County Waterford

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County Waterford
Contae Phort Láirge
County Waterford Coat of Arms.png
Nickname(s): 
The Déise
Motto(s): 
Déisi oc Declán co Bráth  (Old Irish)
"May the Déise remain with Declan forever"
Island of Ireland location map Waterford.svg
CountryIreland
Province Munster
Established1207 [1]
County town Waterford
Government
  Type City and County Council
   Dáil constituency Waterford
   EP constituency South
Area
  Total1,857 km2 (717 sq mi)
  Rank 20th
Highest elevation792 m (2,598 ft)
Population
 (2022) [2]
  Total127,085
  Rank 20th
  Density68/km2 (180/sq mi)
Time zone UTC±0 (WET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+1 (IST)
Eircode routing keys
E32, E91, X35, X42, X91 (primarily)
Telephone area codes 051, 058 (primarily)
Vehicle index
mark code
W (since 2014)
WD (1987–2013)
Website waterfordcouncil.ie

County Waterford (Irish : Contae Phort Láirge) is a county in Ireland. It is in the province of Munster and is part of the South-East Region. It is named after the city of Waterford. Waterford City and County Council is the local authority for the county. The population of the county at large, including the city, was 116,176 according to the 2016 census. [2] The county is based on the historic Gaelic territory of the Déise . There is an Irish-speaking area, Gaeltacht na nDéise, in the south-west of the county.

Contents

Geography and political subdivisions

County Waterford has two mountain ranges, the Knockmealdown Mountains and the Comeragh Mountains. The highest point in the county is Knockmealdown, at 794 m (2,605 ft). It also has many rivers, including Ireland's third-longest river, the River Suir (184 km (114 mi)); and Ireland's fourth-longest river, the Munster Blackwater (168 km (104 mi)). There are over 30[ citation needed ] beaches along Waterford's volcanic coastline. [3] A large stretch of this coastline, known as the Copper Coast, has been designated as a UNESCO Geopark, a place of great geological importance. To the west of Dungarvan is the Déise Gaeltacht, an Irish-speaking region comprising the areas of Ring, County Waterford and Old Parish.

Waterford City is the county seat; prior to the merger of the 2 Waterford authorities in June 2014 Dungarvan was the county seat [4] for Waterford County Council.

Baronies

There are eight historic baronies in the county: Coshmore and Coshbride, Decies-within-Drum, Decies-without-Drum, Gaultiere, Glenahiry, Middlethird, Upperthird and Waterford City.

Largest towns

RankTownPopulation
(2016 census)
1 Waterford 53,504
2 Tramore 10,381
3 Dungarvan 9,227
4 Dunmore East 1,808
5 Portlaw 1,742
6 Lismore 1,374

History

Ballynageeragh Portal Tomb was built in the 4th millennium BC County Waterford - Ballynageeragh Tomb - 20190917074738.jpg
Ballynageeragh Portal Tomb was built in the 4th millennium BC

County Waterford is colloquially known as "The Déise", pronounced "day-shih" or, in Irish, /dʲe:ʃʲɪ/ (Irish : Na Déise). Some time between the 4th and 8th centuries, an Irish tribe called the Déisi were driven from southern county Meath/north Kildare and moved into the Waterford region, conquering and settling there. The ancient principality of the Déise is today roughly coterminous with the current Roman Catholic Diocese of Waterford and Lismore thus including part of south County Tipperary.

The westernmost of the baronies are Decies-within-Drum and Decies-without-Drum, separated by the Drum-Fineen hills. [11]

Mine workers at Bunmahon, County Waterford c. 1906 Mine workers at Knockmahon Co Waterford Ireland 1900s (6898346820).jpg
Mine workers at Bunmahon, County Waterford c.1906

There are many megalithic tombs and ogham stones in the county. [12] The Viking influence can still be seen with Reginald's Tower, one of the first buildings to use a brick and mortar construction method in Ireland. Woodstown, a settlement dating to the 9th century, was discovered 5.5 kilometers (3.4 miles) west of Waterford city. It was the largest settlement outside Scandinavia and the only large-scale 9th-century Viking settlement discovered to date in Western Europe. Other architectural features are products of the Anglo-Norman invasion of Ireland and its effects.

Local government and politics

As of 1 June 2014, Waterford City and County Council is the local government authority for the local government area of Waterford City and County. The authority was formed following the merger of the local government areas of the county of Waterford and the city of Waterford under the Local Government Reform Act 2014, and succeeded the functions of Waterford City Council and Waterford County Council. [13] The local authority is responsible for certain local services such as sanitation, planning and real-estate development, libraries, the collection of automobile taxation, local roads and social housing.

