Cornelis Hofstede de Groot

Last updated

Hofstede de Groot by Max Liebermann, 1928 Max Liebermann - Portrait de Cornelis Hofstede de Groot a l'age de 65 ans - 1928.jpg
Hofstede de Groot by Max Liebermann, 1928

Cornelis Hofstede de Groot (9 November 1863 – 14 April 1930), was a Dutch art collector, art historian and museum curator.

Contents

Life

He was born in Dwingeloo and spent some time in Switzerland in his youth due to weak lungs, where he learned German. He became the first academically schooled art historian of the Netherlands, receiving his training in Leipzig, which is why much of his work was published in German, most notably his lengthy 10-part Beschreibendes kritisches Verzeichnis der Werke der hervorragendsten Holländischen Mahler des XVII. Jahrhunderts (190728), also known as a rewrite of John Smith's catalogue raisonné (9 vols.; 182942, London). He became an expert who had many differences of opinion with Abraham Bredius and other art collectors, while serving various institutions to do with the arts of the Netherlands, including the Frans Hals Museum, Gemeentemuseum Den Haag, and the RKD.

Dwingeloo Town in Drenthe, Netherlands

Dwingeloo is a town halfway between Meppel and Assen in the Dutch province of Drenthe. It is a part of the municipality of Westerveld.

Leipzig Place in Saxony, Germany

Leipzig is the most populous city in the federal state of Saxony, Germany. With a population of 581,980 inhabitants as of 2017, it is Germany's tenth most populous city. Leipzig is located about 160 kilometres (99 mi) southwest of Berlin at the confluence of the White Elster, Pleiße and Parthe rivers at the southern end of the North German Plain.

John Smith (art historian) 19th-century British art dealer (1781-1855)

John Smith (1781–1855) was a 19th-century British art dealer who developed the concept of the catalogue raisonné.

In 1893 he published a short article on Judith Leyster in the journal Jahrbuch der Königlich Preussischen Kunstsammlungen, thus "re-discovering" her work for the first time after centuries. [1] In 1896 he became director of the Rijksprentenkabinet in Amsterdam, but he quit after two years because of a difference of opinion with his predecessor there. He then settled in the Hague as an independent art critic and began work on an eight-part book on Rembrandt with Wilhelm von Bode. His catalog of his extensive collection of Rembrandt drawings in German was published by the Teylers Tweede Genootschap in their Verhandelingen of 1906. [2] [3] In 1910 he published a catalog of paintings by Frans Hals. [4] From 1912 to 1930 he lived in Haarlem, where he was a member of Teylers Tweede Genootschap. [5] From 1916 onwards he was a member of the Rijksmonument commission in the Netherlands. [3] He wrote over 70 biographies of Dutch painters for the kunstenaarslexikon of Ulrich Thieme and Felix Becker.

Judith Leyster painter from the Northern Netherlands

Judith Jans Leyster was a Dutch Golden Age painter. She painted genre works, portraits, and still lifes. Her entire oeuvre was attributed to Frans Hals or to her husband, Jan Miense Molenaer, until 1893 when Hofstede de Groot first attributed seven paintings to her, six of which are signed with her distinctive monogram 'JL*'. Misattribution of her works to Molenaer may have been because after her death many of her paintings were inventoried as "the wife of Molenaer", not as Judith Leyster.

Wilhelm von Bode German art historian

Wilhelm von Bode was a German art historian and curator. Born Arnold Wilhelm Bode in Calvörde, he was ennobled in 1913. He was the creator and first curator of the Kaiser Friedrich Museum, now called the Bode Museum in his honor, in 1904.

Rembrandt 17th-century Dutch painter and printmaker

Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn was a Dutch draughtsman, painter and printmaker. An innovative and prolific master in three media, he is generally considered one of the greatest visual artists in the history of art and the most important in Dutch art history. Unlike most Dutch masters of the 17th century, Rembrandt's works depict a wide range of style and subject matter, from portraits and self-portraits to landscapes, genre scenes, allegorical and historical scenes, biblical and mythological themes as well as animal studies. His contributions to art came in a period of great wealth and cultural achievement that historians call the Dutch Golden Age, when Dutch art, although in many ways antithetical to the Baroque style that dominated Europe, was extremely prolific and innovative, and gave rise to important new genres. Like many artists of the Dutch Golden Age, such as Jan Vermeer of Delft, Rembrandt was also an avid art collector and dealer.

