Corinne Mae Griffith
November 21, 1894
Texarkana, Texas, U.S.
|Died||July 13, 1979 84) (aged|
Santa Monica, California, U.S.
|Education||Sacred Heart Convent|
|Occupation||Actress, producer, author|
|Spouse(s)|| Webster Campbell (m.1920–div.1923)|
Walter Morosco (m.1924–div.1934)
George Preston Marshall (m.1936–div.1958)
Danny Scholl (m.1965–div.1965)
Corinne Mae Griffith (November 21, 1894 – July 13, 1979) was an American film actress, producer and author. Dubbed The Orchid Lady of the Screen,she was one of the most popular film actresses of the 1920s and widely considered the most beautiful actress of the silent screen. She was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actress for her performance in The Divine Lady .
The Academy Award for Best Actress is an award presented annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). It is given in honor of an actress who has delivered an outstanding performance in a leading role while working within the film industry. The award was traditionally presented by the previous year's Best Actor winner.
The Divine Lady is a 1929 American Vitaphone sound film with a synchronized musical score, sound effects, and some synchronized singing, but no spoken dialogue. It stars Corinne Griffith and tells the story of the love affair between Horatio Nelson and Emma Hamilton. It featured the theme song "Lady Divine", with lyrics by Richard Kountz and music by Nathaniel Shilkret, which became a popular hit in 1929 and was recorded by numerous artists, such as Shilkret, Frank Munn, Ben Selvin, Smith Ballew, Adrian Schubert, Sam Lanin, and Bob Haring.
Shortly after the advent of sound film, Griffith retired from acting and became a successful author and businesswoman. A biographical film about her life was released in 1963 titled Papa's Delicate Condition , based on her memoir and focusing on the relationship between her and her father.
A sound film is a motion picture with synchronized sound, or sound technologically coupled to image, as opposed to a silent film. The first known public exhibition of projected sound films took place in Paris in 1900, but decades passed before sound motion pictures were made commercially practical. Reliable synchronization was difficult to achieve with the early sound-on-disc systems, and amplification and recording quality were also inadequate. Innovations in sound-on-film led to the first commercial screening of short motion pictures using the technology, which took place in 1923.
Papa's Delicate Condition is a 1963 American comedy film starring Jackie Gleason and Glynis Johns. It was an adaptation of the Corinne Griffith memoir of the same name, about her father and growing up in Texarkana, Texas. Jimmy Van Heusen (music) and Sammy Cahn (lyrics) won an Academy Award for Best Original Song for "Call Me Irresponsible".
Griffith was born in Texarkana, Texas to John Lewis Griffin and Ambolina (Ambolyn) Ghio. She attended Sacred Heart Convent school in New Orleans and worked as a dancer before she began her acting career.
Texarkana is a city in Bowie County, Texas, United States, located in the Ark-La-Tex region. Located approximately 180 miles (290 km) from Dallas, Texarkana is a twin city with neighboring Texarkana, Arkansas. The population of the Texas city was 37,679 at the 2016 census estimate. The city and its Arkansas counterpart form the core of the Texarkana Metropolitan Statistical Area, encompassing all of Bowie County, Texas, and Miller County, Arkansas. The two cities had a combined population of 67,592 at the 2017 census, and the metropolitan area had a total population of 150,098.
New Orleans is a consolidated city-parish located along the Mississippi River in the southeastern region of the U.S. state of Louisiana. With an estimated population of 393,292 in 2017, it is the most populous city in Louisiana. A major port, New Orleans is considered an economic and commercial hub for the broader Gulf Coast region of the United States.
Griffith began her screen career at the Vitagraph Studios in 1916. She later moved to First National, where she became one of their most popular stars.In 1928, she had the starring role in The Garden of Eden . The next year, in 1929, Griffith received an Academy Award nomination for her role in The Divine Lady .
