County Monaghan

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Coordinates: 54°14′38″N7°02′24″W / 54.244°N 7.040°W / 54.244; -7.040

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County Monaghan

Contae Mhuineacháin
County Monaghan CoA.png
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): 
The Drumlin County
Motto(s): 
Dúthracht agus Dícheall  (Irish)
"Diligence and Best Endeavour"
Island of Ireland location map Monaghan.svg
Country Ireland
Province Ulster
Dáil Éireann Cavan–Monaghan
EU Parliament Midlands–North-West
Established1607 [1]
County town Monaghan
Government
  Type County Council
Area
  Total1,295 km2 (500 sq mi)
Area rank 28th
Highest elevation373 m (1,224 ft)
Population
 (2011) [2]
60,483
  Rank 29th
Time zone UTC±0 (WET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+1 (IST)
Eircode routing keys
A75, A81, H18, H23 (primarily)
Telephone area codes 047 (primarily)
Vehicle index
mark code
MN
Website www.monaghan.ie

County Monaghan ( /ˈmɒnəhən/ [3] ; Irish : Contae Mhuineacháin) is a county in Ireland. It is part of the Border Region and is in the province of Ulster. It is named after the town of Monaghan. Monaghan County Council is the local authority for the county. The population of the county is 60,483 according to the 2011 census.

The county has existed since 1585, when the Mac Mathghamhna rulers of Airgíalla agreed to join the Kingdom of Ireland. Following the 20th-century Irish War of Independence and the signing of the Anglo-Irish Treaty, Monaghan was one of three Ulster counties to join the Irish Free State rather than Northern Ireland.

Geography and political subdivisions

Monaghan is the fifth smallest of the Republic's 26 counties in area and fourth smallest by population. [4] It is the smallest of Ulster's nine counties in terms of population.

Baronies

Civil parishes and townlands

Towns and villages

Largest Towns in County Monaghan (2011 Census)

1. Monaghan = 7,452
2. Carrickmacross = 4,925
3. Castleblayney = 3,634
4. Clones = 1,761
5. Ballybay = 1,461

Geography

Shannahergoa countryside. Shannahergoa Townland - geograph.org.uk - 168118.jpg
Shannahergoa countryside.

Notable mountains include Slieve Beagh (on the Tyrone and Fermanagh borders), Mullyash Mountain and Coolberrin Hill (214 m, 702 ft). Lakes include Lough Avaghon, Dromore Lough, Drumlona Lough, Lough Egish, Emy Lough, Lough Fea, Inner Lough (in Dartrey Forest), Muckno Lough and White Lough. Notable rivers include the River Fane (along the Louth border), the River Glyde (along the Louth and Meath borders), the Ulster Blackwater (along the Tyrone border) and the Dromore River (along the Cavan border, linking Cootehill to Ballybay).

Monaghan has a number of forests, including Rossmore Forest and Dartrey Forest. Managed by Coillte since 1988, the majority of trees are conifers. Due to a long history of intensive farming and recent intensive forestry practices, only small pockets of native woodland remain.

The Finn Bridge is a border crossing point over the River Finn to County Fermanagh. It is close to Scotshouse.

Clones Round Tower Clones Round Tower - geograph.org.uk - 289630.jpg
Clones Round Tower

Geology

Lead was formerly mined in County Monaghan. Mines included Annaglogh Lead Mines and Lisdrumgormley Lead Mines.

History

In 1585, the English lord deputy of Ireland, Sir John Perrot, visited the area and met the Irish chieftains. They requested that Ulster be divided into counties and land in the kingdom of Airgíalla be apportioned to each of the McMahon chiefs. A commission was established to accomplish this and County Monaghan came into being. The county was subdivided into five baronies: Farney, Cremorne, Dartrey, Monaghan and Truagh, which was left under the control of the McKenna chieftains.

After the defeat of the rebellion of Hugh O'Neill, The O'Neill and the Ulster chieftains in 1603, the county was not planted like the other counties of Ulster. The lands were instead left in the hands of the native chieftains. In the Irish Rebellion of 1641 the McMahons and their allies joined the general rebellion of Irish Catholics. Following their defeat, some colonisation of the county took place with Scottish and English families.

Inland waterways

County Monaghan is traversed by the derelict Ulster Canal, [6] however Waterways Ireland are embarking on a scheme to reopen the canal from Lough Erne into Clones.

