Copa América

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Copa América
Conmebol-Copa-America-Logo.png
Founded1916;103 years ago (1916)
RegionSouth America (CONMEBOL)
Number of teams12 or 16
Current champions Flag of Chile.svg Chile (2nd title)
Most successful team(s) Flag of Uruguay.svg Uruguay (15 Titles)
Website 2016 Copa América Centenario
Soccerball current event.svg 2019 Copa América

CONMEBOL Copa América (CONMEBOL America Cup), known until 1975 as the South American Football Championship (Campeonato Sudamericano de Fútbol in Spanish and Campeonato Sul-americano de Futebol (Portugal) ou Copa Sul-Americana de Futebol (Brazil) in Portuguese), [1] is a men's international football tournament contested between national teams from CONMEBOL. It is the oldest international continental football competition. [2] The competition determines the continental champion of South America. [2] [3] [4] Since the 1990s, teams from North America and Asia have also been invited to participate.

Association football Team field sport

Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played with a spherical ball between two teams of eleven players. It is played by 250 million players in over 200 countries and dependencies, making it the world's most popular sport. The game is played on a rectangular field called a pitch with a goal at each end. The object of the game is to score by moving the ball beyond the goal line into the opposing goal.

CONMEBOL governing body of association football in South America

The South American Football Confederation is the continental governing body of football in South America and it is one of FIFA's six continental confederations. The oldest continental confederation in the world, its headquarters are located in Luque, Paraguay, near Asunción. CONMEBOL is responsible for the organization and governance of South American football's major international tournaments. With 10 member football associations, it has the fewest members of all the confederations in FIFA.

South America A continent in the Western Hemisphere, and mostly in the Southern Hemisphere

South America is a continent in the Western Hemisphere, mostly in the Southern Hemisphere, with a relatively small portion in the Northern Hemisphere. It may also be considered a subcontinent of the Americas, which is how it is viewed in the Spanish and Portuguese-speaking regions of the Americas. The reference to South America instead of other regions has increased in the last decades due to changing geopolitical dynamics.

Contents

Since 1993, the tournament has generally featured 12 teams – all 10 CONMEBOL teams and two additional teams from other confederations. Mexico has participated in every tournament since 1993, with one additional team drawn from CONCACAF, except for 1999, when AFC team Japan filled out the 12-team roster. The 2016 version of the event, Copa América Centenario, featured sixteen teams, with six teams from CONCACAF in addition to the 10 from CONMEBOL. [5] Mexico's two runner-up finishes are the highest for a non-CONMEBOL side.

CONCACAF International sport governing body

The Confederation of North, Central American and Caribbean Association Football is the continental governing body for association football in North America, which includes Central America and the Caribbean region. Three geographically South American entities — the independent nations of Guyana and Suriname and the French overseas department of French Guiana — are also members. CONCACAF's primary functions are to organize competitions for national teams and clubs, and to conduct World Cup and Women's World Cup qualifying tournaments.

1999 Copa América

The 1999 Copa América was a football tournament held in Paraguay, from June 29 to July 18. It was organized by CONMEBOL, South America's football governing body.

Asian Football Confederation governing body of association football in Asia

The Asian Football Confederation (AFC) is the governing body of association football in Asia and Australia. It has 47 member countries, mostly located on the Asian and Australian continent, but excludes the transcontinental countries with territory in both Europe and Asia – Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Russia, and Turkey – which are instead members of UEFA. Three other states located geographically along the western fringe of Asia – Cyprus, Armenia and Israel – are also UEFA members. On the other hand, Australia, formerly in the OFC, joined the Asian Football Confederation in 2006, and the Oceanian island of Guam, a territory of the United States, is also a member of AFC, in addition to Northern Mariana Islands, one of the Two Commonwealths of the United States. Hong Kong and Macau, although not independent countries, are also members of the AFC.

Eight of the ten CONMEBOL national teams have won the tournament at least once in its 45 stagings since the event's inauguration in 1916, with only Ecuador and Venezuela yet to win. Uruguay has the most championships in the tournament's history, with 15 cups, while the current champion, Chile, has two cups. Argentina, which hosted the inaugural edition in 1916, has hosted the tournament the most times (nine). The United States is the only non-CONMEBOL country to host, having hosted the event in 2016. On three occasions (in 1975, 1979, and 1983), the tournament was held in multiple South American countries.

Ecuador national football team mens national association football team representing Ecuador

The Ecuador national football team represents Ecuador in international football competitions and is controlled by the Ecuadorian Football Federation. They play official home matches at Estadio Olímpico Atahualpa in Quito.

Venezuela national football team Mens national association football team representing Venezuela

The Venezuela national football team represents Venezuela in men's international association football and is controlled by the Venezuelan Football Federation (FVF), the governing body for football in Venezuela. It is nicknamed Vino Tinto because of the traditional burgundy color of their shirts. When playing at home in official games, they usually rotate between three stadiums: The Polideportivo Cachamay in Puerto Ordaz, the Estadio José Antonio Anzoátegui in Puerto La Cruz and the Estadio Pueblo Nuevo in San Cristóbal. In friendly matches, they tend to rotate between the rest of the stadiums in the country.

Uruguay national football team mens national association football team representing Uruguay

The Uruguay national football team represents Uruguay in international association football and is controlled by the Uruguayan Football Association, the governing body for football in Uruguay. The current head coach is Óscar Tabárez. The Uruguayan team is commonly referred to as La Celeste . They have won the Copa América 15 times, the most successful national team in the tournament, the most recent title being the 2011 edition. The team has won the FIFA World Cup twice, including the first World Cup in 1930 as hosts, defeating Argentina 4–2 in the final. They won their second title in 1950, upsetting host Brazil 2–1 in the final match, which received an attendance higher than any football match ever.

