County Waterford

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County Waterford

Contae Phort Láirge
Nickname(s): 
The Déise
Motto(s): 
Déisi oc Declán co Bráth  (Old Irish)
"May the Déise remain with Declan forever"
Island of Ireland location map Waterford.svg
CountryIreland
Province Munster
Dáil Éireann Waterford
EU Parliament South
Established1177 [1]
County town Waterford
Government
  Type City and County Council
Area
  Total1,857 km2 (717 sq mi)
Area rank 20th
Highest elevation792 m (2,598 ft)
Population
 (2016) [2]
  Total116,176
  Rank 20th
  Density63/km2 (160/sq mi)
Time zone UTC±0 (WET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+1 (IST)
Eircode routing keys
E32, E91, X35, X42, X91 (primarily)
Telephone area codes 051, 058 (primarily)
Vehicle index
mark code
W (since 2014)
WD (1987–2013)
Website waterfordcouncil.ie

County Waterford (Irish : Contae Phort Láirge) is a county in Ireland. It is in the province of Munster and is part of the South-East Region. It is named after the city of Waterford. Waterford City and County Council is the local authority for the county. The population of the county at large, including the city, was 116,176 according to the 2016 census. [2] The county is based on the historic Gaelic territory of the Déise . There is an Irish-speaking area, Gaeltacht na nDéise , in the south-west of the county.

Contents

Geography and political subdivisions

County Waterford has two mountain ranges, the Knockmealdown Mountains and the Comeragh Mountains. The highest point in the county is Knockmealdown, at 794 m (2,605 ft). It also has many rivers, including Ireland's third longest river, the River Suir (184 km (114 mi)); and Ireland's fourth longest river, the Munster Blackwater (168 km (104 mi)). There are over 30[ citation needed ] beaches along Waterford's volcanic coast line. [3] A large stretch of this coastline, known as the Copper Coast has been designated as a UNESCO Geopark, a place of great geological importance. To the west of Dungarvan is the Déise Gaeltacht, an Irish-speaking region comprising the areas of Ring, County Waterford and Old Parish.

Waterford City is the county seat, prior to the merger of the 2 Waterford authorities in June 2014 Dungarvan was the county seat [4] for Waterford County Council.

Baronies

There are eight historic baronies in the county: Coshmore and Coshbride, Decies-within-Drum, Decies-without-Drum, Gaultiere, Glenahiry, Middlethird, Upperthird and Waterford City.

Largest towns

RankTownPopulation
(2016 census)
1 Waterford 53,504
2 Tramore 10,381
3 Dungarvan 9,227
4 Dunmore East 1,808
5 Portlaw 1,742
6 Lismore 1,374

History

Ballynageeragh Portal Tomb was built in the 4th millennium BC County Waterford - Ballynageeragh Tomb - 20190917074738.jpg
Ballynageeragh Portal Tomb was built in the 4th millennium BC

County Waterford is colloquially known as "The Déise", pronounced "day-shih" or, in Irish, /dʲe:ʃʲɪ/ (Irish : Na Déise). Some time between the 4th and 8th centuries, an Irish tribe called the Déisi were driven from southern county Meath/north Kildare and moved into the Waterford region, conquering and settling there. The ancient principality of the Déise is today roughly coterminous with the current Roman Catholic Diocese of Waterford and Lismore thus including part of south County Tipperary.

The westernmost of the baronies are "Decies within Drum" and "Decies without Drum", separated by the Drum-Fineen hills. [11]

Mine workers at Bunmahon, County Waterford c. 1906 Mine workers at Knockmahon Co Waterford Ireland 1900s (6898346820).jpg
Mine workers at Bunmahon, County Waterford c.1906

There are many megalithic tombs and ogham stones in the county. [12] The Viking influence can still be seen with Reginald's Tower, one of the first buildings to use a brick and mortar construction method in Ireland. Woodstown, a settlement dating to the 9th century was discovered 5.5 kilometres west of Waterford city. It was the largest settlement outside Scandinavia and the only large-scale 9th-century Viking settlement discovered to date in Western Europe. Other architectural features are products of the Anglo-Norman invasion of Ireland and its effects.

