Costa Mesa, California

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Costa Mesa, California
City of Costa Mesa
Costa Mesa 01 Photo D Ramey Logan.jpg
An aerial view of Costa Mesa in March 2011
Flag of Costa Mesa, California.png
Flag
Seal of Costa Mesa, California.png
Seal
Motto(s): 
"City of the Arts!"
Orange County California Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Costa Mesa Highlighted 0616532.svg
Location of Costa Mesa in Orange County, California
Usa edcp relief location map.png
Red pog.svg
Costa Mesa, California
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 33°39′54″N117°54′44″W / 33.66500°N 117.91222°W / 33.66500; -117.91222 Coordinates: 33°39′54″N117°54′44″W / 33.66500°N 117.91222°W / 33.66500; -117.91222
Country Flag of the United States.svg  United States of America
State Flag of California.svg  California
County Flag of Orange County, California.svg Orange
Incorporated June 29, 1953 [1]
Government
  Type Council-CEO
   City Council [2] Mayor Katrina Foley
Mayor Pro Tem John Stephens
Manuel Chavez
Sandy Genis
Andrea Marr
Allan Mansoor
Arlis Reynolds
   City Manager Tom Hatch [3]
Area
[4]
  Total15.81 sq mi (40.93 km2)
  Land15.72 sq mi (40.72 km2)
  Water0.08 sq mi (0.21 km2)  0.29%
Elevation
[5]
98 ft (30 m)
Population
  Total109,960
  Estimate 
(2016) [6]
112,822
  Rank 8th in Orange County
54th in California
  Density7,175.60/sq mi (2,770.43/km2)
Demonym(s) Costa Mesan
Time zone UTC-8 (PST)
  Summer (DST) UTC-7 (PDT)
ZIP codes
92626–92628
Area code(s) 714/657/949
FIPS code 06-16532
GNIS feature IDs 1652692, 2410239
Primary Airport John Wayne International Airport
SNA (Major/International)
Interstates I-405 (CA).svg
State Routes California 55.svg California 73.svg
Website www.costamesaca.gov

Costa Mesa ( /ˌkstəˈmsə/ ) is a city in Orange County, California. Since its incorporation in 1953, the city has grown from a semi-rural farming community of 16,840 to a primarily suburban and edge city with an economy based on retail, commerce, and light manufacturing. The population was 109,960 at the 2010 United States Census.

Orange County, California County in California, United States

Orange County is a county in the Los Angeles metropolitan area in the U.S. state of California. As of the 2010 census, the population was 3,010,232, making it the third-most populous county in California, the sixth-most populous in the United States, and more populous than 21 U.S. states. Its county seat is Santa Ana. It is the second most densely populated county in the state, behind San Francisco County. The county's four largest cities by population, Anaheim, Santa Ana, Irvine, and Huntington Beach, each have a population exceeding 200,000. Several of Orange County's cities are on the Pacific Ocean western coast, including Huntington Beach, Newport Beach, Laguna Beach, Dana Point, and San Clemente.

Edge city

"Edge city" is term that originated in the United States for a concentration of business, shopping, and entertainment outside a traditional downtown in what had previously been a residential or rural area. The term was popularized by the 1991 book Edge City: Life on the New Frontier by Joel Garreau, who established its current meaning while working as a reporter for The Washington Post. Garreau argues that the edge city has become the standard form of urban growth worldwide, representing a 20th-century urban form unlike that of the 19th-century central downtown. Other terms for these areas include suburban activity centers, megacenters, and suburban business districts. These districts have now developed in many countries.

2010 United States Census national census of the United States taken in 2010

The 2010 United States Census is the twenty-third and most recent United States national census. National Census Day, the reference day used for the census, was April 1, 2010. The census was taken via mail-in citizen self-reporting, with enumerators serving to spot-check randomly selected neighborhoods and communities. As part of a drive to increase the count's accuracy, 635,000 temporary enumerators were hired. The population of the United States was counted as 308,745,538, a 9.7% increase from the 2000 Census.