The highest finishing member of CONMEBOL had the right to participate in the next edition of the now defunct FIFA Confederations Cup, but was not obliged to do so. [6]

The FIFA Confederations Cup was an international association football tournament for men's national teams, held every four years by FIFA. It was contested by the holders of each of the six continental championships, along with the current FIFA World Cup holder and the host nation, to bring the number of teams up to eight.

History

Beginnings

The Uruguay team that won its second title in 1917. Uruguay Copa America 1917.jpg
The Uruguay team that won its second title in 1917.
Brazil achieved its first championship in 1919. Brazil-CopaAmerica-1919.jpg
Brazil achieved its first championship in 1919.

The first football team in South America, Lima Cricket and Football Club, was established in Peru in 1859, and the Argentine Football Association was founded in 1893. By the early 20th century, football was growing in popularity, and the first international competition held between national teams of the continent occurred in 1910 when Argentina organized an event to commemorate the centenary of the May Revolution. Chile and Uruguay participated, but this event is not considered official by CONMEBOL. Similarly, for the centennial celebration of its independence, Argentina held a tournament between 2 and 17 July 1916 with Argentina, Chile, Uruguay and Brazil being the first participants of the tournament. This so-called Campeonato Sudamericano de Football would be the first edition of what is currently known as Copa América; Uruguay would triumph in this first edition after tying 0–0 with hosts Argentina in the deciding, last match held in Estadio Racing Club in Avellaneda.

Lima Cricket and Football Club

Lima Cricket & Football Club is a Peruvian sports club based in the country's capital city of Lima. Lima Cricket claims to be both the oldest cricket club in South America, and the oldest football-practising club in Peru and the Americas, having been founded in 1859 by the city's British community. The association football team currently participates in the local league of San Isidro District, Lima.

Peru republic in South America

Peru, officially the Republic of Peru, is a country in western South America. It is bordered in the north by Ecuador and Colombia, in the east by Brazil, in the southeast by Bolivia, in the south by Chile, and in the west by the Pacific Ocean. Peru is a megadiverse country with habitats ranging from the arid plains of the Pacific coastal region in the west to the peaks of the Andes mountains vertically extending from the north to the southeast of the country to the tropical Amazon Basin rainforest in the east with the Amazon river.

Argentine Football Association governing body of association football in Argentina

The Argentine Football Association is the governing body of football in Argentina based in Buenos Aires. It organises the lower divisions of Argentine league system, including domestic cups Copa Argentina and Supercopa Argentina. The body also manages all the Argentina national teams, including the Senior, U-20, U-17 and Olympic squads. Secondly, it also organizes the amateur leagues for women, children, youth, futsal, and other local leagues, as well as the national women's team.

Seeing the success of the tournament, a boardmember of the Uruguayan Football Association, Héctor Rivadavia, proposed the establishment of a confederation of the associations of Argentina, Brazil, Chile and Uruguay, and on 9 July, independence day in Argentina, CONMEBOL was founded. The following year, the competition was played again, this time in Uruguay. Uruguay would win the title again to win their bicampeonato after defeating Argentina 1–0 in the last match of the tournament. The success of the tournament on Charrúan soil would help consolidate the tournament. After a flu outbreak in Rio de Janeiro canceled the tournament in 1918, Brazil hosted the tournament in 1919 and was crowned champion for the first time after defeating the defending champions 1–0 in a playoff match to decide the title, while the Chilean city of Viña del Mar would host the 1920 event which was won by Uruguay.

The Uruguayan Football Association is the governing body of football in Uruguay. It was founded in 1900, as The Uruguayan Association Football League, and affiliated to FIFA in 1923. It is a founding member of CONMEBOL and is in charge of the Uruguay national football team and the Campeonato Uruguayo de Fútbol, including the Uruguayan Primera División.

Héctor Rivadavia Gómez Uruguayan football administrator

Héctor Rivadavia Gomez was a journalist, politician, and football director of the Uruguayan Football Association. He was the creator and first president of the CONMEBOL. Rivadavia Gómez also encouraged the creation of the South American championships, currently known as "Copa América".

Argentine Declaration of Independence Historical procalamation

What today is commonly referred as the Independence of Argentina was declared on July 9, 1816 by the Congress of Tucumán. In reality, the congressmen who were assembled in Tucumán declared the independence of the United Provinces of South America, which is still today one of the legal names of the Argentine Republic. The Federal League Provinces, at war with the United Provinces, were not allowed into the Congress. At the same time, several provinces from the Upper Peru that would later become part of present-day Bolivia, were represented at the Congress.

For the 1921 event, Paraguay participated for the first time after its football association affiliated to CONMEBOL earlier that same year. Argentina won the competition for the first time thanks to the goals of Julio Libonatti. In subsequent years, Uruguay would dominate the tournament, which at that time was the largest football tournament in the world. Argentina, however, would not be far behind and disputed the supremacy with the Charruas. After losing the 1928 final at the 1928 Summer Olympics held in Amsterdam, Argentina would gain revenge in the 1929 South American Championship by defeating the Uruguayans in the last, decisive match. During this period, both Bolivia and Peru debuted in the tournament in 1926 and 1927, respectively.

Disorganization and intermittency

The Carasucias or dirty faces, a name that was known for Argentina who won the 1957 South American Championship held in Peru. Argentina Copa America 1957.jpg
The Carasucias or dirty faces, a name that was known for Argentina who won the 1957 South American Championship held in Peru.

After the first World Cup held in Uruguay in 1930, the enmity between the football federations of Uruguay and Argentina prevented the competition from being played for a number of years. Only in 1935 was it possible to dispute a special edition of the event to be officially reinstated in 1939. Peru became the host nation of the 1939 edition and won the competition for the first time. Ecuador made their debut at that tournament.

