Counts and dukes of Valois

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Coat of arms of the counts and dukes of Valois. Valois Arms.svg
Coat of arms of the counts and dukes of Valois.

The Valois ( /ˈvælwɑː/ VAL-wah, [1] [2] also US: /vælˈwɑː, vɑːlˈwɑː/ va(h)l-WAH, [3] [4] French:  [valwa] ; originally Pagus Valensis) was a region in the valley of the Oise river in Picardy in the north of France. It was a fief in West Francia and subsequently the Kingdom of France until its counts furnished a line of kings, House of Valois, to succeed the House of Capet in 1328. It was, along with the counties of Beauvais, the Vexin, Vermandois, and Laon, part of the "Oise line" of fiefdom which were held often by one individual or by an individual family as a string of defences against Viking assault on Paris.

American English Set of dialects of the English language spoken in the United States

American English, sometimes called United States English or U.S. English, is the set of varieties of the English language native to the United States. American English is considered one of the most influential dialects of English globally, including on other varieties of English.

Picardy Region of France

Picardy is a historical territory and a former administrative region of France. Since 1 January 2016, it has been part of the new region of Hauts-de-France. It is located in the northern part of France.

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The medieval county and duchy of Valois was located in northern France in northeastern Île-de-France. Its capital was Crépy-en-Valois. [5]

Duchy Territory, fief, or domain ruled by, or representing the title of, a duke or duchess

A duchy, or dukedom, is a country, territory, fief, or domain ruled by a duke or duchess, a high-ranking nobleman hierarchically second to the king or queen in European tradition. The term is used almost exclusively in Europe, where in the present day there is no sovereign duchy left.

Île-de-France, often called the région parisienne due to containing the city of Paris, is north-central and the most populous of the 18 regions of France. It covers 12,012 square kilometres, or two percent of the national territory, and has official estimated population of 12,213,364 as of January 1, 2019, or 18.2% of the population of France. The region accounts for nearly 30 percent of the French Gross Domestic Product (GDP).

Crépy-en-Valois Commune in Hauts-de-France, France

Crépy-en-Valois is a commune in the Oise department in northern France. It is located in the Paris Metropolitan Area, 57.8 km (35.9 mi) northeast of the center of Paris.

Counts of Valois

Carolingian counts

Pepin II Quentin was the count of Vermandois, lord of Senlis, Péronne, and Saint Quentin. He was the son of King Bernard of Italy and his Queen, Cunigunda of Laon. He supported Emperor Lothar after the death of Emperor Louis the Pious, despite having sworn allegiance to Charles the Bald.

Bernard of Italy King of the Lombards

Bernard was the King of the Lombards from 810 to 818. He plotted against his uncle, Emperor Louis the Pious, when the latter's Ordinatio Imperii made Bernard a vassal of his cousin Lothair. When his plot was discovered, Louis had him blinded, a procedure which killed him.

Pepin III, Count of Vermandois was a Frankish noble; the Count of Senlis and Count of Vermandois ; Lord of Valois, and later Count of Valois(886 – 893). He was a son of Pepin, Count of Vermandois and Valois and thus a grandson of Bernard of Italy, who was himself a grandson of Charlemagne. The brothers of Pepin III were Herbert I, Count of Vermandois and Bernard II, Count of Laon.

Counts of disputed origin

The County of Amiens was a feudal state centred on the city of Amiens, northern France. In 1185 the county was united with the French crown under King Philip II of France.

Ralph III was the count of Valois from his father's death until his own. He was the second son of Walter II, count of Valois, Vexin and Amiens, and his wife Adela. His father died between 1017 and 1024, leaving Vexin and Amiens to Ralph's older brother Drogo of Mantes.

Ralph IV of Valois Count of Valois

Ralph IV was a northern French nobleman who amassed an extensive array of lordships lying in a crescent around the Île-de-France from the border of the Duchy of Normandy in the northwest to Champagne in the southeast.

Vermandois Carolingian counts

The Count of Vermandois was the ruler of the county of Vermandois.

Adele of Valois French noble woman

Adele of Valois was a daughter of Ralph IV of Valois and Adele of Bar-sur-Aube.

Odo I or Eudes I, called the Insane, was Count of Vermandois and Valois from 1080 to 1085 and ruler of Saint-Simon from 1085. The last Carolingian male, he was the only son of Herbert IV of Vermandois and Adele of Valois, daughter of Raoul III of Valois and Adele of Bar-sur-Aube.

Capetian counts

Henry I of France 11th-century King of France

Henry I was King of the Franks from 1031 to 1060, the third from the House of Capet. The royal demesne of France reached its smallest size during his reign, and for this reason he is often seen as emblematic of the weakness of the early Capetians. This is not entirely agreed upon, however, as other historians regard him as a strong but realistic king, who was forced to conduct a policy mindful of the limitations of the French monarchy.

Anne of Kiev 11th-century Kievan princess and queen of France

Anne of Kiev, also known as Anna Yaroslavna, Anne of Rus, Anne de Russie, or Agnes de Russie, was the queen consort of Henry I of France. She later served as regent during the minority of her son Philip I of France. Anne founded the Abbey of St. Vincent at Senlis.

