Cooma

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Cooma
New South Wales
Cooma, NSW, Courthouse, jjron, 24.09.2008.jpg
Cooma Court House
Australia New South Wales location map blank.svg
Red pog.svg
Cooma
Coordinates 36°14′06″S149°07′33″E / 36.23500°S 149.12583°E / -36.23500; 149.12583 Coordinates: 36°14′06″S149°07′33″E / 36.23500°S 149.12583°E / -36.23500; 149.12583
Population6,742 (2016 census) [1]
Established1849
Postcode(s) 2630
Elevation800 m (2,625 ft)
Location
  • 397 km (247 mi) SW of Sydney
  • 116 km (72 mi) S of Canberra
  • 112 km (70 mi) NW of Bega
LGA(s) Snowy Monaro Regional Council
County Beresford
State electorate(s) Monaro
Federal Division(s) Eden-Monaro
Mean max tempMean min tempAnnual rainfall
19.4 °C
67 °F
4.1 °C
39 °F
541.6 mm
21.3 in
Localities around Cooma:
Binjura Bunyan Middle Flat
Dairymans Plains Cooma Middle Flat
Pine Valley The Brothers Rock Flat

Cooma is a town in the south of New South Wales, Australia. It is located 114 kilometres (71 mi) south of the national capital, Canberra, via the Monaro Highway. It is also on the Snowy Mountains Highway, connecting Bega with the Riverina.

New South Wales State of Australia

New South Wales is a state on the east coast of Australia. It borders Queensland to the north, Victoria to the south, and South Australia to the west. Its coast borders the Tasman Sea to the east. The Australian Capital Territory is an enclave within the state. New South Wales' state capital is Sydney, which is also Australia's most populous city. In September 2018, the population of New South Wales was over 8 million, making it Australia's most populous state. Just under two-thirds of the state's population, 5.1 million, live in the Greater Sydney area. Inhabitants of New South Wales are referred to as New South Welshmen.

Canberra capital city of Australia

Canberra is the capital city of Australia. With a population of 410,301, it is Australia's largest inland city and the eighth-largest city overall. The city is located at the northern end of the Australian Capital Territory, 280 km (170 mi) south-west of Sydney, and 660 km (410 mi) north-east of Melbourne. A resident of Canberra is known as a Canberran. Although Canberra is the capital and seat of government, many federal government ministries have secondary seats in state capital cities, as do the Governor-General and the Prime Minister.

Monaro Highway highway linking Victoria and the Australian Capital Territory

The Monaro Highway is a highway that is located in Victoria, New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory, in Australia.

Contents

At the 2016 census, Cooma had a population of 6,742. [1] Cooma is the main town of the Monaro region. It is 800 metres (2,620 ft) above sea level. The name could have derived from an Aboriginal word Coombah, meaning 'big lake' or 'open country'. [2]

Cooma was explored by Captain J. M. Currie in 1823. It was first surveyed in 1840, and was gazetted in 1849. [3] Cooma was proclaimed a municipality in 1879. Cooma is 5 kilometres (3 mi) south of the banks of the Murrumbidgee River, a main tributary of the Murray–Darling basin. Cooma sources its water from the river. It is not to be confused with Coona.

Municipality An administrative division having corporate status and usually some powers of self-government or jurisdiction

A municipality is usually a single administrative division having corporate status and powers of self-government or jurisdiction as granted by national and regional laws to which it is subordinate. It is to be distinguished (usually) from the county, which may encompass rural territory or numerous small communities such as towns, villages and hamlets.

Murrumbidgee River river in New South Wales, Australia

Murrumbidgee River, a major tributary of the Murray River within the Murray–Darling basin and the second longest river in Australia. It flows through the Australian state of New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory. It descends 1,500 metres (4,900 ft) as it flows 1,485 kilometres (923 mi) in a west-northwesterly direction from the foot of Peppercorn Hill in the Fiery Range of the Snowy Mountains towards its confluence with the Murray River near Boundary Bend.

Murray–Darling basin largest drainage basin of Australia

The Murray–Darling basin is a large geographical area in the interior of southeastern Australia. Its name is derived from its two major rivers, the Murray River and the Darling River. The basin, which drains around one-seventh of the Australian land mass, is one of the most significant agricultural areas in Australia. It spans most of the states of New South Wales and Victoria, the Australian Capital Territory, and parts of the states of Queensland and South Australia. The basin is 3,375 kilometres (2,097 mi) in length, with the Murray River being 2,508 km (1,558 mi) long.