Railways

The Ulster Railway linked Monaghan with Armagh and Belfast in 1858 and with the Dundalk and Enniskillen Railway at Clones in 1863. [6] :Map 8 It became part of the Great Northern Railway in 1876. [6] :xiii The partition of Ireland in 1922 turned the boundary with County Armagh into an international frontier, after which trains were routinely delayed by customs inspections. In 1957 the Government of Northern Ireland made the GNR Board close the line between Portadown and the border, giving the GNRB no option but to withdraw passenger services between the border and Clones as well. [6] :Map 39 CIÉ took over the remaining section of line between Clones, Monaghan and Glaslough in 1958 but withdrew goods services between Monaghan and Glaslough in 1959 and between Clones and Monaghan in 1960, leaving Monaghan with no railway service. [6] :Map 39

Local government and politics

2014 Irish Local Elections
Monaghan County Council
PartySeatsChange
Sinn Féin 7=
Fine Gael 5- 1
Fianna Fáil 4- 1
Independent 2=

Monaghan is divided into four local electoral areas: Carrickmacross, Castleblayney, Clones and Monaghan.

The towns of Ballybay, Carrickmacross, Castleblayney, Clones and Monaghan are represented by nine-member town councils [7] which deal with local matters such as the provision of utilities and housing.

For the purposes of elections to Dáil Éireann, the county is part of the Cavan–Monaghan Constituency which elects five T.D.s. [8] In the 2011 general election, there was a voter turnout of 72.7%. [9]

For elections to the European Parliament, the county is part of the Midlands–North-West constituency.

Politically, the county is considered a stronghold for Sinn Féin (left wing) which is the largest party in the county, followed by Fine Gael (centre-right).

Culture and architecture

County Monaghan is the birthplace of the poet and writer Patrick Kavanagh, who based much of his work in the county. Kavanagh is one of the most significant figures in 20th-century Irish poetry. The poems "Stony Grey Soil" and "Shancoduff" refer to the county.

Castle Leslie CastleLeslieSummer2006.jpg
Castle Leslie

Monaghan has produced several successful artists. Chief among these is George Collie (1904–75), who was born in Carrickmacross and trained at the Dublin Metropolitan School of Art. He was a prolific exhibitor at the Royal Hibernian Academy throughout his lifetime and is represented by works in the collection of the National Gallery of Ireland and the Ulster Museum.

Monaghan was also the home county of the Irish writer Sir Shane Leslie (1885–1971), 3rd Baronet of Glaslough, who lived at Castle Leslie in the north-east corner of the county. A Catholic convert, Irish nationalist and first cousin of Winston Churchill, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Leslie became an important literary figure in the early 1900s. He was a close friend of many politicians and writers of the day including the American novelist F. Scott Fitzgerald (1896–1940), who dedicated his second novel, The Beautiful and Damned , to Leslie.

Monaghan County Museum is recognised as one of the leading provincial museums in Ireland, with a Council of Europe Award (1980), among others, to its credit. Located in Hill Street, Monaghan Town, the museum aims to reflect the history of Co. Monaghan and its people in all its richness and diversity.

The best of the county's architecture developed in the Georgian and Victorian periods and ranges from the dignified public spaces of Church Square and The Diamond in Monaghan Town to the great country houses of Lough Fea, Carrickmacross; Hilton Park, Clones and Castle Leslie, Glaslough.

Significant ecclesiastical buildings include St Joseph's Roman Catholic Church, Carrickmacross); the Gothic-Revival St Patrick's Church of Ireland, Monaghan town, and the St Macartan's Roman Catholic Cathedral, Monaghan town, by J. J. McCarthy (1817–1882).

Notable Monaghan people

Literature and scholarship

Politics and military

Sport

Music and entertainment

Acting

Art

Religion

Twin cities

County Monaghan is twinned with the following places:

