Cote First Nation

Last updated
Cote First Nation
Band No. 366
Cote First Nation logo.jpg
Band symbol
People Saulteaux
Treaty Treaty 4
Headquarters Kamsack
Province Saskatchewan
Land [1]
Reserve(s)
Land area80.882 km2
Population (2019) [2]
On reserve1074
Off reserve2987
Total population4061
Government [3]
ChiefGeorge Cote
Tribal Council [4]
Yorkton Tribal Council
Website
cotefirstnation.ca

The Cote First Nation is a Saulteaux First Nations band government in Kamsack, Saskatchewan. This Saulteaux reserve is connected to the Keeseekoose First Nation and only a couple of miles from the Key First Nation. Their land is situated just south of the boreal forest in the aspen parkland ecosystem of Canada. The Ojibwe of this region of Saskatchewan and Manitoba, were both hunters of the plains bison and hunters of the forests which were more abundant during the 19th century. They also fished the endless lakes and other waterways in their country. They seldom went hungry as a result of the large bison herds. However, by the 1870s, commercial hunting had reduced the bison to near extinction and the Ojibwe of Saskatchewan and Manitoba began to suffer from famine.

Contents

History

Historically, the people of Cote have lived in Saskatchewan and neighbouring Manitoba, for at least 250 to 300 years. After the Europeans arrived, it forced many Ojibwe people to retreat towards the west as well as to the north. By the late 19th century the Europeans had forced their way into the eastern Saskatchewan region and then commenced to negotiate with Cote leaders. Among them was Chief MīMīY (Gabriel Coté, Mee-may, Pigeon), who signed Treaty 4 on September 15, 1874. A reserve was surveyed in 1877. [5] It established the Cote First Nation and then eventually the Keeseekoose First Nation which was originally a part of the Swan River First Nation of Manitoba, before floods commenced and forced a relocation. It is not known if the Ojibwe people of eastern Saskatchewan participated in the 1885 Northwest Rebellion but their land was quite far from the major battle scenes of the conflict. The Cote Ojibweg were probably affiliated with Chief Yellow Quill and also Chief Kinistin during the 19th century.

Reserves

Cote was originally a larger reserve connected to the Keeseekoose First Nation. Today the Cote have one reserve of 8,088 hectares (19,990 acres) and share Treaty Four Reserve Grounds Indian Reserve No. 77 with 33 other Treaty 4 First Nations. The Cote First Nation is a member of the Yorkton Tribal Council whose offices are located in Yorkton.

Membership

As of September, 2013 there were 3,616 registered members with 904 members living on-reserve and 2,712 members living off-reserve. [6]

Cote was originally a larger reserve connected to the Keeseekoose First Nation. Today the Cote Reserve covers 8,088 ha (19,990 acres). [7] Together with the Keeseekoose Reserve the area increases to 16,567 ha (40,940 acres). The population of the Cote First Nation is 841 on-Reserve and 2,642 off-Reserve. Total population is 3,483. When including the total population of the Keeseekoose, it increases to 5,726.

Chiefs

Antoine "Tony" Cote (1935 - July 31, 2019) was "elected Chief of Cote for a period of 8 years" (1970–78) [8] and was responsible for building an arena on the reserve and the inception of the first Saskatchewan Indian Summer Games in 1974, [9] the first all Indian Junior B Hockey Team, first all Indian Oldtimers Hockey Team and in 1980 is recorded as Treasurer of the Federation of Saskatchewan Indians. [10] He is the recipient of the Saskatchewan Order of Merit, was inducted into the Saskatchewan Sports Hall of Fame (2011) and was the winner of the Tom Longboat Award for Saskatchewan in 1974. The Saskatchewan First Nations Summer Games were renamed the Tony Cote Summer Games in his honour. [9]

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Tony Cote was the first elected Chief of the Cote First Nations and creator of the Saskatchewan First Nations Summer and Winter Games. Born on the Cote Reserve in Kamsack, Saskatchewan, Cote was known for his philanthropy for First Nations people in Saskatchewan and Alberta. Cote also served as a bombardier with the 81st Field Regiment in the Royal Canadian Artillery from 1952 to 1958.

References

  1. "First Nation Detail". Indigenous and Northern Affairs Canada. Government of Canada. Retrieved September 10, 2019.
  2. "First Nation Detail". Indigenous and Northern Affairs Canada. Government of Canada. Retrieved September 10, 2019.
  3. "First Nation Detail". Indigenous and Northern Affairs Canada. Government of Canada. Retrieved September 10, 2019.
  4. "First Nation Detail". Indigenous and Northern Affairs Canada. Government of Canada. Retrieved September 10, 2019.
  5. "Cote First Nation". Encyclopedia of Saskatchewan. Canadian Plains Research Center, University of Regina. 2006. Retrieved 2013-11-02.
  6. "AANDC (Cote First Nation 366)". Archived from the original on 2013-11-02. Retrieved 2013-11-02.
  7. Encyclopedia of Saskatchewan
  8. "Tony Cote". Aboriginal Faces of Saskatchewan. The Saskatchewan Indian Cultural Centre. n.d. Archived from the original on January 19, 2019. Retrieved January 18, 2019.
  9. 1 2 "'A great visionary': Sask. sporting legend Tony Cote dies aged 84". CBC News. July 31, 2019. Retrieved August 7, 2019.
  10. "Sports Leaders honoured". Saskatchewan Indian. 10 (2–3): 6. February–March 1980.