In 1941, Chile hosted that year's edition in celebration of the 400th anniversary of the founding of Santiago for which the capacity of the newly built Estadio Nacional was expanded from 30,000 to 70,000 spectators. Despite the large investment and initial success of the team, the Chileans would be defeated in the last match by eventual champions Argentina. Uruguay hosted and won the 1942 edition. Chile would host again in 1945, and came close to playing for the title against Argentina. However, Brazil spoiled that possibility, and Argentina would win the tournament once again on Chilean soil.

The event then entered a period of great disruption. The championship was not played on a regular basis and many editions would be deemed unofficial, only to be considered valid later on by CONMEBOL. For example, Argentina would be the first (and so far only) team to win three consecutive titles by winning the championships of 1945, 1946 and 1947. After those three annual tournaments, the competition returned to being held every two years, then three and later four. There were even two tournaments held in 1959, one in Argentina and a second in Ecuador. During this period, some of the national teams were indifferent to the tournament. Some did not participate every year, others sent lesser teams; in the 1959 edition held in Ecuador, Brazil entered a team from the state of Pernambuco. Bolivia won for the first time when it hosted in 1963, but was defeated in the first game of the 1967 tournament by debutant Venezuela. The founding of the Copa Libertadores in 1959 also affected the way the tournament was viewed by its participants.

After eight years of absence, the event resumed in 1975 and officially acquired the name Copa América. The tournament had no fixed venue, and all matches were played throughout the year in each country. Nine teams participated in the group stages with the defending champions receiving a bye into the semifinals. The tournament was contested every four years using this system until 1987.

Renewal

Aftermath of a match in the 2007 Copa America, held for the first time in Venezuela. Brazil vs. Uruguay Semifinals Copa America 2007 - 2.jpg
Aftermath of a match in the 2007 Copa América, held for the first time in Venezuela.

In 1986, CONMEBOL decided to return to having one country host the tournament and to contest it every other year. From 1987 until 2001, the event was hosted every two years in rotation by the ten members of the confederation. The format would remain constant with a first round of groups, but the final round stage ranged from being a new, final round-robin group or a single-elimination system to decide the winner. This renewal helped the tournament, which began to receive television coverage in Europe and North America. The 1987 Copa América was held in Argentina; this was the first time the nation had hosted an edition in 28 years. Despite entering as heavy favorites for being the reigning world champions (having won the 1986 FIFA World Cup), playing at home and having a team largely composed of its World Cup winners led by the legendary Diego Maradona, Argentina would finish in a disappointing fourth place after being beaten by defending champions Uruguay 0–1 in the semifinals. Uruguay would defeat a surprisingly strong Chilean squad who made it to the final, disposing of the powerful Brazil 4–0 on the group stage.

Brazil lifted its first official international title since the 1970 FIFA World Cup upon winning the 1989 Copa América held on home soil. Argentina, in turn, won the Copa América after 32 long years in 1991 in Chile, thanks to a refreshed squad led by the prolific goalscorer Gabriel Batistuta. The 1993 Copa América tournament in Ecuador would take its current form. Along with the usual ten teams, CONMEBOL invited two countries from CONCACAF to participate, Mexico and the United States.

Uruguay managed to win the competition in 1995 as host, ending a period of decline for Uruguayan football. With the implementation of rotating hosts, Colombia, Paraguay and Venezuela hosted the tournament for the first time. Brazil entered a successful series of victories, winning four of the five continental titles between 1997 and 2007. The first, in 1997, was won after defeating host nation Bolivia 1–3 with goals from Leonardo, Denílson and Ronaldo becoming crucial in the Verde-Amarela's consagration on Bolivia's altitude. Brazil would successfully defend the title in 1999 after thumping Uruguay 3–0 in Asuncion, Paraguay. However, the 2001 Copa América saw one of the biggest surprises of the history of the sport as Honduras eliminated Brazil in the quarterfinals. Colombia, the host nation, would go on to win the competition for the first time ever.

From 2001 to 2007, the tournament was contested every three years, and from 2007 forward every four years, with the exception of the tournament's centennial in 2016.

Running from an embarrassing performance in 2001, Brazil reestablished itself in the South American pantheon after defeating Argentina, on penalties, in order to win the 2004 competition held in Peru. Three years later, the two teams met again in the final, this time in Venezuela. Once again, Brazil came out victorious after crushing Argentina 3–0.

Argentina hosted the 2011 competition and was ousted by Uruguay in the quarterfinals by penalty shootout. Uruguay would go on defeating Peru 2–0 in the semis to reach the finals and overpower Paraguay 3–0, thus winning the trophy on Argentinean soil for the third time and second in a row. This, the 43rd edition, was the first time that neither Argentina nor Brazil reached the semifinals of a tournament they both had entered.

The 2015 competition was hosted in Chile, who swapped hosting positions with Brazil in light of the latter's hosting of the 2014 FIFA World Cup and 2016 Summer Olympics. Chile went on to win the tournament, their first title, on home soil.

In 2016, the centenary of the tournament was celebrated with the Copa América Centenario tournament hosted in the United States; the tournament was the first to be hosted outside of South America and had an expanded field of 16 teams from CONMEBOL and CONCACAF. During the tournament, media outlets reported that CONMEBOL and CONCACAF were negotiating a merger of the Copa América with the CONCACAF Gold Cup, the latter's continental tournament held every 2 years, with the United States hosting regular tournaments; United States Soccer Federation president Sunil Gulati called the report inaccurate, saying that no such discussion had taken place and that a new tournament would have to be established. [7] For the second time in history, Chile won the trophy.