Contents

History

Members of the Gabrieleño/Tongva and Juaneño/Luiseño nations long inhabited the area. After the 1769 expedition of Gaspar de Portolà, a Spanish expedition led by Junípero Serra named the area Vallejo de Santa Ana (Valley of Saint Anne). On November 1, 1776, Mission San Juan Capistrano became the area's first permanent European settlement in Alta California, New Spain.

Juaneño Native American people from Southern Cailfornia

The Juaneño or Acjachemen are an indigenous people of California. They traditionally lived along the coast in what is now Orange and San Diego counties. The name "Juaneño" derives from the Spanish Mission San Juan Capistrano, founded to colonize the area in 1776. They traditionally spoke the Juaneño language, a variety closely related to the Luiseño language of the nearby Luiseño people, but this is extinct. In the 20th century, they organized as the Juaneño Band of Mission Indians, Acjachemen Nation, which is recognized by the state of California, but is not federally recognized.

Spanish Empire world empire from the 16th to the 19th century

The Spanish Empire, historically known as the Hispanic Monarchy and as the Catholic Monarchy, was one of the largest empires in history. From the late 15th century to the early 19th, Spain controlled a huge overseas territory in the New World and the Asian archipelago of the Philippines, what they called "The Indies". It also included territories in Europe, Africa and Oceania. The Spanish Empire has been described as the first global empire in history, a description also given to the Portuguese Empire. It was the world's most powerful empire during the 16th and first half of the 17th centuries, reaching its maximum extension in the 18th century. The Spanish Empire was the first empire to be called "the empire on which the sun never sets".

Junípero Serra Christian missionary

Saint Junípero Serra y Ferrer, O.F.M., was a Roman Catholic Spanish priest and friar of the Franciscan Order who founded a mission in Baja California and the first nine of 21 Spanish missions in California from San Diego to San Francisco, in what was then Alta California in the Province of Las Californias, New Spain. Serra was beatified by Pope John Paul II on September 25, 1988, in the Vatican City. Pope Francis canonised him on September 23, 2015, at the Basilica of the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception in Washington, D.C., during his first visit to the United States. His missionary efforts earned him the title of Apostle of California.

In 1801, the Spanish Empire granted 62,500 acres (253 km2) to Jose Antonio Yorba, which he named Rancho San Antonio. Yorba's great rancho included the lands where the communities of Olive, Orange, Villa Park, Santa Ana, Tustin, Costa Mesa and Newport Beach stand today.

Olive is an unincorporated parcel of about 25 acres (100,000 m2) located along Lincoln Avenue between Eisenhower Park and Orange Olive Road, and surrounded by the city of Orange, Orange County, United States.

Orange, California City in California, United States

Orange is a city located in Orange County, California. It is approximately 3 miles north of the county seat, Santa Ana. Orange is unusual in this region because many of the homes in its Old Town District were built before 1920. While many other cities in the region demolished such houses in the 1960s, Orange decided to preserve them. The small city of Villa Park is surrounded by the city of Orange. The population was 139,812 as of 2014.

Villa Park, California City in California in the United States

Villa Park is a city in Orange County, California, United States. It was incorporated in 1962. As of the 2010 Census, the city had a population of 5,812, the lowest population for a city in Orange County.

After the Mexican-American war, California became part of the United States, and American settlers arrived in this area and formed the town of Fairview in the 1880s near the modern intersection of Harbor Boulevard and Adams Avenue. However, a flood in 1889 wiped out the railroad serving the community, and it shriveled.

To the south, meanwhile, the community of Harper had arisen on a siding of the Santa Ana and Newport Railroad, named after a local rancher. This town prospered on its agricultural goods. On May 11, 1920, Harper changed its name to Costa Mesa, which means "coast table(land)" in Spanish. This is a reference to the city's geography as being a plateau by the coast.

Costa Mesa surged in population during and after World War II, as many thousands trained at Santa Ana Army Air Base and returned after the war with their families. Within three decades of incorporation, the city's population had nearly quintupled.

Santa Ana Army Air Base

Santa Ana Army Air Base (SAAAB) was an air base built during World War II that was decommissioned in 1946. The air base was used for basic training but did not have planes, hangars or runways. The base was 1,336 acres (5.41 km2) and located in Costa Mesa between Baker Street on the north, Harbor Blvd. on the west, Wilson Street on the south, Newport Blvd. on the east.