History

The railway from Sydney was extended from Royalla to Cooma in 1889 under the supervision of John Whitton. [4] The line was closed to rail passenger traffic in 1989. [5] [6] The estimated population of Cooma was 47 in 1851 and it grew to 2330 (1911), 1969 (1933), 2249 (1947), 9103 (1966), 7353 (1976) and 7978 (1981). [7] [8] [9] [10] [11]

Main Southern railway line, New South Wales railway line in New South Wales, Australia

The Main Southern Railway is a major railway in New South Wales, Australia. It runs from Sydney to Albury, near the Victorian border. The line passes through the Southern Highlands, Southern Tablelands, South West Slopes and Riverina regions.

Bombala railway line

The Bombala railway line is a partially closed branch railway line in the south of New South Wales, Australia. It branches off the Main South line at Joppa Junction, south of Goulburn, and was opened in stages to Tarago, Bungendore, Queanbeyan, Michelago, Cooma, Nimmitabel and Bombala.

Royalla Town in New South Wales, Australia

Royalla is a rural locality on the border of New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory. The area takes its name from the nearby Mount Rob Roy, and was originally a railway settlement on the Bombala railway line known as Rob Roy and changed to the current name in 1905. Modern Royalla is a large rural locality east of the Monaro Highway. The border with the ACT follows the western boundary of the easement of the former railway line to the east of the highway. The town was served by a railway station until 1975. The NSW part of Royalla had a population of 984 at the 2016 census.

In 1949, the town became the headquarters of the Snowy Mountains Scheme and grew rapidly.[ citation needed ] Those working on the Snowy Scheme depended on the railway and during construction of the scheme, the railways were one of the largest employers in the region. [4] In 1959 the tenth anniversary of the scheme was celebrated with the erection of an avenue of flags representing the 27 nationalities of people working on the scheme.[ citation needed ]

Snowy Mountains Scheme hydroelectricity and irrigation complex

The Snowy Mountains scheme or Snowy scheme is a hydroelectricity and irrigation complex in south-east Australia. The Scheme consists of sixteen major dams; seven power stations; one pumping station; and 225 kilometres (140 mi) of tunnels, pipelines and aqueducts that were constructed between 1949 and 1974. The Scheme was completed under the supervision of Chief Engineer, Sir William Hudson and is the largest engineering project undertaken in Australia.

Cooma has developed a growing tourism industry as it became the main rest stop for many travellers heading to the NSW snow fields during the winter months. As a result, the town nicknamed itself the 'Gateway to the Snowy Mountains'.[ citation needed ]

The Aviation Pioneers' Memorial at Cooma contains artifacts recovered from the Avro 618 Ten aircraft Southern Cloud, which crashed on 21 March 1931 in the Toolong range of the Australian Alps. The wreck was not found until 26 October 1958. [12]

Heritage listings

Cooma has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:

Population

According to the 2016 census of Population, there were 6,742 people in Cooma.

Education

Government schools include Monaro High School, a high school that serves the town and seven of the neighboring rural towns and villages including Peak View, Berridale, Jindabyne, Nimmitabel, Bredbo and Dalgety. [16] The other two government schools support primary education and are Cooma Public School [17] and Cooma North Public School, [18] both providing education for students in kindergarten to year 6.

The Roman Catholic school is called St Patrick's Parish School and provides education from kindergarten to year 10. [19] The Snowy Mountains Christian School, an independent Christian school provides education from kindergarten to year 10. [20]

Tertiary education is provided by TAFE NSW Illawarra Institute Cooma campus. [21] Another Tertiary Education centre is the newly opened Cooma Universities Centre

Climate

Cooma has a subtropical highland (Cfb) climate, owing to its elevation and high diurnal temperature variation. Summers are warm with cool nights, and winters are chilly with freezing nighttime lows. The area is relatively dry (by south-east coastal Australia standards), as it falls in a rain shadow. Despite its dryness, it only has 90.1 clear days annually, lower than the adjacent coastal areas of Wollongong and Sydney (106 and 107 clear days, respectively). [22] [23]

Strong cold fronts often push through the region in winter and snow is not uncommon in Cooma from June to August, however is generally light and rarely settles for more than 24 hours. Severe thunderstorms are semi-frequent in summer and due to the towns elevation can carry large quantities of hail. [24]