Hosts

Map of countries' times hosted. Copa America hosts.PNG
Map of countries' times hosted.

In 1984, CONMEBOL adopted the policy of rotating the right to host the Copa América amongst the ten member confederations. The first rotation was completed following the 2007 Copa América which took place in Venezuela. A second rotation commenced in 2011, with host countries rotating in alphabetical order, starting with Argentina. [8] Chile, Mexico and the United States expressed interest in hosting the next tournament, but the CONMEBOL Executive Committee decided to continue the execution of the rotation, giving priority of the organization to each of its member associations; each association confirms whether they will host an edition or not, having no obligation to do so. Argentina confirmed on 24 November 2008, via representatives of the Argentine Football Association, that it would host the 2011 Copa América.

The 2015 Copa América was due to be held in Brazil following the order of rotation. However, the hosting of the 2014 FIFA World Cup and the 2016 Summer Olympics in that nation resulted in the decision being reconsidered. Although CONMEBOL President Nicolas Leoz proposed hosting the continental tournament in Mexico (a member of the CONCACAF federation) and board members Brazil and Chile discussed the possibility of exchanging the 2015 and 2019 tournaments, it was decided and confirmed by the CBF in February 2011 that the 2015 Copa América would remain in Brazil. However, in March 2012, it was announced that Chile would be hosting the 2015 Copa América, after CBF president Ricardo Teixeira resigned from his position and the CBF agreed to swap the tournament's hosting with Chile. The swap was made official in May 2012. The centennial edition of the tournament, Copa América Centenario, took place in June 2016, and was held in the United States. [9] The Copa América Centenario marked the first time the tournament was hosted by a non-CONMEBOL nation.

Each Copa América since 1987 has had its own mascot or logo. Gardelito, the mascot for the 1987 competition, was the first Copa América mascot.

Times hosted
HostsEditions hosted
Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina 10 (1916, 1921, 1925, 1929, 1937, 1946, 1959, 1987, 2011, 2020 )
Flag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay 7 (1917, 1923, 1924, 1942, 1956, 1967, 1995)
Flag of Chile.svg  Chile 7 (1920, 1926, 1941, 1945, 1955, 1991, 2015)
Flag of Peru (state).svg  Peru 6 (1927, 1935, 1939, 1953, 1957, 2004)
Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 5 (1919, 1922, 1949, 1989, 2019 )
Flag of Ecuador.svg  Ecuador 4 (1947, 1959, 1993, 2024 )
No fixed host nation [F] 3 (1975, 1979, 1983)
Flag of Bolivia (state).svg  Bolivia 2 (1963, 1997)
Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia 2 (2001, 2020 )
Flag of Paraguay.svg  Paraguay 1 (1999)
Flag of Venezuela (state).svg  Venezuela 1 (2007)
Flag of the United States.svg  United States C1 (2016)
C = non-CONMEBOL host.

Format and rules

The tournament was previously known as Campeonato Sudamericano de Futbol (South American Championship of Football). South American Championship of Nations was the official English language name. The current name has been used since 1975. Between 1975 and 1983 it had no host nation, and was held in a home and away fashion. The current final tournament features 12 national teams competing over a month in the host nation. There are two phases: the group stage followed by the knockout stage. In the group stage, teams compete within three groups of four teams each. Three teams are seeded, including the hosts, with the other seeded teams selected using a formula based on the FIFA World Rankings. The other teams are assigned to different "pots", usually based also on the FIFA Rankings, and teams in each pot are drawn at random to the three groups.

Each group plays a round-robin tournament, in which each team is scheduled for three matches against other teams in the same group. The last round of matches of each group is not scheduled at the same time unlike many tournaments around the world. The top two teams from each group advance to the knockout stage as well as the two best third-place teams. Points are used to rank the teams within a group. Beginning in 1995, three points have been awarded for a win, one for a draw and none for a loss (before, winners received two points).

The ranking of each team in each group is determined as follows:

a) greatest number of points obtained in all group matches;
b) goal difference in all group matches;
c) greatest number of goals scored in all group matches.

If two or more teams are equal on the basis of the above three criteria, their rankings are determined as follows:

d) greatest number of points obtained in the group matches between the teams concerned;
e) goal difference resulting from the group matches between the teams concerned;
f) greater number of goals scored in all group matches between the teams concerned;
g) drawing of lots by the CONMEBOL Organizing Committee (i.e. at random).

The knockout stage is a single-elimination tournament in which teams play each other in one-off matches, with penalty shootouts used to decide the winner if a match is still tied after 90 minutes in the quarter-finals and semi-finals, and after extra time in the final. It begins with the quarter-finals, then semi-finals, the third-place match (contested by the losing semi-finalists), and the final.

Invitees

Owing to CONMEBOL's somewhat limited number of registered confederations, countries from other continents are usually invited to participate to make up the 12 teams necessary for the current tournament format. Since 1993, two teams from other confederations, usually from CONCACAF whose members are geographically and culturally close, have also been invited. In all, nine different nations have received invitations: Costa Rica (1997, 2001, 2004, 2011, 2016), Honduras (2001), Japan (1999, 2019), Jamaica (2015, 2016), Mexico (1993, 1995, 1997, 1999, 2001, 2004, 2007, 2011, 2015, 2016), Haiti (2016), Panama (2016), the United States (1993, 1995, 2007, 2016), and Qatar (2019). The United States was invited to every tournament between 1997 and 2007 but frequently turned down the invitation due to scheduling conflicts with Major League Soccer. However, on 30 October 2006, the US Soccer Federation accepted the invitation to participate in the 2007 tournament, ending a 12-year absence. At the 2001 Copa América, Canada was an invitee, but withdrew just before the start of the tournament due to security concerns. At the 2011 Copa América, Japan withdrew, citing difficulties with European clubs in releasing Japanese players following the Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami. [10] Spain was invited to the 2011 edition, but according to the Royal Spanish Football Federation, they declined because they did not want to interrupt the Spanish players' holidays. [11] At the 2015 Copa América, Japan declined the invitation as it would bring burdens to their overseas players, and China had to withdraw due to the Asian sector of qualification for the 2018 World Cup being held at the same time. [12] [13] [14] [15] [16]