Geography

Costa Mesa is located 37 miles (60 km) southeast of Los Angeles, California, 88 miles (142 km) north of San Diego, California and 425 miles (684 km) south of San Francisco, Costa Mesa encompasses a total of 16 square miles (41 km2) with its southernmost border only 1 mile (1.6 km) from the Pacific Ocean. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 15.7 square miles (41 km2). 15.7 square miles (41 km2) of it is land and 0.05 square miles (0.13 km2) of it (0.29%) is water.

Climate

Costa Mesa has a semi-arid climate (Köppen climate classification BSh) with mild temperatures year round. Rain falls primarily in the winter months, and is close to nonexistent during the summer. Morning low clouds and fog are common due to its coastal location.

Climate data for Costa Mesa, California
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °F (°C)70
(21)
70
(21)
72
(22)
74
(23)
76
(24)
78
(26)
83
(28)
85
(29)
84
(29)
80
(27)
74
(23)
69
(21)
76
(25)
Average low °F (°C)47
(8)
48
(9)
50
(10)
53
(12)
57
(14)
60
(16)
63
(17)
64
(18)
62
(17)
58
(14)
51
(11)
47
(8)
55
(13)
Average precipitation inches (mm)2.07
(53)
2.68
(68)
1.67
(42)
0.72
(18)
0.13
(3.3)
0.07
(1.8)
0.02
(0.51)
0.02
(0.51)
0.17
(4.3)
0.38
(9.7)
0.96
(24)
1.82
(46)
10.71
(272)
Source: Weather Channel [7]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1960 37,550
1970 72,66093.5%
1980 82,56213.6%
1990 96,35716.7%
2000 108,72412.8%
2010 109,9601.1%
Est. 2016112,822 [6] 2.6%
U.S. Decennial Census [8]

2010

The 2010 United States Census [9] reported that Costa Mesa had a population of 109,960. The population density was 7,004.0 people per square mile (2,704.3/km²). The racial makeup of Costa Mesa was 75,335 (68.5%) White (51.8% Non-Hispanic White), [10] 1,640 (1.5%) African American, 686 (0.6%) Native American, 8,654 (7.9%) Asian, 527 (0.5%) Pacific Islander, 17,992 (16.4%) from other races, and 5,126 (4.7%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 39,403 persons (35.8%).

The Census reported that 106,990 people (97.3% of the population) lived in households, 2,232 (2.0%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 738 (0.7%) were institutionalized.

There were 39,946 households, out of which 12,298 (30.8%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 16,478 (41.3%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 4,369 (10.9%) had a female householder with no husband present, 2,392 (6.0%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 3,013 (7.5%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 281 (0.7%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 10,963 households (27.4%) were made up of individuals and 2,775 (6.9%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68. There were 23,239 families (58.2% of all households); the average family size was 3.30.

The population was spread out with 23,682 people (21.5%) under the age of 18, 12,847 people (11.7%) aged 18 to 24, 38,211 people (34.7%) aged 25 to 44, 25,106 people (22.8%) aged 45 to 64, and 10,114 people (9.2%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33.6 years. For every 100 females, there were 103.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.7 males.

There were 42,120 housing units at an average density of 2,682.9 per square mile (1,035.9/km²), of which 15,799 (39.6%) were owner-occupied, and 24,147 (60.4%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.2%; the rental vacancy rate was 5.9%. 42,517 people (38.7% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 64,473 people (58.6%) lived in rental housing units.

During 2009–2013, Costa Mesa had a median household income of $65,830, with 15.1% of the population living below the poverty line. [10]

2000

As of the census [11] of 2000, there were 108,724 people, 39,206 households, and 22,778 families residing in the city. The population density was 6,956.3 inhabitants per square mile (2,685.8/km²). There were 40,406 housing units at an average density of 2,585.2 per square mile (998.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 69.48% White, 1.40% Black or African American, 0.78% Native American, 6.90% Asian, 0.60% Pacific Islander, 16.57% from other races, and 4.27% from two or more races. 31.75% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 39,206 households out of which 29.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.8% were married couples living together, 10.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.9% were non-families. 28.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.34.

