carrying vessel from Indigenous Australia

A coolamon is an Australian Aboriginal carrying vessel.

Coolamon is in the wheat belt of New South Wales and is a leading state producer of wheat and chaff. Wheat was first grown in the area in the 1850s. In addition, turkeys and wool are produced and the area is noted for the quality and plumpness of its lambs.

Wheat Cereal grain

Wheat is a grass widely cultivated for its seed, a cereal grain which is a worldwide staple food. The many species of wheat together make up the genus Triticum; the most widely grown is common wheat.

Chaff Protective casings of the seeds of cereal grain

Chaff is the dry, scaly protective casings of the seeds of cereal grain, or similar fine, dry, scaly plant material such as scaly parts of flowers, or finely chopped straw. Chaff is indigestible by humans, but livestock can eat it and in agriculture it is used as livestock fodder, or is a waste material ploughed into the soil or burned.

Turkey (bird) genus of birds

The turkey is a large bird in the genus Meleagris, which is native to the Americas. Males of both turkey species have a distinctive fleshy wattle or protuberance that hangs from the top of the beak. They are among the largest birds in their ranges. As in many galliformes, the male is larger and much more colorful than the female.

The town's broad main street, which has been restored, retains much of its old world charm with its wrought-iron verandahs and awnings. Various bric-a-brac, antique shops, tourist coffee lounge, and a modern bread bakery and cafe invite passing tourists to stop and explore the town. The Up-to-Date store, designed by architect William Monks, [7] has what is probably the only cash ball cash railway still in situ. [8]

William Monks Australian architect

William John Monks, also known as Bill or Billy, was an Australian architect active in the last decade of the 19th century and first third of the 20th century. Monks "had one of the most successful and extensive architectural practices in country New South Wales. He was based in Wagga Wagga for over 40 years and designed buildings in practically every district in the southern half of the state."

Cash carrier

Cash carriers were used in shops and department stores to carry customers' payments from the sales assistant to the cashier and to carry the change and receipt back again.

Railway station

Coolamon railway station CoolamonRailwayPlatform.JPG
Coolamon railway station

Coolamon railway station opened in 1881 as Cowabbie Road. The station name was quickly changed to Coleman and finally the name Coolamon was settled on in 1895. The coming of the railway allowed greater ease in transporting the area's products to distant markets.

Coolamon is a served by weekly NSW TrainLink Xplorer service operating between Sydney and Griffith. NSW TrainLink also operate a road coach service from Wagga Wagga to Griffith via Coolamon. [9]

Related Research Articles

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Cootamundra Town in New South Wales, Australia

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City of Wagga Wagga Local government area in New South Wales, Australia

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Brushwood, New South Wales Town in New South Wales, Australia

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Coolamon railway station

Coolamon railway station is located on the Hay line in New South Wales, Australia. It serves the town of Coolamon.

Narrandera railway station

The Narrandera railway station is a heritage-listed railway station located at Whitton Street, Narrandera, Narrandera Shire, New South Wales, Australia. It is situated on the Hay railway line, and was formerly the junction station for the Tocumwal railway line. It was built in 1880 by Charles Hardy to a design attributed to John Whitton. The property is owned by RailCorp, an agency of the Government of New South Wales.It was added to the New South Wales State Heritage Register on 2 April 1999.

Up-To-Date Store

The Up-To-Date Store is a heritage-listed former retail building and now museum at 127-129 Cowabbie Street, Coolamon, Coolamon Shire, New South Wales, Australia. It includes the Garth Jones Collection of Farm Machinery. The store was designed by William John Monks and built in 1909 by George Henry Mutch. The property is owned by Coolamon Shire Council. It was added to the New South Wales State Heritage Register on 13 October 2006.

References

Coolamon Hotel Hotel Coolamon (2).JPG
Coolamon Hotel
  1. 1 2 Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Coolamon (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 18 February 2019. Blue pencil.svg
  2. "Up-To-Date Store and Garth Jones Collection of farm machinery". New South Wales Department of Planning. Heritage Branch. Retrieved 1 July 2008.
  3. Hardinge, Marcia (September 2006). Coolamon 1881–2006. Back to Coolamon Committee, Coolamon Heritage and Advancement Society. p. 14.
  4. "Up-To-Date Store and Garth Jones Collection of farm machinery". New South Wales State Heritage Register . Office of Environment and Heritage. H01761. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  5. The Macquarie Dictionary 1985 Edition - Macquarie Library Pty Ltd
  6. "Coolamon". Geographical Names Register (GNR) of NSW. Geographical Names Board of New South Wales . Retrieved 12 July 2009. Blue pencil.svg
  7. Up-to-Date Store, Coolamon "Cash Railway Website".
  8. Liz Lawton in Bush Telegraph, 11 Nov. 2003 "ABC Local".
  9. "Southern timetable" (PDF). NSW Trainlink. 30 September 2018.