Invitees nations record

Team Flag of Ecuador.svg
1993
Flag of Uruguay.svg
1995
Flag of Bolivia.svg
1997
Flag of Paraguay (1990-2013).svg
1999
Flag of Colombia.svg
2001
Flag of Peru.svg
2004
Flag of Venezuela.svg
2007
Flag of Argentina.svg
2011
Flag of Chile.svg
2015
Flag of the United States.svg
2016
Flag of Brazil.svg
2019
Editions
Flag of Costa Rica.svg  Costa Rica   GS QFQF GS GS 5
Flag of Haiti.svg  Haiti          GS 1
Flag of Honduras.svg  Honduras     3rd      1
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica         GSGS 2
Flag of Japan.svg  Japan    GS      Q2
Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico 2ndQF3rd3rd2ndQF3rdGSGSQF 10
Flag of Panama.svg  Panama          GS 1
Flag of Qatar.svg  Qatar           Q1
Flag of the United States.svg  United States GS4th    GS  4th 4

[QF = quarter final, GS = group stage, 2nd/3rd/4th = final rank]

Trophies

Copa america trofeo.jpg
Copa america centenario clean.jpg
Current Copa América trophy (left) at the Conmebol Museum and the special edition awarded exclusively for Copa América Centenario in 2016

The Copa América trophy, which is awarded to the winner of the tournament, was donated to the Association by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Argentina, Ernesto Bosch, in 1910, when Argentina organized an event to commemorate the centenary of the May Revolution. That competition (also attended by Uruguay and Chile) was named "Copa del Centenario" (Centennial Cup). [17]

The current Copa América trophy was purchased in 1916 from "Casa Escasany", a jewelry shop in Buenos Aires, at the cost of 3,000 Swiss francs. [18]

The Copa América trophy is a 9 kg (20 lb) weight and 77 cm (30 in) tall silver ornament, with a 3-level wooden base which contains several plaques. The plaques are engraved with every winner of the competition, as well as the edition won. [19] The trophy was once have one- and two-level base, and without any base at all, like the one used in 1975.

On April 2016, a new trophy – specifically designed for the Copa América Centenario – was introduced at the Colombian Football Federation headquarters of Bogota to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the competition. [20] The trophy was based on the original Copa América trophy's shape, added with the 2016 edition logo. The trophy was not have a base. The CAC was 61 cm (24 in) tall with a weight of 7.1 kg (16 lb), covered by 24-carat gold. The emblems of CONMEBOL and CONCACAF were also engraved on its body. [21]

The Copa América Centenario trophy was designed by Epico Studios in the United States and manufactured by London Workshops of Thomas Lyte in England. [22] [23] The winning team will keep the trophy in perpetuity.

Apart from the main trophy, the "Copa Bolivia" (a trophy made in silver) has been awarded to the runner-up of the competition since the 1997 edition. [24] The trophy is named after the country that hosted the 1997 Copa América, with a small Bolivian flag attached on one of its sides. [25]