In the city, the population was spread out with 23.2% under the age of 18, 11.2% from 18 to 24, 39.0% from 25 to 44, 18.1% from 45 to 64, and 8.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 105.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 103.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $50,732, and the median income for a family was $55,456. Males had a median income of $38,670 versus $32,365 for females. The per capita income for the city was $23,342. About 8.2% of families and 12.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.0% of those under age 18 and 6.2% of those age 65 or over.

Economy

Costa Mesa's local economy relies heavily on retail and services. The single largest center of commercial activity is South Coast Plaza, a shopping center noted for its architecture and size. The volume of sales generated by South Coast Plaza, on the strength of 322 stores, places it among the highest volume regional shopping centers in the nation. It generates more than $1 billion per year in revenue.[ citation needed ] Some manufacturing activity also takes place in the city, mostly in the industrial, southwestern quarter, which is home to a number of electronics, pharmaceuticals and plastics firms. Business services company Experian is the largest employer in the city,[ citation needed ] and has its North American headquarters in Costa Mesa.

The commercial district surrounding South Coast Plaza, which contains parts of northern Costa Mesa and southern Santa Ana, is sometimes called South Coast Metro.

A local newspaper, the Daily Pilot , is owned, operated, and printed by the Los Angeles Times. Ceradyne, El Pollo Loco, Emulex, Hurley, RVCA, Toyota Racing Development, the Trinity Broadcasting Network, and Volcom are among the businesses headquartered in Costa Mesa.

Newport Boulevard, 1950s Newport Boulevard, Costa Mesa, 1950s.jpg
Newport Boulevard, 1950s

Costa Mesa offers 26 parks, a municipal golf course, 26 public schools and 2 libraries.

Top employers

According to the City's 2015 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, [12] the top employers in the city are:

#Employer# of employees
1 El Pollo Loco 3,998
2 Experian 3,700
3Coast Community College District Foundation2,900
4 Orange Coast College 1,900
5 Automobile Club of Southern California 1,200
6 Dynamic Cooking Systems 700
7 IBM FileNet 600
8Sure Haven550
9TTM Technologies500
10 Shurflo 430

Arts and culture

Annual cultural events

The Orange County Fair takes place at the fairgrounds in Costa Mesa each July. The Fair receives more than one million visitors each year.[ citation needed ]

The Annual Scarecrow & Pumpkin Festival was first held in 1938, went on hiatus for seven decades, and then was restarted in 2013. [13]

Facilities

Adjacent to the Fairgrounds is the Pacific Amphitheatre, which has hosted acts such as Madonna, Jessica Simpson, Steppenwolf, and Kelly Clarkson.

The Segerstrom Center for the Arts and South Coast Repertory Theater are based in the city.

Los Angeles Chargers

Costa Mesa became the home to the NFL's Los Angeles Chargers training facility, training camp and franchise offices in 2017. The team agreed to a lease with the facility they moved into prior to their relocation from San Diego.

The building is a former office space, but Chargers players and coaches said it was an upgrade from what the team had in San Diego. [14] [15] The team has a 10-year lease on the building. The team gutted the first floor of the building to make room for team rooms. Construction was more than $3.8 million. Decades prior, the facility was a lima bean farm owned by a Swedish immigrant family who became prominent developers in Orange County. [16]

Government

Local

A general law city, Costa Mesa has a council-manager form of government. In November 2016, voters approved changing the City Council seats from at-large to six voting districts and a directly elected mayor, who acts as the chairperson for the council and head of the government. Day to day, the city is run by a professional city manager and staff of approximately 460 full-time employees.

