|Council of the Republic of Belarus|
Савет Рэспублікі Нацыянальнага сходу Рэспублікі Беларусі
Since December 2014
Independents: 46 seats
Communist Party of Belarus: 17 seats
|None (Indirectly elected and appointed)|
|Minsk, Krasnoarmeyskaya, 9|
|This article is part of a series on the|
politics and government of
The Council of the Republic (Belarusian : Савет Рэспублікі, Savyet Respubliki; Russian : Совет Республики, Sovet Respubliki) is the upper house in Belarus' bicameral parliament, the National Assembly. The Council comprises 64 members, and the representation is based geographically, with most of the elected members come from civil society organizations, labour collectives and public associations in their jurisdiction. Each oblast (six) and the city of Minsk (the national capital) are represented with eight members plus another eight members are appointed to the council on the presidential quota.
Belarusian is an official language of Belarus, along with Russian, and is also spoken in Russia, Poland and Ukraine. Before Belarus gained independence from the Soviet Union in 1991, the language was only known in English as Byelorussian or Belorussian, transliterating the Russian name, белорусский язык Belorusskiy yazyk, or alternatively as White Ruthenian or White Russian. Following independence, it has acquired the additional name Belarusian.
Russian is an East Slavic language, which is official in the Russian Federation, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, as well as being widely used throughout Eastern Europe, the Baltic states, the Caucasus and Central Asia. It was the de facto language of the Soviet Union until its dissolution on 25 December 1991. Although, nowadays, nearly three decades after the breakup of the Soviet Union, Russian is used in official capacity or in public life in all the post-Soviet nation-states, as well as in Israel and Mongolia, the rise of state-specific varieties of this language tends to be strongly denied in Russia, in line with the Russian World ideology.
An upper house is one of two chambers of a bicameral legislature, the other chamber being the lower house. The house formally designated as the upper house is usually smaller and often has more restricted power than the lower house. Examples of upper houses in countries include the Australian Senate, Brazil's Senado Federal, the Canadian Senate, France's Sénat, Germany's Bundesrat, India's Rajya Sabha, Ireland's Seanad, Malaysia's Dewan Negara, the Netherlands' Eerste Kamer, Pakistan's Senate of Pakistan, Russia's Federation Council, Switzerland's Council of States, United Kingdom's House of Lords and the United States Senate.
|Name||Entered office||Left office|
|Pavel Shipuk||January 13, 1997||December 19, 2000|
|Alyaksandr Vaytovich||December 19, 2000||July 28, 2003|
|Henadz Navitski||July 28, 2003||October 31, 2008|
|Boris Batura||October 31, 2008||May 24, 2010|
|Anatoli Rubinov||May 24, 2010||December 2014|
|Mikhail Myasnikovich||December 27, 2014||Present|
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