Results

South American Championship era

#YearHostsWinnersScoreRunners-upThird placeScoreFourth placeNumber of teams
11916
Details
Flag of Argentina (alternative).svg  Argentina Flag of Uruguay.svg
Uruguay
[upper-alpha 1] Flag of Argentina (alternative).svg
Argentina
Flag of Brazil (1889-1960).svg
Brazil
[upper-alpha 1] Flag of Chile.svg
Chile
4
21917
Details
Flag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay Flag of Uruguay.svg
Uruguay
[upper-alpha 1] Flag of Argentina (alternative).svg
Argentina
Flag of Brazil (1889-1960).svg
Brazil
[upper-alpha 1] Flag of Chile.svg
Chile
4
31919
Details
Flag of Brazil (1889-1960).svg  Brazil Flag of Brazil (1889-1960).svg
Brazil
1–0 [upper-alpha 2]
(a.e.t.)
Flag of Uruguay.svg
Uruguay
Flag of Argentina (alternative).svg
Argentina
[upper-alpha 1] Flag of Chile.svg
Chile
4
41920
Details
Flag of Chile.svg  Chile Flag of Uruguay.svg
Uruguay
[upper-alpha 1] Flag of Argentina (alternative).svg
Argentina
Flag of Brazil (1889-1960).svg
Brazil
[upper-alpha 1] Flag of Chile.svg
Chile
4
51921
Details
Flag of Argentina (alternative).svg  Argentina Flag of Argentina (alternative).svg
Argentina
[upper-alpha 1] Flag of Brazil (1889-1960).svg
Brazil
Flag of Uruguay.svg
Uruguay
[upper-alpha 1] Flag of Paraguay (1842-1954).svg
Paraguay
5/4 [upper-alpha 3]
61922
Details
Flag of Brazil (1889-1960).svg  Brazil Flag of Brazil (1889-1960).svg
Brazil
3–0 [upper-alpha 2] Flag of Paraguay (1842-1954).svg
Paraguay
Flag of Uruguay.svg
Uruguay
[upper-alpha 1] Flag of Argentina (alternative).svg
Argentina
5
71923
Details
Flag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay Flag of Uruguay.svg
Uruguay
[upper-alpha 1] Flag of Argentina (alternative).svg
Argentina
Flag of Paraguay (1842-1954).svg
Paraguay
[upper-alpha 1] Flag of Brazil (1889-1960).svg
Brazil
5/4 [upper-alpha 3]
81924
Details
Flag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay Flag of Uruguay.svg
Uruguay
[upper-alpha 1] Flag of Argentina (alternative).svg
Argentina
Flag of Paraguay (1842-1954).svg
Paraguay
[upper-alpha 1] Flag of Chile.svg
Chile
5/4 [upper-alpha 4]
91925
Details
Flag of Argentina (alternative).svg  Argentina Flag of Argentina (alternative).svg
Argentina
[upper-alpha 1] Flag of Brazil (1889-1960).svg
Brazil
Flag of Paraguay (1842-1954).svg
Paraguay
[upper-alpha 1] N/A5/3 [upper-alpha 5]
101926
Details
Flag of Chile.svg  Chile Flag of Uruguay.svg
Uruguay
[upper-alpha 1] Flag of Argentina (alternative).svg
Argentina
Flag of Chile.svg
Chile
[upper-alpha 1] Flag of Paraguay (1842-1954).svg
Paraguay
6/5 [upper-alpha 4]
111927
Details
Flag of Peru (1825-1950).svg  Peru Flag of Argentina (alternative).svg
Argentina
[upper-alpha 1] Flag of Uruguay.svg
Uruguay
Flag of Peru (1825-1950).svg
Peru
[upper-alpha 1] Flag of Bolivia (state).svg
Bolivia
7/4 [upper-alpha 6]
121929
Details
Flag of Argentina (alternative).svg  Argentina Flag of Argentina (alternative).svg
Argentina
[upper-alpha 1] Flag of Paraguay (1842-1954).svg
Paraguay
Flag of Uruguay.svg
Uruguay
[upper-alpha 1] Flag of Peru (1825-1950).svg
Peru
7/4 [upper-alpha 7]
131935
Details
Flag of Peru (1825-1950).svg  Peru Flag of Uruguay.svg
Uruguay
[upper-alpha 1] Flag of Argentina (alternative).svg
Argentina
Flag of Peru (1825-1950).svg
Peru
[upper-alpha 1] Flag of Chile.svg
Chile
7/4 [upper-alpha 8]
141937
Details
Flag of Argentina (alternative).svg  Argentina Flag of Argentina (alternative).svg
Argentina
2–0 [upper-alpha 2] Flag of Brazil (1889-1960).svg
Brazil
Flag of Uruguay.svg
Uruguay
[upper-alpha 1] Flag of Paraguay (1842-1954).svg
Paraguay
8/6 [upper-alpha 9]
151939
Details
Flag of Peru (1825-1950).svg  Peru Flag of Peru (1825-1950).svg
Peru
[upper-alpha 1] Flag of Uruguay.svg
Uruguay
Flag of Paraguay (1842-1954).svg
Paraguay
[upper-alpha 1] Flag of Chile.svg
Chile
9/5 [upper-alpha 10]
161941
Details
Flag of Chile.svg  Chile Flag of Argentina (alternative).svg
Argentina
[upper-alpha 1] Flag of Uruguay.svg
Uruguay
Flag of Chile.svg
Chile
[upper-alpha 1] Flag of Peru (1825-1950).svg
Peru
9/5 [upper-alpha 11]
171942
Details
Flag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay Flag of Uruguay.svg
Uruguay
[upper-alpha 1] Flag of Argentina (alternative).svg
Argentina
Flag of Brazil (1889-1960).svg
Brazil
[upper-alpha 1] Flag of Paraguay (1842-1954).svg
Paraguay