Management of the city and coordination of city services are provided by: [17]

OfficeOfficeholder
City ManagerThomas R. Hatch
Assistant City ManagerTamara Letourneau
City AttorneyThomas Duarte
Director of Development ServicesBarry Curtis
Director of FinanceSteve Dunivent (interim)
Director of Public WorksRaja Sethuraman
Fire ChiefDan Stefano
Police ChiefRob Sharpnack [18]

State and federal

In the California State Legislature, Costa Mesa is in the 37th Senate District , represented by Republican John Moorlach, and in the 74th Assembly District , represented by Democrat Cottie Petrie-Norris. [19]

In the United States House of Representatives, Costa Mesa is in California's 48th congressional district , represented by Democrat Harley Rouda. [20]

Politics

According to the California Secretary of State, as of October 22, 2018, Costa Mesa has 54,777 registered voters. Of those, 17,883 (32.65%) are registered Republicans, 17,694 (32.30%) are registered Democrats, and 16,182 (29.54%) have declined to state a political party/are independents. [21]

Costa Mesa city vote
by party in presidential elections
Year Democratic Republican Third Parties
2016 [22] 50.95%21,52840.75% 17,2198.30% 3,507
2012 [23] 47.66% 18,41448.60%18,7783.74% 1,443
2008 [24] 51.88%20,54245.32% 17,9452.80% 1,107
2004 [25] 42.91% 16,44255.55%21,2841.54% 590
2000 [26] 40.06% 13,73354.13%18,5565.81% 1,990
1996 [27] 36.97% 11,94950.16%16,21312.87% 4,161
1992 [28] 32.46% 12,70240.02%15,65927.52% 10,769
1988 [29] 33.90% 11,84964.47%22,5341.63% 571
1984 [30] 26.16% 8,90872.39%24,6521.45% 493
1980 [31] 24.67% 7,79663.38%20,02811.95% 3,775
1976 [32] 35.51% 9,80562.16%17,1612.33% 643

Education

Institutions of higher learning located in Costa Mesa include Orange Coast College, Vanguard University (affiliated with the Assemblies of God), Whittier Law School (a satellite of Whittier College) and National University (a private university based in La Jolla, California).

Costa Mesa has two public high schools, Costa Mesa High School and Estancia High School. Costa Mesa has two public middle schools; Tewinkle Middle School, which was named after Costa Mesa's first mayor, and Costa Mesa Middle School which shares the same campus as Costa Mesa High School. Costa Mesa also has two alternative high schools that share the same campus, Back Bay High School and Monte Vista High School and another, Coastline Early College High School which is on its own facility.

Infrastructure

Transportation

Costa Mesa is served by several bus lines of the Orange County Transportation Authority (OCTA), but most transportation is by automobile. Two freeways terminate here, State Route 73 and State Route 55 (also known as the Costa Mesa Freeway). The San Diego Freeway, Interstate 405, also runs through the city.

Civic Center

The 9.5 acre (38,000 m²) Costa Mesa Civic Center is located at 77 Fair Drive. City hall is a five-story building where the primary administrative functions of the city are conducted. Also contained in the Civic Center complex are Council Chambers, the Police facility, Communications building and Fire Station No. 5.

Emergency services

Fire protection is provided by the Costa Mesa Fire Department.[ citation needed ] Law enforcement is the responsibility of the Costa Mesa Police Department. Emergency Medical Services are provided by the Costa Mesa Fire Department and Care Ambulance Service.

Notable people

Sister city

See also

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References

  1. "California Cities by Incorporation Date". California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Archived from the original (Word) on November 3, 2014. Retrieved August 25, 2014.
  2. "Costa Mesa City Council". City of Costa Mesa. Retrieved February 16, 2019.
  3. "CEO's Office". City of Costa Mesa. Retrieved November 2, 2014.
  4. "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 19, 2017.
  5. "Costa Mesa". Geographic Names Information System . United States Geological Survey . Retrieved October 19, 2014.
  6. 1 2 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  7. Weather Channel. Retrieved October 21, 2013.
  8. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  9. "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Costa Mesa city". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014.
  10. 1 2 "United States QuickFacts".
  11. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  12. City of Costa Mesa CAFR
  13. Graham, Jordan (October 18, 2015). "Scarecrows face off in Costa Mesa competition". The Orange County Register .
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  15. http://www.latimes.com/sports/chargers/la-sp-chargers-report-20170824-story.html
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