For elections to Dáil Éireann, the county is represented by the 4-seat constituency of Waterford. [14] For European elections, the city and county are part of the 5-seat South constituency. [15]

Gaeltacht

Gaeltacht na nDéise is a Gaeltacht area in Co. Waterford, consisting of the parish of An Rinn and An Sean Phobal. Gaeltacht na nDéise is located 10 kilometers (6.2 miles) from the town of Dungarvan, has a population of 1,816 people (Census 2016) and encompasses a geographical area of 62 km2. According to Census 2016 the percentage of daily Irish speakers in Gaeltacht na nDéise was 45.6%. [16]

See also

Counsellors strand Counsellors strand - geograph.org.uk - 491497.jpg
Counsellors strand

Related Research Articles

Munster Traditional province in the southwest of Ireland

Munster is one of the provinces of Ireland, in the south of Ireland. In early Ireland, the Kingdom of Munster was one of the kingdoms of Gaelic Ireland ruled by a "king of over-kings". Following the Norman invasion of Ireland, the ancient kingdoms were shired into counties for administrative and judicial purposes. In later centuries, local government legislation has seen further sub-division of the historic counties.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">County Galway</span> County in Ireland

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Gaeltacht</span> Primarily Irish-speaking regions in Ireland

Gaeltacht are the districts of Ireland, individually or collectively, where the Irish government recognises that the Irish language is the predominant vernacular, or language of the home. The Gaeltacht districts were first officially recognised during the 1920s in the early years of the Irish Free State, following the Gaelic Revival, as part of a government policy aimed at restoring the Irish language.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">County Tipperary</span> County in Ireland

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Dungarvan Town in Munster, Ireland

Dungarvan is a coastal town and harbour in County Waterford, on the south-east coast of Ireland. Prior to the merger of Waterford County Council with Waterford City Council in 2014, Dungarvan was the county town and administrative centre of County Waterford. Waterford City and County Council retains administrative offices in the town. The town's Irish name means "Garbhann's fort", referring to Saint Garbhann who founded a church there in the seventh century. The town lies on the N25 road, which connects Cork, Waterford and Rosslare Europort.

Cappoquin Town in Munster, Ireland

Cappoquin, also spelt Cappaquin or Capaquin, is a town in west County Waterford, Ireland. It is on the Blackwater river at the junction of the N72 national secondary road and the R669 regional road. It is positioned on a sharp 90-degree bend in the river and lies at the foot of the Knockmealdown Mountains. The town is a few miles from Mount Melleray and Lismore, County Waterford.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Waterford County Council</span> Former local government authority for County Waterford in Ireland (1898–2014)

Waterford County Council was the authority responsible for local government in County Waterford, Ireland. The remit of Waterford County Council also included some suburbs of the Waterford city not within the remit of Waterford City Council. As a county council, it was governed by the Local Government Act 2001.

Ring, County Waterford Gaeltacht in Munster, Ireland

Ring or Ringagonagh is a parish within the Irish-speaking Gaeltacht na nDéise area in County Waterford, Ireland. It lies on a peninsula about eleven kilometres (7 mi) south of Dungarvan. The main settlement is the village of Ring or Ringville, which is within the townland of Ballynagaul.

Tallow, County Waterford Town in County Waterford, Ireland

Tallow is a town, civil parish and townland in County Waterford, Ireland. Tallow is in the province of Munster near the border between County Cork and County Waterford and situated on a small hill just south of the River Bride.

Sliabh gCua is a traditional district of west County Waterford, Ireland, between Clonmel and Dungarvan, covering areas like Touraneena, Ballinamult and Knockboy. Historically it meant the Knockmealdown Mountains and possibly also the neighboring Comeragh Mountains. It was an Irish-speaking area until the late 19th century. Many people associated with the Irish sean-nós singing tradition, such as Pádraig Ó Mileadha and Labhrás Ó Cadhla, who came from Sliabh gCua. One of the best-loved emigrant songs in the sean-nós canon, Sliabh Geal gCua na Féile, was written by Ó Mileadha while he worked in Wales.

Ballinroad is a village approximately 3 km from Dungarvan, County Waterford on the south coast of Ireland. Ballinroad grew rapidly during the Celtic tiger era and is now one of Dungarvan's main dormitory areas.

Tooraneena or Touraneena is a village in west County Waterford, Ireland. It lies in the Sliabh gCua district between the Comeraghs and Knockmealdown Mountains. It may be accessed from the main R672 road between Clonmel and Dungarvan. It is about 20 km (12 mi) from Dungarvan and 19 km (12 mi) from Clonmel.

Old Parish Gaeltacht in Munster, Ireland

Old Parish is a village in west County Waterford, Ireland. It is part of the Gaeltacht in Waterford Gaeltacht na nDéise.

Kilculliheen Civil parish in County Kilkenny, Ireland

Kilculliheen is a civil parish, electoral division and barony in Ireland, on the north bank of the River Suir across from the centre of Waterford City. Historically, it has been transferred several times between the county of the city of Waterford and the counties of Kilkenny and Waterford. It now contains the only part of Waterford city on the left bank of the River Suir. The Parliamentary Gazetteer of 1846 states "as it lies on the left bank of the Suir, which, for the most part, divides co. Waterford from co. Kilkenny, most topographists mistakingly assign it to the barony of Ida, co. Kilkenny". It is now partly in County Kilkenny and partly in Waterford City. Of the barony's eleven townlands, five are entirely in Kilkenny and six are split between Kilkenny and Waterford. The city portion contains the formerly rural village of Ferrybank, which gives its name to a wider suburb which has spread across the county boundary.