Mean daily minimum temperatures range from −2.7 °C (27.1 °F) (July) to 10.8 °C (51.4 °F) (January), with an annual mean daily minimum of 4.1 °C (39.4 °F). Mean daily maximum temperatures range from 11.4 °C (52.5 °F) (July) to 27.3 °C (81.1 °F) (January), with an annual mean daily maximum of 19.4 °C (66.9 °F). [24]

Climate data for Cooma, NSW (Cooma Visitors Centre); 778 m AMSL; 36° 13' 54.48" S
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)39.0
(102.2)
38.9
(102.0)
35.2
(95.4)
30.4
(86.7)
24.2
(75.6)
19.6
(67.3)
20.9
(69.6)
24.5
(76.1)
29.4
(84.9)
33.1
(91.6)
36.5
(97.7)
36.7
(98.1)
39.0
(102.2)
Mean maximum °C (°F)35.2
(95.4)
33.5
(92.3)
30.4
(86.7)
25.7
(78.3)
21.4
(70.5)
16.6
(61.9)
16.1
(61.0)
18.9
(66.0)
23.6
(74.5)
27.3
(81.1)
30.5
(86.9)
32.5
(90.5)
35.8
(96.4)
Average high °C (°F)27.3
(81.1)
26.3
(79.3)
23.8
(74.8)
19.5
(67.1)
15.6
(60.1)
11.9
(53.4)
11.4
(52.5)
13.3
(55.9)
16.3
(61.3)
19.5
(67.1)
22.5
(72.5)
25.1
(77.2)
19.4
(66.9)
Average low °C (°F)10.8
(51.4)
10.6
(51.1)
8.2
(46.8)
4.1
(39.4)
0.7
(33.3)
−1.3
(29.7)
−2.7
(27.1)
−1.9
(28.6)
1.2
(34.2)
3.8
(38.8)
7.0
(44.6)
9.1
(48.4)
4.1
(39.4)
Mean minimum °C (°F)3.7
(38.7)
3.9
(39.0)
1.0
(33.8)
−2.9
(26.8)
−5.9
(21.4)
−7.5
(18.5)
−8.6
(16.5)
−7.8
(18.0)
−5.5
(22.1)
−3.0
(26.6)
−0.1
(31.8)
1.7
(35.1)
−9.2
(15.4)
Record low °C (°F)−0.2
(31.6)
−1.0
(30.2)
−1.9
(28.6)
−6.5
(20.3)
−8.6
(16.5)
−11.5
(11.3)
−11.4
(11.5)
−10.5
(13.1)
−8.6
(16.5)
−6.8
(19.8)
−3.9
(25.0)
−3.0
(26.6)
−11.5
(11.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches)58.3
(2.30)
59.7
(2.35)
57.4
(2.26)
39.5
(1.56)
29.6
(1.17)
40.2
(1.58)
28.1
(1.11)
27.4
(1.08)
34.9
(1.37)
44.8
(1.76)
64.6
(2.54)
57.1
(2.25)
541.6
(21.33)
Average precipitation days8.17.88.48.47.99.98.58.69.99.611.09.2107.3
Average afternoon relative humidity (%)40444549545954484544434147
Source #1: [24]
Source #2: [25]

Media

Newspapers

One newspaper operates in Cooma,The Monaro Post, which began in 2006, and is independently owned by Gail Eastaway, Tracy Frazer and Louise Platts.

Radio stations

Note: transmitters for 2XL and Snow FM, as well as some ABC services, are in place throughout the Snowy Mountains.

Television

Cooma receives five free-to-air television networks including all the digital free-to-air channels relayed from Canberra, broadcast from the Telstra site Radio Hill translator in Cooma Common, off Polo Flat Road.

Stations available include: [26]

Another transmitter for the Cooma and surrounding Monaro region is located at Mount Roberts approximately 30 km NNE of the town, broadcasting The Three Commercial Networks and the ABC services, but not SBS Television Services.

Transport

Cooma is serviced by Cooma - Snowy Mountains Airport which is 15 kilometres from the CBD. Cooma has a bus service connecting various areas of town three times a day run by Cooma Coaches. Snowliner Coaches also operate services. Cooma has a taxi service run by Cooma Radio Taxis.