Vitagraph Studios, also known as the Vitagraph Company of America, was a United States motion picture studio. It was founded by J. Stuart Blackton and Albert E. Smith in 1897 in Brooklyn, New York, as the American Vitagraph Company. By 1907 it was the most prolific American film production company, producing many famous silent films. It was bought by Warner Bros. in 1925.
First National Pictures was an American motion picture production and distribution company. It was founded in 1917 as First National Exhibitors' Circuit, Inc., an association of independent theater owners in the United States, and became the country's largest theater chain. Expanding from exhibiting movies to distributing them, the company reincorporated in 1919 as Associated First National Theatres, Inc., and Associated First National Pictures, Inc. In 1924 it expanded to become a motion picture production company as First National Pictures, Inc., and became an important studio in the film industry. In September 1928, control of First National passed to Warner Bros., into which it was completely absorbed on November 4, 1929. A number of Warner Bros. films were thereafter branded First National Pictures until 1936, when First National Pictures, Inc., was dissolved.
The Garden of Eden is a 1928 silent film starring Corinne Griffith. It was adapted from Avery Hopwood's short-lived stage production.
Griffith's first sound film, Lilies of the Field, was released in 1930. Griffith's voice did not record well ( The New York Times stated that she "talked through her nose"),and the film was a box office flop. After appearing in one more Hollywood picture, Back Pay in 1930, and a British film Lily Christine in 1932, she retired from acting. She returned to the screen in 1962 in the low-budget melodrama Paradise Alley, which received scant release.
The New York Times is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership. Founded in 1851, the paper has won 125 Pulitzer Prizes, more than any other newspaper. The Times is ranked 17th in the world by circulation and 2nd in the U.S.
Griffith was one of the few film stars to move successfully into new careers once her stardom had ended. She was an accomplished writer who published eleven books including two best sellers, My Life with the Redskins and the memoir Papa's Delicate Condition, which was made into a 1963 film starring Jackie Gleason about the Ghio and Griffin family. Her actual family names were used in the film.
John Herbert Gleason was an American comedian, actor, writer, composer and conductor. Developing a style and characters from growing up in Brooklyn, New York, he was known for his brash visual and verbal comedy, exemplified by his bus driver Ralph Kramden character in the television series The Honeymooners. By filming the episodes with Electronicams, Gleason was later able to release the series in syndication, which increased its popularity over the years with new audiences. He also developed The Jackie Gleason Show, which maintained high ratings from the mid-1950s through 1970. After originating in New York City, filming moved to Miami, Florida, in 1964 after Gleason took up permanent residence there.
Her ventures into real estate were particularly successful (at one point she owned four different major office buildings in Los Angeles, each of them named after her).
Griffith was a member of the Christian Science religion.
While married to Washington Redskins owner George Preston Marshall, she introduced NFL Commissioner Bert Bell to his future wife. She also introduced Curly Lambeau to his second and third wives. All were old friends from her film career.
She was a California Republican Committee Woman and an early advocate for the career of Richard Nixon. She was also an old friend of FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover.
She was the long time consort to Curly Lambeau, who recommended various methods for operating a pro football team. Lambeau recommended Sammy Baugh as quarterback and the T formation. She later arranged for her husband to hire Lambeau as coach.
Griffith was married four times and produced no children but adopted two girls, Pamela and Cynthia. She was married to actor and frequent co-star Webster Campbell from 1920 to 1923, producer Walter Morosco from 1924 to 1934, and George Preston Marshall from 1936 to 1958. During her marriage to Marshall, she composed the lyrics to the Redskins fight song "Hail to the Redskins" which became one of the most famous football anthems.
In 1965, she married and divorced her fourth husband, Broadway actor Danny Scholl ( Call Me Mister ). Scholl was 45, more than 25 years Griffith's junior. In court she testified that she was not Corinne Griffith. She claimed that she was the actress's younger (by twenty years) sister who had taken her place upon the famous sister's death. Contradictory testimony by actresses Betty Blythe and Claire Windsor, who had both known her since the 1920s, did not shake her story.In 1974, Adele Whitely Fletcher, editor of Photoplay , said Griffith was still claiming that she was her own younger sister.