See also

Notes

  1. Russell, C. W. (21 June 1874). "Calendar of the State Papers, Relating to Ireland, of the Reign of James I.: Preserved in Her Majesty's Public Record Office, and Elsewhere. 1606 - 1608". Longmans, Green, Reader, & Dyer via Google Books.
  2. "County Monaghan". Central Statistics Office. 2011.
  3. "Monaghan definition and meaning | Collins English Dictionary". www.collinsdictionary.com. Retrieved 4 January 2020.
  4. Corry, Eoghan (2005). The GAA Book of Lists. Hodder Headline Ireland. pp. 186–191.
  5. for post 1821 figures, 1653 and 1659 figures from Civil Survey Census of those years, Paper of Mr Hardinge to Royal Irish Academy 14 March 1865, For a discussion on the accuracy of pre-famine census returns see JJ Lee "On the accuracy of the Pre-famine Irish censuses Irish Population, Economy and Society edited by JM Goldstrom and LA Clarkson (1981) p54, in and also New Developments in Irish Population History, 1700–1850 by Joel Mokyr and Cormac O Grada in The Economic History Review, New Series, Vol. 37, No. 4 (Nov., 1984), pp. 473-488. Archived 9 March 2005 at the Wayback Machine
  6. 1 2 3 4 5 Hajducki, S. Maxwell (1974). A Railway Atlas of Ireland. Newton Abbott: David & Charles. map 9. ISBN   0-7153-5167-2.
  7. Archived 29 August 2010 at the Wayback Machine
  8. "2009 Local Election - Electoral Area details" . Retrieved 27 May 2010.
  9. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 7 March 2011. Retrieved 3 March 2011.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) - Election 2011 Cavan–Monaghan
  10. "Life". Patrick Kavanagh 1904 1967. Patrick Kavanagh Trust, Trinity College Dublin . Retrieved 10 November 2009.
  11. "Current members. Literature: Patrick McCabe". Aosdána. Retrieved 16 October 2018.
  12. "Current members. Literature: Eugene McCabe". Aosdána. Retrieved 16 October 2018.
  13. Cowan, Leslie. "John Robert Gregg: A Biography". Oxford: The Pre-Raphaelite Press, 1984, p. 11.
  14. "William Tyrone Guthrie". Tyrone Guthrie Centre. Retrieved 16 October 2018.
  15. Joy E. Parnaby (1972). "Duffy, Sir Charles Gavan (1816 - 1903)". Australian Dictionary of Biography . Melbourne University Press. Retrieved 10 November 2009.
  16. "GEN. EOIN O'DUFFY (1892 -1944)". Cumann na nGaedhael History. Collins 22 Society. Archived from the original on 8 December 2009. Retrieved 10 November 2009.
  17. "Barry McGuigan". BoxRec.com Boxing Encyclopedia. Retrieved 10 November 2009.
  18. "Tommy Bowe 2009 British and Irish Lions Squad Profile". Archived from the original on 25 April 2009. Retrieved 10 November 2009.
  19. "Big Tom". BBC Music. BBC. Retrieved 10 November 2009.
  20. Chris True. "Biography: Monaghan Mimic". all music. Retrieved 10 November 2009.

Related Research Articles

Monaghan Town in Ulster, Ireland

Monaghan is the county town of County Monaghan, Ireland. It also provides the name of its civil parish and barony.

The N2 road is a national primary road in Ireland, running from Dublin to the border with Northern Ireland at Moy Bridge near Aughnacloy, County Tyrone to connect Dublin with Derry via the A5. A section of the route near Dublin forms the M2 motorway.

Castleblayney Town in Ulster, Ireland

Castleblayney or Castleblaney is a town in County Monaghan, Ireland. The town has a population of 3,634 according to the 2011 census. Castleblayney is near the border with County Armagh in Northern Ireland, and lies on the N2 road from Dublin to Derry and Letterkenny.

Lough Egish is a rural area in County Monaghan, Ireland, which takes its name from the local lake, Lough Egish. It is situated approximately midway between Ballybay, Castleblayney and Carrickmacross.

Shercock Town in Ulster, Ireland

Shercock is a small town situated in the east of County Cavan, Ireland. As of the 2016 census, the population of the town was 588.

Clontibret Town in Ulster, Ireland

Clontibret is a village and a parish in County Monaghan, Ireland. The population in the 2016 census was 172. Clontibret is also a parish in both Roman Catholic and Church of Ireland traditions. The territory of the parish also includes Annyalla and Doohamlet as well as smaller settlements such as Cremartin, Scotch Corner and Lisnagrieve.

Ballybay Town in Ulster, Ireland

Ballybay is a town in County Monaghan in Ireland, centered on the crossroads of the R183 and R162 regional roads. The name in English means "The Mouth of the Ford of the Birches".

Monaghan County Council Irish council

Monaghan County Council is the authority responsible for local government in County Monaghan, Ireland. As a county council, it is governed by the Local Government Act 2001. The council is responsible for housing and community, roads and transportation, urban planning and development, amenity and culture, and environment. The council has 18 elected members. Elections are held every five years and are by single transferable vote. The head of the council has the title of Mayor. The county administration is headed by a Chief Executive, Eamonn O'Sullivan. The county town is Monaghan town.

The High Sheriff of Monaghan was the British monarch's representative in County Monaghan, a territory known as his bailiwick. Selected from three nominated people, he held his office over the duration of a year. He had judicial, ceremonial and administrative functions and executed High Court Writs.