NSW TrainLink operate road coach services from Canberra to Bombala and Eden. [27] Cooma was served by the Cooma Mail until May 1986 and the Canberra Monaro Express until September 1988. [28]

The Cooma Monaro Railway is a heritage railway using CPH railmotors built in the 1920s. Until operations were suspended in January 2014, the railway operated a weekend and public holiday service on an 18 kilometre section of the Bombala railway line north to Bunyan and Chakola. [29]

People associated with Cooma

People born in Cooma include:

See also

Related Research Articles

Snowy Mountains Highway highway in New South Wales

The Snowy Mountains Highway is a 333-kilometre-long (207 mi) state highway located in New South Wales, Australia. Its two sections connect the New South Wales South Coast to the Monaro region, and the Monaro to the South West Slopes via the Snowy Mountains. The higher altitude regions of this road are subject to snow over the winter months, and the road also provides access to many parts of the Snowy Mountains Scheme. The highway bears the B72 shield along its entire length.

Bombala, New South Wales Town in New South Wales, Australia

Bombala is a town in the Monaro region of south-eastern New South Wales, Australia, in Snowy Monaro Regional Council. It is approximately 485 kilometres (301 mi) south of the state capital, Sydney, and 80 kilometres (50 mi) south of the town of Cooma. The name derives from an Aboriginal word meaning "Meeting of the waters". The town lies on the banks of the Bombala River. At the 2016 census, Bombala had a population of 1,387.

Monaro (New South Wales) Region in New South Wales, Australia

Monaro, once frequently spelled "Manaro", or in early years of settlement "Maneroo" is a region in the south of New South Wales, Australia. A small area of Victoria near Snowy River National Park is geographically part of the Monaro. While the Australian Capital Territory is not considered part of the region, some towns in the Monaro have close links with Canberra.

Michelago Town in New South Wales, Australia

Michelago is a locality in the Monaro region of New South Wales, Australia. The locality is in the Snowy Monaro Regional Council local government area, 54 kilometres (34 mi) south of Canberra on the Monaro Highway. It was founded in the 1820s, on the main route from Sydney to the Snowy Mountains. At the 2016 census, Michelago had a population of 562.

Bredbo Town in New South Wales, Australia

Bredbo is a village on the Monaro plains of New South Wales, Australia. The village is on the Monaro Highway 34 kilometres (21 mi) north of Cooma. The village is in the Snowy Monaro Regional Council and had a population of 352 at the 2016 census.

Nimmitabel Town in New South Wales, Australia

Nimmitabel is a small town in the Monaro region in southeast New South Wales, Australia, in the Snowy Monaro Regional Council local government area. At the 2016 census, Nimmitabel had a population of 320.

Group 16 is a rugby league competition on the south coast of New South Wales, run under the auspices of the Country Rugby League. Group 16 covers the area from Batemans Bay down to Eden.

Bombala Shire Local government area in New South Wales, Australia

The Bombala Shire was a local government area in the Monaro region of south-eastern New South Wales, Australia. The Shire includes the town of Bombala, the villages of Delegate, Cathcart, Bibbenluke and the localities of Ando, Bungarby, Craigie, Mila, Rockton and Creewah. Prior to its abolition, Bombala was the fifth smallest rural shire in New South Wales, by area.

Jerangle Town in New South Wales, Australia

Jerangle is a locality in New South Wales, Australia. The locality is in the Snowy Monaro Regional Council local government area, 366 kilometres (227 mi) south of the state capital, Sydney and 112 kilometres (70 mi) south east of the national capital, Canberra. At the 2016 census, Jerangle had a population of 96.

Shannons Flat Town in New South Wales, Australia

Shannons Flat is a locality in the Monaro region of New South Wales, Australia. The town is in the Snowy Monaro Regional Council local government area, sandwiched between the southern border of the Namadgi National Park in the Australian Capital Territory and the Murrumbidgee River. Shannons Flat also adjoins the NSW suburbs of Yaouk, Bolaro, Murrumbucca, Bredbo and Billilingra. It is about 308 kilometres (191 mi) south west of the state capital, Sydney, and 70 kilometres (40 mi) from the Australian national capital of Canberra. It is just over 40 kilometres (25 mi) north west of the regional centre, Cooma.

Snowy Monaro Regional Council Local government area in New South Wales, Australia

The Snowy Monaro Regional Council is a local government area located in the Snowy Mountains and Monaro regions of New South Wales, Australia. The council was formed on 12 May 2016 through a merger of the Bombala, Cooma-Monaro and Snowy River shires.