Catalogue Raisonné

Title-page of the first volume in German in 1907 Cornelis Hofstede de Groot - Beschreibendes und Kritisches Verzeichnis der Werke der Hervorragensten Hollandischen Maler des XVII Jahrhunderts 1907.jpg
Title-page of the first volume in German in 1907

He began the painstaking work of updating John Smith's catalogue raisonné in 1907 in German, but took on the translator Edward G. Hawke almost immediately to ensure publication in English. Unfortunately, Hofstede de Groot died before the translation of all volumes could be completed. The publications were (German date, followed in parentheses by the English date):

Jan Steen painter from the Northern Netherlands

Jan Havickszoon Steen was a Dutch genre painter of the 17th century. His works are known for their psychological insight, sense of humour and abundance of colour.

Pieter de Hooch Dutch Golden Age painter

Pieter de Hooch was a Dutch Golden Age painter famous for his genre works of quiet domestic scenes with an open doorway. He was a contemporary of Jan Vermeer in the Delft Guild of St. Luke, with whom his work shares themes and style.

Carel Fabritius painter from the Northern Netherlands

Carel Pietersz. Fabritius was a Dutch painter. He was a pupil of Rembrandt and worked in his studio in Amsterdam. Fabritius, who was a member of the Delft School, developed his own artistic style and experimented with perspective and lighting. Among his works are A View of Delft (1652), The Goldfinch (1654), and The Sentry (1654).

Related Research Articles

Adriaen van Ostade Dutch Golden Age painter

Adriaen van Ostade was a Dutch Golden Age painter of genre works.

Frans Hals Museum Art museum in Haarlem, Netherlands

The Frans Hals Museum is a museum located in Haarlem, the Netherlands.

Teylers Museum Art museum, Natural history museum, Science museum in Haarlem, The Netherlands

Teylers Museum is an art, natural history, and science museum in Haarlem, Netherlands. Established in 1778, Teylers Museum was founded as a centre for contemporary art and science. The historic centre of the museum is the neoclassical Oval Room (1784), which was built behind the house of Pieter Teyler van der Hulst (1702–1778), the so-called Fundatiehuis. Pieter Teyler was a wealthy cloth merchant and banker of Scottish descent, who bequeathed his fortune for the advancement of religion, art, and science. He was a Mennonite and follower of the Scottish Enlightenment.

Rembrandt Research Project Project to research Rembrandt works using forensic methods and building a database

The Rembrandt Research Project (RRP) is an initiative of the Nederlandse Organisatie voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek (NWO), which is the Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research. Its purpose is to organize and categorize research on Rembrandt, with the aim of discovering new facts about this Dutch Golden Age painter and his studio. The project was started in 1968, but has since become the authority on Rembrandt and has final say in whether a painting is genuine.

Horst Gerson German-Dutch art historian

Horst Gerson (1907–1978) was a German-Dutch art historian.

<i>The Lives of Dutch painters and paintresses</i> 18th-century dictionary of painter biographies by Jacob Campo Weyerman

The Lives of Dutch painters and paintresses, or De levens-beschryvingen der Nederlandsche konst-schilders en konst-schilderessen, as it was originally known in Dutch, is a series of artist biographies with engraved portraits written by the 18th-century painter Jacob Campo Weyerman. It was published in four volumes as a sequel to Arnold Houbraken's own list of biographies known as the Schouburgh. The first volume appeared in 1729, and the last volume was published in 1769. This work is considered to be a very important source of information on 17th-century artists of the Netherlands, specifically those artists who worked in The Hague and in London.

<i>The Merry Drinker</i> painting by Frans Hals

The Merry Drinker is a painting by Frans Hals, from 1628-1630.

<i>Catharina Both-van der Eem</i> painting by Frans Hals

Catharina Both van der Eem is a painting by the Dutch Golden Age painter Frans Hals, painted in 1620 and now in Louvre Museum. It is considered a pendant portrait to the Portrait of Paulus van Beresteyn, in the same museum.

<i>Cornelia Claesdr Voogt</i> painting by Frans Hals

Portrait of Cornelia Claesdr. Vooght is a painting by the Dutch Golden Age painter Frans Hals, painted in 1631 and now in the Frans Hals Museum. It is considered a pendant portrait to that of her husband, the Haarlem brewer and mayor Nicolaes Woutersz van der Meer.