Petronilla of Aquitaine was the second daughter of William X of Aquitaine and Aenor of Châtellerault. She was the elder sister of William Aigret and the younger sister of Eleanor of Aquitaine, who was Queen consort of France, later England. She is variously called Alix and Petronilla; she typically went by Alix after her marriage, while Petronilla seems to have been her childhood name.

to the royal domain by king Philip II

Valois counts

Dukes of Valois

in royal domain
in royal domain
in royal domain

Notes

  1. "Valois". Collins English Dictionary . HarperCollins . Retrieved 29 July 2019.
  2. "Valois". Oxford Dictionaries . Oxford University Press . Retrieved 29 July 2019.
  3. "Valois". The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language (5th ed.). Boston: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. 2014. Retrieved 29 July 2019.
  4. "Valois". Merriam-Webster Dictionary . Retrieved 29 July 2019.
  5. Mish, Frederick C., Editor in Chief. “Valois.” Webster’s Ninth New Collegiate Dictionary . 9th ed. Springfield, MA: Merriam-Webster Inc., 1985. ISBN   0-87779-508-8, ISBN   0-87779-509-6 (indexed), and ISBN   0-87779-510-X (deluxe).

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The French lordship of Montpensier, located in historical Auvergne, became a countship in the 14th century.

Duke of Orléans

Duke of Orléans was a title reserved for French royalty, first created in 1344 by Philip VI in favor of his son Philip of Valois. Known as princes of the blood, the title of Duke of Orléans was given, when available, to the King of France's eldest brother. Thus, until 1830, they formed a collateral line of the French royal family, with an eventual right to succeed to the throne should more senior princes of the blood die out. In this way, the title of Duke of Orléans may be considered analogous to the Duke of York, which is traditionally granted to the reigning English monarch's second son.

Angoulême (L'Angoumois) in western France was part of the Carolingian Empire as the kingdom of Aquitaine. Under Charlemagne's successors, the local Count of Angoulême was independent and was not united with the French crown until 1308. By the terms of the Treaty of Brétigny (1360) the Angoumois, then ruled by the Counts of Angoulême, was ceded as English territory to Edward III. In 1371 it became a fief of the Duke of Berry, before passing to Louis I, Duke of Orleans, both of whom were cadets of the French royal family. From then on it was held by cadets of the Valois House of Orleans, until Francis, Count of Angoulême, became King of France in 1515. Angoumois was definitively incorporated into the French crown lands, as a duchy.

Duke of Nemours was a title in the Peerage of France. The name refers to Nemours in the Île-de-France region of north-central France.

Counts and dukes of Alençon Wikipedia list article

Several counts and then royal dukes of Alençon have figured in French history. The title has been awarded to a younger brother of the French sovereign.

Vermandois was a French county that appeared in the Merovingian period. Its name derives from that of an ancient tribe, the Viromandui. In the 10th century, it was organised around two castellan domains: St Quentin (Aisne) and Péronne (Somme). In today's times, the Vermandois county would fall in the Picardy region of northern France.

Ralph I, Count of Vermandois French count

Ralph I of Vermandois was Count of Vermandois. He was a son of Hugh, Count of Vermandois and his wife, Adelaide, Countess of Vermandois. By his father, he was a grandson of Henry I of France, while his mother had been the heiress to Herbert IV, Count of Vermandois.

Herbert IV of Vermandois (1028–1080), Count of Vermandois, was the son of Otto of Vermandois and Parvie.

The county of the Vexin was a medieval French county that was later partitioned between the Vexin Français and the Vexin Normand.

Eleanor of Blois/Champagne (1102–1147) was a French noblewoman.

Simon de Crépy was Count of Amiens, of the Vexin and of Valois from 1074 until 1077. He was the son of Count Ralph IV of Valois and Adèle of Bar-sur-Aube and thus the brother of Adele of Valois. He is also known as Simon de Vexin and Saint Simon.

Duke of Chartres

Originally, the Duchy of Chartres was the comté de Chartres, a County. The title of comte de Chartres thus became duc de Chartres. This duchy–peerage was given by Louis XIV of France to his nephew, Philippe II d'Orléans, at his birth in 1674. Philippe II was the younger son and heir of the king's brother, Philippe de France, Duke of Orléans.

<i>Prince du sang</i>

A prince du sang is a person legitimately descended in dynastic line from any of a realm's hereditary monarchs. Historically, the term has been used to refer to men and women descended in the male line from a sovereign, although as absolute primogeniture has become more common in monarchies, those with succession rights through female descent are more likely than in the past to be accorded the princely title.

The crown lands, crown estate, royal domain or domaine royal of France refers to the lands, fiefs and rights directly possessed by the kings of France. While the term eventually came to refer to a territorial unit, the royal domain originally referred to the network of "castles, villages and estates, forests, towns, religious houses and bishoprics, and the rights of justice, tolls and taxes" effectively held by the king or under his domination. In terms of territory, before the reign of Henry IV, the domaine royal did not encompass the entirety of the territory of the kingdom of France and for much of the Middle Ages significant portions of the kingdom were the direct possessions of other feudal lords.

Simon of Vermandois (1093–1148) was a French nobleman and bishop.

Adelaide, Countess of Vermandois French countess

Adelaide of Vermandois was suo jure Countess of Vermandois and Valois from 1085 to 1102.

This is a partial list of male descendants from Charles Martel (686–741) for fifteen generations.

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