Local government and politics

As of 1 June 2014, Waterford City and County Council is the local government authority for Waterford. The authority was formed following the merger of Waterford City Council and Waterford County Council. The merger occurred following the Local Government Reform Act 2014. Each local authority ranks equally as first level local administrative units of the NUTS 3 South-East Region for Eurostat purposes. There are 31 LAU 1 entities in the Republic of Ireland. The local authority is responsible for certain local services such as sanitation, planning and real-estate development, libraries, the collection of automobile taxation, local roads and social housing.

The county is part of the South constituency for the purposes of European elections. For elections to Dáil Éireann, the county is part of two constituencies: Waterford and Tipperary South. Together they return 7 deputies (TDs) to the Dáil. The Electoral (Amendment) Act 2009 defines the Waterford constituency as "The county of Waterford, except the part thereof which is comprised in the constituency of Tipperary South; and the city of Waterford." [13]

Gaeltacht

Gaeltacht na nDéise is a Gaeltacht area in Co. Waterford consisting of the parish of An Rinn and An Sean Phobal. Gaeltacht na nDéise is located 10 km from the town of Dungarvan, has a population of 1,816 people (Census 2016) and encompasses a geographical area of 62 km2. According to Census 2016 the percentage of daily Irish speakers in Gaeltacht na nDéise was 45.6%. [14]

See also

Counsellors strand Counsellors strand - geograph.org.uk - 491497.jpg
Counsellors strand

Related Research Articles

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Dungarvan Town in Munster, Ireland

Dungarvan is a coastal town and harbour in County Waterford, on the south-east coast of Ireland. Prior to the merger of Waterford County Council with Waterford City Council in 2014, Dungarvan was the county town and administrative centre of County Waterford. Waterford City and County Council retains administrative offices in the town. The town's Irish name means "Garbhann's fort", referring to Saint Garbhann who founded a church there in the seventh century. The town lies on the N25 road, which connects Cork, Waterford and Rosslare Europort.

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Kilmacthomas Town in Munster, Ireland

Kilmacthomas or Kilmactomas, often referred to locally as "Kilmac", is a town on the River Mahon in County Waterford, Ireland. It lies on the R677, a road north of the N25 national primary road from Dungarvan to Waterford.

Ring, County Waterford Gaeltacht in Munster, Ireland

Ring or Ringagonagh is a parish within the Irish-speaking Gaeltacht na nDéise area in County Waterford, Ireland. It lies on a peninsula about seven miles south of Dungarvan. The main settlement is the village of Ring or Ringville, which is within the townland of Ballynagaul.

Tallow, County Waterford Town in Munster, Ireland

Tallow is a town in County Waterford, Ireland. Tallow is in the province of Munster near the border between County Cork and County Waterford and situated on a small hill just south of the River Bride.

Sliabh gCua is a traditional district of west County Waterford, Ireland, between Clonmel and Dungarvan, covering areas like Touraneena, Ballinamult and Knockboy. Historically it meant the Knockmealdown Mountains and possibly also the neighboring Comeragh Mountains. It was an Irish-speaking area until the late 19th century. Many people associated with the Irish sean-nós singing tradition, such as Pádraig Ó Mileadha and Labhrás Ó Cadhla, who came from Sliabh gCua. One of the best-loved emigrant songs in the sean-nós canon, Sliabh Geal gCua na Féile, was written by Ó Mileadha while he worked in Wales.

Ballinroad Village in Munster, Ireland

Ballinroad is a village approximately 3 km from Dungarvan, County Waterford on the south coast of Ireland. Ballinroad grew rapidly during the Celtic tiger era and is now one of Dungarvan's main dormitory areas.

