|Magdalena Catherine of Zweibrücken|
Coat-of-arms of Wittelsbach-Palatinate
|Born||26 April 1607|
|Died||20 January 1648 40) (aged|
|Buried||Reformed Church in Bischweiler|
|Spouse(s)||Christian I, Count Palatine of Birkenfeld-Bischweiler|
|Father||John II, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken|
|Mother||Catherine de Rohan|
Magdalena Catherine, Countess Palatine of Zweibrücken (German : Magdalena Katharina von Pfalz-Zweibrücken; 26 April 1607, Zweibrücken – 20 January 1648, Strasbourg) was a Countess Palatine of Zweibrücken by birth and by marriage Duchess and Countess Palatine of Birkenfeld.
Magdalena Catherine was the only child of the Duke and Count Palatine John II of Zweibrücken-Veldenz (1584–1635) from his first marriage to Catherine de Rohan (1578–1607), daughter of René II, de Rohan. From the second marriage of his father, she had seven half-siblings, of whom the oldest half-brother, Frederick inherited their father's position as Count Palatine and Duke of Zweibrücken.
She married on 14 November 1630 in Zweibrücken Count Palatine and Duke Christian I of Birkenfeld (1598–1654). Magdalena Catherine brought as a dowry to her husband the district of Bischweiler in Alsace into the marriage.The couple initially lived in a wing of Birkenfeld Castle. Later Christian built a castle of his own, which they used as a family residence. Bischweiler was completely destroyed in 1635 in the throes of the Thirty Years' War.
Magdalena Catherine died in exile in Strasbourg on 20 January 1648. She was buried in the Reformed Church of Bischweiler.
From her marriage, Katharina Magdalena had the following children:
Duke in Bavaria was a title used among others since 1506, when primogeniture was established, by all members of the House of Wittelsbach, with the exception of the Duke of Bavaria which began to be a unique position. So reads for instance the full title of Karl I, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld and patriarch of the House of Palatinate-Birkenfeld: "Count Palatine by Rhine, Duke in Bavaria, Count to Veldenz and Sponheim". The title grew in importance as Wilhelm, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld-Gelnhausen began to use it as his primary title. This choice has also had effect for his descendants.
Palatine Zweibrücken, or the County Palatine of Zweibrücken, is a former state of the Holy Roman Empire. Its capital was Zweibrücken. Its reigning house, a branch of the Wittelsbach dynasty, was also the Royal House of Sweden from 1654 to 1720.
Count Palatine Wolfgang of Zweibrücken was member of the Wittelsbach family of the Counts Palatine and Duke of Zweibrücken 1532–1559.
John II the Younger was the Duke of Zweibrücken from 1604 until 1635.
Christian III, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld was a German nobleman. He was a member of the House of Palatinate-Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld, a cadet branch of the House of Wittelsbach. He was the son of Christian II of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld and Katharina Agathe, Countess of Rappoltstein. He was Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld from 1717 to 1731. In 1731, he inherited the sovereign duchy of Palatinate-Zweibrücken and thus became Count Palatine and Duke of Zweibrücken. He was also Count of Rappoltstein from 1699 until his death.
Palatinate-Birkenfeld, later Palatinate-Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld, was the name of a collateral line of the Palatine Wittelsbachs. The Counts Palatine from this line initially ruled over only a relatively unimportant territory, namely the Palatine share of the Rear County of Sponheim; however, their importance steadily grew. All living members of the House of Wittelsbach descend from Palatinate-Birkenfeld, which thus became the parent branch of the Kings of Bavaria.
Christian II was the Duke of Birkenfeld-Bischweiler from 1654 until 1717, the Duke of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld from 1671 until 1717, and the Count of Rappoltstein from 1673 until 1699.
Christian I was the Duke of Birkenfeld-Bischweiler from 1600 until 1654.
Countess Johanna Magdalene of Hanau-Lichtenberg was a daughter of Johann Reinhard II of Hanau-Lichtenberg (1628–1666) and the Countess Palatine Anna Magdalena of Birkenfeld-Bischweiler (1640–1693).
Countess Palatine Anna Magdalena of Birkenfeld-Bischweiler was a daughter of Christian I, Count Palatine of Birkenfeld-Bischweiler (1598–1654) and his first wife, Countess Palatine Magdalene Catherine of Zweibrücken (1606–1648).
Anna of Hesse was a princess of Hesse by birth and marriage Countess Palatine of Zweibrücken.
Dorothea of Brunswick-Lüneburg was a daughter of Duke William "the younger" of Brunswick-Lüneburg and his wife, Dorothea of Denmark, Duchess of Brunswick-Lüneburg.
Countess Palatine Claudia Magdalena of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld-Bischweiler, was the daughter of the Count Palatine Christian II of Palatinate-Birkenfeld-Bischweiler. She married on 27 February [O.S. 17 February] 1689 in Hanau her cousin Count Philip Reinhard of Hanau-Münzenberg (1664–1712). The dowry was 18000guilders.
John Charles, Count Palatine of Birkenfeld at Gelnhausen, was a German prince and ancestor of the cadet branch of the royal family of Bavaria known, from the early 19th century, as Dukes in Bavaria. He took Gelnhausen as the name of his branch of the family after acquiring that estate in 1669.
Countess Palatine Dorothea Catherine of Birkenfeld-Bischweiler was a Countess Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld-Bischweiler by birth and, by marriage, Countess of Nassau-Ottweiler.
Frederick Louis of Nassau-Ottweiler was a member of the House of Nassau.
Anna Amalia of Baden-Durlach was a Countess of Nassau-Saarbrücken by marriage to William Louis, Count of Nassau-Saarbrücken, and regent of Nassau-Saarbrücken during the minority of her son from 1640.
John, Count Palatine of Gelnhausen was Count Palatine and Duke of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld at Gelnhausen.
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Countess Palatine Maria Anna of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld-Bischweiler was Countess Palatine of Birkenfeld-Gelnhausen and Duchess in Bavaria, through her marriage to Duke Wilhelm in Bavaria. Maria Anna was a great-grandmother of Empress Elisabeth of Austria through his son Duke Pius August in Bavaria