On July 13, 1979, Griffith died of heart failure in Santa Monica, California, aged 84.
For her contributions to the motion picture industry, Griffith has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 1560 Vine Street.
Tom Tryon wrote a novella, Fedora , based on Griffith's claim that she had taken the place of the real actress.
|1916||Bitter Sweet||Ruth Slatter - John's Wife||short|
|1916||When Hubby Forgot||The Maid||short|
|1916||Sin's Penalty||Lola Wilson||short|
|1916||The Cost of High Living||Jack's Sister||short|
|1916||The Rich Idler||Marion- Mary's Friend||short|
|1916||The Waters of Lethe||Joyce Denton||short|
|1916||The Yellow Girl||Corinne||short|
|1916||A Fool and His Friend||short|
|1916||Through the Wall||Pussy Wimott|
|1916||The Last Man||Lorna|
|1916||His Wife's Allowance||short|
|1917||The Mystery of Lake Lethe||short|
|1917||The Stolen Treaty||Irene Mitchell|
|1917||The Love Doctor||Blanche Hildreth|
|1917||I Will Repay||Virginia Rodney|
|1917||Who Goes There?||Karen Girard|
|1918||The Menace||Virginia Denton|
|1918||Love Watches||Jacqueline Cartaret|
|1918||The Clutch of Circumstance||Ruth Lawson|
|1918||The Girl of Today||Leslie Selden|
|1919||The Adventure Shop||Phyllis Blake|
|1919||The Girl Problem||Erminie Foster|
|1919||The Unknown Quantity||Mary Boyne|
|1919||Thin Ice||Alice Winton|
|1919||A Girl at Bay||Mary Allen|
|1919||The Bramble Bush||Kaly Dial|
|1919||The Climbers||Blanche Sterling|
|1920||The Tower of Jewels||Emily Cottrell|
|1920||Human Collateral||Patricia Langdon|
|1920||Deadline at Eleven||Helen Stevens|
|1920||The Garter Girl||Rosalie Ray|
|1920||Babs||Barbara Marvin; "Babs"|
|1920||The Whisper Market||Erminie North|
|1920||The Broadway Bubble||Adrienne Landreth/Drina Lynn|
|1921||It Isn't Being Done This Season||Marcia Ventnor|
|1921||What's Your Reputation Worth?||Cara Deene|
|1921||Moral Fibre||Marion Wolcott|
|1921||The Single Track||Janette Gildersleeve|
|1922||A Virgin's Sacrifice|
|1922||Island Wives||Elsa Melton|
|1922||Divorce Coupons||Linda Catherton|
|1922||The Common Law||Valerie West|
|1923||Black Oxen||Madame Zatianny/Mary Ogden|
|1923||Six Days||Laline Kingston|
|1924||Single Wives||Betty Jordan||Executive producer|
|1924||Love's Wilderness||Linda Lou Heath||Executive producer|
|1924||Lilies of the Field||Mildred Harker||Executive producer|
|1925||Declassee||Lady Helen Haden||Producer|
|1925||Infatuation||Violet Bancroft||Executive producer|
|1925||The Marriage Whirl||Marian Hale||Executive producer|
|1926||Mademoiselle Modiste||Fifi||Executive producer|
|1926||Into Her Kingdom||Grand Duchess Tatiana (at 12 and 20)||Executive producer|
|1926||Syncopating Sue||Susan Adams||Executive producer|
|1927||The Lady in Ermine||Mariana Beltrami||Executive producer|
|1927||Three Hours||Madeline Durkin||Executive producer|
|1928||The Garden of Eden||Toni LeBrun|
|1929||Saturday's Children||Bobby Halevy|
|1929||The Divine Lady||Lady Emma Hart Hamilton|
|1930||Lilies of the Field||Mildred Harker||Lost film|
|1930||Back Pay||Hester Bevins|
|1932||Lily Christine||Lily Christine Summerset||Survival Status Unknown|
|1962||Paradise Alley||Mrs. Wilson||Alternative title: Stars in the Backyard|
Gladys Louise Smith, known professionally as Mary Pickford, was a Canadian-born American film actress and producer. With a career spanning 50 years, she was a co-founder of both the Pickford-Fairbanks Studio and, later, the United Artists film studio, and one of the original 36 founders of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences who present the yearly "Oscar" award ceremony.
