Corruption in the Netherlands

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Corruption is rare in the Netherlands in all major areas—judiciary, police, business, politics—as the country is considered as one of the least corrupt within the European Union. In the 2017 edition of Transparency International’s Corruption Perceptions Index, the Netherlands ranked the 8th least corrupt country worldwide. [1]

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The National Integrity System Assessment 2012, published by Transparency International Netherlands, reports that the country has established strong pillars—an independent judiciary, effective anti-corruption mechanisms and a culture of trust—that all combine to create a society where corruption is not considered a serious problem. The government has dedicated large efforts towards keeping corruption within the country at low levels, yet limitations are perceived in some areas. The public sector is not perceived to be corrupt and transparency within the sector is safeguarded by codes of conducts for civil servants, with a special focus on integrity within their sectors, according to the National Integrity System Assessment 2012. [2]

Business

Executives surveyed in the World Economic Forum’s Global Competitiveness Report 2013–2014 do not perceive corruption a problem to doing business. [3] The Netherlands is a global leader in the area of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR), and that most companies operating in the Netherlands have established a code of conduct as well as internal mechanisms to detect and prevent bribery. [4]

According to Eurobarometer 2012, [5] connections between business and politics are the most cited reason behind corruption and almost one-third of surveyed citizens share this perception. This is supported by the National Integrity System Assessment 2012, which notes that collusion between businesses and public authorities is especially prevalent in the public procurement sector. [6] This sector is sensitive to irregularities and the report recommends the government to strengthen regulations and supervision of public procurements.

Transparency International's 2016 Corruption Perception Index ranks the country 8th place out of 176 countries. [7]

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Transparency International e.V. (TI) is an international non-governmental organization which is based in Berlin, Germany, and was founded in 1993. Its nonprofit purpose is to take action to combat global corruption with civil societal anti-corruption measures and to prevent criminal activities arising from corruption. Its most notable publications include the Global Corruption Barometer and the Corruption Perceptions Index. Transparency International has the legal status of a German registered voluntary association (Eingetragener Verein) and serves as an umbrella organization. Its members have grown from a few individuals to more than 100 national chapters which engage in fighting corruption in their home countries. TI is a member of UNESCO Consultative Status, United Nations Global Compact and shares the goals of peace, justice, strong institutions and partnerships of the United Nations Sustainable Development Group (UNSDG). TI confirmed the dis-accreditation of the national chapter of United States of America in 2017.

Police corruption is a form of police misconduct in which law enforcement officers end up breaking their political contract and abuse their power for personal gain. This type of corruption may involve one or a group of officers. Internal police corruption is a challenge to public trust, cohesion of departmental policies, human rights and legal violations involving serious consequences. Police corruption can take many forms, such as bribery.

The Global Corruption Report is one of Transparency International's flagship publications, bringing together experts from all over the world to discuss and analyze corruption in a specific sector. Most recent reports have focused on corruption in climate change, the private sector, water and the judiciary. In 2013, it is in its eleventh year of publication. It began in 2001 simply as a collection of research on global corruption. But, since 2003, has grown into a report dedicated to providing information and solutions to corruption in various areas. The forthcoming report focuses on corruption in education and will be released 1 October 2013.

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References

  1. https://www.transparency.org/news/feature/corruption_perceptions_index_2017
  2. "The National Integrity System Assessment 2012" (PDF). Transparency International Netherlands. Retrieved 16 December 2013.
  3. "Global Competitiveness Report 2013-2014". The World Economic Forum. Retrieved 16 December 2013.
  4. "The Netherlands Corruption Profile". Business Anti-Corruption Portal. Retrieved 16 December 2013.
  5. "Eurobarometer 2012 – Corruption Report" (PDF). European Commission. Retrieved 16 December 2013.
  6. "The National Integrity System Assessment 2012" (PDF). Transparency International Netherlands. Retrieved 16 December 2013.
  7. "Corruption Perception Index 2016".