9/7 [upper-alpha 9]
181945
Details
Flag of Chile.svg  Chile Flag of Argentina (alternative).svg
Argentina
[upper-alpha 1] Flag of Brazil (1889-1960).svg
Brazil
Flag of Chile.svg
Chile
[upper-alpha 1] Flag of Uruguay.svg
Uruguay
9/7 [upper-alpha 12]
191946
Details
Flag of Argentina (alternative).svg  Argentina Flag of Argentina (alternative).svg
Argentina
[upper-alpha 1] Flag of Brazil (1889-1960).svg
Brazil
Flag of Paraguay (1842-1954).svg
Paraguay
[upper-alpha 1] Flag of Uruguay.svg
Uruguay
9/6 [upper-alpha 13]
201947
Details
Flag of Ecuador.svg  Ecuador Flag of Argentina.svg
Argentina
[upper-alpha 1] Flag of Paraguay (1842-1954).svg
Paraguay
Flag of Uruguay.svg
Uruguay
[upper-alpha 1] Flag of Chile.svg
Chile
9/8 [upper-alpha 4]
211949
Details
Flag of Brazil (1889-1960).svg  Brazil Flag of Brazil (1889-1960).svg
Brazil
7–0 [upper-alpha 2] Flag of Paraguay (1842-1954).svg
Paraguay
Flag of Peru (1825-1950).svg
Peru
[upper-alpha 1] Flag of Bolivia (state).svg
Bolivia
9/8 [upper-alpha 14]
221953
Details
Flag of Peru.svg  Peru Flag of Paraguay (1842-1954).svg
Paraguay
3–2 [upper-alpha 2] Flag of Brazil (1889-1960).svg
Brazil
Flag of Uruguay.svg
Uruguay
[upper-alpha 1] Flag of Chile.svg
Chile
9/7 [upper-alpha 15]
231955
Details
Flag of Chile.svg  Chile Flag of Argentina.svg
Argentina
[upper-alpha 1] Flag of Chile.svg
Chile
Flag of Peru (state).svg
Peru
[upper-alpha 1] Flag of Uruguay.svg
Uruguay
9/6 [upper-alpha 16]
241956
Details
Flag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay Flag of Uruguay.svg
Uruguay
[upper-alpha 1] Flag of Chile.svg
Chile
Flag of Argentina.svg
Argentina
[upper-alpha 1] Flag of Brazil.svg
Brazil
9/6 [upper-alpha 17]
251957
Details
Flag of Peru.svg  Peru Flag of Argentina.svg
Argentina
[upper-alpha 1] Flag of Brazil (1889-1960).svg
Brazil
Flag of Uruguay.svg
Uruguay
[upper-alpha 1] Flag of Peru (state).svg
Peru
9/7 [upper-alpha 18]
261959
Details
Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina Flag of Argentina.svg
Argentina
[upper-alpha 1] Flag of Brazil (1889-1960).svg
Brazil
Flag of Paraguay (1954-1988).svg
Paraguay
[upper-alpha 1] Flag of Peru (state).svg
Peru
9/7 [upper-alpha 19]
271959
Details
Flag of Ecuador.svg  Ecuador Flag of Uruguay.svg
Uruguay
[upper-alpha 1] Flag of Argentina.svg
Argentina
Flag of Brazil (1889-1960).svg
Brazil
[upper-alpha 1] Flag of Ecuador.svg
Ecuador
9/5 [upper-alpha 20]
281963
Details
Flag of Bolivia.svg  Bolivia Flag of Bolivia (state).svg
Bolivia
[upper-alpha 1] Flag of Paraguay (1954-1988).svg
Paraguay
Flag of Argentina.svg
Argentina
[upper-alpha 1] Flag of Brazil (1960-1968).svg
Brazil
9/7 [upper-alpha 5]
291967
Details
Flag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay Flag of Uruguay.svg
Uruguay
[upper-alpha 1] Flag of Argentina.svg
Argentina
Flag of Chile.svg
Chile
[upper-alpha 1] Flag of Paraguay (1954-1988).svg
Paraguay
6
Notes
  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 The tournament winner was decided in a single group stage.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 After both teams finished tied in the standings, the title was decided in a playoff match.
  3. 1 2 Chile withdrew from the tournament.
  4. 1 2 3 Brazil withdrew from the tournament.
  5. 1 2 Chile and Uruguay withdrew from the tournament.
  6. Brazil, Chile and Paraguay withdrew from the tournament.
  7. Bolivia, Brazil and Chile withdrew from the tournament.
  8. Bolivia, Brazil and Paraguay withdrew from the tournament.
  9. 1 2 Bolivia and Colombia withdrew from the tournament.
  10. Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil and Colombia withdrew from the tournament.
  11. Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia and Paraguay withdrew from the tournament.
  12. Paraguay and Peru withdrew from the tournament.
  13. Colombia, Ecuador and Peru withdrew from the tournament.
  14. Argentina withdrew from the tournament.
  15. Argentina and Colombia withdrew from the tournament.
  16. Bolivia, Brazil and Colombia withdrew from the tournament.
  17. Bolivia, Colombia and Ecuador withdrew from the tournament.
  18. Bolivia and Paraguay withdrew from the tournament.
  19. Colombia and Ecuador withdrew from the tournament.
  20. Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, and Peru withdrew from the tournament.