Richard Semler Barthelmess was an American film actor, principally of the Hollywood silent era. He starred opposite Lillian Gish in D.W. Griffith's Broken Blossoms (1919) and Way Down East (1920) and was among the founders of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences in 1927. The following year, he was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actor for two films: The Patent Leather Kid and The Noose.
Clara Gordon Bow was an American actress who rose to stardom in silent film during the 1920s and successfully made the transition to "talkies" after 1927. Her appearance as a plucky shopgirl in the film It brought her global fame and the nickname "The It Girl". Bow came to personify the Roaring Twenties and is described as its leading sex symbol.
Bessie Love was an American motion picture actress who achieved prominence playing innocent young girls and wholesome leading ladies in silent films and early talkies. Her acting career spanned eight decades, and her performance in The Broadway Melody (1929) earned her a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Actress.
Alice Geraldine Farrar was an American soprano opera singer and film actress, noted for her beauty, acting ability, and "the intimate timbre of her voice." She had a large following among young women, who were nicknamed "Gerry-flappers".
Mae Murray was an American actress, dancer, film producer, and screenwriter. Murray rose to fame during the silent film era and was known as "The Girl with the Bee-Stung Lips" and "The Gardenia of the Screen".
Viola Dana was an American film actress who was successful during the era of silent films. She appeared in over 100 films, but was unable to make the transition to sound films.
Norma Marie Talmadge was an American actress and film producer of the silent era. A major box-office draw for more than a decade, her career reached a peak in the early 1920s, when she ranked among the most popular idols of the American screen.
Estelle Taylor was an American actress, singer, model, and animal rights activist. With "dark-brown, almost black hair and brown eyes," she was regarded as one of the most beautiful silent film stars of the 1920s.
Sarah Blanche Sweet was an American silent film actress who began her career in the earliest days of the Hollywood motion picture film industry.
Marion Fairfax was an American screenwriter, playwright, actress, and producer.
Seena Owen was an American silent film actress and screenwriter.
Tol'able David is a 1921 American silent film based on the 1917 Joseph Hergesheimer short story of the same name. It was adapted to the screen by Edmund Goulding and directed by Henry King for Inspiration Pictures. A rustic tale of violence set in the Allegheny Mountains of eastern West Virginia, it was filmed in Blue Grass, Virginia, with some locals featured in minor roles.
Barnes Reeves Eason, better known by his screen name B. Reeves Eason Jr., was an American silent film child actor. Billed as "Master Breezy Reeves Jr." and "Universal's Littlest Cowboy", and later also known as Breezy Eason Jr., he was the son of motion picture director and actor B. Reeves Eason and his wife, the actress Jimsy Maye.
Vincent Coleman was an American stage and film actor of the silent film era of the late 1910s and early 1920s.
Lucille Ricksen was an American motion picture actress during the silent film era. She died of tuberculosis on March 13, 1925 at the age of 14.
Renée Adorée was a French actress who appeared in Hollywood silent movies during the 1920s. She is most famous for her role as Melisande in the melodramatic romance and war epic The Big Parade.
Alma Tell was an American stage and motion picture actress whose career in cinema began in 1915 and lasted into the talkie era of the early 1930s.
The House of Discord (1913) is a silent American drama film directed by James Kirkwood, Sr., written by F. E. Woods and A. Clayton Harris from a play by William C. deMille. The film stars Lionel Barrymore and marked the theatrical film debut of actor Jack Mulhall.
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