Council of the Republic of Belarus

Last updated
Council of the Republic of Belarus
Савет Рэспублікі Нацыянальнага сходу Рэспублікі Беларусі
Type
Type
Leadership
Speaker
Mikhail Myasnikovich
Since December 2014
Structure
Seats 64
Svgfiles 2017-06-04-05-14-42-338890-18417341918220002182.svg
Political groups
  Independents: 46 seats
Elections
Last election
None (Indirectly elected and appointed)
Meeting place
Minsk, Krasnoarmeyskaya, 9
Website
Official Web-site
Official coat of arms of the Republic of Belarus (v).svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Belarus

The Council of the Republic (Belarusian : Савет Рэспублікі, Savyet Respubliki; Russian : Совет Республики, Sovet Respubliki) is the upper house in Belarus' bicameral parliament, the National Assembly. The Council comprises 64 members, and the representation is based geographically, with most of the elected members come from civil society organizations, labour collectives and public associations in their jurisdiction. Each oblast (six) and the city of Minsk (the national capital) are represented with eight members plus another eight members are appointed to the council on the presidential quota.

Belarusian language east Slavic language

Belarusian is an official language of Belarus, along with Russian, and is also spoken in Russia, Poland and Ukraine. Before Belarus gained independence from the Soviet Union in 1991, the language was only known in English as Byelorussian or Belorussian, transliterating the Russian name, белорусский язык Belorusskiy yazyk, or alternatively as White Ruthenian or White Russian. Following independence, it has acquired the additional name Belarusian.

Russian language East Slavic language

Russian is an East Slavic language, which is official in the Russian Federation, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, as well as being widely used throughout Eastern Europe, the Baltic states, the Caucasus and Central Asia. It was the de facto language of the Soviet Union until its dissolution on 25 December 1991. Although, nowadays, nearly three decades after the breakup of the Soviet Union, Russian is used in official capacity or in public life in all the post-Soviet nation-states, as well as in Israel and Mongolia, the rise of state-specific varieties of this language tends to be strongly denied in Russia, in line with the Russian World ideology.

An upper house is one of two chambers of a bicameral legislature, the other chamber being the lower house. The house formally designated as the upper house is usually smaller and often has more restricted power than the lower house. Examples of upper houses in countries include the Australian Senate, Brazil's Senado Federal, the Canadian Senate, France's Sénat, Germany's Bundesrat, India's Rajya Sabha, Ireland's Seanad, Malaysia's Dewan Negara, the Netherlands' Eerste Kamer, Pakistan's Senate of Pakistan, Russia's Federation Council, Switzerland's Council of States, United Kingdom's House of Lords and the United States Senate.

Contents

Speakers of the Council of the Republic

NameEntered officeLeft office
Pavel Shipuk January 13, 1997December 19, 2000
Alyaksandr Vaytovich December 19, 2000July 28, 2003
Henadz Navitski July 28, 2003October 31, 2008
Boris Batura October 31, 2008May 24, 2010
Anatoli Rubinov May 24, 2010December 2014
Mikhail Myasnikovich [1] December 27, 2014Present

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References

See also

National Assembly of Belarus

The National Assembly of the Republic of Belarus is the bicameral parliament that governs Belarus. The two chambers of the National Assembly are:

House of Representatives of Belarus lower house of Belarus parliament

Under the 1996 Constitution, the House of Representatives is the lower house of the parliament of Belarus.

Politics of Belarus

The politics of Belarus takes place in a framework of a presidential republic with a bicameral parliament. The President of Belarus is the head of state. Executive power is exercised by the government, at its top sits a prime minister, appointed by the President. Legislative power is de jure vested in the bicameral parliament, the National Assembly, however the president may enact decrees that are executed the same way as laws, for undisputed time. Belarus's declaration of independence on 27 July 1990, did not stem from long-held political aspirations but from reactions to domestic and foreign events. Ukraine's declaration of independence, in particular, led the leaders of then Belarusian SSR to realize that the Soviet Union was on the brink of dissolving, which it did.