Michael Sheehan was an Irish priest, educator and a Coadjutor Archbishop of the Catholic Archdiocese of Sydney in Australia (1922-1937). He was also a notable scholar of the Irish language.

Gaeltacht na nDéise Gaeltacht district in Munster, Ireland

Gaeltacht na nDéise is a Gaeltacht area in County Waterford consisting of the areas of Ring and Old Parish. It is located 10 km from the town of Dungarvan. Gaeltacht na nDéise has a population of 1,816 people and encompasses a geographical area of 62 km2. This represents 1% of total Gaeltacht area.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Waterford City and County Council</span> Local government authority for Waterford city and county in Ireland

Waterford City and County Council is the authority responsible for local government in the City of Waterford and County Waterford in Ireland. It came into operation on 1 June 2014 after the 2014 local elections. It is a merger of Waterford City Council and Waterford County Council under the provisions of the Local Government Reform Act 2014. As a city and county council, it is governed by the Local Government Act 2001. The council is responsible for housing and community, roads and transportation, urban planning and development, amenity and culture, and environment. The council has 32 elected members. Elections are held every five years and are by single transferable vote. The head of the council has the title of Mayor. The city and county administration is headed by a Chief Executive, Michael Walsh. The administrative centres are Waterford and Dungarvan.

Ballynagaul, County Waterford Gaeltacht district in Munster, Ireland

Ballynagaul is a Gaeltacht area within the Irish-speaking Gaeltacht na nDéise part of County Waterford. Comprising the townlands of Baile na nGall Mór and Baile na nGall Beag, it is located approximately 9.6 kilometres southeast of Dungarvan. The village of Ring is located in the area.

Decies-without-Drum Barony in Munster, Republic of Ireland

Decies-without-Drum is a barony in County Waterford, Republic of Ireland.

Decies-within-Drum Barony in Munster, Republic of Ireland

Decies-within-Drum is a barony in County Waterford, Republic of Ireland.

References

  1. "A Short History of County Waterford" (PDF). waterfordcoco.ie. Waterford County Council. Archived (PDF) from the original on 18 November 2017. Retrieved 7 August 2021.
  2. 1 2 3 "Census 2016 Sapmap Area: County Waterford City And County". Central Statistics Office (Ireland). Archived from the original on 18 November 2018. Retrieved 18 November 2018.
  3. "Geology of the Copper Coast – Copper Coast Geopark". Copper Coast Geopark. Archived from the original on 1 February 2018. Retrieved 31 January 2018.
  4. "Waterford County Council website". Archived from the original on 11 April 2011. Retrieved 9 April 2011.
  5. For 1653 and 1659 figures from Civil Survey Census of those years, Paper of Mr Hardinge to Royal Irish Academy 14 March 1865.
  6. "Census for post 1821 figures". Cso.ie. Archived from the original on 9 March 2005. Retrieved 8 August 2014.
  7. histpop.org Archived 7 May 2016 at the Wayback Machine
  8. "NISRA – Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency (c) 2013". Nisranew.nisra.gov.uk. 27 September 2010. Archived from the original on 17 February 2012. Retrieved 2014-08-08.
  9. Lee, JJ (1981). "On the accuracy of the Pre-famine Irish censuses". In Goldstrom, J. M.; Clarkson, L. A. (eds.). Irish Population, Economy, and Society: Essays in Honour of the Late K. H. Connell. Oxford, England: Clarendon Press.
  10. Mokyr, Joel; O Grada, Cormac (November 1984). "New Developments in Irish Population History, 1700–1850". The Economic History Review. 37 (4): 473–488. doi:10.1111/j.1468-0289.1984.tb00344.x. hdl: 10197/1406 . Archived from the original on 4 December 2012. Retrieved 3 September 2009.
  11. Egan, P.M. (20 November 2004) [1893]. "Early Waterford History 2. The Decies". History of Waterford. Archived from the original on 26 May 2008. Retrieved 23 February 2008.
  12. "Prehistoric Waterford tombs, dolmens and standing stones". Prehistoricwaterford.com. Archived from the original on 29 December 2011. Retrieved 10 April 2011.
  13. Local Government Reform Act 2014 , s. 13: Establishment of local authorities for certain local government areas ( No. 1 of 2014, s. 13 ). Signed on 27 January 2014. Act of the Oireachtas .Retrieved 10 January 2022, from Irish Statute Book .
  14. Electoral (Amendment) (Dáil Constituencies) Act 2017 , Schedule ( No. 39 of 2017, Schedule ). Signed on 23 December 2017. Act of the Oireachtas .Retrieved 10 January 2022, from Irish Statute Book .
  15. European Parliament Elections (Amendment) Act 2019, s. 7: Substitution of Third Schedule to Principal Act ( No. 7 of 2019, s. 7 ). Signed on 12 March 2019. Act of the Oireachtas .Retrieved 10 January 2022, from Irish Statute Book .
  16. "Archived copy". census.cso.ie. Archived from the original on 28 July 2020. Retrieved 17 January 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

Coordinates: 52°15′N7°30′W / 52.250°N 7.500°W / 52.250; -7.500