Colinton, New South Wales Town in New South Wales, Australia

Colinton is a locality in the Snowy Monaro Region, New South Wales, Australia. It lies on the eastern side of the Murrumbidgee River and on both sides of the Monaro Highway about 73 km south of Canberra and about 44 km north of Cooma. At the 2016 census, it had a population of 127.

Billilingra Town in New South Wales, Australia

Billilingra is a locality in the Snowy Monaro Region, New South Wales, Australia. It lies on both sides of the Murrumbidgee River and on both sides of the Monaro Highway about 91 km south of Canberra and about 26 km north of Cooma. At the 2016 census, it had a population of 13.

Chakola Town in New South Wales, Australia

Chakola is a locality in the Snowy Monaro Region, New South Wales, Australia. It lies on both sides of the Murrumbidgee River and both sides of the Numeralla River. It also lies on both sides of the Monaro Highway about 100 km south of Canberra and about 25 km north of Cooma. At the 2016 census, it had a population of 47.

Bunyan, New South Wales Town in New South Wales, Australia

Bunyan is a locality in the Snowy Monaro Region, New South Wales, Australia. It lies on the eastern side of the Murrumbidgee River and on both sides of the Monaro Highway about 110 km south of Canberra and about 10 km north of Cooma. At the 2016 census, it had a population of 152.

Dry Plain, New South Wales Town in New South Wales, Australia

Dry Plain is a locality in the Snowy Monaro Region, New South Wales, Australia. It it located in grasslands mainly to the east of the Snowy Mountains Highway, about 25 km southeast of Adaminaby and 40 km northwest of Cooma. It is about 160 km south of Canberra. At the 2016 census, it had a population of 42.

Wambrook, New South Wales Town in New South Wales, Australia

Wambrook is a locality in the Snowy Monaro Region, New South Wales, Australia. It it located in grasslands mainly to the northeast of the Snowy Mountains Highway, about 30 km southeast of Adaminaby and 25 km northwest of Cooma. It is about 140 km south of Canberra. At the 2016 census, it had a population of 44.

Dairymans Plains, New South Wales Town in New South Wales, Australia

Dairymans Plains is a locality in the Snowy Monaro Region, New South Wales, Australia. It it located to the north of the Snowy Mountains Highway, to the immediate northwest of Cooma. At the 2016 census, it had a population of 152. It contains grazing country, a rural residential development, Cooma Golf Course and a large car wrecking yard.

References

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  2. "Cooma". Geographical Names Register (GNR) of NSW. Geographical Names Board of New South Wales . Retrieved 12 July 2009. Blue pencil.svg
  3. "Centenary of Federation Monument". Cooma-Monaro Shire Council. 2014. Retrieved 2 March 2015.
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  5. "Bombala Line". www.nswrail.net. Retrieved 21 January 2007.
  6. "Cooma Railway Station". www.nswrail.net. Retrieved 21 January 2007.
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  18. "Cooma North Public School". NSW Government: Education and Communities. Retrieved 5 April 2012.
  19. "St Patrick's Parish School, Cooma". Catholic Education Office Archdiocese of Canberra and Goulburn. Retrieved 5 April 2012.
  20. "Snowy Mountains Christian School". Snowy Mountains Christian School. Retrieved 5 April 2012.
  21. "Cooma Campus". TAFE NSW Illawarra Institute. Retrieved 5 April 2012.
  22. "Bureau of Meteorology – Summary statistics WOLLONGONG UNIVERSITY". Australian Bureau of Meteorology . Retrieved 20 November 2014.
  23. "Climate statistics for Australian locations". Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 15 November 2013.
  24. 1 2 3 "Climate statistics for Cooma Visitors Centre". Bureau of Meteorology . Retrieved 10 July 2018.
  25. "Monthly highest temperature Cooma Visitors Centree". Bureau of Meteorology . Retrieved 27 November 2018.
  26. "Television". Times2. The Canberra Times . 15 June 2010. p. 12.
  27. "Southern timetable" (PDF). NSW Trainlink. 30 September 2018.
  28. Banger C. The Railway Refreshment Rooms of New South Wales 1855-1995. ARHS Bulletin, Vol 54, no.790. August 2003.
  29. "Cooma Monaro Railway". Cooma Monaro Railway. Retrieved 5 April 2012.

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