<i>Portrait of Anna van der Aar</i> painting by Frans Hals

Portrait of Anna van der Aar is a painting by the Dutch Golden Age painter Frans Hals, painted in 1626 and now in the Metropolitan Museum of Art. It is considered a pendant portrait to that of her husband, the writer Petrus Scriverius.

<i>Catharina Brugmans</i> painting by Frans Hals

Portrait of Catharina Brugmans is a painting by the Dutch Golden Age painter Frans Hals, painted in 1634 and now in a private collection. It is considered a pendant to the portrait of Catharina's husband Tieleman Roosterman.

<i>Portrait of Sara Wolphaerts van Diemen</i> painting by Frans Hals

Portrait of Sara Wolphaerts van Diemen is a painting by the Dutch Golden Age painter Frans Hals, painted around 1630-1633 and now in the Rijksmuseum. It is considered a pendant to the portrait of Sara's husband Nicolaes Hasselaer.

<i>Maria Pietersdr Olycan</i> painting by Frans Hals

Portrait of Maria Pietersdochter Olycan is a painting by the Dutch Golden Age painter Frans Hals, painted in 1638, now in the São Paulo Museum of Art. It is considered a pendant to the portrait of Maria's husband Andries van Hoorn.

<i>Hylck Boner</i> painting in the Frick Collection

Portrait of Hylck Boner is a painting by the Dutch Golden Age painter Frans Hals, painted in 1635 and now in the Frick Collection. It is considered a pendant to the portrait of Hylck's husband Johannes Saeckma.

<i>View of Haarlem with Bleaching Fields</i> work by Jacob van Ruisdael (Kunsthaus Zürich)

View of Haarlem with Bleaching Fields is an oil on canvas painting by the Dutch painter Jacob van Ruisdael. It is an example of Dutch Golden Age painting and is now in the collection of the Kunsthaus Zürich.

<i>St. Matthew and the Angel</i> painting by Rembrandt

St. Matthew and the Angel is an oil on canvas painting by the Dutch landscape painter Rembrandt. It is an example of Dutch Golden Age painting and is now in the collection of the Louvre.

<i>View of Haarlem from the Northwest, with the Bleaching Fields in the Foreground</i> painting by Jacob Isaacksz. van Ruisdael

View of Haarlem from the Northwest, with the Bleaching Fields in the Foreground is an oil on canvas painting by the Dutch landscape painter Jacob van Ruisdael. It is an example of Dutch Golden Age painting and is now in the collection of the Rijksmuseum.

Elisabeth Neurdenburg was a Dutch art historian.

References

  1. Judith Leyster. Mit einer Lichtdrucktafel und zwei Abbildungen im Text, by Cornelis Hofstede de Groot, Jahrbuch der Königlich Preussischen Kunstsammlungen vol. 14 (1893), pp. 190-198; 232
  2. Die Handzeichnungen Rembrandts : Versuch eines beschreibenden und kritischen Katalogs in Verhandelingen, 1906
  3. 1 2 Cornelis Hofstede de Groot on inghist
  4. A Catalogue Raisonné of the Works of the Most Eminent Dutch Painters of the Seventeenth century Based on the work of John Smith, Volume III (Frans Hals and Adriaen & Isaac van Ostade), by Cornelis Hofstede de Groot, with the assistance of Kurt Freise and Dr. Kurt Erasmus, translated by Edward G. Hawke, Macmillan & Co., London, 1910
  5. Teyler 1778-1978:studies en bijdragen over Teylers Stichting naar aanleiding van het tweede eeuwfeest, by J. H. van Borssum Buisman, H. Enno van Gelder, Pieter Teyler van der Hulst, Schuyt, 1978, ISBN   90-6097-091-8
  6. Volume 1 on archive.org
  7. Volume 2 on archive.org
  8. Volume 3 on archive.org
  9. Volume 4 on archive.org
  10. Volume 5 on archive.org
  11. Volume 6 on archive.org

The Dictionary of Art Historians (DAH) is an online encyclopedia of topics relating to art historians, art critics and their dictionaries. The mission of the project is to provide free, reliable, English-language information on published art historians.