Coppet group

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Madame de Stael et le groupe de Coppet Madame de Stael at Coppet (Debucourt 1800).jpg
Madame de Stael et le groupe de Coppet

The Coppet group (Groupe de Coppet), also known as the Coppet circle, was an informal intellectual and literary gathering centered on Germaine de Staël during the time period between the French Revolution and the Bourbon Restoration at Coppet Castle. [1] [2] [3] [4] The group had a considerable influence on the development of nineteenth century liberalism and romanticism. [5] [6] Stendhal referred to it as "the Estates General of European opinion." [7]



Coppet Castle in Switzerland Coppet Schloss.jpg
Coppet Castle in Switzerland

Around the core group which consisted of the hosts at Coppet Castle, the Necker family, that is Jacques Necker and his daughter, Germaine de Staël and her long time lover, Benjamin Constant, with her cousin by marriage, Albertine Necker de Saussure, Wilhelm von Humboldt, Jean de Sismondi, Charles Victor de Bonstetten, Prosper de Barante, Mathieu de Montmorency and August Wilhelm Schlegel, there was a stream of international men and women visitors of influence. [8] These included:

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  1. Tenenbaum, Susan (1980). "The Coppet Circle. Literary Criticism as Political Discourse". History of Political Thought. 1 (2): 453–473.
  2. Lefevere, Andre (2016). Translation, Rewriting, and the Manipulation of Literary Fame. Taylor & Francis. p. 109.
  3. Fairweather, Maria (2013). Madame de Stael. Little, Brown Book Group.
  4. Hofmann, Etienne; Rosset, François (2005). Le Groupe de Coppet. Une constellation d’intellectuels européens. Presses polytechniques et universitaires romandes.
  5. Jaume, Lucien (2000). Coppet, creuset de l'esprit libéral: Les idées politiques et constitutionnelles du Groupe de Madame de Staël. Presses Universitaires d'Aix-Marseille. p. 10.
  6. Delon, Michel (1996). "Le Groupe de Coppet". In Francillon, Roger (ed.). Histoire de la littérature en Suisse romande t.1. Payot.
  7. Ellis, David (2011). Byron in Geneva: That Summer of 1816. Oxford University Press. p. 77.
  8. Kete, Kathleen (2012). Making Way for Genius: The Aspiring Self in France from the Old Regime to the New. Yale University Press. ISBN   978-0-300174823.
  9. Guiccioli, Teresa (2005). Lord Byron's Life in Italy. University of Delaware Press. p. 77.

Further reading