Old Parish Gaeltacht in Munster, Ireland

Old Parish is a village in west County Waterford, Ireland. It is part of the Gaeltacht in Waterford Gaeltacht na nDéise.

Gaeltacht na nDéise Gaeltacht district in Munster, Ireland

Gaeltacht na nDéise is a Gaeltacht area in County Waterford consisting of the areas of Ring, County Waterford and Old Parish. Gaeltacht na nDéise is located 10 km from the town of Dungarvan. Gaeltacht na nDéise has a population of 1,816 people and encompasses a geographical area of 62 km2. This represents 1% of total Gaeltacht area.

Waterford City and County Council

Waterford City and County Council is the authority responsible for local government in the City of Waterford and County Waterford in Ireland. It came into operation on 1 June 2014 after the 2014 local elections. It is a merger of Waterford City Council and Waterford County Council under the provisions of the Local Government Reform Act 2014. As a city and county council, it is governed by the Local Government Act 2001. The council is responsible for housing and community, roads and transportation, urban planning and development, amenity and culture, and environment. The council has 32 elected members. Elections are held every five years and are by single transferable vote. The head of the council has the title of Mayor. The city and county administration is headed by a Chief Executive, Michael Walsh. The administrative centres are Waterford and Dungarvan.

Ballynagaul, County Waterford Gaeltacht district in Munster, Ireland

Ballynagaul is a townland within the Irish-speaking Gaeltacht na nDéise part of County Waterford. It is located approximately 9.6 kilometres from Dungarvan.

Decies-without-Drum Barony in Munster, Republic of Ireland

Decies-without-Drum is a barony in County Waterford, Republic of Ireland.

Decies-within-Drum Barony in Munster, Republic of Ireland

Decies-within-Drum is a barony in County Waterford, Republic of Ireland.

References

  1. Keating, Geoffrey (1 March 1998). History of Ireland. Irish Roots Cafe. ISBN   9780940134492 via Google Books.
  2. 1 2 3 "Census 2016 Sapmap Area: County Waterford City And County". Central Statistics Office (Ireland). Archived from the original on 18 November 2018. Retrieved 18 November 2018.
  3. "Geology of the Copper Coast – Copper Coast Geopark". Copper Coast Geopark. Retrieved 31 January 2018.
  4. "Waterford County Council website".
  5. For 1653 and 1659 figures from Civil Survey Census of those years, Paper of Mr Hardinge to Royal Irish Academy 14 March 1865.
  6. "Census for post 1821 figures". Cso.ie. Retrieved 8 August 2014.
  7. histpop.org Archived 7 May 2016 at the Wayback Machine
  8. "NISRA – Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency (c) 2013". Nisranew.nisra.gov.uk. 27 September 2010. Archived from the original on 17 February 2012. Retrieved 2014-08-08.
  9. Lee, JJ (1981). "On the accuracy of the Pre-famine Irish censuses". In Goldstrom, J. M.; Clarkson, L. A. (eds.). Irish Population, Economy, and Society: Essays in Honour of the Late K. H. Connell. Oxford, England: Clarendon Press.
  10. Mokyr, Joel; O Grada, Cormac (November 1984). "New Developments in Irish Population History, 1700–1850". The Economic History Review. 37 (4): 473–488. doi:10.1111/j.1468-0289.1984.tb00344.x. hdl: 10197/1406 . Archived from the original on 4 December 2012.
  11. Egan, P.M. (20 November 2004) [1893]. "Early Waterford History 2. The Decies". History of Waterford . Retrieved 23 February 2008.
  12. "Prehistoric Waterford tombs, dolmens and standing stones". Prehistoricwaterford.com.
  13. "Electoral (Amendment) Act 2009: Schedule". Irish Statute Book database. Retrieved 29 September 2010.

Coordinates: 52°15′N7°30′W / 52.250°N 7.500°W / 52.250; -7.500