| Administrative divisions|
A core city (中核市, Chūkakushi) is a class or category of Japanese cities. It is a local administrative division created by the national government. Core cities are delegated many functions normally carried out by prefectural governments, but not as many as designated cities. To become a candidate for core city status, a city must have a population greater than 300,000 and an area greater than 100 square kilometers, although special exceptions may be made by order of the cabinet for cities with populations under 300,000 but over 200,000. After the abolition of special city status on April 1, 2015, any city with a population above 200,000 may apply for core city status.
Application for designation is made by a city with the approval of both the city and prefectural assemblies.
The term "core city" was created by the first clause of Article 252, Section 22 of the Local Autonomy Law of Japan.
As of 1 April 2021, 62 cities have been designated core cities:
|Name||Japanese||Flag||Population (2012)||Date of designation||Region||Prefecture|
|Name||Japanese||Flag||Date of designation||Date of reclassification||Region||Prefecture|
|Hamamatsu||浜松市||1996-04-01||2007-04-01 (Designated city)||Chūbu||Shizuoka|
|Kumamoto||熊本市||1996-04-01||2012-04-01 (Designated city)||Kyushu||Kumamoto|
|Niigata||新潟市||1996-04-01||2007-04-01 (Designated city)||Chūbu||Niigata|
|Okayama||岡山市||1996-04-01||2009-04-01 (Designated city)||Chūgoku||Okayama|
|Sagamihara||相模原市||2003-04-01||2010-04-01 (Designated city)||Kantō||Kanagawa|
|Sakai||堺市||1996-04-01||2006-04-01 (Designated city)||Kansai||Osaka|
|Shizuoka||静岡市||1996-04-01||2005-04-01 (Designated city)||Chūbu||Shizuoka|
|Name||Japanese||Flag||Population (2012)||Scheduled date||Region||Prefecture|
The following cities have populations greater than 200,000 but have not yet been nominated. (Cities planning to apply for core city status are not shown.)
Akita is the capital city of Akita Prefecture, Japan, and has been designated a core city since 1 April 1997. As of 1 January 2020, the city has an estimated population of 305,625, 136,628 households and a population density of 340 persons per km2. The total area of the city is 906.07 square kilometres (349.84 sq mi).
A city is a local administrative unit in Japan. Cities are ranked on the same level as towns and villages, with the difference that they are not a component of districts. Like other contemporary administrative units, they are defined by the Local Autonomy Law of 1947.
Tatsuno is a city in Hyōgo Prefecture, Japan. The city was founded on April 1, 1951.
A special city of Japan is a city with a population of at least 200,000, and is delegated functions normally carried out by prefectural governments. Those functions are a subset of the ones delegated to a core city.
The bureaucratic administration of Japan is divided into three basic levels; national, prefectural, and municipal. Below the national government there are 47 prefectures, six of which are further subdivided into subprefectures to better service large geographical areas or remote islands. The municipalities are the lowest level of government; the twenty most-populated cities outside Tokyo Metropolis are known as designated cities and are subdivided into wards.
Japanese people in China are Japanese expatriates and emigrants and their descendants residing in Greater China. In October 2018, there were 140,134 Japanese nationals living in People's Republic of China, and 24,280 Japanese nationals living in Republic of China.
The Hara School was a Kyoto-based Japanese painting atelier established in the late Edo era, which continued as a family-controlled enterprise through the early 20th century. The Hara artists were imperial court painters and exerted great influence within Kyoto art circles. They contributed paintings to various temples and shrines, as well as to the Kyoto Imperial Palace.
Koji Ruien (古事類苑) is a Japanese encyclopaedic work initiated by the Meiji government, and compiled from historical source documents. Over the period from 1896 to 1914 a total of 1,000 volumes were compiled, under various subject categories.
Japanische Internationale Schule e.V. in Düsseldorf is a Japanese international school in Oberkassel, Düsseldorf, Germany.
Yonezawa City Uesugi Museum opened in the former grounds of Yonezawa Castle in Yonezawa, Yamagata Prefecture, Japan, in 2001. The collection of some 18,800 objects includes the National Treasures Scenes In and Around the Capital (紙本金地著色洛中洛外図), by Kanō Eitoku, and Uesugi Family Documents (上杉家文書).
The Nippon Taiko Foundation, formerly referred to as Nippon taiko renmei (日本太鼓連盟) is a Japanese governmental organization and is the largest national organization of taiko performance groups active in Japan. As of 2012, the Foundation represents over 800 taiko groups, approximately 20,000 individuals, and is made up of 34 leagues corresponding to some Japanese prefectures.
Akiko Seki was a Japanese soprano. She is commonly recognized as the founder of the movement of The Singing Voice of Japan. In 1955 she was awarded the Stalin Peace Prize.
Kenta Tateyama is a Japanese former professional basketball player who last played for the Saitama Broncos of the B3 League in Japan. He was referred as a genius by Akita's former head coach Kazuo Nakamura.
Kotooka General Gymnasium is a gymnasium in Mitane, Akita, Japan. It opened in 2004. This building is fully air-conditioned, and hosted National Sports Festival of Japan men's basketball games in 2007.
Hakodate City Central Library is a public library in Hakodate, Hokkaidō, Japan. The library is known in particular for its important collection of northern materials and for its Takuboku Library (啄木文庫).
R. Ranchandra Vishwanath Wardekar was an Indian doctor and founder of Gandhi Memorial Leprosy Foundation. He received the Padma Shri award in 1973. He is considered "the father of leprosy control" in India.
Suehiro-chō (末広町) is a historic neighbourhood located in the Naka ward of Nagoya, central Japan. It is where the present Sakae 2-chome, Sakae 3-chome, Ōsu 2-chome, and Osu 3-chome are located. It received its name in Hōei 5.