Carrickmacross Emmets is a Gaelic football club from Carrickmacross in County Monaghan in Ireland. The club was founded in 1887. The club participates in Monaghan competitions. The club has won the Monaghan Senior Football Championship eight times and have come runner-up seven times. The Club colours are Green and Yellow. The first club grounds played on were Athletic Grounds, then the Gaelic Grounds. In 1938 the club moved to its present grounds at Emmet Park, which was developed into one of the best venues in the county. It was officially opened in 1953 when Monaghan played Meath. In recent years the club secured property on the Donaghmoyne Road and have developed a full size playing pitch and a training area along with modern changing facilities that can cater for four teams. At present the site is chiefly used for training purposes for adult and juvenile teams as well as ladies and hurling teams but games can be played there when necessary.

Glaslough Village in Ulster, Ireland

Glaslough is a village and townland in the north of County Monaghan, Ireland, on the R185 regional road 3 km (2 mi) south of the border with Northern Ireland and 10 km (6 mi) northeast of Monaghan town. Glaslough won the Irish Tidy Towns Competition in 1978 and again in 2019. Castle Leslie, the large Victorian country house and luxury hotel, is located on the edge of the village.

2014 Monaghan County Council election

An election to Monaghan County Council took place on 23 May 2014 as part of that year's Irish local elections. 18 councillors were elected from three electoral divisions by PR-STV voting for a five-year term of office, a reduction of 2 seats compared to 2009. Monaghan also saw a further reduction in elected representation as Ballybay Town Council, Carrickmacross Town Council, Castleblayney Town Council, Clones Town Council and Monaghan Town Council were all abolished.

Truagh is a barony in County Monaghan, Republic of Ireland.

Tassan Rovers GAA gaelic games club in County Monaghan, Ireland

Tassan Rovers GAA was a Gaelic football team in Tassan, County Monaghan, Ireland. Ireland was emerging from the great economic depression of the 1930s and the civil war which had divided families and communities in many parts of the country. Times were tough for small farm enterprises with young family members emigrating to try to find work abroad to support themselves and their families at home in Ireland. It was in this context that the Tassan team came together in early 1937 and participated in the Junior League Mid Monaghan section. The team was managed by Francis Brennan, John Mulligan, Peter Flanagan and Frank Murphy. Paddy Morgan, Lisdrumgormely was also associated with the team. The Tassan team wore red jerseys and trained and played football in a local meadow field known as the "Boggan" owned by Peter Flanagan and located up the Tassan road from Tommy Conlan's cottage and across the road from Owenie Morgan's house.

The 2017 Monaghan Senior Football Championship was the 111th edition of Monaghan GAA's premier gaelic football tournament for senior clubs in County Monaghan, Ireland. Ten teams competed, with the winner representing Monaghan in the Ulster Senior Club Football Championship. The championship began with a back door system for the first two rounds before becoming knock-out.

The 2018 Monaghan Senior Football Championship will be the 112th edition of Monaghan GAA's premier gaelic football tournament for senior clubs in County Monaghan, Ireland. Ten teams compete, with the winners representing Monaghan in the AIB GAA Ulster Club Senior Football Championship. The championship uses a double-elimination format for Rounds 1 and 2 before becoming knock-out.

The 2016 Monaghan Senior Football Championship is the 110th edition of Monaghan GAA's premier gaelic football tournament for senior clubs in County Monaghan, Ireland. Ten teams compete, with the winners representing Monaghan in the Ulster Senior Club Football Championship. The championship begins with a back door system for the first two rounds before becoming knock-out.

The 2015 Monaghan Senior Football Championship is the 109th edition of the Monaghan GAA's premier club Gaelic football tournament for senior graded teams in County Monaghan, Ireland. The tournament consists of 10 teams, with the winner going on to represent Monaghan in the Ulster Senior Club Football Championship. The championship comprises a knock-out format with a back door system for the first two rounds.

2019 Monaghan County Council election

An election to Monaghan County Council took place on 24 May 2019 as part of that year's local elections. All 18 councillors were elected for a five-year term of office from 3 local electoral areas (LEAs) by single transferable vote. The 2018 LEA boundary review committee kept the LEAs used in the 2014 elections, adjusting the boundaries and moving one seat from Ballybay–Clones LEA to Monaghan LEA.

The 2019 Monaghan Senior Football Championship will be the 113th edition of Monaghan GAA's premier gaelic football tournament for senior clubs in County Monaghan, Ireland. Ten teams compete, with the winners representing Monaghan in the AIB GAA Ulster Club Senior Football Championship. The championship uses a double-elimination format for Rounds 1 and 2 before becoming knock-out.