Copa América era

#YearHostsWinnersScoreRunners-upThird placeScoreFourth placeNumber of teams
301975
Details
VariousFlag of Peru (state).svg
Peru
0–1 / 2–1
Play-off: 1–0
Flag of Colombia.svg
Colombia
Flag of Brazil (1968-1992).svg
Brazil
[upper-alpha 1] Flag of Uruguay.svg
Uruguay
10
311979
Details
VariousFlag of Paraguay (1954-1988).svg
Paraguay
3–0 / 0–1
Play-off: 0–0 (a.e.t.)
Flag of Chile.svg
Chile
Flag of Brazil (1968-1992).svg
Brazil
[upper-alpha 1] Flag of Peru (state).svg
Peru
10
321983
Details
VariousFlag of Uruguay.svg
Uruguay
2–0 / 1–1Flag of Brazil (1968-1992).svg
Brazil
Flag of Paraguay (1954-1988).svg
Paraguay
[upper-alpha 1] Flag of Peru (state).svg
Peru
10
331987
Details
Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina Flag of Uruguay.svg
Uruguay
1–0 Flag of Chile.svg
Chile
Flag of Colombia.svg
Colombia
2–1Flag of Argentina.svg
Argentina
10
341989
Details
Flag of Brazil (1968-1992).svg  Brazil Flag of Brazil (1968-1992).svg
Brazil
[upper-alpha 2] Flag of Uruguay.svg
Uruguay
Flag of Argentina.svg
Argentina
[upper-alpha 2] Flag of Paraguay (1988-1990).svg
Paraguay
10
351991
Details
Flag of Chile.svg  Chile Flag of Argentina.svg
Argentina
[upper-alpha 3] Flag of Brazil (1968-1992).svg
Brazil
Flag of Chile.svg
Chile
[upper-alpha 3] Flag of Colombia.svg
Colombia
10
361993
Details
Flag of Ecuador.svg  Ecuador Flag of Argentina.svg
Argentina
2–1 Flag of Mexico.svg
Mexico
Flag of Colombia.svg
Colombia
1–0Flag of Ecuador.svg
Ecuador
12
371995
Details
Flag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay Flag of Uruguay.svg
Uruguay
1–1
(5–3p)
Flag of Brazil.svg
Brazil
Flag of Colombia.svg
Colombia
4–1Flag of the United States.svg
United States
12
381997
Details
Flag of Bolivia.svg  Bolivia Flag of Brazil.svg
Brazil
3–1 Flag of Bolivia (state).svg
Bolivia
Flag of Mexico.svg
Mexico
1–0Flag of Peru (state).svg
Peru
12
391999
Details
Flag of Paraguay (1990-2013).svg  Paraguay Flag of Brazil.svg
Brazil
3–0 Flag of Uruguay.svg
Uruguay
Flag of Mexico.svg
Mexico
2–1Flag of Chile.svg
Chile
12
402001
Details
Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia Flag of Colombia.svg
Colombia
1–0 Flag of Mexico.svg
Mexico
Flag of Honduras.svg
Honduras
2–2
(5–4p)
Flag of Uruguay.svg
Uruguay
12 [upper-alpha 4]
412004
Details
Flag of Peru.svg  Peru Flag of Brazil.svg
Brazil
2–2
(4–2p)
Flag of Argentina.svg
Argentina
Flag of Uruguay.svg
Uruguay
2–1Flag of Colombia.svg
Colombia
12
422007
Details
Flag of Venezuela.svg  Venezuela Flag of Brazil.svg
Brazil
3–0 Flag of Argentina.svg
Argentina
Flag of Mexico.svg
Mexico
3–1Flag of Uruguay.svg
Uruguay
12
432011
Details
Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina Flag of Uruguay.svg
Uruguay
3–0 Flag of Paraguay (1990-2013).svg
Paraguay
Flag of Peru (state).svg
Peru
4–1Flag of Venezuela (state).svg
Venezuela
12
442015
Details
Flag of Chile.svg  Chile Flag of Chile.svg
Chile
0–0 (a.e.t.)
(4–1p)
Flag of Argentina.svg
Argentina
Flag of Peru (state).svg
Peru
2–0Flag of Paraguay.svg
Paraguay
12
452016
Details
Flag of the United States.svg  United States Flag of Chile.svg
Chile
0–0 (a.e.t.)
(4–2p)
Flag of Argentina.svg
Argentina
Flag of Colombia.svg
Colombia
1–0Flag of the United States.svg
United States
16 [upper-alpha 5]
462019
Details
Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 12
472020
Details
Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina
Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia
12
482024
Details
Flag of Ecuador.svg  Ecuador 12 or 16
Notes
  1. 1 2 3 No third place match was played; teams are listed in alphabetical order.
  2. 1 2 The tournament winner was decided by a final round-robin group contested by four teams (Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, and Uruguay).
  3. 1 2 The tournament winner was decided by a final round-robin group contested by four teams (Argentina, Brazil, Chile, and Colombia).
  4. Argentina and invitee Canada withdrew from the tournament; Honduras and Costa Rica took their place.
  5. Six CONCACAF teams, including newcomers Haiti and Panama, participated in the tournament as celebration of the centenary of CONMEBOL and the Copa América.

Performance by country

Cumulative top four results for both South American Championships and Copa Américas.

TeamWinnersRunners-upThird placeFourth place
Flag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay 15 (1916, 1917 *, 1920, 1923 *, 1924 *, 1926, 1935, 1942 *, 1956 *, 1959 (Ecuador), 1967 *, 1983, 1987, 1995 *, 2011)6 (1919, 1927, 1939, 1941, 1989, 1999)9 (1921, 1922, 1929, 1937, 1947, 1953, 1957, 1975, 2004)5 (1945, 1946, 1955, 2001, 2007)
Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina 14 (1921 *, 1925 *, 1927, 1929 *, 1937 *, 1941, 1945, 1946 *, 1947, 1955, 1957, 1959 (Argentina) *, 1991, 1993)14 (1916 *, 1917, 1920, 1923, 1924, 1926, 1935, 1942, 1959 (Ecuador), 1967, 2004, 2007, 2015, 2016)4 (1919, 1956, 1963, 1989)2 (1922, 1987 *)
Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 8 (1919 *, 1922 *, 1949 *, 1989 *, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2007)11 (1921, 1925, 1937, 1945, 1946, 1953, 1957, 1959 (Argentina), 1983, 1991, 1995)7 (1916, 1917, 1920, 1942, 1959 (Ecuador), 1975, 1979)3 (1923, 1956, 1963)
Flag of Paraguay.svg  Paraguay 2 (1953, 1979)6 (1922, 1929, 1947, 1949, 1963, 2011)7 (1923, 1924, 1925, 1939, 1946, 1959 (Argentina), 1983)7 (1921, 1926, 1937, 1942, 1967, 1989, 2015)
Flag of Chile.svg  Chile 2 (2015 *, 2016)4 (1955 *, 1956, 1979, 1987)5 (1926 *, 1941 *, 1945 *, 1967, 1991 *)10 (1916, 1917, 1919, 1920 *, 1924, 1935, 1939, 1947, 1953, 1999)
Flag of Peru (state).svg  Peru 2 (1939 *, 1975)8 (1927 *, 1935 *, 1949, 1955, 1979, 1983, 2011, 2015)5 (1929, 1941, 1957 *, 1959 (Argentina), 1997)
Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia 1 (2001 *)1 (1975)4 (1987, 1993, 1995, 2016)2 (1991, 2004)
Flag of Bolivia (state).svg  Bolivia 1 (1963 *)1 (1997 *)2 (1927, 1949)
Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico ^2 (1993, 2001)3 (1997, 1999, 2007)
Flag of Honduras.svg  Honduras ^1 (2001)
Flag of Ecuador.svg  Ecuador 2 (1959 (Ecuador) *, 1993 *)
Flag of the United States.svg  United States ^2 (1995, 2016 *)
Flag of Venezuela (state).svg  Venezuela 1 (2011)
*=hosts
^=invitees

Records and statistics

See also

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